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D. So he has in the dispensa- lutely decreed, and will surely tions of his grace. Has God de execute his decree, that those creed, that the hand of the dili. | who believe not shall be damned.' gent shall make rich? So he has Hence the apostle says, with reabsolutely decreed, that "he that spect to spiritual things, “ Be de! believeth shall be saved.” Has deceived; God is not inocked: for God decreed, that the sluggard whatsoever a man soweth, ihat

| shall have nothing that those who shall he also reap." will not plow and sow, shall not

SIVANUS. reap a harvest? So he has abso

7 TOR THE HOPKINSIAS MAGAZINE. fit them, not being mixed with

faith in them that heard it.” The ESSAYS UPON HOPKINSIANISM.

real practical tendency of any reNo. X.

ligious system, is to be learned by The practical tendency of the Hop- its effect upon those who believe kirsian system.

and embrace it, in its true import, The practical tendency of any and in all its parts. The best system of religious sentiments, is system of sentiments, by being learned from the effect which it perverted, or partially embraced, has on those who believe and cor- may become the innocent occasion dially embrace it. A system of of licentious practice. It is a doctrines, altogether false and un- maxim, that the perversion of the scriptural, will not corrupt the best things, turns them to the hearts nor vitiate the lives of such worst.' "The doctrine preached as disbelieve and reject it; but it by the apostle Paul, was so perdoes not from hence follow, that verted by some of his hearers, as the system is not of a bad practi- to justify men in doing evil that cal tendency. And so, on the good may come. The precepts of

' other hand, a system of doctrines the Divine Law, as given by Moaltogether true and scriptural, inay ses, were so perverted by the not purify the hearts nor reform Scribes and Pharisees, as to justithe lives of such as disbelieve and fy hatred and revenge. By receivreject it; but it does not from | ing a part and rejecting a part of hence follow, that the system is any system of religious doctrines, not of a good practical tendency. its practical tendency may be It will be granted by all, who be- counteracted, and even reversed. lieve in the divine inspiration of Take the system before us as an the sacred scriptures, that the example. This system teaches system of sentiments taught in the the universal agency of God, and gospel, whether they suppose that the free, moral agency of men. system to be Hopkinsianisin, Cal. By receiving the first, and rejectvinism, Arminianisın or Unitari ing the last of these doctrines, one anism, is of a good practical ten- may be led to slothfulness and dency: but this system failed of inactivity; or, by receiving the reforming the greater part of those, | last, and rejecting the first, he to whom it was preached by the may be led to trust in his own prophets, by Christ, and by the heart and to cast off the fear of apostles. The reason is assigned God. This system teaches justiin the epistle to the Hebrews—fication by grace, through faith, 6. ** The word preached did not pro- l and the necessity of good works.

By receiving the former and re- be saved. It teaches them their jecting the latter, one may be led depravity and desert of endless to an antinomian neglect of all misery, their duty and unwillingduty; or by receiving the latter ness to repent and believe the gosand rejecting the former, he may pel, their ability to love and subbe led to a pharisaical performance mit to God and their dependence of “dead works, which will not upon Him for a heart to do it. save a man.' And so in other in- When sinners really believe the stances which might be mention- Hopkinsian system, they see themed. The practical tendency of any selves to be justly condemned, system of religious sentiments, is entirely dependant, and indispenlearned only from its effects upon sably obliged to repent and emthose who believe and embrace it, brace the gospel, in order to esin its true import, and in all its cape endless misery. With this parts.

view of their guilt, danger and A distinction is to be made, be- duty, it would seem impossible for tween such as merely believe a them to remain stupid, or to prosystem, as true and scriptural, and ceed, fearlessly, in a course of

, such as cordially embrace it, as open transgression. ariable and good. A mere spec

From the nature of the doctrines ulative belief of a good system, comprised in the Hopkinsian sysmay serve only to harden and de- tem, we may easily perceive their file the heart; while a cordial re- tendency to sanctify saints, and ception of the same, would serve prompt them to every good work. to soften and purify it. But, com- This system teaches, that God is a monly, the mere belief of a true being infinitely wise, powerful and system, operates as a restraint good, whose moral perfections are upon the vices of men, and awak- all comprehended in disinterested ens their attention to the concerns love, and whose designs and works of their souls.

have, for their ultimate and chief That system of religious senti- end, the highest good of the uniments, is of a good practical ten

Such a view of the Sudency, which is usually the means preme Being must tend to transof awakening those who believe and form saints into the same image, assent to it, to a serious concern and to render them devout, holy for their eternal interest, and of and benevolent. The views, which exciting those who embrace and this system exhibits, of the Law love it, to all manner of holy of God, of the native character of conversation and godliness.' man, of the Atonement of Christ,

That such is the practical ten- of the requirements of the Gospel, dency of the Hopkinsian system, of the operations of the Holy Spimay be argued both a priori and rit, and of the freeness and sova posteriori; or from the nuture of ereignty of Divine Grace, are such its doctrines, and from the effects as are directly calculated to renwhich they actually produce. der those, who receive them, meek

First. From the nature of the and humble, penitent and thankdoctrines comprised in the Hop- ful, watchful and prayerful, and kinsian system, we should be led to lead them to walk humbly to expect, that it would tend to with God, and to work out their awaken sinners, who are convinc- salvation with fear and trembling.' ed of its truth, to serious concern But, for their souls, and to excite them Secondly, The effects, which to enquire what they shall do to the doctrines of the Hopkinsian


. system have produced in those, I mitted: but where, among the opwho have believed or embraced it, i posers of this system, shall we find furnish the best and most convinc- inen so eminently humble, holy, ing evidence of its good practical devont, prayerful and godly, as tendency.

Brainard and Edwards and BellaFacts show, that the tendency my and Hopkins and Strong and of this system is, to awaken sin- West and Spring, and many other ners from thoughtless stupidity to distinguished Hopkinsians, whose an earnest attention to the con- praise is in the churches, and cerns of their souls. It is rarely whose spirits are with the Lord? that any are found, who appear to Were not the congregations, to have a consistent and full belief which these holy men preached, in the doctrines of this system, among the largest and most atwho do not manifest an aoxious tentive in the land? And were not concern for their eternal welfare, the churches, over which they and who do not attend on the ap- presided, among the most pure and pointed means of salvation. Where spiritual in the Christian world? do we see sinners most generally And have not these churches de searching the scriptures, keeping clined in strict discipline, practithe sabbath, frequenting the house cal piety and experimental relis. of worship, and refraining from ion, just in proportion to their vicious courses? Is it not where departure from the doctrines, the doctrines of this system are which those servants of God, just the most plainly and faithfully ex- named, embraced and inculcated? hibited? Is it not under such an Is it not a fact, that those, who exhibition of these doctrines, that have apostatized from the profesthose great awakenings and pow. sed belief in the Hopkinsian syserful revivals have taken place, in temn, have generally, at the saine the last and present century; in time, become remiss in their rewhich thousands of careless and ligious performances and las in profane sinners have been pricked their morals; thus making it magin the heart, turned from the er- ifest, that, • as they went out rour of their ways, and been made from us; so they were not of us'! to experience a conversion, from Where, at the present time, are which they have never fallen the most pious, conscientious, sta

, away?

ble, upright and truly liberal and The tendency of the Hopkinsian beneficent Christians to be found? system, to purify the hearts of Is it not anong those, who fully Christians, and excite them to believe and cordially embrace the • every good word and work,' is doctrines of the Hopkinsian sysapparent from the lives of those, tem? “ Do men gather grapes of who have appeared most cordially thorns, or figs of thistles: A good to embrace and inost earnestly to tree cannot bring forth evil fruit; contend for the doctrines which it neither can a corrupt tree bring teaches. That there have been forth good fruit : Wherefore by moral men, among those who do their fruits ye shall know them. not receive the peculiar dectrines

A HOPKINSIAN. of the Hopkinsian system, is ad


FOR THE HOPKINSIAN MAGAZINE. they dare not plainly name, thro'

fear of being brought to civil jusQUESTION

tice ? An answer would much In what light should those per- oblige

A SUBSCRIBER. sons be viewed, and how should they be treated, who, to cover

ANSWER their own injurious treatment of a Persons, of the above descripfellow-creature, attempt the ruin tion, can, certainly, be viewed in of his character and usefulness, by no other light, than that of base certain strange gestures, such as

slanderers and cruel persecuters, winking, nodding, half-spoken sen and ought to be treated as such. tences and awful grimaces; inti- We should pity their folly, hate mating, that they know something their malignity, shun their socie. concerning hiin, which is too ty, and pray for their conversion dreadful to be named; and which I and salvation. EDITOR,



whom he pleases for vessels of As the preaching of the gospel mercy, and leaves whom he will is the principal means which God for the glory of justice) be impreshas appointed for bringing lost sin- sed by the dispensers of the gosners out of darkness into his mar- pel, on the minds of their hearers. vellous light, it is of importance These sacred truths are very that the fundamental doctrines of much opposed by the carnal man. grace be held up.

The natural man receiveth not the Every person of understanding things of the Spirit of God, for must be convinced, that if ever he they are foolishness unto him ; is saved, it must be in the way neither can he know them, bewhich Infinite Wisdom has devised. cause they are spiritually discern

That mankind are lost creatures ed.—But he that preaches the in themselves, entirely depraved, word faithfully, will not keep back and absolutely dependant on God the solemn truths of God's word, for salvation; that God is the high for fear of

offending friends. sovereign of the universe, who When Erasmus objected to Lu- disposes of all his works and all ther the impropriety of preaching

his creatures, as to him seemeth the doctrines of predestination, good; are doctrines most clearly &c. as having a tendency to licenheld up in the sacred oracles. tiousness, he replied—“I will not

This high prerogative of divine ask whither is the modesty of sovereignty is most clearly to be Erasmus fled, but, which is much seen by the light of natural reason, more important, where, alas! are as well as by revelation. The your fear and reverence of the works of creation as well as of Deity, when you roundly declare, providence, make full display of that this branch of truth, which he this glorious attribute, as might has revealed from heaven, is at be abundantly shown: But espec

best useless and unnecessary to ially is it held up in the holy scrip- be known? What, shall the gloritures. Therefore should the doc- ous Creator be taught by you his trine of human depravity, man's creature, what is fit to be preachabsolute dependence on God for ed, and what is to be suppressed? salvation, and the divine sover- Is the adorable God so very defeceignty (by which God chooses tive in wisdom and prudence, as

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not to know, till you instruct him, tendency to humble us to the dust, what would be useful and what are the most likely, through the pernicious?”—It is clearly held up influence of the Holy Spirit, to in the scriptures—that it is not of produce that change in us, which him that willeth, nor of him that only will qualify us for the enjoy. runneth, but of God that showeth ment of heaven. The opposition mercy.

that is made in the world to these We do not read that Christ ever important doctrines, is a strong laughed; but we do read that he evidence of their tendency to proonce rejoiced in spirit, and it was mote that good work on the hearts upon the display of this very attri- of sinners.--Satan, who is ever bute. He said " I thank thee, opposed to the truth, knows that O Father, Lord of heaven and the doctrines of grace tend to the earth, that thou has hid these destruction of his kingdom in this things from the wise and prudent, world; he will therefore instiand revealed them unto babes: gate his children most violently even so, Father, for so it seemed

to oppose them. good in thy sight.”

Then, if preaching the sublime The holding up of this highly doctrines of grace, the divine sorexalted doctrine has been much ereignty, total depravity of man, opposed by some. They say it election and predestigation, have tends to make people despair, But a tendency to soften the hard they must be brought to despair heart, to humble the proud heart, of their own sufficiency.-Regen- and make them susceptible of the eration is a supernatural work; a gracious, sanctifying influences of work of the Divine Spirit; a new the Holy Spirit, they should be ! creation ; as the word of God inculcated by the preacher of the abundantly teaches: And there- gospel.

EPAPARAS. fore, those doctrines which have a

Rec. and Tel

ORDINATIONS AND INSTALLATION. 1825. June 16. Ordained, Rev. Seta, borough, Vt. Rev. Jour Foot, as ar Bliss, as pastor of the Church in Jewett Evangelist. Sermon by Rev. 8. Peters, City (Griswold, Conn.)

of Bennington 1825. June 17. Installed Rev, JAMES 1825. June 30. Ordained, Rer. Trox. WESTON, over the first Congregational AS JAME.SON, as Colleague pastor with Church in Lebanon, Me, Sermon by Rev. Thomas Lancaster, over the first Rev. C. Marsh, from I. Kings, xxii. 16. Church in Scarborough, Me. Sermon by

1825. June 22. Ordained, at Marl. Rev. Dr. Payson, from Col. i. 28.

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There is a world above,

Where parting is unknown;
Friend after friend departs ;

A long eternity of love, Who hath not lost a friend ?

Formed for the good alone ;
There is no union here of hearts And faith beholds them dying here,
That finds not here an end ;

Translated to that glorious sphere!
Were this frail world our final rest,
Living or dying none were blest. Thus star by star declines,

Till all are past away;
Beyond the Aight of time-

As morning high and higher shines,
Beyond the reign of death-

To pure and perfect day:
There surely is some blessed clime Nor sink those stars in empty night,
Where life is not a breath ;

But hide themselves in Heaven's own Nor life's affections transient fire,

light, Whose sparks fly upwards and expire !

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