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displayed the astonishing obstina- | God's infinite grace and mercy cy of the human heart. There towards them forever and ever. will be millions, who lived under Having shown that God will, the light of the gospel, who had by the accomplishment

of his purthe invitations of the gospel con- 1 pose to destroy the non-elect, distinually sounding in their

ears; play the riches of his grace towho had been the subjects of seri wards the elect, it is now

propesous, deep and distressing convic-ed to offer a few remarks upon this tions; and who had been lifted to serious and affecting subject. heaven; but refused to enter. How 1. In order to have just views will the case of such affect the of the grace of God in the salvahearts of the vessels of mercy! |tion of the elect,

it is necessary to God might have dealt with them, understand the doctrine of repro

, as with the vessels of wrath. Noth- bation. This doctrine is so coning but

the free, sovereign grace nected and contrasted with the of God made them to differ from doctrine of election that they the vessels of wrath. They will must be disclosed or concealed forever feel occasion to say with together. How can the eternal Paul, “by the grace of God we purpose of God to sare the elect are what we are." Nor can we be understood, if his eternal purconceive it to be possible, that pose to destroy the non-elect be they should have a clear, constant concealed? The destruction of the and lasting sense of the sovereign non-elect will forever display, and grace of God in the renovation of was designed in the purpose of their hearts, without

such a clear, God forever to display the riches constant and eternal view of the of his grace in the salvation of the vessels of wrath. I may add, eleet. Just so far as the divine 7. An eternal

view of the mise-l purpose of reprobation is concealries of the damned will forever ed or obscured, you conceal or obdisplay the infinite grace of God scure the divine purpose of elecin the eternal happiness of saints. tion and the riches of God's glory While they behold the smoke of and the exceeding riches of his the torments of the damned as- grace in the redemption of his cending forever and ever, they will chosen people. The sovereign be forever and ever sensibly re- goodness of God in the reprobation minded, that hell was the place of the non-elect, manifests his which they deserved, and in which sovereign grace in the election of they might have been fixed for his people to holiness and happieternity. How will such a consi- | ness. God has, in fact, by the deration enliven their love, their events of his providence, as fully gratitude and their praise to Him and clearly manifested the truth that sitteth on the throne and to of reprobation by his conduct tothe Lamb forever and ever. Thus wards the wicked, who have perit clearly appears, that God may ished, as the truth of election by and will destroy the unregenerate his conduct towards the righteous, enemies of Christ, in order to dis- whom he has saved, How can play the riches of his grace to- Abel understand the purpose of wards the vessels of mercy. The God in his election and salvavials of God's wrath poured out ' tion, any farther than he underupon the wicked in the sight of stands his purpose in the reprobaall heaven, will forever tend to tion and destruction of Cain? increase the holiness and happi- | When did the ancient people of aess of the redeemed, and display God most clearly perceive and

most joyfully and thankfully ac- ple? Paul, or rather the Holy knowledge the mercy of God in Spirit, who moved Paul to speak their salvation? Was it not when and will, carries the doctrine of



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will forever dispo Signed in the purp ever to display the race in the salvation

Just so far as the 2 of reprobation is com obscured, you couch the divine purpose of nd the riches of God's

accomplished in the destruction of the doctrine of election; and carhis enemies? If the purpose and ries both these doctrines as far the conduct of God respecting as the purpose and agency of God the non-elect be concealed, his in having mercy on whom he will purpose and conduct respecting and hardening whom he will. The

the elect will be covered with doctrine of reprobation must be darkness, and the exceeding riches understood and maintained, or and glory of his grace in their there is nothing in the word, or salvation will be hidden from the conduct, or character of God, that eyes of his friends and his foes. can be understood and maintained

If God should not show his wrath against the bold and heavy assaults and make his power known upon

of the enemies of divine truth. vessels of wrath fitted to destruc- 2. If God means to destroy the tion, how could he display the non-elect to display the riches of riches of his glory upon vessels of his grace towards the elect, then mercy prepared unto glory! It reprobation is an act of benevodoes not seem to be possible that lence.

Mankind seem to be more the sovereign grace of God should stumbled at the doctrine of reprobe displayed towards the elect in bation than at the doctrine of eterheaven, unless his sovereign jus nal punishment. They can, in tice be equally displayed towards some measure, see the goodress the non-elect in hell. How can of God in the condemnation and they, who deny the doctrine of re- punishment of such guilty and probation, stand against those, hateful creatures. But they canwho deny the doctrine of election not so readily see why God should

? How can they, who deny either of destine any persons to that sin, these doctrines, stand against which shall lead to eternal punishthose, who deny the doctrine of ment. For they do not consider eternal punishment? And how can that God had any good motive in they, who deny the doctrine of reprobation. But it appears from eternal punishment, stand against the subject, that is now under conthose, who deny the doctrine of sideration, that he had a wise and salvation through the grace of God good and even gracious motive in in Jesus Christi-The whole gos- it. His motive in reprobation is pel must be denied and rejected, the accomplishment of one of the be understood, believed and loved. poses, that can possibly exist; If we deny the purpose of God re- even the display of the exceeding specting the destruction of the riches of his grace. If the purnon-elect, we must, to be consis-pose of God in the reprobation of tent, deny bis purpose respecting sinners be not benevolent, his purthe salvation of the elect. And pose in their punishment cannot if we deny the eternal, sovereign be benevolent. For if benevolence gracious purpose of God in the did not require that sinners should gospel, what remains of the riches exist, it certainly could not reof bis glory and of the exceeding quire their punishment. The docriches of bis grace in Christ Jesus trine of the reprobation and of the and in the redemption of his peo'eternal punishment of sinners,

clie exceeding riches - in the redemptio en people. The sota bess of God in the record the non-elect, manis ereign grace

in the elect people to holiness and ss. God has, in fact, i ents of his providence

, 2

ad clearly manifested them or the doctrine of reprobation must greatest, noblest and best pur

reprobation by his conda wards the wicked, who bar shed, as the truth of electu his conduct towards the right whom he has saved. Her Abel understand the pery God in his election and tion, any farther than bers

stands his purpose in the rest tion and destruction of When did the ancient per Jul mosi cearly perceim!

3 must stand or fall together. The | elect. The righteous will approve purpose and agency of God in the of the purpose and conduct of God reprobation of the non-elect, are in their reprobation and eternal as benevolent as his purpose and punishment, and God will approve agency in their punishment. And of his own holy and gracious purboth in their reprobation and pun- pose and conduct in their reproba- ! ishment his benevolence is as evi- tion and punishment. And the dent and as glorious as it is in the highest joys and loudest songs of election and salvation of the elect. heaven will be excited in view of Indeed his purpose and agency in his glory, as it will be displayed election and reprobation arise from upon the vessels of mercy, in conthe same motive and terminate in trast with the vessels of wrath. the same ultimate object.

No human being, then, can ever 3. The non-elect can have no enter heaven without à tongue and reason to complain of the divine a heart to praise God for his glo. purpose in their reprobation and rious and gracious purpose of repdestruction. Both these were nec- robation, as well as for his glori. essary to answer important and ous and gracious purpose of elecbenevolent ends, which all holy tion. beings will forever approve and 5. It is exceedingly important applaud. The purpose of repro- and necessary to preach the docbation will appear to be an act of trine of election. If the doctrine benevolence, and the infinite and of election is not preached, no govereign goodness of God in their part of the counsel of God is dereprobation and destruction, must clared. And it is impossible to shut the mouths of the non-elect declare the whole counsel of God against every complaint respecting without preaching reprobation as the purpose and conduct of God in well as election. Sinners will their existence, wickedness and murmur and complain against the perdition. Cain and Pharaoh said, doctrine of election, unless their in view of the purpose and agency mouths are shut by the doctrine of God, in their wickedness and of reprobation. And every mouth destruction, “ The Lord is right- must be shut by this doctrine, eous.” Though the wicked now sooner or later, that is not opened open their mouths against the hea- by an heart to love and praise God vens, and cause their tongues to for his purpose to show his wrath walk through the earth on account and make his power known upon of the reprobation and destruction the vessels of wrath fitted to desof the non-elect, yet it is written, truction, as well as to make known "every mouth may be stopped;" the riches of his glory upon the and every mouth of the wicked vessels of mercy prepared unto will be stopped against all com- glory. Let all the professors of plaints respecting their reproba- the gospel, then, encourage the

tion and destruction, when they preachers of divine truth to open shall perceive the eternal and glo- their mouths boldly and not shun rious exbibition of divine grace, to declare the whole counsel of that will arise from their eternal God. In this way and only in wickedness and misery.

this way can the enemies and op4. No religion will fit persons posers of God and his grace be put for heaven, which does not lead to silence and to shame. * For them to approve of the reprobation there are many unruly and vain and eternal misery of the non- talkers and deceivers ; whose

mouths must besstopped; who sub- thorough test of religious teachers vert whole houses, teaching things and professors. And they will be which they ought not, for filthy | the final

test of all human hearts lucre's sake.” The purpose and at the great day of decision. conduct of God in election and

APOLLOS. reprobation are now a proper and

FOR TIL HOPKINSTAS MAGAZINE. Gentiles. We have evidence of

this, from what was said of him MR. EDITOR,

before he was baptized, as well as

from his own declarations. The In your number for May, of the last

Lord said concerning him to Anayear, I observed a request from one of nias, “ He is a chosen vessel unto

your correspondents, that some one would inform him " zvhat is necessary to Gentiles, and kings, and the chil

me, to bear my name before the constitute a prudent preacher of the gos- dren of Israel. For I will show pel?” From the great, and practical im- him how great things he must sufportance of this question, I hoped, long fer for my name's sake.Paul, since, to have seen an answer, and that, then, certainly had his work befrom a much abler pen than mine. But, fore him, and must have looked at as I have waited in vain, and the subject the labours, trials and sufferings has, at different times, somewhat occa

to which he was exposed. Acpied my mind, I am induced to send you cordingly, when he took leave of the following considerations. If you think they will, in any degree, answer

sus, he said, “ And now behold,

I the purposes of your valuable Magazine, Salem, not knowing the things

go bound in the spirit unto Jeruand, in some measure, satisfy the mind

that shall befall me there: save of Mr. “ Interrogator,” you can give"

that the Holy Ghost witnesseth in them a place in your pages. If every city, saying, that bonds and not, it will certainly be no offence to afflictions abide. * It was a matter me, should you commit them to the

of great prudence for Paul to be flames.

thus aware of the toils and sufferMINIMUS. ings which he should probably en

dure in preaching the gospel. “ Would I describe a preacher such as 6. For which of you, Paul,

says our “ Were he on earth, would bear, ap.

Lord, “intending to build a tower, prove and own,

sitteth not down first, and counteth " Paul should hlinself direct me." the cost, whether he have sufficient

to finish it? Lest haply, after he I think it will be admitted on bath laid the foundation, and is all sides, that Paul was a prudent not able to finish it, all that behold preacher of the gospel. How then it begin to mock him, saying, This did Paul preach; and what con- man began to build, and was not stituted him such a preacher? In able to finish.” It is certainly answer to these questions, we may prudent for the soldier, before he observe, that Paul "counted the enlists, to take into serious concost,or probable consequences sideration the labours, fatigue and of the undertaking. He consider- dangers, to which he must necesed the treatment he should doubt. sarily be exposed. He may be less receive from the Jews and subject to the most painful toils.

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and weary marches; he may be all his powers. Though he some carried into captivity; he may die times laboured with his hands in of famine

or disease; or he may be secular concerns; yet he constautmutilated, or shot dead in the field

ly made this, and all other things, of battle. Now if he has not taken have a direct bearing to help him

forward in the work of the ministion, and accurately counted the try. By this disposition and concost; it is more than probable, duct, he set an example of the that when he comes to endure, or greatest prudence to all

who should death stares him in the face, his follow him in the work of the minheart will fail, and he will desert istry. He also considered it of so his post, disgrace his commander, much importance, that, in his and betray his country. So of most solenan and impressive charge the apostle. He was to undertake to Timothy, he said, “Meditate the greatest work in which it t was upon these things, give thyself possible for him to engage. How wholly to them.prudent, then, for him to look,

, |.. Another thing, which peculiarbeforehand, at the perils which ly marked the prudence of the awaited him? lest, when he and i apostle Paul, is, that he never sufwith difficulties and sufferings, so fered probable or real consequenefar beyond his expectation, his es to turn him aside from the path faith should fail, he should shrink of duty. Though he knew that froin his labours, and bring the he was constantly exposed to sufhighest reproach upon his Lord and ferings, persecutions and death; Master.

though the Holy Ghost witnessBut, Paul not only counted the ed in every city, saying, that cost, or probable consequences of boods and a flictions awaited him;' the undertaking; he gave himself yet he said, bul none of these things cordially and wholly to his work. move me, neither count I my life He gave decided evidence from dear unto myself, so that I migu his labours, perseverance

and suf- finish my course with joy, and the ferings, that he loved the gospel of ministry which

I have received of Christ, and was willing to spend the Lord Jesus, to testify the gosand be spent in preaching it to his pel of the grace of God.” Paul perishing fellow men. This was did not swerve from his duty, eicertainly a mark of great pru- ther in his preaching or his condence. No man, engaging in duct, through fear of consequencgreat and important work, will He never declined preaching pursue it to any advantage, or this, or that, or any doctrine of the with fidelity, unless he loves, and gospel, either because he thought gives himself wholly to his em- it would give offence, or because he ployinent. Had not Paul loved

med feared he should lose the confithe work of the ministry, and dence of his hearers, his reputation, been willing constantly to employ his peace, or his life. Now this all his time and taļents in the was certainly very prudent in great and important service; it is Paul. Had he swerved from his morally certain that he would have duty in one instance, through fear shrunk from the labours, suffer of consequences, he might in ings, and probable consequences another; or even neglected it alof the undertaking, and settled together. It is always more prudown into sloth and indolence, dent for the soldier, even in times But he cheerfully engaged in the of the greatest danger, to be faithwork with all his heart and with ful to his post, than to desert it.




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