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weekly return of that day on which the be allowed on the patriarchal sabbath Egyptians were drowned. . 4. It is con- than on the Jewish ; or, that the journey jectured that the heathen SUN-day was" from Elim might only commence on the the paradisiacal sabbath; and that the patriarchal sabbath, and, therefore, on day was changed to prevent the Israel- that day their march might not exceed a ites from concurring with them in the sabbath’s-day journey. To the fourth worship of that luminary. 5. They say, argument it may be replied, that it is that before the institution of the Jewish merely a conjecture. To the fifth argusabbath, their days were reckoned from ment it may be thus replied, Did not the - morning to morning, Numb. xxxiii. 3; natural day of twenty-four hours combut that the beginning of the day was mence from the beginning at sun-set ? It then shifted back to the foregoing even. is said, Gen. i. 5, “ The evening” (the ing, Exod. xii. 18. And from hence evening is here placed before the mornthey argue, that by this means the se- ing,) " and the morning” (that is, the venth day was changed into the sixth, hours of darkness and the hours of and that the patriarchal sixth day be. light) “ were the first day.” To the came the Jewish sabbath. - 6. That the sixth argument it may be replied, How Jewish sabbath was limited to the dura- does this affect the question concerning tion of their state and polity, Exod. the day on which the Jewish sabbath xxxi. 16.

was kept ? To the first and second arguments it | Our correspondent thinks that this may be replied, that an additional thing question concerns the Jews, and the to be remembered might be added by seventh-day. Christians. But how does divine appointment; and that the differ- it do so ? The former keep the sabbath ence between the patriarchal and Jewish on the seventh day of the week, not be sabbaths might lie herein, and the day cause that day was the patriarchal se. remain unchanged. To the third argu-, venth day, but because it was the day inent it may be replied, that the day on appointed for the sabbath at the instituwhich a double quantity of manna fell, tion of the passover : the latter, partly for might not be the sixth from the fifteenth | that reason, and partly because they do of the second month, but from the day not conceive that the coming of the Mes. on which the manna began to fall; or, siah furnishes a sufficient reason for the that a greater liberty of travelling might change of the day.

Poetry.

"ODE FOR THE 5th of NOVEMBER,

By Mr. Thomas Quin, (Author of “ The City of Refuge,” a Poem,

which we shall review in a future Number.)

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quintoque Novembris Nulla dies toto veniet celebratior anno."

MILTON.
WELCOME: O welcome yet once more,

Great day, remember'd long!
And cheer a heart, oft. cheer'd before,

And swell the tide of song:
How chang'd my thoughts, since first

I learn'd
To trace thy yearly fight;
Yet never has thy morn return'd,

Without unchang'd delight! -
In childhood, rous'd from fairy dreams,

How oft, with restless zeal,
I sprung to greet thy morning-beams,

And join'd the village peal;
Or mid the tumult and applause,

The marching, and the song,
I shar'd, unconscious of the cause,

The triumph of the throng!
Or, as tradition told the tale,

And hist'ry taught to read,

How,while my trembling cheek grew pale,

I curs'd the traitor's deed;
And bore his effigy on high,

Amid the laughing gaze ;
And toss'd the rocket through the sky,

And bade the faggot blaze !
Or, as I read of earlier times,

When holy men of God,
Pursu'd, and taken, (not för crimes,)

Stood naked to the rod;
What grief and horror chill'd my blood,

While bigot power assaild;
And, firm in flames, the martyr stood,

And perish'd and prevail'd!
For earth was yet involv'd in night;

Truth, like the sun, arose,
Not hail'd with homage for her light,

But grappling with her foes.
Thro'mists and clouds she forc'd her ways -

A dim-discover d form;
And hell sent forth to quench her ray,

The demon of the storm.
But now, her foes are fall’n or faint;

We sit beneath her blaze,
And plead her cause without restrainte

And sing of other days; -
When erst amid th’amazing strife,

She rose to shine and save;
And pour'd a flood of light and life

On darkness and the grave.

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OF

No. I.

therless. The blessed God de.

clares by the prophet Malachi, INCREASED RELIEF

that he “ will be a swift witness against those that oppress the

widow," Mal. iii. 5. In Deutero. THEIR WIDOWS.

nomy xxvii. 19, a curse is denounced on those who do not do

them justice: "Cursed be he I do not recollect ever to have that perverteth the judgment of heard those striking portions of the stranger, fatherless, and wi. the sacred scriptures relative to dow: and all the people shall poor widows and fatherless chil.

say,

Amen." And Jehovah dren, brought into very prominent solemnly affirms, that he will view in public instruction. I avenge their cause;"Ye shall not would not, however, on light afflict any widow, or fatherless grounds become an accuser of child. If thou afflict them in any any of my brethren. It becomes wise, and they cry at all unto me to hope and believe, that they me, I will surely hear their cry: neglect no part of revealed truth, and my wrath shall wax hot, and though I have not been so fortu- I will kill you with the sword ; pate as to hear them

dwell on this and your wives shall be widows, interesting topic. I do think it and your children fatherless." will not be unseasonable, and Exod. xxii. 22, 23, 24. perhaps will especially tend to It was expressly the Divine ihe accomplishment of an im- command, that peculiar kindness portant project I have in view, if and indulgence should be shown you will permit me to notice some to the stranger, the widow, and of the principal passages which the fatherless.“ Thus speaketh are presented to us on this af- the Lord of hosts, saying, Exefecting subject-a subject obvi- cute true judgment, and oppress ously exciting the tenderest recol- not the widow or the fatherless." lections.

Zech. vii. 9, 10. “Cease to do There are many awful threat- evil, learn to do well; relieve the nings pronounced in the book oppressed, judge the fatherless, of God against those who in any plead for the widow." Isaiah i. way injure the widow or the fa- 16, 17. “ At the end of three VOL. X.

3 L

years, thou shalt bring forth all | lieveth the fatherless and the the tithe of thine increase the widow." Psalm cxlvi. 9. A same year, and shalt lay it up father of the fatherless, and a within thy gates. And the Le- judge of the widows, is God in vite, (because he hath no part nor his holy habitation.” Psalm lxviii. inheritance with thee,) and the 5. stranger, and the fatherless, and “ The Father of mercies" has the widow, which are within thy condescended to make a particugates, shall come, and shall eat lar and special engagement to and be satisfied; that the Lord bless the widow and the fatherthy God may bless thee in all the less, in a promise which has afwork of thine hand which thou forded substantial consolation to doest.” Deut. xiv. 28, 29. multitudes of bereaved families. “ When thou cuttest down thine "Leave," says he, “thy fatherless harvest in thy field, and last children, I will preserve them forgot a sheaf in the field, thou alive, and let thy widows trust shalt not go again to fetch it: it in me.” Jer. xlix. 11. Mr. Brown, shall be for the stranger, for the of Haddington, used to say, “ It fatherless, and for the widow: might be written on my coffin, that the Lord thy God may

bless · Here lies one who was the care thee in all the work of thine of Providence; who early lost hands. When thou beatest thine both father and mother, and yet olive tree, thou shalt not go over

never missed them.' the boughs again: it shall be for The appointment of Deacons the stranger, for the fatherless, had, it is manifest, a peculiar re. and for the widow. When thou ference to the welfare of widows. gatherest the grapes of thy vine-Acts vi. 1. yard, thou shalt not glean it after- It is evident, that great attenwards : it shall be for the stranger, tion was paid in the primitive for the fatherless, and for the wi- church to widows who conducted dow." Deut. xxiv. 19--21. themselves with propriety; who,

Job reckons it among the fea- to use the expression of the tures of a wicked man, that" he apostle, were widows indeed !” doeth not good to the widow, 1 Tim. v. 3. It appears also and that hë taketh the widow's plain, that such as were poor, ox for a pledge.” Job xxiv. 3, 21. advanced in life, and eminent for And he declares, that in his prostheir piety, were maintained by perity he paid particular atten the churches for purposes of tion to the necessities of the general utility, and especially to widow and the fatherless. “I attend on the poor and the sick, delivered," says he, the poor 1 Tim. v. 9, 10. that cried, and the fatherless, and I cannot but regard the Baptist him that had none to help him. Magazine as having just and The blessing of him that was strong claims, independent of its ready to perish came upon me; real merit, to the patronage of our and I caused the widow's heart denomination, because its profits to sing for joy.” Job xxix. 12, are devoted to the support of the 13.

widows of our deceased minisThe Psalmist repeatedly asserts, ters--a class of widows assuredly that the widow and the fatherless who, for many obvious reasons, are peculiar objects of the divine ought to be regarded as having a care. “ The Lord,” says he, re- right to the kind sympathy, and

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benevolent attention, of the mem- | leave it, I am confident it would bers of our churches, and of our be successful. congregations in general. The I have heard of a little Sundayrelief afforded by this useful school girl, who was constantly publication is, doubtless, of great accustomed to call on a poor utility; yet I cannot but regret widow, to read the scriptures to that it is not more efficient, espe- her, and who actually relieved cially as I am convinced, that her several times from the halfwith very little exertion, it might pence she obtained for spendingbe readily doubled, without being money. The widow spake of burdensome to any one.

Six her

as the little angel who vishillings annually might easily be sited her.” A gentleman, who saved from some superfluous ar- superintended the school, asked ticle of dress, furniture, or food; the child, How she came first to and if the subject were properly visit the poor widow ? “Because, introduced to many in our con- Sir," said she, “it is said in the nexion, I have no doubt that they first chapter of James, which you would not only readily, but thank- gave me to learn as a task, ‘Pure fully, accede to any plan of afford religion and undefiled 'before ing more complete relief to the God and the Father is this, To distressed widow, and her father- visit the fatherless and widows in less children. I am sure that their affliction, and to keep himthere is among us a large class of self unspotted from the world.”young people, who would willing- Was not this a divine spirit, kinly spare the monthly sixpence for dled immediately by the breath so benevolent an object. I would of Heaven? therefore propose, that some ac- Should this proposal be the tive pious female, the principal means of placing a little addienjoyment of whose life is doing tional fuel on the winter's fire of good, (and I bless God that there the poor widow, or of furnishing are many such in our churches,) her wardrobe with a warmer garshould look round the congrega- ment, or of putting a single come tion in which she statedly wor

fort of life within the reach of her ships, notice those who might be band, when the blasts of the inlikely to befriend the bereaved clement season, which is apand afflicted widow in the way I proaching, howl around her habisuggest, and take an opportunity, tation, it will afford me matter for previously to the commencement grateful recollection, and furnish of the ensuing year, of recom- me with a fresh subject for new mending the Baptist Magazine to praise to HIM, whose“ tender their attention.* This scheme mercies are over all his works ;" would not require, like our Bible whose goodness is permanent as and Missionary Societies, per. his everlasting throne, and extenpetual attention and exertion, but sive as his boundless dominion. only a single effort; and in the kind hands to which I propose to

No. II.

EDUCATION
OF THEIR SONS.

* It has afforded no small pleasure to the Proprietors of the Baptist Magazine, that during the year, ending in June, 1818, the widows of our ministers received from it one hundred and ninety pounds.--EDITOR,

ATTACHED as I am, with dent and una bated zeal, to the

ar

great foreign objects which oc- exertions indeed will exterminate cupy the attention of the Chris- all that is evil among our youth ; tian world in general; yet I am not yet I am sure, with the Divine without my fears lest some im- blessing, suitable instruction will portant and indispensable public accomplish much that is valuable. duties should be neglected at We well know who has said, home. This assuredly has been Train up a child in the way he the case, particularly till within should go, and when he is old he these few years, in reference to will not depart from it.”. The Ireland. And I would now men. man who is insensible to the extion to your readers another ob- cellent effects arising from the ject, which has long affected my cultivation of the human intellect, own mind, and which, in my “ must,” to use an expression of opinion, imperiously demands a distinguished senator, in referthe immediate interference of our ence to the friends of the slave denomination; I mean, the Edu- trade,“ have an inaccessible uncation of the Children of our derstanding, or an impenetrable Ministers.

heart.” I have frequently heard it men- A good education has been tioned in company, that the chil. defined, “ The formation of the dren of ministers are, in a large heart to virtue, of the mind to proportion of instances, very dif- cheerfulness, of the understand. ferent, as to character and con- ing to wisdom. It is the teachduct, from what might be wished, ing a child to open his eyes to and indeed reasonably expected; the circumstances by which he is and I do think that there is some surrounded; to distinguish virtue ground for the painful reflection from vice, truth from falsehood, But what is the cause of so great beauty from deformity, and hapand painful a calamity ? Surely it piness from misery; to qualify cannot be that ministers are more him to attribute neither more nor indifferent to the spiritual and less than its proper importance eternal welfare of their families, to every acquisition, and every than their brethren in general; pursuit; and instead of being this would argue a want of piety, borne along by the follies and and indeed of natural affection. prejudices of mankind, to rise So far as my own observation above them to that degree of menextends, I have but little difficulty tal eminence, and moral excelin assigning a reason. I am ac- / lence, which will enable him to quainted with some of my bre judge distinctly of the value of thren who, from their frequent all earthly enjoyments, and, by engagements in their Master's the Divine blessing, to select vineyard, and consequent un- those, and those only, which wil! avoidable absence from their contribute to his temporal and homes, are necessarily obliged to eternal good.” * neglect their own families, whilst I would propose that a good the slenderness of their income Boarding School be established will not allow them to avail them for the sons of ministers pertainselves of foreign aid. I do not ing to our denomination, in which hesitate to ascribe the evil I have named, and which is often and

* Pantologia: a work of very consideservedly lamented, to the want derable merit, by Dr. Gregory, and of a suitable education. No Mr. Newton Bosworth, of Cambridge:

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