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Less than ten minutes after leaving the Baltimore & Ohio, the first American railstation, the historic dueling grounds of road, transported its cars by horse-power Revolutionary times at Bladensburg, with before the steam locomotive came into use. the old Calvert Mansion in the distance, The great stone-arched railroad bridge, was swiftly passed, and within the next called the “Thomas Viaduct”, over the twenty-five minutes Relay, Md.,
Patapsco River, which was built in 1829, reached.
still remains the oldest and grandest monThere is something about Relay that
ument of its kind in the world. arouses interest, other than the very pic- In just forty-five minutes the train pulled turesque locality.
into Camden Station at Baltimore, and in“Relay” was so called because it was the side of ten minutes more had passed through first station out of Baltimore where horses the great electric tunnel to Mount Royal, were changed way back in 1830, when the the up-town station.
A word as to the tunnel. Something over a mile and one-eighth in length with no ventilating shafts, except those at each end, it is the most remarkable tunnel of its kind, from the fact that it is entirely free from gases and noxious vapors.
These unpleasant features are avoided by the use of electric motors, which are attached to all trains, thereby enabling the engineers on the road-locomotives to shut off steam. This tunnel has been an object of interest to all the civil engineers of foreign countries, as well as our own.
Mount Royal Station, while in the heart of the residential section of Baltimore, instead of being an eyesore to the community, which railroad stations often are, is a most beautiful building architectually ; located in a sunken park or garden, thus beautifying a section of the city, which was formerly a disagreeable "hole in the ground”. Municipal Art Committees of the different cities can obtain a good pointer from Mount Royal Station.
From Baltimore to the Susquehanna River is a series of small hamlets or villages, not
thickly populated. A glimpse of the upper arm of the Chesapeake Bay is obtained every now and then, and when the Susquehanna is cros
ossed, a grand view of the mouth of the river and bay is obtained. From the great bridge, which is ninety feet above the water, magnificent views of the country are seen in every direction.
Havre de Grace lies on the hills to the east of the railway. At one time this city aspired to become Capitol of the United States.
The first stop out of Baltimore is Wil
mington, Del., of Revolutionary fame, on Brandywine Creek not far from where the battle of Brandywine was fought in 1777.
Philadelphia was reached at 5.50 p. m. at the 24th Street Station on the Schuylkill River. No more time is consumed at Philadelphia than is necessary to change engines and announce the ready dinner in the dining car.
Leaving Philadelphia, the railroad passes through almost the entire length of Fairmont Park, on elevated tracks, affording most excellent landscape views of this
COLUMBIA BRIDGE, FAIRMONT PARK.
a horticultural garden and museum
An American has great pride in his
First impressions are lasting, and domineer final opinions; and although not of a Sherlock Holmesian type, my opinions were deduced as follows:
That it was a handsome train; that it was all it was advertised to be, and that it can
CROSSING THE SUSQUEHANNA.