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some apparent inconsistencies, and from the Farewell Address of that draws some new deductions ; it excellent and truly liberal pastor, would not from thence follow, that the Rev. Mr. Robinson, to those of Hopkinsianisin is a novelty.- his flock, who were about to sail There are teachers of Divine truth, from Holland to Plymouth, in 1620. older, and of higher authority, “ If God reveal any thing to you, than Calvin and his coadjutors. by any other instrument of his, be The penmen of the Sacred Scrip: as ready to receive it, as ever you tures, wrote before Calvin, and were to receive any truth by my wrote as they were moved by the ministry; for I am verily persuadHoly Ghost.We should be poor ed, I am very confident, that the protestants, and unworthy to be Lord has more truth, yet to break called the followers of the Reform- out of his holy word. For my ers, if we did not pay more defer- part, I cannot sufficiently bewail ence to the authority of the sacred the condition of the reformed writers, than to that of any unin churches, who are come to a period spired men, however great and in religion, and will go, at present, good, and make our final appeal, no farther than the instruinents of in all matters of controversy, not their reformation. The Lutherans to human productions, but to the cannot be drawn to go beyond Oracles of God. Calvin, it is ac- what Luther saw. Whatever part knowledged, was acute and learn- of his will our good God has reed, honest and upright; but he vealed to Calvin, they will rather was not infallible. Just emerging die than embrace it. And the Calfrom the Egyptian darkness of vinists, you see, stick fast where Popery, it is not to be supposed, they were left, by that great man that his mental vision was purged, of God, who yet saw not all things. at once, from every film of errour, This is a misery much to be la. and that, at the first glance, he mented. For though they were had an intuitive and comprehen- burning and shining lights in their sive view of all Divine truth. times, yet they penetrated not inConsidering what superstitions to the whole counsel of God; but and prejudices he had to encoun- were they now living, would be as ter, Calvin achieved wonders, ready to embrace further light, as But, possibly, there may yet be that which they first received. I some nook of Theology, which he beseech you, remember it is an ardid not explore, some just infer- ticle of your church Covenant, ences from his principles, which that you be ready to receive he did not draw, and some objec- whatever truth shall be made tions to his scheme, which he fail- known to you, from the written ed to answer in the most philo word of God.” But I must exsophical, scriptural and satisfac-hort you to take heed what you tory manner. The doctrines taught receive as truth. Examine it, in the Sacred Scriptures are the consider it, and compare it with faith once delivered to the saints. the scriptures of truth, before " To the law and to the testimo- you receive it; for it is not posny: if they speak not according to sible, that the Christian world this word, it is because there is should come so lately out of thick no light in them.” This is the antichristian darkness, and that fundamental principle of the Re- perfection of knowledge should formation; a principle happily ex- break forth at once." emplified in the following extract
FOR TAB BOPKINSIAX MAGAZINE. | its phraseology, with a view to ren
der it both more concise and more ANSWER TO THE QUESTION OF NE
Some have supposed, that MelWho was Melchisedec? (page 190.) chisedec was a Prince, who reignMR. EDITOR,
ed in Canaan, where Abraham so
journed, and who was the founder The question of Nepios, is rath-of Jerusalem. But, if Melchiseer of a speculative, than practical dec was a Canaanitish Prince, it nature. But, as “all scripture is
seems very surprising, that he given by inspiration of God, and should not only preserve his knowlis profitable;" a satisfactory an edge and belief of the true relig. swer to this question cannot be iod, when the whole world was altogether useless or unimportant. sunk in idolatry, but that he should It seems, also, that the apostle, also be a Priest superior to Abrawho frequently mentions this ex. ham, whom God had expressly traordinary personage, considered called and chosen to be the father it as of some practical importance of the faithful. to know who he was.
“ Now (as
Others have supposed, that Melhe writes, Heb. vii. 4) consider how great this man was, unto whom chisedec was Shem, the son of Noeven the patriarch Abraham gave missible: for we are told, that
ah. But, this supposition is inadthe tenth of the spoils.” “-But, Melchisedec was without father, how are we to know, whether he was great or small, if we do not mother, or descent; whereas, the know certainly who he was?” In parentage and descent of Shem, Heb. v. 2, the apostle seems to re
are plainly recorded in scripture.
Others, again, have supposed, prove the Hebrew Christians for their inability to understand what God himself. But, this opinion
that Melchisedec was the Son of he thought it useful to say, re
seems totally absurd. We are specting Melchisedec: “Of whom we have many things to say, and like unto the Son of God: was he,
told, that Melchisedec was made hard to be uttered, seeing ye are
then, made like unto himself? We dull of hearing." And if, as,
are further told, that Christ was perhaps, will appear in the sequel, made a priest after the order of Melchisedec was an eminent of Christ; no one will doubt the Melchisedec: Does this mean, that
he was a priest after his own orpractical utility of endeavouring
der? to ascertain who he was.
I have never thought myself ca- The preceding erroneous opinpable of answering this question; ions probably arose, from first and bave waited, impatiently, for conjecturing that such and such the answer, which, it was suggest persons were Melchisedec; and ed, a Correspondent of yours, eve- then forcing the character, given ry way qualified to investigate him in scripture, to apply to them: such a subject, proposed to give. whereas, the only proper and safe The following, extracted from the method of investigation, is, to find Theological Magazine for Decem- out the person by means of the ber, 1797, appears to me more sat character. Let us proceed in this isfactory, than any thing else on method, and first, carefully conthe subject. I have taken the lib- sider every artic'e in the scripturerty, not only to abridge the piece, al character of Melchisedec; and but, in many instances, to alter then, secondly, enquire whether
this cbaracter will apply to any " Who can count his generation; of the human race?
for his life was taken away,” &c. First, Let us consider the sev- He must, then, have been of the eral traits in the character of Melo fathers of the human race: and, as chisedec, as it is drawn in scrip- | 'there were only two of these, viz. ture. And,
Adam and Noah; we may be very 1. He was priest of the Most sure, that Melchisedec and Noah High God.
were one and the same person. 2. He was superiour to Abraham. We are now to enquire,
3. His priesthood, like that of Secondly, Whether the characthe Son of God, hath no end. ter of Melchisedec, as drawn in
4. Like him, he was without Scripture, is applicable to Noah? descent; he came into the world | And, by the miraculous power of God; 1. Was Noah a priest of the and none on earth could claim Most High? That he was, is evikindred with him. And,
dent from his offering a sacrifice, 5. Like the Son of God, he was immediately upon his coming forth a King, and his titles were, King from the ark. Gen. vii. 20. “ And of Righteousness and King of Noah builded an altar unto the Peace.
Lord, and took of every clean Such was the character of Melo beast, and of every fowl, and offerchisedec. And from the slightest ed burnt offerings on the altar.” consideration of these particulars, 2. Was Noah superiour to Abrait is easy to see, that he must have ham? He certainly was ; for he been superiour to any other human was Abraham's ancestor, and the creature. The Jews were supe- preserver of the whole human riour to all the nations on earth, as
As Adam was the father being the chosen people of God. of mankind and the greatest man, Abraham, the founder of the na- before the flood; so Noah was the tion, was greater than any of them: second father of mankind and the and Melchisedec was greater than greatest man, after the flood. Abraham. In the days of Abra- 3. Is the priesthood of Noah, ham, Melchisedec was a priest, like that of the Son of God, withto whom Abraham paid tythes, as out end? In an important respect, his priest; from whence it is evi- it is so. The sacrifice, which he dent, that he had offered a sacri- offered, was not only for himself fice for Abraham. And as he was and those, who came out of the a priest in the days of Abraham; ark with him, but for his posterity, so was he, in the days of Paul: for to the end of the world. Gen. viii. the apostle says, that, “being 21.. “And the Lord smelled a made like unto the Son of God, he sweet savour; and the Lord said abideth a priest continually.” He in his heart, I will not again curse must, therefore, have offered a the ground any more for man's sacrifice for the apostle Paul, as sake; for the imagination of man's well as for Abraham; and of con- heart is evil from his youth: nei. sequence, for us, as well as for the ther will I again smite any more rest of mankind. Again,
everything living, as I have As none of the human race was done.” It is in consequence of his father or mother, it follows, the sacrifice of Noah, that the that he must have been before them earth is no more to be destroyed all : and, therefore, none could by a deluge. God spake thus unknow his descent, or count his gen- to him, Gen. ix. 11, 12, 13. * I eration; as it is said of Christ; will establish my covenant with
you; neither shall all flesh be cut The doctrine, that Noah was off any more by the waters of a Melchisedec, is very consistent flood And God said, This is the with the chronological table, in the token of the covenant, which I eleventh chapter of Genesis. It make between me and you and is recorded thus: every living creature that is with
Years. you, for perpetual generations: I From the food to Arpbaxad,
35 do set my bow in the cloud, and
Arphaxad to Salah,
Salal to Eber, it shall be for a token of a cove
Eber to Peleg,
34 nant between me and the earth."
Peleg to Reu,
30 The parallel between the sacrifice
Reu to Terug,
33 of Noah and that of Christ, is
Terug to Nahor,
30 drawn in Isai. chap. liv. where
Nahor to Terak, Abrahama's father,..
29 the Lord says, “ For this is as the waters of Noah unto me; for as I
222 have sworn that the waters of No- Thus far we have a regular seah shall no more cover the earth, ries of years, which cannot be so have I sworn that I would not mistaken: but we cannot, in this be wroth with thee, nor rebuke manner, proceed any farther. We thee.” The sacrifice of Noah, are next told, that Terah lived sevlike that of Christ, was offered up enty years, and begat Abram, Na. for the whole world, and the ben- hor, and Haran. But, from this eficial effects of it, reach to the we cannot infer the age of Terah, end of time.
when Abram was born. It is nat4. Was Noah, like the Son of ural to suppose, that Abram was God, without descent? As it re- the oldest of the three: and as Tespects the new world, into which rah was 70 years old, when Haran he was miraculously brought, and was born, it is reasonable to supof whose inhabitants he was the pose, that he was several years sole progenitor, he was truly with younger when Abram was born. out descent, As his children only The proper method of reckoning, were preserved with hiin in the therefore, is this: to ascertain the ark; so he had no ancestor in the age of Abram, when he met Melnew world, none, whom he could chisedec; add this to the 222 years call father or mother,
already calculated to the birth of 5. Was Noak a King? He was, Terab; deduct the sum from 350, unquestionably, Lord and King of the number of years that Noah the whole earth. His family com
lived after the flood; and see prised all the inhabitants of the whether this allows Terah to have world, over whom he had a patri- had a reasonable time to come to archal right to rule.-As to his man's estate, and be the father of titles; these were derived from his children? sacerdotal office, in which he offer- Abram, then, was 75 years old, ed a sacrifice of perpetual efficacy, when he left his own country. and procured a covenant of peren- After journeying into various pla. nial peace. He is, in a natural ces, he overthrew the kings, and way, to all the world, what Christ was met by Melchisedec; but we is, in a spiritual way. viz. the per- are not told what bis age was, son, in whom the Divine Justice when this happened. After meetand Mercy united, to give life to ing with Milchisedec, he had sermen: and hence his titles of King eral visions of God, married Hagar, of Righteousness, and King of and had a son by her; and when Peace.
this son was born, Abram was 86
years of age. All this must have is, that the chronology is incontaken up some time. But, we sistent with itself, and must, will suppose (which is the most therefore, in one part or the other, unfavourable supposition) that A be incorrect. Even supposing Tebram was 85 years old, when he rah to have been 70 years old when met Melchisedec. Add 85 to 222, Abram was born; he must have the number of years which elapsed lived 135 years longer, to have from the flood to the birth of 'Te- been 205 when he died; and conrah, and the sum is 307. Deduct sequently Abram must have been this from 350, the number of years 155 instead of 75 years old when that Noah lived after the flood; he left Haran. An errour there
and we have 43 years for the age must be, some where: and it is not e of Terah, when Abram was born. inconsistent with a belief of the
It is, therefore, perfectly consis- | Divine authority of the Scriptures, tent with the chronology, to sup- to suppose, that an errour in statpose, that Noah was living, when ing a number, might arise, either Abram defeated the kings. And from a wrong translation (numbers if we suppose (as we reasonably being represented, in the Original, may) that Terah was only 30 years by letters, instead of figures) or old when Abram was born, and from the carelessness of a transAbram only 80 years old, when criber. I am inclined to think, he met Melchisedec; Noah might that Terah's age should be 105 have lived 18 years after that instead of 205 ; in which case, meeting
Terah must have been 30 years To this result, however, there old when Abram was boro; and it is one objection; which is this: is not unnatural to suppose, that Stephen, in the viith of the Acts, Abram left Haran the same year tells us, that Terah was dead, be- his father died, i. e. the 75th of fore Abram left Haran: and it is his age: but, for this I have no said, Gen. xi. that Terah lived authority. Every one may sup205 years. Add this to 222, the pose what he pleases: but still the years from the flood to Terah's character remains the same; and birth, and the sum is 427. But there is not, nay, we are sure there Noah lived only 350 years after would not be another of the human the flood, and must, therefore, race, to whom the things spoken have been dead, long before Abram of Melchisedec could, with any met Melchisedec.
propriety be applied, besides Noah The answer to this objection, I himself.
YOR THE ROPKINSIAS MAGAZIX.
shall judge' angels? How much
more, things that pertain to this CORINTHIANS, life? If then ye have judgments of vi. 1-8.
things pertaining to this life, set Dare any of you, having a mat- them to judge who are least èster against another, go to law be- teemed in the church. I speak to fore the unjust, and not before the your shame. Is it so, that there is saints? Do ye not know that the not a wise man among you? no, saints shall judge the world? and not one who shall be able to judge if the world shall be judged by you,
between his brethren? But brother are ye unworthy to judge the small- goeth to law with brother, and that est matters? Know ye not that we before the unbelievers, Now there