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eousness.

SELECT BOOKS OX NATURAL HISTOPY.

whole material universe was brought into exist

Thr: scriptures were designed to be ence at the same time with our earth-that the a comincnt on these works ; to explain their na. Creator ceased to create any new order of beings ture, and to show us the agency, purposes, wisin the universe, after arranging the fabric of our dom, and goodness of God in their formation. globe-hat the whole system of material nature Thus explained, thus illuminated, they become in heaven and earth will be destroyed at the means of knowledge, very extensive and emiperiod of the dissolution of our world—that our nently useful. He who does not find in the vathoughts and affections should be completely de- rious, beautiful, subline, awful, and astonishing tached from all created things, &c. &c.-Several objects presented to us in creation and provie. vague notions of this description are founded on dence, irresistible and glorious reasons for adthe false assumption, that the globe we inhabit, miring, adoring, loving, and praising his Creaand the rational beings that have appeared on its tor, has not a claim to evangelical piuty."-Syst surface from age to age, are the chief objects of lemn of Theology, vol. iii. p. 477. God's superintendence and care and that the Scriptures are the only medium through which No. XII.—List of Popular Works on the differ. we can view the plans and operations of the ent Sciences treated of in this volume, with Deity-assumptions, which are contrary to rea- occasional remarks. son, which are unwarranted in revelation, nay, which are directly contradicted in numerous passages of Scripture, some of which have already been referred to in the course of this vo- “ Goldsmith's History of ihe Earth, and anilume. It would be of essential service to the mated nature," with notes by T. Brown, Esq. cause of Christianity, that iis doctrines, facts, published at Manchester, 6 vols. 8v0. The com and moral requisitions were uniformly exhibited pious notes appended to this edition, contain an in their native simplicity and grandeur, without account of the latest discoveries, and form a being obscured and distorted by the vague and valuable addition to the original work--" The extravagant representations with which shey are Gallery of Nature and Ari," by Dr. Mason too frequently blended by injudicious minds. Good, and others, 6 vols. 8vo.--" Spectacle de

la Nalure," or Nature Displayed, 7 vols. 12:06).

"Nature Displayed,” by Dr. Simeon Shaw, 3 No. XI.

vols. 8vo. or in 6 vols. 12mo. This work, thonyh

chiefly a compilation, inbodies a great variery As authority has a considerable degree of of inieresting and popular descriptions of the weight on some minds, I shall conclude with an

most reinarkable facis in the system of nature, extract on the subject of this volume, from that

which are illustrated with numerous engravings, respectable and enlightened divine, Dr. Dwight, both plain and coloured.-Clarke's " Hundred lale president of Yale college :-". The works

Wonders of the World," one vol. 12ino. and of God were by hiin intended to be, and are, in Plaui's" Book of Curiosities," contain a nunfact, manifestations of himself ; proofs of his ber of interesting selections on this subject:characier, presence, and agency. In this light Smellie's “ Philosophy of Natural History," ? he requires men continually to regard them: vols. 410. and his translation of “ Buffon's Naand to refuse this regard is considered by him as

Tural History."--Works entitled, “ System" and grossly wicked, and highly deserving of punish- “ Elements" of " Natural H.story," are nie ment, Psalm xxviii. 5. Isa. v. 12–14. I am

merous ; but the greatest pari of them is confiapprehensive, that even good men are prone to

ned to descriprions of the forms, habits, and inpay less allention to the works of creation and

stinct of animals. On this department of natije providence than piety demands, and the scripr ral science, a work is jn-i now in course of pube tures require. We say and hear so much con

lication, by the celebrated Cuvier, entitled “ The cerning the insufficiency of these works to un

Animal Kingdom," with engravings, chiefiy foid the character of God, and the nature of

from the living subjects in the Museum of Nagenuine religion, that we are prone to consider tural History at Paris. -A popular and comprethem as almost uninstructive in moral things, hensive history of the facis which have been and, in a great measure, useless to the promo ascertained respecting the earth, the atmosphere, tion of piety. This, however, is a palpable and

the meteory, the heavens, &c. calculated for dangervus crror. The works alone, without the general readers, and interspersed with appropriaid of the scriptures, woull, I acknowledge, be

ale moral and religious reflections, is still a desifar less instructive than they now are, and ut- deratum. The facts of natural history, next 10 terly insufficient to guide us in the way of right- the facts recorded in the sacred volume, are the

first subjects to which the minds of the young reject it. It must, however, be admitted that it is tot always used in this manner, at that it is some

should be directed in the course of a general umes an occasion of ambiguity.--Ed

education

SELECT BOOKS OX GEOGRAPHY.

Travels in all parts of the World," 17 vols. 40.

- Mavor’s Voyages," &e. 28 suls. 13.11.Pinkerton's Modern Geography, 2 vols. 4io. “ The World Displayed," 18 void simand the Abridgınent, one vol. 8v0.-Guthrie's “Philips's Collection of Voyages and Traies," Geographical Grammar.-The Glasgow Geo- &c. graphy, in 5 vols. 8vo. This work comprehends The following are among ihe most respectable an immense mass of information, on the historia modern publications on this subject, arranged cal and descripiive paris of geography. It also according to the different quarters of the word. contains comprehensive compends of astrono- Asia. Valencia's Traveis in India, Arabis,* my, geology, meteorology, &c.--Malte Brun's &c.—“Porter's 'Travels in Georgia, Armenia, ** " Systein of Geography,” 8vo. The English &c.—Golownin's Travels in Japan. - Siaur translation of this work, when completed, will ton's Account of Macariney's Embassy ta comprise the fullest and most comprehensive China."--"Ratlle's Travels in Java."— Clarke's view of universal geography that has yet ap- Travels in Asia Minor, and the bloly Land. peared in our language, including details of the " Chateaubriand's Travels in Palestine,"_AI most recent discoveries. Five volumes of the Bey's Travels in Arabia.”—“Morier's Travels English translation liave already appeared. The through Persia," &c. AFRICA.- Lyon's Trafirst volume contains a luminous and compre- vels in Northern Africa."- Burckhard's Travels hensive outline of the science of Geology, and in Nubia.-Bruce's Travels in AbyssiniaPhysical and Mathematical Geography.- Sali's Travels in Abyssinia Bwdich, Hurton, Myer's “ System of Modern Geography," with and Dupuis's Account of Ashardee.-Leigh's maps, views, engravings representing costumes, Jour. in Egypt.--Delzoni's Travels in Egypt.&c. 2 large vols. 410.-Cooke's “System of Sonini's Travels in Egypt.-Barrow's. BirUniversal Geography,” in 2 very large quarto chell's, and Campbell's Travels in Southere vols. closely printed, contains a great variety of Africa, &c. &c. AMERICA.-Łowison's Sketch interesting sketches in relation 10 Descriplive es of Upper Canada. Fearou's Shelches of the Geography, extracted from the wrisings of mo- United States.-Miss Wrighi's View's as dern voyagers and travellers ; the derails of ciety in the United Sia'es.-Humboldi's Travels incidents, &c. being related for the most part, in South America.-Duncan's Travels in the in the words of the respective authors from whom United Siales.-Luccock's, Vida's, Kositra's, the information is collected.-Winterbutham's and Hall's Travels in Souh America, e.

Geographical and Historical view of the EUROPE.--Henderson's and Mackenzie's Tra. United States of America, &c.” 4 vols. Svo. vels in Iceland.-Thompson's Travels in Se -Morse's American Geography," 850.-Gold- den.--Carr's Traveis in Russia, Denmark, ke. smith's “ Geography on a popular plan,” cone --Pallas's Travels in Russia.---Wraxhai's, ballos an interesting account of the manners and Neale's, Coxe's, and Lema istre's Tours through cusions of nations, for the ewiertainment and in- France, Switzerland, Germany, &r-Bar siruction of the young, illustrated with above 60 going's and Jacob's Travels in Spain.-Brydou's engravings. Of smailer systems, there is a Tour in Sicily, &c.- i'mo Buch's Itabeis in great abundance in the English language, but Norway and Lapland. -Cochrane's Trave's la most of them are extremely deficient, particulary Siberia, &c.-Cook's, Anson's, Byron's, Pain what relates to General Geography.-On Sarouse's, and Bougainville's Voyages round the cred Geography, Welis's Geography, modernized World, &c.-Prior's Universal Travelier, 000 by the editor of Calmet's Dicionary, is liin most thick vol. 12mo. clusely printtd, wiih one bute complete work of its kind. --On Physical or Ge

dred engravings. neral Geography-Playfair's System of Geograpohy, vol. 1. and Varenius's General Geography,

6ELECT BOOKS ON GEOLOCY. A Modern systein of Geography, in a separate furm, on ihe plan of Varenius, is a desideratum. Kirwan's “ Mineralogy," and his "Geological -Edin. Encv. Ari. Geography.-Sup. to Ency. Essays.”—De Luc's Geology," and his "Gece Brit. Art. Physical Geography, &c. &c. Books logical Travels."--Parkinson's "Organic Reof Voyages and Travels, generally contain the mains of a former World,” 3 vols, 410,- The snost circumstantial details of ihe physical as

Fossils of the South Downs, or Illustrations pects of the different couries, and of the dis- the Geology of Sussex, by G. Maniel, F.L.S." positions and customs of their inhabitants; and The preliminary essay to this splendid work present to the view of the Christian philanthro- contains several excellent reniarks respecting pist, those facts and incidents, from which the the connexion of geology with religion, which moral state and character of the various tribes of are calculated to advance the interests of both. human beings may be inferred. The following -Cuvier's." Essay on the Theory of the Earth," works contain comprehensive abridgments of with illustrations by Professor Jameson; 4th the most celebrated voyages and travels.--"Pin- edition.-Playfair's illustrations of the Hutionian kerton's General Collection of Voyages and Theory of the Earth.— Transactions of the

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POPULAR WORKS ON ASTRONOMY.

Geological and Wernerian Societies.-Jame- cient in a reference to the wisdom and agency son's Mineralogy.-Buckland's Account of the of a Supreme Intelligence. “An undevout asa Discovery of a Den of Hyenas in a cavern in tronomer is mad." Baxter's “ Matho,"contains Yorkshire.-Philips's “ Outlines of Mineralogy a popular and interesting view of this subject, and Geology," 12mo. This last work forms a and forms a striking contrast to the apathy of good introduction to the study of Geology, for La Place, who carefully keeps out of view the those who are just commencing their inquiries agency of the Creator-the main design of this on this subject. The object of this science, in author being to connect the phenomena of the the mean time, should be chiefly to the collecting heavens and the earth with the attributes of of facts in reference to the structure of the earth, Deity, and the high destination of immortal and the changes it has undergone. The exterior minds. Though this work passed through three aspect of our globe, and its internal recesses, editions, it does not seem to have been appremust be still more extensively explored, before ciated according to its merio. As it has now any theory of the earth can be established on a become scarce, a new edition, with notes, conbroad and solid foundation. It should be left to taining a detail of modern discoveries, might be future ages to build a system with the materials an acceptable present to the public. Those we are now preparing.

who wish to prosecute this subject to a greater extent, may be referred to “Long's Astronomy," 2 vols. 410.-Robinson's “Mechanical Philoso

phy," vol. 1.–Vince's “Complete System of Brewster's “Ferguson's Astronomy," 2 vols. Astronomy,” 3 vols. 4to.—"La Lande Astro8vo, with a vol. of plates. The notes and sup- nomie," 3 vols. 410.—and Biot's “ Traite Eléplementary chapters of this work, written by mentaire d’Astronomie Physique.” A compreDr. Brewster, contain a full and comprehensive hensive work on Descriptive Astronomy, detailing, detail of all the modern discoveries in this in a popular manner, all the facts which have science.-—"Bonnycastle's Introduction to Astro- been ascertained respecting the scenery of the nomy," 1 vol. 8vo.-La Place's “System of the heavens, accompanied with a variety of striking World,” 2 vols. 8vo. Dr. Olinthus Gregory's delineations, and interspersed with appropriate Astronomy, 1 vol. 8vo.-Mrs. Bryan's “System reflections, accommodated to the general reader, of Astronomy," 80.-Dr. Mylne's “Elemen, is a desideratum. tary Treatise on Astronomy," 8v0.-Adam's “ Astronomical and Geographical Essays," 8vo. SELECT BOOKS ON NATURAL PHILOSOPAY. -Philips's “Eight Familiar Lectures on Astronomy," 12mo.-Squire's “Grammar of Astro- Hauy's “ Elementary treatise on Natural nomy," I thick vol. 18mo. closely printed and Philosophy,” translated by Dr. O. Gregory, 2 illustrated with 35 plates.—The “Wonders of vols. 8vo. This translation contains a number the Heavens,” 12mo. This work contains a of valuable notes by the translator.-Ferguson's popular view of the principal facts of Astronomy, " Lectures on Select Subjocis in Mechanics," and is illustrated with 50 elegant engravings, of &c. by Dr. Brewster, 2 vols. 8vo with a volume a variety of interesting objects connected with of plates. The Appendix to this work, by Dr. the scenery of the heavens; but its discussions Brewster, contains a mass of valuable informaare too frequently blended with the peculiarities tion on Mechanics, Hydraulics, Dialling, and of a modern physical theory.-Martin's “Gen- the construction of Optical Instruments ; besides tieman and Lady's Philosophy," vol. 1.-Der- a variety of illustrative notes interspersed through ham's “ Astro-Theology," and Whiston's “ As- the body of the work. A new edition of this tronomical principles of Religion," 8vo.-Baxe work, comprising a detailed account of the recent ter's “Matho," 2 vols. &c.-An elegant and discoveries in Experimental Philosophy, has comprehensive outline of the leading facts of been lately published.-Nicholson's " Introduce Astronomy, in their

relation to revealed Reli- tion to Natural Philosophy,” 2 vols. 8vo. gion, will be found in Dr. Chalmers's" Discourses Cavallo's" Complete Treatise on Natural and on the Christian Revelation, viewed in connec- Experimental Philosophy," 4 vols. 8vo.-Martion with the Modern Astronomy," 8vo.—The tin's “ Philosophia Britannica,"3 vols. 8vo. general reader in commencing his study of this His “Gentleman and Lady's Pbilosophy,” 3 science, will find Bonnycastle's “ Introduction" vols. 8vo. and his “Philosophical Grammar,'' a very interesting work. It is written in an 1 vol. 8vo.-Gregory's “ Economy of Nature," elegant and animated style, and is agreeably in- 3 vols. 8vo. and his “ Lectures on Experimenterspersed with a number of appropriate reflec- tal Philosophy, Astronomy, and Chymistry,” 2 tions ; but it is deficient in the detail of modern vols. 12mo.-Joyce's “Letters on Experimental discoveries. He might next proceed to the pe- Philosophy," 2 vols. 12mo. and his “Scientific rusal of Ferguson, Gregory, Squire, &c. La Dialogues,” 6 vols. 18m0.-Adam's “ Lectures Place's work contains a beautiful exposition of on Natural and mental Philosophy," 4 the Newtonian system, but it is glaringly defi vols. 8vo. with a volume of plates.—Young's

“ Lectures on Natural Philosophy," 2 vols. 8vo. tion seems to have been paid to this object tháo -Walker's system of “ Familiar Philosophy," al present. Since the middle of the last cece 4to. in 12 iectures, with 47 quarto engravings. tury, the piety of philosophers appears to have -Conversations on Natural Philosophy, by the been greatly on the decline. It is to be hoped author of Conversations on Chymistry, 1 thick that it is now beginning to experience a revival vol. 12mo. with 23 engravings.--Blair's “Gram- But, whatever may be the varying sentiments mar of Natural and Experimental Philosophy," and feelings of mere philosophers, in reference to especially the late editions, contains (at a small the agencies of the material system—* all the price) a comprehensive view of the principal works of God invariably speak of their Author," departments of Philosophy, including Astrono- to the humble and enlightened Christian ; and if my, Geology, Chymistry, Meteorology, &c.— he be directed to contemplate the order of naEuler's “Letters to a German Princess," 2 vols. ture, with an eye of intelligence, he will never 8vo. contains a popular view of the most interest- be at a loss to trace the footsteps and the attriing subjects connected with Natural and Expe- butes of his Father and his God. rimental Philosophy, Logic, and Ethics. This work is distinguished by a vein of dignified and SELECT BOOKS ON CRYMISTRY. scriptural piety, which runs through every part of it. Euler was one of the most distinguished Davy's Elements of Chymical Philosophy, philosophers and mathematicians of his day. 8vo.-Ure's Dictionary of Chymistry, on the He died in 1783, at the age of 77. A new edi- basis of Mr. Nicholson's, 1 large vol. 8vo. tion of this work, with notes by Dr. Brewster, Henry's Epitome of Chymistry, 2 vols. 8vo. has been lately published. These notes are ex- Accum's Chymistry, 2 vols. 8vo.-Thomson's cellent, so far as they extend; but it is to be System of Chymistry, 4 vols. 8vo.-Murray's regretted that they are so sparingly distributed, System of Chymistry, 4 vols. 8vo. and Appenand that the passages suppressed by M. Condor- dix.-Kerr's translation of Lavoisier's Elements cet, and De la Croix, which were restored by of Chymistry, 8v0.-Chaptal's Chymistry, ap Dr. Hunter, who translated the work, and the plied to the Arts, 4 vols. 8vo.-Fourcroy's notes of the French and English editors, are, for Chymistry, 4 vols.--Accum's“Chymical Amusethe most part, discarded. Notwithstanding the ments,” and Griffin's “ Chymical Recreations," numerous excellent treatises which are to be contain a description of a variety of interesting found on this subject, a comprehensive work on chymical facts and amusing experiments.experimental philosophy, blended with sketches Gurney's Lectures on the Elements of Chymiof those parts of natural history, which are con- cal Science, 8vo.—Mackenzie's One Thousand nected with it, and enlivened with appropriate Experiments in Chymistry, &c.—Mitc eli's reflections on the peculiar agencies of the Deity, Dictionary of Chymistry. -Conversations on which appear in the various processes of nature Chymistry, by a Lady, 2 vols. 12mo.—Joyce's is still wanting to interest the general reader, and Dialogues on Chymistry, 2 vols. 18mo.—Parto attract his attention to this department of know- ker's Rudiments of Chymistry, 18mo. and his ledge. Were philosophers, in their discussions Chymical Catechism, 8vo. The four works last of natural science, more frequently to advert to mentioned may be recommended as popular inthe agency of the Deity, and to point out the troductions to the study of this science. Parker's religious and philanthropic purposes to which Rudiments and Catechism are distinguished by modern discoveries might be applied, they their constant reference to the agency of the might be the means of promoting, at the same Deity, and by the anxiety which the author distime, the interests both of science and of reli- plays to fix the attention of his readers on the gion ; by alluring general readers to direct their evidences of benevolent design which appear attention to such subjects ; and by removing in the constitution of nature. The numerous those groundless prejudices which a great pro- notes appended to the Chymical Catechism, importion of the Christian world still entertain body a great variety of interesting facts in reagainst philosophical studies. About the period ference to the economy of nature, and the prowhen Boyle, Ray, Derham, Nieuwentyl, Whis- cesses of the arts. To this amiable and intelligent i ton, Addison, the Abbe Pluche, and other writer I feel indebted for severa, of the chymical Christian philosophers flourished, more atten- facts siated in this volume.

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