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measure of the obligation which they have not done, and which it men are under to obey the Divine is only foreseen that they will do; law; it would follow, that all men but they are to be judged for the are at all times, under equal obli- deeds which they have already gation to obedience, and that every done, while in this state of probasin, which they commit, is an iu- ' tion. The finally impenitent, on finite crime, deserving infinite whom the sentence of everlasting punishment. Upon this supposi- punishment is to be passed, at the tion, one sinner must be just as day of judgment, will be considerguilty as another, and deserving of ed as then fully deserving of it, precisely the same punishment; for the deeds, which they have done for the greatness and excellence of here in the body. There would be the Governour of the world, is al- no propriety, or justice, in passing ways the same.

such a sentence upon them, if they Since, then, no one sin is an will not then be deserving of it, infinite crime, deserving infinite for their past offences. Indeed, if punishment; it is evident, that all the finally impenitent are not dethe sins committed by men do not serving of endless punishment, amount to an infinite sum of mor. when they leave this world, they al evil, and do not deserve an infi- never will be deserving of it; for nite sum of natural evil, or pun- the period will never come, when ishment: for, it is impossible, by their sins will be infinite, either in the addition of things finite, ever number,, or magnitude. . It does to produce an infiuite amount. not appear, therefore, that any sinNeither the greatness, nor the ners deserve an endless punishnumber of the sins of men, there ment, from the fact, that they will fore, render them deserving of continue to sin forever. But, endless punishment.

3. That the finally impenitent 2. That the finally impenitent deserve endless punishment, does deserve endless punishment, does appear, from the permanent and innot appear

from the fact, that they delible nature of guilt. Transgreswill forever continue to sin. No sors of the Divine law, are guilty, doubt, those of mankind, who die and deserving of punishment. in their sins, will continue to sin Guilt and desert of punishment, if forever; and so will forever suffer not one and the same thing, are all that remorse, shame and an inseparably connected. As long, guish of mind, which are the com- therefore, as finally impenitentsinpanions and natural fruits of sinful ners remain guilty ; so long they feelings and affections: but the will deserve punishment. But scriptures plainly teach us, that their guilt will remain, as long as the positive punishment, which will it shall remain true, that they have be inflicted upon finally impeni- sinned. Nothing will, or can, evtént sinners at the day of judg- er remove their guilt. For, ment, will be inflicted for the sins First. Their guilt is not removcommitted in this life, and for no ed, by the atonement of Christ.others. 6 We must all appear | The atonement was not designed before the judgment seat of Christ; to free men from guilt, but to dethat every one may receive the clare God's righteousness, so that things done in his body, according he may be just to himself and to to that he hath done, whether it his moral kingdom, while he parbe good or bad.” II. Corin. v. 10. dons those penitent sinners, who Mankind are to be judged at the deserve, and ever will deserve, to last day, not for the deeds which be punished. If the atonement

took away guilt; then all, for whom their design ; which is, either to it was made, would be innocent, reform the criminals, or to secure and might claim eternal life, as a the peace and safety of civil socie

a matter of justice, and could, with ty. But, many of the punishments, no propriety, be said to be justi- | inflicted by human tribunals, are fied by grace.

And since the perpetual; such as branding, conatonement was made for all man-fiscation, imprisonment for life, kind, it would follow, that all men &c. and no one thinks them the will be saved; or, more properly less just, on that account. Punspeaking it would follow; that ishment has no tendency to renone of mankind need, or can re- move guilt, whether inflicted by a ceive salvation for men cannot be human, or Divine tribunal. If it saved from a punishment, which had such a tendency, then sinners they no longer deserve. If those, after this life, might be punished, for whom Christ died, still need till they become as innocent, as salvation, if they are suitable sub-Adam in Eden,or Angels in Heavjects of pardon, if there is the en: and so Christ is dead in vain; least degree of grace in their for- or, at the most, his death was ongiveness; then the atonement has ly necessary to liberate them from not taken away their guilt. à temporary, and, comparatively,

Secondly. The guilt of the final-trifling punishment. ly impenitent will never be remov- Since, then, neither the atoneed by their punishment. There is ment, nor their punishment, can no tendency in punishment, to re- remove the guilt of the finally immove, or diminish, guilt. Who penitent; it must remain forever. ever looks upon the thief or rob- If they should ever repent and be ber, as innocent, after he has un- pardoned (which is contrary to the dergone the penalty of the law?- supposition) this would not remove The punishments, inflicted by hu- their guilt. Guilt is indelible. man tribunals, are generally limit-Those, who have once transgressed in duration, not because they ! ed the Divine law, will forever reremove the guilt of criminals, but | main deserving of its curse. because, in most cases, they may,

TORAH, without being perpetual, answer



he is “in one mind"-always does

what he determined from eternity, ANSWER

or, in the words of the apostle, TO THE QUESTION OF INQUISITOR,

• worketh all things after the counIn the Magazine for August, p. 189. sel of his own will. There may

prayer moves the hand, be a succession in God's volitions, that moves the world,” Inquisitor | as there is in his existence, and he asks, Will it not follow, that may change his conduct towards his prayer prevails with God to change | accountable creatures, as their his purposes: and, if so, is he not characters change, consistently a changeable being?' I answer, with his immutability; but, if he

1. Upon supposition prayer pre-should change bis eternal purposvails with God to change his pures, and omit what he designed to poses; it will, doubtless, follow, do, or perform what he designed that he is a changeable being. The not to do it would argue a change, immutability of God, implies, that either in the views of his under


standing, or in the affections of his efficacy of means, in any case heart; either of which would be whatever. While we believe, as inconsistent with his immutable scripture asserts, that God is in perfection. But,

one minil, and changeth not; we 2. The prevalence of prayer, may, at the same time, consistentdoes not imply, that God changes ly believe, and rejoice in the anihis purposes, or does differently mating truth, that the effectual, from what he always designed to fervent prayer of a righteous man, do; though it may imply, that he • does what he would not have

RESPONDENS. done,' if prayer had not been offered.

The following extract from a Sermon

by Rev. Dr. EMMONS (vol. I. Ser. xx.) In forming his eternal purposes,

will illustrate the above observations or the counsel of his own will,' of Repondens.

EDITOR. God had a clear and full view of

“ Suppose two men are conall the prayers, which his people demned to die. Suppose a certain

a would ever offer up, and knew, day is set for each of them to plead precisely, how they would affect for pardon before the king. Suphim, and what reasons they would pose each criminal has a friend, present, why he should grant the who, unknown to him, goes to the favours asked for; and formed his king, before the day appointed purposes accordingly. Though the and states his case exactly as it purposes of God, therefore, are is, and offers all the reasons for his from eternity; yet the prayers of being pardoned, that can be offersaints have just as much influence, ed. And suppose the king, upon as they could have, if the Divine hearing the pleas made in favour purposes were formed, at the mo- of each criminal, absolutely dement their prayers are made. In- termines to pardon one, and to exdeed, as the preparations of the ecute the other. Let me now ask, heart in man are from the Lord,' Can these fixed determinations of and it is he, who gives his people the king be any disadvantage to a spirit of grace and of supplica- the criminals, when they actually tion; their prayers are all included make their own pleas before him, in the eternal counsel of his will. on the day appointed? Thus God God determined to give his people foresaw, from eternity, all his supa heart to pray, whenever they do pliants, and all their supplications, pray; and determined, in answer and


them all the weight that to their prayers, to bestow bless- an infinitely wise and benevolent ings upon them and others. Pray- Being ought to give them. Their er is the appointed mean of obtain- prayers, therefore, avail as much, ing blessings from God; and its as it is possible they should avail, prevalence is just as consistent with were God to form his determinathe purposes and immutability of tions, at the time they stand praythe Supreme Being, as the use and ling before him."


relation of husband and wife, we

find this, in his 1st Epistle, iii. EXPOSITION DESIRED.

7, “Likewise, ye husbands, dwell MR. EDITOR-Amongst the with them according to knowledge, many excellent directions, which giving honour unto the wife, as unthe apostle Peter gives to those, to the weaker vessel.” Supposing who sustain the near and important the words honour and weaker to be here used in their common ac- tion of the passages which shall ceptation, I have thought the apos- show, what it is to give honour to tle assigned a singular reason for the wife, and how her weakness his precept. Weakness is consid- imposes an obligation upon the ered a degrading quality : and husband to give it, would oblige how, then, can the weakness of a one, who is sometimes willing to vessel, be a good reason, why we know, if not always to do his duty. should give it honour? An exposi


Xeligious Intelligence.




British are engaged in this subject, The venerable preacher at the and are supplying their public vesMariner's church in Philadelphia, sels with pious chaplains, who care stated on the last sabbath in July,

for the souls of their fellow men, that several seamen belonging to and the consequences of this the North-Carolina, 74, now under course will be seen, we trust, in a sailing orders, had expressed an greatly increased number of Godly earnest desire to have a pious de- minded sailors. voted chaplain to accompany them.

Christian Gazette. The terms “pious,” and devoted,” as applied to Chaplains, may to some of our readers, appear superfluous, but they will be better According to returns laid beinformed when they are told, to fore Parliament, about thirty-five the shame of our nation, that our years ago, the then number of Ronavy has long employed and does man Catholics was 69,376; but, now employ chaplains who are not according to the statements of cermen of God. It is a fact that re- tain Roman Catholic writers, the monstrances have been made on number of souls belonging to their the subject, by seamen who com- communion amounted, about six plain that in the course of long or seven years ago, to 500,000, In voyages on board our national the year 1781, there were only ships, they have never heard from three Roman Catholic schools of the lips of these faithless stewards any note in England; but at presof God's mysteries, a single word ent upwards of fifty; most of the of religious instruction. Ought Roman Catholic chapels, the numthis to be? Shall the poor mariner ber of which is actually no less who stands in need continually of than nine hundred, were built withprecept and example from his offi- in the last thirty-five years; in the cers, to encourage him in duty to collegiate establishment at Stonyhis Maker, be deprived of both?

-hurst there are accommodations , How is religion scandalized by for 500 pupils, besides professors, such conduct? What a fearful managers, and domestics ; before reckoning awaits the Christless, the arrival of the Jesuits, there careless chaplain, who sees the were not more than ten or a dozsailor shipwrecked on the rock of en Roman Catholics in the immeunbelief, when a word in season diate neighbourhood of Stonyhurst, from his lips might have been but now several thousands; within blessed to his deliverance. The ' a few years, there have been erect


ed near that place two spacious terms expire, and substitute Rochapels, each capable of contain- man Catholics in their places; ing 2000, and yet insufficient for they find means to restrain many the accommodation of new Protestant booksellers from selling verts to Popery; 3000 Roman | any books against Popery, while Catholic children were confirmed there is a Popish bookseller in a in the year 1813, in Liverpool, large town whose shop is abundManchester, and Preston; the Ro- antly supplied with publications man Catholic chapels in Lanca- hostile to the cause of Protestantshire and parts of the adjacentism; their ablest orators regularly counties are nearly as numerous preach against the doctrines of as the Protestant churches. Je- | the Reformation and the Estabsuits officiate in all of them ; the lished Church ; they frequently Jesuits of Stonyhurst are lords of despatch agents to Ireland, and that manor, of which they reserve, appear to be deeply interested in for the use of their establishment, the religious and political concerns 1000 acres ; they invariably dis- of that distracted country. possess their unconvertible Prot

Col. Magazine. estant tenants, as soon as their

ORDINATIONS. 1824. September 30th. Ordained at Pastor of the Congregational Church in Boxford, Mass. as Evangelists, Rev, that town.. Sermon by Rev. Benjamin Messrs. STEPHEN Foster, EDWARDPALM- Tappan, of Augusta, from Acts v. 20. ER, JOSEP. I. Foot, HEMAN M. BLODGET, 1824. September 15th. Ordained, at JAMES NOTES, ROYAL WASHBURN, and Hallowell, Me. Rev. STBPBB, EVERETT, ZABDIEL ROGERS; all, it is understood, as Pastor of the 1st Unitarian Church in from the Theological Seminary at An

that place.

Sermon by Rev. Mr. Wal. dover. Sermon by Rev. Gardner B. ker, of Charlestown, Mass. Perry, ot Rowley, from I. Cor. xii. 4. 1824. September 15th. Ordained, at

Ordained at Berkshire, Vt. Bristol, Me. Rev. NATHANIEL CHAPMAN, Rev. PainBas BAILEY, as Pastor of the as Pastor of the Congregational Church Congregational Church in that place. in that place. Sermon by Rev. Profes

1824 September 28. Ordained at sor Smith, of Bangor, from II. Cor, üi. 6. Windsor, Con. Rev. Erastus MALTBT, 1824. September 15th. Ordained, in as a Missionary of the Connecticut Mis- Darien, Con. Rev. EBENEZER Platt, as sionary Society. Also, Rev. LEONARD Pastor of the Congregational Church in Bacon, as an Evangelist.

Middlesex Parish. Sermon by Rev. Mr. 1824. September 3d. Ordained, at Andrews, of Danbury. Andover, Mc. Rev. Tuomas T. STONE, AS

Errata.-In our last, p. 202, 2d column, line 5th from bottom, for several, read sacred.-Page 212, 2d column, line 5th from top, between agent and he must, insert, To constitute one a moral agent.

" CONSISTENCY” is received, and might be admitted, if we did not apprehend that there is an inconsistency in his communication. We will endeavour to point it out to him, if he will give us an opportunity.

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