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From the long experience of Professor Putnam as an instructor of Mental and Moral Science in secondary schools, we expected this book to be one of practical value to all who are teaching the subject in schools of a similar grade. After looking it through we have no hesitancy in advising those who are contemplating the introduction of a book on Elementary Psychology to examine it carefully before deciding in favor of any other book of like character.

THE MAN WITHOUT A COUNTRY. By Edward Everett Hale. Pp. 53. Boston: J. Stilman Smith & Co. Cloth. Price, 50 cents. For sale also at this office. This little book, written as it was during the war, and intended to assist in raising the standard of love of country and true patriotism, is not only not out of date at this time, but is always a timely topic, and one which the youth of this country should study carefully. Its elegant English and descriptive power, added to its patriotic character, make it eminently a fit book for supplementary reading in grammar and high schools.

DOWN THE GREAT RIVER; embracing an account of the discovery of the true source of the Mississippi. By Capt. Willard Glazier. Illustrated. Pp. 496. Philadelphia: Hubbard Brothers, Publishers. Sold only by subscription. This book will be one of interest to the student of geography, in that it gives a very readable account of a journey by canoe from Lake Pokegama, as the Chippewa Indians call it, or Lake Glazier, according to this author, down the Mississippi to the Gulf.

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His voyage through Lakes Glazier, — of which the author claims to be the discoverer, Itaska, Bemidji, Cass, Winnibegosish, and thence to the Delta below New Orleans, is described very graphically; and, although the claim of the author to be the first white man to discover the true source of the Mississippi is scarcely established, and although he has made pretty free use of Schoolcraft and of data heretofore known, yet the description of these lakes and streams, together with the great swamps and the character of the Indians, is entertaining and instructive.

PHYSICAL TRAINING, OR THE CARE OF THE BODY. By E. B. Warman, A. M. Illustrated. Pp. 190. Chicago and New York: A. G. Spaulding & Brothers. Price: Cloth, $1.00; Paper, 25 cents.

The author has given in this book an admirable treatise upon the care of the entire body. He considers Physical Training in Schools, General Rules of Health, Fresh Air, Correct Breathing, Bathing, Catarrh, The Evils of Tobacco and Drink, and other important topics. The pages following number 68 are full of excellent systems of exercise without apparatus, with one and two dumb bells, with one and two Indian clubs, with wands, etc. The book will prove of much value to teachers of high schools, grammar schools, and academies. MEMORY TRAINING. A complete and practical system for developing and confirming the memory. Adapted to all kinds of subjects. By William L. Evans, M. A. (Glasg.). Pp. 275. New York: A. S. Barnes & Co. Cloth. Price, 1.25.

In this volume the author treats the subject of training and perfecting the memory from two standpoints, viz.: from the side of the student of physiology, and as a psychologist. While he has given one part of the book to the discussion of the subject from the psychological view and the latter portion from the physiological side, both views have been considered throughout. It will be found useful by all teachers.

EDUCATION IN THE UNITED STATES. ITS HISTORY FROM THE EARLIEST SETTLEMENTS. By Richard G. Boone, A. M., Professor of Pedagogy in Indiana University. Pp. 402. Cloth. New York: D. Appleton & Co. Price, $1.50. International Education Series.

This volume of a valuable series will be found, by the student of educational matters and methods, of great worth. While necessarily brief and incomplete, there are given so many facts and so much data that the scholar will be greatly assisted in his work of familiarizing himself with the development of the "American System of Education." We have heretofore really had no history of education in America. The author has treated his subject well, and the work will prove of great value.

A LATIN-ENGLISH DICTIONARY. By C. G. Gepp, M. A., late Assistant-Master at Bradford College, and A. E. Haight, M. A., late Fellow of Hertford College, Oxford. Pp. 563. Cloth. Price by mail, $1.40. Boston: Ginn &


This volume is the result of an endeavor to supply, in a cheap and handy form, a Latin-English Dictionary, containing, with their meanings and inflections, all the words which junior boys in schools are likely to meet in their reading; and at the same time most students will find it sufficiently complete for their ordinary use. It should be highly commended to all teachers of Latin.


This book will be to the young, inquiring teachers a blessing, because it tells them what to do in order to train children to hear and speak well. It is so simple that the youngest teacher can at once apply every sentence.

DIE JOURNALISTEN. By Gustav Freytag. Edited. with an English Commentary, by Walter D. Toy, M. A., Professor of Modern Languages in the University of North Carolina. Pp. 159. Cloth. Price, 55 cents. Boston: D. C. Heath & Co.

Two editions of this work have recently been published, but they are so essentially different in their handling of the text, that this edition will meet with a hearty reception from students of German.

SIR THOMAS WYATT AND HIS POEMS. Presented to the Kaiser Wilhelm's University at Strassburg, for the acquisition of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. By William Edward Simonds, Instructor in German, Cornell Universi. ty. Pp. 156. Cloth. Boston: D. C. Heath & Co. Price by mail, 95 cents. Part 1st of this book contains a brief biography of Sir Thomas Wyatt, and shows him to have been, as was his father, Sir Henry, a prominent and influential man during the early part of the sixteenth century.

Part 2d is given to a careful study and comparison of his poems, and aims to give an exact interpretation of them.

Students of early English will find this book of service as giving them a new insight to one of the prominent writers of that time.

OUTLINES OF BIBLE STUDY. A four-years' course for Schools and Colleges.
By G. M. Steele, D. D., Principal of Wesleyan Academy, Wilbraham, Mass.
Pp. 183. Cloth. Boston and New York: Leach, Shewell & Sanborn.
The increased interest in the study of the Divine Word during the last twenty
years has been and is, one of the most hopeful signs of the times. This book

will prove of much value and service to classes and their teachers, and to individuals as well, who are about to take up a course of systematic study of the Holy Scriptures.

The work is divided into four series, covering four years of study. The first being that portion comprised in the time previous to the death of Solomon. The next from that time through the history of the Jews, with outlines of the poetic and prophetic books. The third comprises the life of Christ, as found in the Gospels, and the last discusses or outlines the discussion of the growth of Christianity, as shown in the Epistles and Book of Revelation. Bible students will find much to aid them in this book.

THE FORTUNE OF THE REPUBLIC, AND OTHER AMERICAN ADDRESSES. By Ralph Waldo Emerson. With an Introduction. Pp. 109. Paper. Price, 15 cents. Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin & Co.

This is No. 42 of the Riverside Literature Series. Issued monthly, at 15 cents each; 6 numbers, 80 cents.

LETTERS WRITTEN BY LORD CHESTERFIELD TO HIS SON. Sayle. Red cloth. Pp. 281. London: Walter Scott. ronto: W. J. Gage & Co.

Selected by Charles
New York and To-

This volume of the Camelot series will be of special interest to those readers of this magazine who have boys under their charge. In these letters may be found very much which can be used in those informal talks after opening exercises which every good teacher has with his scholars at frequent intervals. The manner in which advice is given can hardly be improved. These letters are good reading for any youth or young man.

THE POEMS OF WALTER SAVAGE LANDOR. Selected and edited by Ernest Radford. Cloth. Pp. 281. London: Walter Scott. New York and Toronto. W. J. Gage & Co.

The writings of Landor are certainly not as well known as their merit deserves. In the seven parts or chapters in this book are arranged Gebir and Count Julian, two longer poems containing much of true poetic merit. The other five parts are classified short poems under such divisions as The Hellenics. Heroic Idylls, and Last Fruit off an Old Tree. The book is well gotten up, and will make a pretty and acceptable gift.

AIDS FOR TEACHING GENERAL HISTORY. Including a list of Books recommended for a working school library. By Mary D. Sheldon. Paper. Pp. 56. Boston, New York, and Chicago: D. C. Heath & Co. Teachers of History in both grammar and high schools will find much valuable information and many excellent suggestions in this pamphlet.

LA BELLE-NIVERNAISE. By Alphonse Daudet. Edited with introduction and notes by James Boielle, B. A. (Univ. Gall.) Senior French Master in Dulwich College. With six illustrations. Paper. Pp. 100. Boston: D. C. Heath & Co.

Those who have seen the English illustrated edition of Daudet's idyllic masterpiece published by the Routledges will be pleased to see this book placed in the hands of those young students who form the junior classes in French.

THE BEGINNERS BOOK IN GERMAN. By Sophie Doriot. Half cloth. Illustrated. Pp. 273. Boston: Ginn & Co.

This book following as it does the natural method of instruction in German, will without doubt meet with as hearty a reception as did her Beginners Book in French. The lessons are introduced with a humorous picture followed by some corresponding verses from the child-literature of Germany. A conversation upon the subject, with the study of words and phrases completes the lesson. Advantage is thus taken of the learner's tastes and inclinations and even of the mischief-loving element of young America. The Second Part contains graded selections for reading.

PLATO PROTAGORAS. With the commentary of Hermann Sauppe. Translated with additions by James A. Towle, Principal of the Robbins School. Cloth. Pp. 179. Boston and London: Ginn & Co.

Another of the College Series of Greek Authors, edited under the supervision of John Williams White and Thomas D. Seymour, will be of particular interest to all classical students. Though the critical notes of the distinguished author and statesman, Dr. Hermann Sauppe, have in this translation been somewhat abridged, the commentary has been broadened to meet the requirements of such students as may begin the study of Plato with this book.


Treasure Trove, published by E. L. Kellogg, New York, is an excellent magazine for the young people. The boys and girls as story tellers must be pronounced a success. A host of them under eighteen years of age have been profiting themselves and at the same time entertaining their teachers, parents and friends by telling prize-stories in Treasure Trove. They have won cash prizes to the extent of two-hundred dollars besides seventy dollars worth of books. The prize winners are from all parts of the country and their stories are of every pleasing variety; indicating a remarkable degree and versatility of talent. Story-telling, as a means of education, is taking a first place in the regular exercises of our public schools; where the usually irksome task of composition writing, upon which so many other studies depends, has been turned by these prize-story competitions into a genuine pastime. Harper's Magazine for August contains a number of interesting articles. The opening article is by Theodore Child on "The Kremlin and Russian Art," and contains nearly twenty-five illustrations of this peculiar style of art. This number also contains an interesting article on "Westmins ter Effigies."- -The August Scribner's contains a very valuable article on "Electricity in Lighting," by Henry Morton. The North American Review for August contains a number of articles of special interest to teachers, among them are: "The Lesson of Conemaugh," by Major J. W. Powell, of the U. S. Geological Survey, "A Word with Professor Huxley," by the Rev. Lyman Abbott, D. D. "An English View of the Civil War." III. by Viscount Wolseley, etc.- The opening article in the August Magazine of American History is entitled "The Career of a Beneficent Enterprise." - The Rev. R. Shidler has an article in the August Quiver on “Memorable Letters and their Writers." III. The August Century ought to be particularly attractive to lovers of art. There are four separate articles on engraving and one on " Italian Old Masters." Cassell's Family Magazine continues to be of the best quality. - Prof. C. H. Henderson has an article on "The Spirit of Manual Training" in The Popular Science Monthly.- The Overland Monthly for August has an article on "Reminiscences of Indian Scouting.”. Felix L. Oswald has an opportune article on "Floods and their Causes" in the August Lippincott's. Professor Tucker has an article on "The Outline of an Elective Course of Study" in the Andover Review for August. - Harper's Bazar and Harper's Weekly are as excellent and popular as ever.

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OCTOBER, 1889.

No. 2.




CATION in the United States has experienced within the last century a rapid growth and a remarkable development. Many circumstances have been favorable and many unfavorable. The early settlers of this country from Europe were generally of hardy and vigorous races, intelligent, ambitious, many of them possessing high attainments and strong character. Several of the English colonies early manifested a broad interest in learning, with rare good judgment appreciating the fact that a new country especially must depend greatly for its success upon the intelligence of the masses and the higher education of the learned professions. The public school system of New England dates back almost to the beginning of the several settlements. The Boston Latin School was founded in 1635, Harvard College in 1636, and a tax was laid by the town of Dorchester for the support of a public school in 1639. Jefferson's plan, which he advocated at an early day, was that the state should take control of the higher and secondary education while the elementary education should be carried on by local taxation and private philanthropy. The general public school system, supported by tax upon the inhabitants of the state and the towns, gained a strong foothold quite early in the history of the eastern and northwestern states. Since the reconstruction of the southern states after the close of the late war, every one of these states has established and put in operation a

1 A paper read before the National Educational Association at Nashville, July 17, 1889.

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