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1824. April 13. Ordained at Provi. | Prayer, by Rev. Sylvester Holmes, of dence, over the Pacific Congregational New-Bedford, Mass. Church and Society, Rev. Elam C. 1824. April 21. Ordained over the CLABKE. Introductory Prayer by Rev. Church in Plymouth Mass. (Monument Benjamin B. Wisner, of Boston ; Sermon Ponds) Rev. Moses PARTRIDGE. Sermon by Rev. Tho. Mc'Auly. D. D. of N. York; by Rev. Jacob Ide, of Medway, from Ordaining Prayer, by Rev. Payson Willis- | 1. Thess. v. 25. ton, of East-Hampton, Mass. ; Charge 1824. April 29. Ordained at Stratham, by Rev. William Patten, of Newport; N. H. Rev. Jacob CUMMINGS. Serpon Right Hand of Fellowship, by Rev. Fran- by Rev. Mr. Dimmick, of Newburycis Wood, of Barrington ; Concluding port.
SELECTED POETRY. ON THE DEATH OF A CHILD. Hope wipes the tear from Sorrow's eyes
And Faith points upward to the sky. So fades the lovely, blooming flower,
The promise guides her ardent flight, Frail smiling solace of an hour;
And joys unknown to sense, invite, So soon our transient comforts fly,
Those blissful regions to explore, And pleasures only bloom to die.
Where pleasures bloom to fade no more. To certain trouble we are born, Hope to rejoice, but sure to mourn :
MARY'S TEARS. Ah, wretched effort, sad relief!
Were not the sinful Mary's tears To plead necessity of grief.
An offering worthy Heaven?
When o'er the faults of former years,
She wept and was forgiven?
And bringing every balmy sweet,
She o'er her Saviour's hallowed feet,
And wip'd them with that golder hair, Her comforts were not made to die. Where once the diamond shone ;
Though now, those gems of grief were Her powerful aid supports the soul,
there, And Nature owns her kind controul ; That shone for God alone. While she unfolds the sacred page, Our fiercest griefs resign their rage. Thou, that hast slept in errour's sleep,
0! would'st thou wake in Heaven? Then gentle Patience smiles on pain, Like Mary kneel, like Mary weep, And dying Hope revives again ; Love much, and be forgiven.
The 5th No. upon Hopkinsianism, came too late for the present month ; it shall bave a place in our next.
B-N- is received, and under consideration. Those, who may have extra copies of the first Number of this work, are requeste ed to return them to the Publishers.
GALATIANS vi. 7, 8. Be not deceived ; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. For he that soweth to the flesh, shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the spirit, shall of the spirit reap life everlasting.
“ Be not deceived; God is not it in his conversation, will, heremocked.” Do not vainly imagine, after, be placed in a state of perthat God does not observe, or petual holiness and happiness, will not remember and deal with If these comments exhibit the you for your present conduct. He meaning of the words of the text, is not thus to be viewed with con- they naturally lead to the considtempt and treated with scorn, by eration of this serious and imporhis rational, accountable creatures. tant truth: Mankind, during the His eyes are in every place, be- present life, are in a state of proholding the evil and the good; and bation. He searcheth the hearts of the chil- This truth will be explained and dren of men, in order to give unto confirmed, if it can be shown, every one of them according to his I. What is implied in a state of works. 6. For whatsoever a man probation. soweth, that shall he also reap." II. That mankind are in such a As the husbandman reaps the same state, during the present life. kind of grain which he sows; if he And, Sow wheat, he reaps wheat, and III. What good ends God may if he sows tares, he reaps tares; answer, by placing mankind, here, so mankind will be treated in the in a state of probation. future world, according to their I am to show, conduct in this. “ For he that 1. What is implied in a state of Soweth to the flesh, shall of the probation. flesh, reap corruption.” He that
A state of probation is a state possesses and acts from a carnal of trial. Creatures may be said mind, or sinful heart, through life, to be in such a state, when their will, hereafter, be placed in a future condition is suspended upstate of perpetual sin and misery on their present conduct. Hence, "But, he that soweth to the spirit, two things are implied in a state of shall of the spirit reap life ever- probation, moral action and retri- . lasting.” He that shall, before the bution. close of the present life, possess a
First. A state of probation imspiritual mind, or holy heart, and plies moral action. Unless creaso bring forth the fruits of the spir- tures possess such mental faculties,
as render them capable of acting A state of probation implies. voluntarily, and of distinguishing that men are put upon trial, for a between right and wrong, they are limited time, be it longer or shortnot proper subjects of moral gov- er; at the close of which, they are ernment, and can neither be re- to be fixed in a state of holiness warded nor punished. Though or happiness, or of sin and misery, God may, and does, connect cer- according to their probationary tain consequences with the actions conduct. And though the misery of brutes; yet, as they have no inflicted, at the close of one's profaculty, which enables them to dis- bationary state, cannot be greater tinguish between moral good and than he deserves; yet the happievil; so they can never feel a sense ness bestowed upon him, may be of moral obligation, or be deserv- much greater than he has merited. ing of praise or blame. What they Indeed, as creatures receive all enjoy, in consequence of their ac- things from God, it is impossible tions, cannot be viewed as a re- that they should ever merit any ward; nor can what they suffer, thing, even by perfect obedience in consequence of their actions, to the Divine law. be viewed as a punishment. Brutes It is inferred, from some things are not qualified to be in a state of mentioned in scripture, that the probation.
angels were originally placed in a To be qualified for a state of state of probation; at the close of probation, creatures must possess which, such of them, as had persesuch faculties as enable them to vered in their obedience, were conact either virtuously or viciously, firmed in holiness and happiness ; in a holy or sinful manner, and and those of them, who had transthus to become deserving of praise gressed, were fixed in an unalteror blame for their voluntary ac- able state of sin and misery. tions. None, but accountable crea- The first man was placed in a tures, are fitted to be placed in a state of probation. If he had perstate of probation. Hence, so far severed in holiness for a certain as we can learn from sacred scrip- time, he would have been confirmture, the only creatures, in the ed in a state of holiness and happiuniverse, capable of being put up- ness. By his transgression, he on probation, are men and angels. became exposed to an endless state We have no account in the scrip- of sin and misery. And if his protures, of any other creatures, who bationary state had ended with his are endued with such faculties, as first transgression, he must have render them accountable for their shared the fate of the fallen angels. actions.
But God was pleased, in his sovSecondly. A state of probation reignty, to give Adam a further implies restriction. By this is season of trial, in pursuance of his meant, the treatment of creatures, purpose
in Christ Jesus. who have been upon probation, ac- As Adam, before his fall, was on cording to their conduct, during trial, to see whether he would their probationary state. Though transgress; so, since his fall, he this implies rewards and punish- and his posterity have been put on ments; yet
it is not precisely the trial, to see whether they would same thing. God would have re- repent and turn to God. Those, warded and punished his rational who exercise repentance in this creatures, if he had never seen fit life, will be pardoned through the to place any of them upon proba atonement of Christ and fixed in tion.
an endless state of holiness and
happiness: but those, who remain judgment seat of Christ; who will impenitent and unreconciled to separate them from each other, and God, will be fixed in an endless adjudge the one to a place of holistate of sin and misery.
ness and happiness, and the other It is now time to show,
to the place prepared for the Devil II. That mankind are in such a
and his angels.
And there is no state of probation during the pres- intimation, that after the judgment ent life.
of the great day, there will be any For evidence of this, we are in- change of character or condition. debted, principally, if not wholly, But, on the contrary, every conto Divine revelation. Our text ceivable mode of expression is usteaches the probationary state of ed, to make it appear, that after mankind in this life, in general the final judgment, the holy and terms; but there are numerous happy state of the righteous, and passages which teach us all the the sinful and miserable state of particulars of our present proba- the wicked, will be unchangeable tionary state.
and eternal. 66 And these shall First. It is very plainly and ful- go away into everlasting punishly taught in the scriptures, that ment; but the righteous into life mankind are free, moral agents, eternal.” and accountable to God for all Thirdly. The scriptures teach their conduct in this life. They us; that the future and unalterabl. are uniformly addressed, as proper state of mankind, is suspended upsubjects of commands and invita- on their conduct in this life. It is tions, of promises and threats.- not intimated, that any thing done They are represented as being all by men, between death and the under law to God; who is pleased general judgment, will make the with the conduct of some, and dis- least alteration in their eternal pleased with the conduct of others. state ; but on the contrary, an And an apostle expressly asserts, apostle assures us, tható we must that “every one of us shall give all appear before the judgment account of himself to God."
seat of Christ, that every one may Secondly. There are numerous receive the things done in his body, passages, which teach us, that af- according to that he hath done, ter this life, mankind enter upon whether it be good or bad.' It is an unalterable and eternal state. plainly taught, in many passages, It is said, that at death, the ex- that those, who remain impenitent pectation of the wicked perisheth; and unholy till death, will perish; but that those, who die in the Lord but that those, who repent and beare blessed, and enter into rest. lieve the gospel in this life, will be
The scriptures represent mankind saved. as divided into two classes, called Fourthly. It is taught in sacred the righteous and the wicked, scripture, that all the actions of saints and sinners, the just and men, in the present life, will mathe unjust; and they teach us, that, terially affect their future and endat death, those of the one class, less state. Every deed of every are in a holy and happy state, and man's life, will come into account, those of the other, in a sinful and at the day of judgment. Not even miserable state. The scriptures an idle word will be overlooked, further teach us, that, at the end nor the giving of a cup of water to of the world, there will be a day one of Christ's disciples, go unof judgment; when both saints and rewarded. As men ever act as sinners must appear before the free, moral agents, so all their actions are good or bad, deserving show what is in their hearts. It of praise or blame; and it is as rea- would not be seen, by creatures, sonable that they should be called how desperately wicked the human to account for all their actions, as heart is, if God did not give men a for any of them. The future re- season of trial, and exercise forward of saints will be in exact pro- bearance and long-suffering toportion to the number and magni- wards them. It is because sentence tude of their good deeds, done against their evil works is not exehere in the body. He that sow- cuted speedily, that their hearts eth sparingly, shall reap sparing- are fully set in them to do evil, ly; and he that soweth bountifully, and that they have opportunity to shall reap bountifully.' And, on do the evil, which their hearts are the other hand, the future punish- inclined to do. It is for the same ment of sinners, will be in exact reason, that sinners have opportuproportion to the number and mag-nity to increase the number and nitude of their evil deeds done magnitude of their sins, as well as here in the body. The number of to exhibit the evil of their hearts, stripes will be according to the and thus to become greater vessels number and criminality of each of wrath and more fit for destrucone's offences.
tion. Thus it appears, that mankind, Saints, as well as sinners, by during the present life, are in a being placed in a state of probastate of probation.
tion, have opportunity to act out · It remains to show,
their hearts and form their characIII. What good ends God may ters. There is that in the hearts answer, by placing mankind, here, of saints, which is directly oppoin a state of probation.
site to all the affections and exerGod is not bound, in justice to cises of impenitent sinners. They his rational creatures, to give them have some disinterested, holy love a season of probation. When He to God and men, which, during had made the first man upright, their probationary state, manifests He might, if He had seen fit, have itself in acts of piety and beneficonfirmed him, at once, in holiness cence. As, by giving saints a seaand happiness forever. And upon son of probation, God can, conthe first apostacy, God might just- sistently, sanctify them in part ly have confirmed Adam in a state only; so, while in this state, they of sin and misery forever.
have opportunity to experience the But, though God was under no Christian warfare, which consists obligation to mankind, to give them in the opposition between sinful a term of trial; yet it was not with and holy affections and exercises, out good reasons, that He deter- and whích, by contrast, more clearmined to place them in a state of ly exhibits the nature and effects probation. By dealing with man- of both. But though saints remain kind in this manner, He has wise | imperfect, while they continue in and important ends to answer; this state of trial; yet they never some of which appear quite obvi- apostatize, but grow in knowledge And,
and grace, and lay up treasure in First. By placing mankind in a heaven. Thus they are formed for state of probation in this world, vessels of mercy, and prepared unGod gives them opportunity to act to glory. * out their hearts and form their Secondly. Mankind, by being characters. By being in such a placed in a state of probation, durstate, sinners have opportunity to ing the present life, are prepared