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vourable Inferences, either to the Genuineness of the Text, or to the Na-
fure of the Hebrew, muft thence be drawn by a Reader unacquainted
with that Language. It is deficient in respext to the short explanatory:
Notes' in the Margin, which abound in the last mentioned Version. The
Words are at Times fo transposed as to create an Hyperbaton.; or are
not sufficiently varied. And, to sum up all, it has this Fault in common
with the other, that it may justly be questioned, whether any posible
Sense can by fair Interpretation be deduced from the Words in not a
few Places

This Verhon was first published in the rear 1611; and at the Bea
ginning of this Century received confiderable Improvements from Bishop
Lloyd, who, among other Things, added the Æra throughout in the
Margin, with. Tables of Chronclogy, of Coins, Weights and Measures

. ".
In the rear 1745 Dr. Paris at Cambridge revised the whole, with a view
to distinguish ir it by other Characters - the Words which were not in the
Original. In this University we have lately gone farther, by improving
in the fame respect on the Cambridge Plan, by framing a new Abstračt
of each Chapter, by a new Divison of the Paragraphs, and by inserting
in the Margin fome new References, and the Explanation of Hebrew
Words. But notwithstanding it must fill be confesed, that these and fi
milar Improvements can be deemed at best but superficial; forasmuch as
they do not penetrate to the Substance, or Atrike at the Root of the Evil.
No Individual, however, nor any. Society can presume to go farther, till
the great Council of these Realms shall think it expedient to delegate the
important Charge of a new Translation: to. Men of approved Learning
and Judgment.

In the meantimes, boping this very defrable Period may not be far dif-:
tant, I have thought it my Duty to lay before the Public fome Part of
the Materials wbich have lain by me for a considerable Time. My Motive
for fp daing is, that they may be duly weigbed in the Interval,' in order
that if they meet with Approbation they may be serviceable on that Oc-
casions, and that others, blessed witb, greater Abilities and Advantages,
may hereby. be induced to pursue the same Course:

But before I quit the Subject, may I be permitted to: fubjoin at the Close-
fome few. Obfervationsneither I hope foreign to tbe Purpose, nor yet

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: The following are all that occur, when there ought to be at least as many Scores, viz.
IV. 9. VI. 3, 29. VII. 7, 8. XII. 13. XXI, 17. XXII. 21. XXIII. 10. XXVII. 3.

• Com
pare XXIV., 1. add XXVII: 2,354. with the Text.

t. III.


XXV. 6. XXX. iy...
VI. 7. VIII. 17. XIL, 5. XVIII. 13,95. XXI. 24. XXII.30. XXVI.5. XXVII. 11,15. XXX.2.
See the Folio Bible printed 1702. * This appears by a Series of Letters written and.
communicated by Arch-Bishop Secker to the Author,

impertinent ?


impertinent, In bao buena eskede fastelakeen Hartber:Akerusikalerbal Alena could furnilla proper Number of Persona batten graalified and this Pin de mest taking than the Beginning of the last Agen lida not buyitasa kini mdpljoties in the affirmative. There was indeed a Times about the Middlet of the way Century, when Oriental Literature very iminendly slouxifood insbeson Kingdomss , and was almost carried to it outnogle Drgripasang

Perforation is tbola shining Lighting the Waltons, tha Racockes, the Cartless the Clarkes, and others. Ibele would undoubtedly have approved bomelyes to have been greater Majiers by the Execution of the Takes but the Anarchy, which then prevailed, was not a Time fauqurublestasha Undertaking it was bowever productive of a mare extenkve. public Goon by occasioning the Publication of the Originals Testiu zogth: all itkie astrirnel Verdians of the Eaf; a Worki ubich bas dane imore Credit to this Nations than any other. Production of the English Rrega Baft ta: 7eturn to think Question; those-ubo will not grant ike, Superiority to the present Genesi ration, will, at least, furely alloze, an Equality and mult withar aco knowledge, that we are popelled of Advantages, to wbich ibole of a fordi mer. Age were utter Strangers. Besides the Palyglat not then existings Several ald Eaftern. Verhions not known to say nothing of the MSS. of the Text not thought of ; there bave fonce appeared a great Number of judicious Critics in the different Parts of Europe, who either profeffedly writing on the Subject, or only incidentally (as Chronologers, Natural Hiftorians, Travellers, and otherss) bave thrown great Light on the Sacred Records. These Helps would indubitably not be contemned by the appraved Translator, who, belides bis more general Acquaintance with universal Science, would be free from the Shackles, which not long hinicien .confined the opinions of all the learned (not excepting the great Pococke bimself) in.rejpect to the Integrity of the Hebrew Text.

Is it pretended that the Times will not bear a new Perfion? I'anywer by another Question. Is thes. Temper of the People of these Days totally different from that of their Ancestors, at the Distance of fix Generations? On the Introduction of the present Version into our Churches in the Year 1611, we read of no Tumult, Clamour, nor Discontent. The same pas cific Dispoption prevailed in the Reign of Q. Elizabeth';' when more than one new Translation received the royal San&tion. To afcend bigber; would be as unnecessary, as to controvert the Axiom, that himilar Caufes always produce fimilar Effects. The gadly, the learned, the ingenuous, would doubtless rejoice; the gay,.the thoughtless, the voluptuous, would still cone tinue uninterefted and unaffected but the Caviller, the Sceptic, and the Deift, would bereby find the farpet and most trusty Arrows of their Quiver blunted; and the illiterate Vulgar, who always depart relu&tantly from old Institutions, would soon be reconciled; when, instead of an Invasion of their Property, they experienced that the old debased Coin was only called in, in order that they might be repaid in new, of true Sterling Value.

The Minds of the People cannot bereby be unsettled. All the leading Articles of Religion will remain undisturbed ; neither will the Ground of their Faith or Practice be ever so remotely affeEted. If there be any Foundation for this Plea, it seems to me (with due Deference to Government may

I be understood to bint it!) to be derived from the Legiflature itself; which, in it's Acts of perpetual Duration, does not appear to allow sufficiently for the Mutability of Human Affairs, or the Changes incident to Time : whereas were it enacted, that these Aets Jould all be revised at the Distance of half a century, many of the Inconveniences complained of would no longer exist, and the almost sacred Veneration the People bave for Things, which not their Merit, but Antiquity alone, has consecrated, would gradually subside, and leave no Traces in their Minds'.

But may not the Eagerness for Reformation carry Matters to too great a Length? Innovations, it is confessed, are often dangerous ; and the Spirit of Zealots, the most uncontroulable of any other : but in this case, the Bounds would be ciear and distin£t ; and there would be no Cause to fear, when the Commission expressly set forth the Limits of it's Extent, that cool and discreet Subjects would overleap them. But, to give the Argument it's full Scope; Would the Innovator berewith reft fatisfied? Would he not defire after this a Revisal of the Liturgy, with the XXXIX Articles ; and proceed from ecclesiastical, to civil, Matters ?

These are not necesary, perhaps not probable, Consequences : but allowing they were ; what nobler Obje&t could thë Parliament, could the Convocatión, have under their contemplation, than the Petitions of serious and well disposed Men ; presented, at proper Intervals, with becoming Humility; praying, not to be released (as in a late Instance) from the Bands by which Society is united, but that Means might be devised the most efficacious for quieting their conscientious Scruples, and setting them forward in the Way of religious Improvement ?

Lastly; How is this Motion to be made, and who will undertake it? If the Convocation fate, it ought perhaps to originate there. But, if it

y Sir William Blackstone shews clearly the Defects in our Criminal Law; and the Inconveniences it labours under, from Want of the new Statutes being referred by the legislative Power to the learned Judges before they are enacted ; and asserts that the Mischief complained of would be remedied, were a Committee appointed but once in an hundred Years to revise them. Comment. B. IV. C. I.




were not judged expedient to apply to the Sovereign to convene the Houses for that Purpose, the venerable Bench of Bislops might easily agree among themselves, to take an Opportunity in the Viftation of their respective Dioceses, to collect the Sentiments of the Clergy, (and of some of the Laity too perhaps,) on this point : and, as the general Report (it is presumed) could not but be favourable, any one of their Lordships afterwards making the Motion, bis Majesty having previously consented, an Axt would most probably be obtained, without a fingle Division in either Part of the Senate?.

; שאול

But to return to my Subject; (from which an honest, but perhaps too ardent Zeal bas insensibly carried me too far; and for which I must again beg Leave to apologize to all concerned :) it should be bere observed, once for all, that in the following Remarks it has been thought fufficient to point out perhaps only in one Instance the Sense of some particular Appellatives, as

which generally hgnifies the Grave, or lower Regions of the Earth, though almost constantly rendered Hell in our Verfion : that as my Design was not to appear in the Light of a professed Commentator or Paraphrast

, I have feldom touched on these Provinces, but where the Reading proposed by me seemed to require it. Lastly, I doubt not but some of my Observations may have been anticipated by other Critics, as many are sufficiently obvious: but, if that be the case, it is more than is come to my Knowledge; for I have purposely avoided having Recourse to such Authors, except perbaps in some perplexing Places, that my Remarks might be my own. Such, however as the Public is already in Polefion of, bave doubtless no Pretensions to Novelty : they have nevertheless the Advantage of being fresh, independent, and unbiased Evidences in Support of Truth.

I cannot conclude without publicly acknowledging my Obligations to my Friend, Mr. Blayney, Fellow of Hertford College ; whose Labour, Judgment, and Accuracy in the Edition of the Oxford Standard Copy of the Bible have done him great Honour. He has been so kind as to revise with close Attention my MS. Copy; and to him I am indebted for the Correction of several Mistakes, and for many important Remarks, and judicious Emendations in every Part of this Work.

z As Dr. Kennicoti's Collation is said to be in great Forwardness, it may perhaps be thought convenient to wait for the Publication before any such Measure be taken.

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VERSE 5. - and offered Burnt Offerings according to the Number

: '] express according in another Character ; for 2009 is compounded of the Preposition a, which here signifies according, and 700 Number. See Noldius' Concordance. 2. 32.

V. u. — and he will curse thee to thy face. 73729 795 by x'S ON ] Our Version takes no Notice here of the compounded Particles 5 Dx, except in the Margin, where they are rendered if not, which is not their Sense in this Place: they ought to be rendered TRULY, or INDEED, as they are Numb. XIV. 35. Joshua XIV.9. &c. Qu. might not this Place be translated thus - AND WILL He then INDEED BLESS THEE TO THY Face, or, BID THEE FAREWELL? See also Ch. II. v.5.

plowing, ) used, as in some other places, collectively : but cannot agree with

, . signifies here A Wood, or Forest, as. 1 Sam. XXIII. 15. This Place



8 9.

V. 14.

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is here בקר [הבקר היו חרשות ,The Oxen were blowing

חרשה .on account of the Discord of Number and Gender ,חרשות

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