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We have all of us, my brethren, considerable cause for humiliation in this matter; and have 'need to redouble our diligence, in using all these means, that we may make progress, and grow in grace. But while the Lord says to all," Behold "I stand at the door and knock; if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me:" he adds for the encouragement of those, who are fighting the good fight of faith, perhaps with conscious feebleness and many fears, "To him that "overcometh will I give to sit down with me upon
my throne: even as I also overcame, and am set "down with my Father on his throne. He then "that hath an ear let him hear what the Spirit saith "unto the churches."
MATTHEW, v. 16.
Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.
OUR blessed Lord just before his ascension into
heaven, thus addressed his apostles: "All power "is given unto me in heaven and in earth: Go ye "therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in "the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the
holy Ghost: teaching them to observe all things "whatsoever I have commanded you'." Hence we learn, that there is a measure of instruction which precedes an intelligent profession of the gospel, comprising the first principles of the doctrine of Christ: and that there is also a more particular and exact instruction, by which ministers should endeavour to form the judgment and
Matt. xxviii. 18-20.
direct the conduct of believers, in all the several parts of Christianity. This distinction ought to be carefully remembered; that we may not suppose, the practical exhortations given to believers supersede the necessity of regeneration, repentance, and faith in the Son of God, as numbers seem to think; nor yet deem it inconsistent with the purest evangelical views, to explain particularly, and inculcate most earnestly, the several parts of our duty to God and to our neighbour.
In the Sermon on the mount, our Lord first shews, in the several beatitudes, that happiness principally depends on the state of the heart: and then addressing the disciples, in the presence of the multitude, he said, "Ye are the salt of the "earth: but if the salt have lost its savour, where"with shall it be salted? It is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out and trodden under"foot of men." Christians, as scattered over the earth, ought to communicate a purifying savour of piety and righteousness, and thus to prevent the increasing depravity of the human race: but graceless preachers and professors of the gospel are the vilest and most hopeless of men.-" Ye are," says Christ," the light of the world; a city set
upon an hill cannot be hid. Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick, and it giveth light to all "that are in the house." True Christians, placed in different families, villages, streets, cities, and VOL. I
nations, diffuse the light of divine truth, received from the Sun of righteousness, in their several circles. This also renders them conspicuous: their tempers, words, and actions will surely be observed and exactly scrutinized. Nor were they enlightened from above, in order to be immured in cloysters, or to retire into deserts, like lamps put under a bushel but it is the Lord's will, that they should resemble candles placed on candlesticks in the midst of a room, to give light to every part of it. Therefore "let your light so shine before men, "that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.". "It may be proper for us,
I. To consider the persons, to whom this exhortation is especially addressed.
II. To examine more fully its import, And
III. To state the object, which we should aim at in complying with it.
I. The persons to whom the words are especially addressed.
Some expositors seem to confine the exhortation to the apostles, or to the ministers of the gospel, exclusively. But though the words are peculiarly proper and energetick in this application: yet, it
is evident that all Christians are, in their own circle and measure, "lights in the world ;" and all who profess Christianity may be exhorted to act consistently with their avowed character. In other parts of scripture similar exhortations are addressed to believers in general. The evangelical prophet, viewing the church as a disconsolate female sitting in darkness upon the ground, thus encourages her, "Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of the Lord is risen upon "thee. For behold the darkness shall cover the "earth; and gross darkness the people: but the "Lord shall arise upon thee, and his glory shall "be seen upon thee: and the gentiles shall come "to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising " When the light of the glory of God in the face of Christ illuminates the church; then she arises from the dust, reflects the bright beams of the Sun of righteousness, and shines as a light to the gentiles. The gospel is sent "to give light to them that sit in darkness and the "shadow of death, to guide their feet into the way of peace:" "To open their eyes, and to "turn them from darkness to light, and from the
power of Satan unto God:" and when these effects are produced, men "are made the children of light "and of the day," and are exhorted to a consistent deportment2. St. Paul addresses the Philippians