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produced, is of a different nature. I ation, is a system of means for the In the natural world, the effect of accomplishment of this work Are the Divine operation is a natural the means, then, which are adaptgood; in this case, the effect of the ed to promote this work, means Divine operation is a moral good. which God only can use, and in I see no other difference. Some which men can have no agency? have called the conversion and Or if there are means which men sanctification of an individual, a can use for the promotion of this special work of God, others a super- work, has God claimed the use of natural work, and others a miracu- them, exclusively to himself, and lous work. If by a special work, forbidden men to employ their is meant that it is a work which agency. The decision of these God does not carry on in every questions, will decide what is our individual, it is a special work in duty on this subject. And the that sense. If by a sapernatural decision of these questions is easy. work is meant, that the effect pro- God has given us the bible, not duced is a moral good, which is to be laid in a corner, but to be superior to a natural good, it is a used. He has appointed an order supernatural work in that sense; of men whose whole business is but I do not think that a sufficient the application of the means he reason for calling it so, because I has appointed for the conversion do not think that is the idea usually and sanctification of the human conveyed by the term. Supernat- And He has made it the ural usually means the same or duty of all men to make use of nearly the same as miraculous.- these means themselves, to proWhat those mean who call it a mi-mote their own sanctification, and raculous work, I do not precisely to use them with others, as they know. A miracle is usually defin- have opportunity, for the attained to be a suspension or counter- ment of the same object. He has action of the laws of nature, that not indeed, instituted these means, is, a departure from the establish- and required men to make use of ed mode of divine operation. But them because he needed their asGod certainly has an established sistance in the accomplishment of mode in the conversion and sancti- | this work. Neither has He done fication of men, which he has re- so in the natural world. But He vealed in the scriptures, and ac- has instituted means, and requircording to which he has been car- ed the use of them, in both cases. rying on this work for nearly six And He has done it, in both cases, thousand years.
There is no pro- doubtless, for the same reason, as priety, then, in calling it a mirac- a particular favour to us. He conulous work. The work of conver- descends to employ us as co-worksion and sanctification, therefore, ers with himself, because it is a is not a work of God in a sense great privilege to us to be thus different from his other works, ex-employed, though He is fully able cept in its being of a moral nature. to accomplish his work without any And now the question arises, does assistance of ours. its being of a moral nature render In view of these considerations, it incapable of being promoted by I think it clear that it is not only means? No one who believes the proper for us to use means to probible will affirm it. Men are be- mote revivals, but our indispensagotten by the word of truth, and ble duty so to do: and that we are sanctified through the truth. ought to enter upon them with as The whole system of divine revel- | much deliberation and system, and
pursue them with as much fidelity er encouragement to use means to and perseverance, as we should to obtain a spiritual harvest, than we attain any other object. And not have to obtain the natural harvest. only so, but that we ought to call for the means necessary to obtain forth in this work all our wisdom, the natural harvest are but a part ånd prudence, and zeal, inasmuch of them such as men can use, while as the object transcends all others a large proportion of them are such in importance : And I would ob- as God only can use, and in which serve also, that I think we have as men have no direct instrumentaligreat encouragement to use means ty. But the means necessary to for the promotion of revivals, as obtain a spiritual harvest, are most, we have to use means for the if not all, such as men can use, attainment of any object in the and such as God never uses withnatural world. I will go fur- out human instrumentality. ther. I think we have even great- A FRIEND TO REVIVALS.
Utica Christ. Repos.
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ing what he knows is wrong. His
understanding teaches him what he MR. EDITOR, In the Essay upon Hopkinsian- to do it. Understanding perceives;
ought to do; conscience urges him ism in your last number, there conscience feels, or causes its posseems to be a great want of clear
sessor to feel. It differs from evne88, if not of correctness.
ery other faculty, because it makes · 1. In the remarks on “doing as one chooses to do.” Query-Does crime, when he neglectsthe improv
a person of information feel his the writer ever act contrary to ement of his faculties, or fails to expresent choice? 2. “It is the sentiment of Hop-derstanding, will and conscience,
ercise right affections. Are not unkinsians, that free moral agency all that are necessary to constitute consists simply in choosing or wil
a living creature, a free, moral ling." Are not these powers, or
J. acts, found with
every domestic animal ?
QUESTIONS. 3. Distinguishing between right and wrong, appears to be ascribed to Conscience. Is not that making MR. EDITOR_In the Answer conscience and understanding one of Bắc N-I, to the question
' Ought we not to view them as "Is it the duty of sinners to pray wholly different, though acting in before they repent:" he quotes concert ? Understanding is a these words, with approbation, perceptive power, by means of Prayer moves the hand, that which, we distinguish good and moves the world." By the word evil. Without this power, con- hand, I suppose is meant, the science cannot act. Without clear agency of God, which is always light in the understanding, its de exerted according to his eternal cisions are liable to be wholly purposes or designs. Now, if wrong. When the understanding prayer moves this Divine hand, is properly illuminated, conscience will it not follow, that prayer predischarges its office, not making its vails with God to change his purpossessor acquainted with duty,but poses, and do what He otherwise making him feel his guilt, for do-' would not have done : And if so,
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is He not a changeable being ?- reasonable to blame those, who An answer would be pleasing to doubt that such a punishment will
be inflicted. I would, therefore, propose this question, for an answer in your pages: How does it appear, that those
of mankind, who MR. EDITOR,
die impenitent, deserve an endless While professing Christians,
punishment? with, comparatively, few excep
ROGANS. tions, have believed in the endless punishment of the finally impenitent; they have endeavoured to vindicate the justice of such pun- MR. EÞITOR, ishment, in different ways. Some It seems to be intimated by the have said, that sin deserves an infi-apostle, that many things relating nite punishment, which no crea- to Melchisedec, are hard to be unture can suffer, in a limited time. derstood, and belong to that strong Others have said, that the finally meat, which babes cannot digest. impenitent will deserve to be pun- But, as this extraordinary personished forever, because they will age is frequently mentioned in continue to sin forever. All will
scripture, I hope it will not be grant, that the future punishment considered an idle curiosity for of the wicked, will not be greater even a babe to desire to know, in degree, nor longer in duration, who he was. Permit me to request, than they deserve; for “the Judge through the medium of the Maga of all the earth, will do right.' - zine, an answer to the question: Unless, then, it can be clearly Who was Melchisedec? shown, that the wicked deserve
NEPIOS. endless punishment, it seems un
PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. "dayspring from on high,” still Extract from a Narrative of the state of
dark in error and ignorance, and Religion, within the bounds of the
cold in indifference and sin. General Assembly of the Presbyteri. Where the gospel is preached, it an Church in the United States, is met with powerful opposition by 1824.
errors of every form, and it is asAlthough we can state many sailed by enemies of every name. things which will give joy to the Amid many of our Churches are to Churches, and animation to all be found cold and worldly profeswho love the Lord's kingdom, and sors, and multitudes who having a the glory of the Redeemer, it is name to live are dead, and the ennot to be disguised that there is emies of Jesus are sometimes esvery much to excite our deepest tablished in
tablished in the house of his humiliation and awaken the most friends. We do not recollect to solemn fear. Within our exten- have heard more deep and afflictsive bounds there is a vast wilder- ing representations from the Presness filled with immortal souls, byteries, of the want of zeal and who are destitute of religious in the life-giving energies of the Spistruction and hope; there are re- 1
rit. On every side there are comgiens just beginning to enjoy the plaints of prevailing error, of ti
centious practice, of gross intem- believe that the Lord God is in the perance and disregard of the Lord's midst of us for good. day. In many parts of our widely During the past year there have extended and extending Church, been some very special revivals. the want of ministers is still most Many of our Churches have been painfully felt, and even those who greatly refreshed. Seasons of pecan support them, cannot obtain culiar sweetness have been enjoythem. The evils to which we al- ed by some Churches, who are not lude, and which are most conspic-included in the list of those who uous, do not exist in the same de- have been distinguished as the gree in all parts of the Church.- highly favoured of the Lord,' and Some of the Presbyteries complain whose blessings have been so peof the want of ministers and mis- culiar as to become subjects of sionaries, a want of zeal and de- general interest to the Church. votedness, in some instances, in
Most of our Presbyteries are ministers and professors, great paying attention to the education coldness and worldliness. From of youth for the ministry. Many almost every direction, we learn pious young men are in train, in that the Lord's day is most shame- various stages of their education. fully profaned, and that even pro- Notwithstanding the Church is fessors sanction this destructive every year rousing to greater exand most offensive sin by the loose- ertions, much more must be done ness of their own example, or their before her duty is accomplished or open conformity to the world, in her wants supplied. some of its most popular modes by The Theological Seminary at which its sanctity is invaded. - Auburn is rising into importance. Even ministers, in some instances, it is enjoying the patronage of the have been known to travel in pub- Church, and will soon be endowlic conveyances on this “day of ed, and extend its blessings resta" The assembly have learn- throughout the interesting country ed this fact with pain; and while in which it is located. they deplore, they wholly disap- Let us be up and doing. If we
study diligently the holy oracles, In many parts of our country which are our only infallible guide; the odious and destructive sin of if we rely upon the direction of intemperance is, we fear, increas- the Spirit; if we possess a holy ing to an alarming degree; produc- desire to bless the world and exing blasting and destruction to in- alt God; then our liberty will not dividuals, families, and Churches. sink into licentiousness-our zeal The assembly, while they record will not destroy—the spirit of enthis fact with shame and sorrow quiry will not become a spirit of and real alarm, will not cease to speculation and philosophy, falsepublish it until those who profess ly so called. But truth shall trito love the Lord Jesus shall awake umph-charity shall fill every boto the dangers of our country and som and bless every object-and the Church. We will warn our
the Lord alone shall be exalted. beloved people until they shall all rouse to duty and self-denial, to watchfulness and prayer.
We believe it is not premature We turn now to present some to state, that the Congregations of things in the present state of the Rev. Mr. Gillett in Hallowell, and Church, which are more delight. Rev. Mr. Thurston in Winthrop, ful, and which encourage us to are visited with effusions of the
Spirit; and that the attention
CHEROKEES. continues in the Baptist Societies, At Carmel, forty-four natives, where it first commenced, in the two white women and a coloured same towns. We mention this woman, have recently been bapencouraging fact, to excite the tized on a profession of their faith thanksgivings of the churches in in Christ. At other places, not our connexion, and as an evidence far distant from Carmel, there is a that our Zion in this state is not prevalent desire of receiving relientirely forsaken. Ch. Mir. gious instruction.
miles north-west of Carmel, at a SANDWICH ISLANDS.
new station, called Hightower, By letters received from the there has been much religious enMissionaries in Jan. 1894, it ap- quiry, within a few months past. pears that they have so far acquir- Towards the close of April, sixed the native language, as to be teen individuals made a profession able to preach in it. Their situa- of their faith; one of whom was tion is becoming more pleasant, the chief man of the district. and their prospects more bright.“ The peaceful Sabbaths of NewEngland are not unlike those we Mr. Kingsbury, in a letter daenjoy. Almost every chief of dis-ted June 16, gives an account of tinction, throughout the islands, is considerable attention to religion a regular attendant at Church.at Mayhew, and the vicinity.-Intoxication is forbidden." Several have joined the Church.
ORDINATIONS. 1824. June 30th. Ordained Rev. Ez- | VIN LINCOLN, ' as Minister of the First RA STILES GANNETT, as Colleague Pas- Congregational Church and Society in tor with the Rev. Dr. Channing, Boston. Fitchburg.' Sermon by the Rev. Dr.
1824. June 30th. Ordained Rev, CAZ | Ware, of Cambridge.
FROM THE POLPIT. By the pebbly stream and the shady ON THE LOSS OF A PIOUS FRIEND.
tree, Imitated from the 57th of Isaiah. Wao shall weep when the righteous die? Hope in your mountains and hope in 'Who shall mourn when the good de. your streams, part?
Bow lowly to them and loudly pray; When the souls of the godly away shall | Trust in your strength and believe in Ay,
your dreams, Who shall lay the loss to heart? But the wind shall carry them all away, He has gone into peace, and has laid him There's one who drank at a purer foun. down,
tain, To sleep till the dawn of a brighter One who was wash'd in a purer food; day;
He shall inherit a holier mountain,
But the sinner shall utterly tail and die,
'Whelmld in the waves of a troubled But ye who worship in sin and shame,
Your idol gods, whateler they be, And God from his throne of light on high Who scoff in your pride, at your Maker's Sball say—There is no peace for thee.
name, To Correspondents. S-will perceive, that his Sermon is superceded, for the present, by another on the same text, previously received and prepared for Press.
The Lines of Poetry in our last, were communicated as Original, through the mistake of the Transcriber,--Dia.philos, is received, and under consideration.