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the Socinians and the Jews, that the Holy Ghost is not an energy, operation, quality or power, but a person, a spiritual and intellectual subsistence (p).” It may
indeed be observed in answer to the objection founded on the text, “ for God givetb not the Spirit by measure unto him (9),” that this passage is evidently designed to prove the superiority of Christ to the antient prophets, who spake by the Spirit of God-the Spirit of Christ-the Holy Ghost—and can in no wise be brought as an argument against the personality of the Holy Spirit. It is an allusion to the fact, which John the Baptist had before declared, that he saw the Spirit of God descend and remain upon Jesus to distinguish him as the Messiah-the Son ofGod-(r)from theprophets, who were only occasionally favoured by his influence. But when we consider the mysterious union of the three persons in one God, which certainly implies unity of will and
appears to me we may safely grant that expressions of this sort are sometimes used to signify an attribute, an energy, operation, quality, or power of God, without injury to the doctrine
(p) Veneer, Exp. of this Art. (9) John,c.3. V. 34. (r) John, c. 3. v. 32, &c.
we maintain, which is clearly established by so many passages in Scripture.
The earliest controversy upon the subject of this article was that occasioned by Macedonius, Bishop of Constantinople, in the middle of the fourth century, who denied the divinity of the Holy Ghost, and was on that account deposed from his bishopric.
ARTICLE THE SIXTH.
Of the Sufficiency of Holy Scripture for
HOLY SCRIPTURE CONTAIN ETH. ALL THINGS
NECESSARY TO SALVATION: SO THAT WHAT-
THE SECOND BOOK OF SAMUEL
THE FIRST BOOK OF KINGS.
THE SECOND BOOK OF KINGS
THE FIRST BOOK OF CHRONICLES
THE SECOND BOOK OF CHRONICLES
THE FIRST BOOK OF ESDRAS
THE SECOND BOOK OF ESDRAS
THE BOOK OF ESTHER
THE BOOK OF JOB
ECCLESIASTES, OR PREACHER
FOUR PROPHETS THE GREATER
TWELVE PROPHETS THE LESS, AND THE OTHER BOOKS, (AS HIEROME SAITH)
THE CHURCH DOTH READ FOR EXAMPLE OF LIFE AND INSTRUCTION OF MANNERS; BUT YET IT DOTH NOT APPLY THEM TO ESTA
THE SONG OF THE THREE CHILDREN
THE HISTORY OF SUSANNAH
OF BEL AND THE DRAGON
THE PRAYER OF MANASSES
THE FIRST BOOK OF MACCABEES
THE SECOND BOOK OF MACCABEES.
ALL THE BOOKS OF THY NEW TESTAMENT AS
THEY ARE COMMONLY RECEIVED, . WE DO RECEIVE, AND ACCOUNT THEM CANONICAL.
WE have seen that the first five articles relate to the foundation of all religion, the existence of a God, and to the characteristic doctrines of the Christian Religion, concerning the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost. The next point to be settled is the rule of our faith and practice; this is a subject upon which there is a material difference between the church of Rome and the church of England, and to that difference this article is directed.
The divine Inspiration of the Holy Scriptures, and consequently their truth and obligation, is allowed both by papists and by the members of our church : but the papists assert that the books of the New Testament do not contain the whole rule of a Christian's faith and practice; they believe that the Apostles orally delivered many doctrines and precepts of the