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THE

PULPIT COMMENTARY,

EDITED BY THE

VERY REV. H. D. M. SPENCE, D.D.,

DEAN OF GLOUCESTER ;

AND BY THE

REV. JOSEPH S. EXELL, M.A.

WITH

INTRODUCTIONS

BY THE

VEN. ARCHDEACON F. W. FARRAR, D.D., F.R.S.

RIGHT REV. H. COTTERILL, D.D., F.R.S.E.
VERY REV. PRINCIPAL J. TULLOCH, D.D.

REV. CANON G. RAWLINSON, M.A.

REV. A. PLUMMER, M.A., D.D.

Londoni

KEGAN PAUL TRENCH, TRÜBNER & CO., LTD.

1894.

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THE

PULPIT COMMENTARY,

EDITED BY THE

VERY REV. H. D. M. SPENCE, D.D.,

DEAN OF GLOUCESTER ;

AND BY THE

REV. JOSEPH S. EXELL, M.A.

ST. MIT TIE W.

Exposition
BY REV. A. LUKYN WILLIAMS, M.A.,

PRINCIPAL OF THE HEBREW MISSIONARY COLLEGE OF THE LONDON SOCIETY FOR

PROMOTING CHRISTIANITY AMONGST THE JEWS; AND

REV. W. J. DEANE, M.A.,

RECTOR OF ASHEN.

Homiletics
BY REV. B. C. CAFFIN, M.A.,

VICAR OF NORTHALLERTON AND RURAL DEAN; %
LATE FELLOW AND TUTOR OF WORCESTER COLLEGE, OXFORD.

Homílies by Various Authors.
REV. PROF. W. F. ADENEY, M.A. REV. PROF. MARCUS DODS, D.D.
REV. P. C. BARKER, M.A., LL.B. REV. J. A, MACDONALD.

REV. R. TUCK, B.A.

VOL. II.

Londoni
KEGAN PAUL TRENCH, TRÜBNER & CO., L1°:

1894.

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THE

GOSPEL ACCORDING TO ST. MATTHEW.

EXPOSITION.

| (c) Vers. 36–52. A series wholly peculiar CHAPTER XIII.

to our Gospel, containing matter addressed A few remarks by way of introduction to to the disciples alone (the explanation of the the characteristic portion of this chapter parable of the tares, and the three parables (vers. 1–52).

of the treasure, the pearl, and the drag-net), (1) We have here a collection of the Lord's ending with a special promise to disciples as parables, all spoken, a- it would appear, at such. an early period in his ministry, descriptive (2) But although this chapter is apparently of the principles of the kingdom of heaven the result of growth and development, this as they make themselves felt in history, and does not exclude the probability that it is no of the way in which those who are brought chance collection of fragmentary parables, into contact with the kingdom ought to act. but rather a mosaic of which the several As the chapter stands, it consists of three parts stand in artistic relation to each other chief parts, which probably roughly corre and are intended to form one whole. Accordspond to three stages of development in its ing to Bengel, and his opinion has been escomposition.

sentially adopted by many writers, the seven (a) Vers. 1—23, also in Mark and Luke, parables form & prophecy of seven ages of except some characteristic enlargements in the Chureh : the first and second parables vers. 10–17. The section contains the describing the apostolic and sub-apostolic parable of the sower and its interpretation, periods; the third and fourth, the spread together with a statement of our Lord's

of the kingdom among princes and amongst reasons for teaching by parables. This is so the whole human race (referring more nearly akin to the fundamental lesson of the especially to the fourth and the ninth cen. first parable, that we cannot be surprised turies); the fifth, the more hidden condition that the two should be recorded together. of the Church (“the reign of the beast, and They seem, indeed, to have forined the the Reformation "); the sixth, the time when nucleus of the whole collection.

the kingdom of heaven shall be valued above (6) Vers. 24–35, of which vers. 31, 32 all else, and Satan be bound; the seventh, alone are found both in Mark and Luke. the last confusion. But this is singularly imVers. 34, 35 also are represented in Mark, aginative, and at the very most can only be besides some expressions occurring in vers. 24 so far true that the tendencies described -30. This part contains the parables of the under each parable may possibly, one cantares, the mustard seed, and the leaven, and a not say more, be stronger at the several statement that our Lord spoke in parables to times referred to than at otherg. the multitudes, together with a passage from | It is far more natural to see in the parables. the Old Testament illustrating his doing so. a summary by our Lord of certain principles

MATTHEW-II.

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