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Entered according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1835, by J O H N A L L E N & C O. in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of Massachusetts.

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PAGE. Courdistan 42 Druses . . . 34 Dutch settlers in Africa . 298 Egypt . . . . . 216 Fox Islands . 214 Georgia . . . . 47 Hindostan . S6 Hottentots . . . 287 Japan . . . . . 212 Java . . . . . 187 Jews e o e e 1 Kurile Island . . . 215 Loo Choo 210 Lycia 27

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Palmyra, Queen of

Persia
Philippine Isles

PAGE.

141

. 232

206
. 207

Siam - - • e

Siberia

30

. 72
209

. 139

177

Page.

Sumatra . . . . 195

Syria . . . . 31
Tartary . . . . 162
Thibet . . . . 130

Timor . . . . . 204

Troy . . . . 29

Turkomans 3.1
Turkey 52

Van Diemen's Land 208

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THE ancient patriarchs led a quiet pastoral life, far removed from those excitements which kindle the avarice and ambition of men in modern times. Their chief care was to increase their flocks; and for this purpose they removed their tents, from time to time, near the most verdant pastures and abundant fountains. Their habits and manners partook of the simplicity of their occupations; of this there is sufficient proof in the story of Jacob's courtship and marriage. In those times, when the earth was thinly peopled, an increase of laborers was an increase of wealth; hence, physical strength, being the quality most needed, was most esteemed. To be the mother of a numerous family was the most honorable distinction of women; and the birth of a son was regarded as a far more fortunate event than the birth of a daughter. Under such circumstances, women were naturally considered in the light of property; and whoever wished for a wife must pay the parents for her, or perform a stipulated period of service, as Jacob did for Rachel. Sometimes, when parents were desirous to unite their families, the parties were solemnly betrothed in childhood, and the price of the bride stipulated. Marriage in those primitive times consisted merely in a formal bargain between the bridegroom and the father of the maiden, solemnized by a feast. We are not told how far the affections of women were consulted in these arrangements, but there is every reason to suppose that they were passively guided by others. Among the Israelites, as well as among the nations with whom they sojourned, innocence was by no means universal. The world seems very soon to have grown old in sin. Even in the remotest times, there are allusions to a class of women openly and shamelessly vicious; and it is

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