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kim."-Such is the representation 4. Though the new or holy heart of the apostle; and that it is no consists in free, voluntary exerexaggeration, but strictly true, cises, yet it is always produced by may appear from the following ob- the operation of the Holy Spirit. servations.

The command of God is, “ Make 1. True faith in Christ is a holy you a new heart and a new spirit;": exercise, including both a belief and but none ever obey this command,

, Love of the truth as it is in Jesus. until the Holy Spirit inclines A mere speculative belief, unac- them to do it. Though men have companied by love, is a dead faith, the same faculties of mind before the faith of Devils, which will not as after regeneration, and the same save a man. " With the heart natural ability to be holy, as to man believeth unto righteousness.” be sinful, to love God supremely, Saving faith flows from supreme as to love themselves so; yet they love to God, which involves re- are averse from holiness, and conpentance for sin, delight in the tinue to love themselves supremeDivine law, reconciliation to the ly, until the love of God is shed Divine government, and entire ap- abroad in their hearts by the Holy probation of the character, words Ghost. Their selfish exercises and work of the Lord Jesus Christ. never produce disinterested love. But,

It is the commandment of God the 2. Mankind, by nature, are ut- Father, that all, who hear the gosterly destitute of holy love. They pel, should believe in the name of possess the carnal mind, which is his Son, Jesus Christ; and this is enmity against God. They are therefore a duty which they are not only void of holy love, but full well able to perform; but it is a of selfish affections. “ The heart duty which they never will perof the sons of men is full of evil.” form, until made willing in the day They are “ lovers of their own of God's power. • Faith is the selves" only. There is in them gift of God. As many as receive "an evil heart of unbelief.” When Christ, or savingly believe in him, the character of Christ is set before are born of God.' Whatever abilthem in a scriptural light, they ities men may possess, or whatever see no form nor comeliness in light and advantages they may enkim, nothing for which they should joy: they always remain dead in desire him; indeed, they hate | trespasses and șins, until quickenhim without a cause. Being evil- ed, or, made spiritually alive, by doers, they hate the light of Divine the power of the Spirit of God. truth; and the doctrines and com- And this brings us to the conclumands of Christ are grievous to sion of the argument. For, them. Hence,

5. The Divine operation, which 3. In order truly to believe in produces the new heart and brings Christ, men must have new hearts; men to believe in Christ, is as or, in other worils, must begin to great an exertion of power, as that exercise new and holy affections. which wrought in Christ, when Men must cease to love themselves God raised him from the dead. In exclusively, and begin to love God causing men to believe in the Savsupremely, and their neighbours iour, God exerts creative power. as themselves, in order truly to be- He produces that holy, disinterestlieve in Christ. Disinterested led love, which is the essence of love to Christ, is the essence of repentance, faith and holiness.evangelical faith. A change of This is the work of the same unheart always precedes saving faith limited power, which spake all in Christ. But,

things from pothing, and raised

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the body of the Lord Jesus from tion, then, is of the Lord. Th the grave. Accordingly, the apos- may all say, therefore, with t tle repeatedly represents the pro- apostle, “ Not by works of righ duction of holy faith in Christ, as eousness which we have done, bu a new creation: “ If any man be according to his mercy he saved u in Christ, he is a new creatureby the washing of regeneration, an We are his workmanship, created renewing of the Holy Ghost, whic in Christ Jesus unto good works he shed on us abundantly throug The new man-is created in right- Jesus Christ our Saviour; that, be eousness and true holiness." ing justified by his grace, we should

Since, then, faith is always pro- be made heirs, according to. th duced by Divine power; and since, hope of eternal life.” in the production of faith, there is 3. If the Almighty power of the a new creation, which requires the Holy Spirit brings men to exercise highest conceivable exertion of faith in Christ; then it is certain; power; the doctrine is supported that God determines who shall be that it requires as much Divine saved. Believers only, of all those power to bring men to believe in who hear the gospel, will be saved; Christ, as it did to raise Christ for," he that believeth not, shall himself from the dead.

be damned.” IL, then, faith is the INFERENCES.

gift of God, being produced by the 1. It follows, from what has been special operation of the Holy Spirit; advanced, that the Holy Spirit is a it follows, that God causes those to Divine Person. That it was Di- believe in Christ, whom he detervine, Almighty power, that raised mines to save. And as he deterChrist from the dead, will not be mines this in time; so he deterdisputed. Equal power is neces-mined it in eternity: for, “he is sary to quicken men, dead in tres- in one mind--and known unto hin passes and sins, and cause them are all his works from the beginto believe in Christ. But the ning: ” Hence Paul writes to TimScriptures teach us, that this is othy, “ God hath saved us, and the peculiar work of the Holy Spi- called us with an holy calling, not rit. Believers are said to be born according to our works, but accordof the Spirit. The love of God is ing to his own purpose and grace, said to be shed abroad in the hearts which was given us in Christ Jesus, of believers, by the Holy Ghost before the world began: And a


' It is said to be the Holy Spirit, gain he writes to the Thessalonian that giveth spiritual life. And believers, “ We are bound to give the Spirit of God is said to dwell thanks alway to God, for you, in believers. The Holy Spirit, brethren, beloved of the Lord, bethen, has equal power with God cause God hath, from the beginthe Father, and is truly a Divine ning, chosen you to salvation, Person.

through sanctification of the Spirit 2. It follows from this subject, and belief of the truth; whereunto that the salvation of believers, is he called you by our gospel, to the to be attributed to the sovereign obtaining of the glory of our Lord goodness of God. They were, by Jesus Christ.” nature, wholly depraved, and chil 4. It may be inferred, from the dren of wrath, even as others. preceding discourse, that the natThey had no heart to embrace ural ability of sinners to exercise Christ, and never would have had, faith in Christ, affords no evidence, if it had not been created in them that they will ever believe unto by the Holy Spirit. Their salva- salvation. Though it is their duty

to believe on the Lord Jesus; yet I promise and power of God, give they never will do it, until born of ample encouragement to all, whom God. Though they are able to Christ has called, to testify the believe on the Son of God; yet gospel of his grace, to sinners of they never will believe in a saving every pation and every descripmanner, unless God shall draw tion. And when they do faithfulthem to Christ, by the powerful ly declare the truth, and call upon influences of the Holy Spirit. But, their hearers to come unto Christ whether God will ever see fit to do and have life, they may rest assurthis, is known only to himself. ed, that as many as were ordain- . Hence,

ed to eternal life,' will, sooner or 5. We may infer the proper ground later, believe. of encouragement, in preaching the In view of this subject, let Begospel to sinners. The proper lievers admire and praise the exground of encouragement, is not ceeding greatness of Divine power the consideration, that they have and the riches of Divine grace, power to believe; for this affords manifested in their salvation and no evidence that they ever will em- ever live to the glory of his name, brace Christ; but it is this sacred who hath made them accepted in truth, that God, who has power to the beloved. And let Unbelievers cause them to believe, is pleased be exhorted to come immediately to use the preaching of the gospel, to Christ, that they may have as the means in the hand of the eternal life. This is Christ's inviHoly Spirit, of bringing men to tation; and this is the commandthe exercise of a true and living ment of God. You are under no faith. It pleases God, by the inability of coming to Christ, but foolishness of preaching, to save what consists in an evil heart of them that believe. There is the unbelief; which, so far from being

' samne encouragement, therefore, to an excuse, is your crime. Be aspreach the gospel to dead sinners; sured, therefore, that while you that the prophet had to prophesy remain in unbelief, you are conto the dry bones, or that there is demned already, and the wrath of to use the appointed means in any God abideth on you.' other case. The appointment,



have learned, in whatsoever state

I am, therewith to be content." A MR. EDITOR, It may be doubtful whether the follow. very important lesson, truly; but ing observations will satisfy the mind of one, which very few of mankind QUERULOUS, whose letter found a place have learned. If, however, Paul in your last number: but if you think could learn this difficult lesson, a they exhibit reasons, why he, and all oth man, whose life was chequered ers like him, should be quiet and patient with as many vicissitudes, and atin their condition, you will please to intended with as many hardships, as sert them.


that of any man living; why may On CONTENTMENT.

not every man learn the same? The apostle Paul, in writing to And, if it may be learned, how kis Philippian brethren, says, “Il desirable that it should be? This would be a very happy world, com- | pose, that Paul, or any other sain pared with what it is at present, was ever pleased with poverty an if every person were contented in want, reproach and disgrace, pai his state, whatever it might be. and distress, in themselves consid

In order to learn any lesson, ered. Though the circumstance whether theoretical or practical, of some men, are much less dis mathematical or moral, which may | agreeable in themselves, than thi be set us, the first thing is, to circumstances of others; yet D understand it. What, then, is it man ever could be, or ouglit to b for a person to be content in his entirely satisfied with his condi. state, whatever it may be? I an- tion, in the present life. Thi swer,

world is a place of labour and triFirst. That a person's being al, and not of rest and enjoyment. contented in his state, does not Mankind ought to desire and seck imply, that he is entirely satisfied a better country, even an heavenwith his condition, in itself consid- ly.' But, ered. In the passage above quote Secondly. A person's being conthe apostle does not say, that he tented in bis state, whatever it may was always pleased with his state be, does imply, that, all things itself, whatever it might be. The considered, he is willing, for the particle, therewith, which appears present, to be in it. Nothing is in the translation, is not found in more obvious, than that a person the original, and was injudiciously may view the same thing, as undeinserted by the translators. Ac sirable in itself, and desirable on cording to the original, and to the the whole. Hard labour is disatrue meaning of the apostle, the greeable in itself to all mankind; passage should read thus, “ I have and yet how many are content to learned, in whatsoever state I am, labour, day after day, for the reto be content." He was always ward which they receive? Much content in his state, but not always study is a weariness to the flesh; with his state. These are two and yet many are content, froir things, quite distinct from each various motives, to apply themother. It is not possible for every selves to intense study for many person always to be satisfied with years. - Men are willing to do and his state, in itself considered. I to suffer many things, on the whole, Some are in a state of poverty and i which are extremely disagreeable want; which is very undesirable in in themselves.

Though no person itself, and with which no person can be completely satisfied with can, or ought to be pleased. Some his state, in this world, simply are in a state of ignoming and dis- considered; yet many persons have grace, like the apostles, who were been content, on the whole, to be viewed as 6 the filth of the earth, in the state in which they were: and the ofl-scouring of all things;" | and in this sense, every person but this is very irksome, in itself, may be contented in his condition, to all men, who naturally covet the whatever it may be.

The thing is esteem and applause of their fel possible. However difficult the low creatures. Some, again, are lesson may seein, the apostle, it in a state of extreme bodily pain, appears, though subject to peculiar with which it is impossible to be trials and suderings, had learned pleased; while others are smarting it: “I have learned, in whatever under the rod of affliction, which, state I am, to be content. I know in itself, is not joyous, but griev- both how to be abased, and I know ous. There is no reason to sup- | how to abound: every where and


in all things I am instructed, both The way is now prepared, to say, an be full and to be hungry, both affirmatively, that such contentto abound and to suffer need-” ment, in one's condition, as has

Contentment, in any condition, been described, can be derived tben, is attainable. But, here the only from a belief and love of this interesting question arises, How great truth, that all the circum

is such a happy frame of mind to stances of mankind in this life, are i be obtained? From what consider- | ordered by God. That this is a

ations is it derived, from what truth, reason teaches, and sacred 1 sources does it flow? To prepare scripture asserts.

The Provithe way for an answer, it may be dence of God is as evident from observed, in the first place, that no the light of nature, as his existperson can derive contentment ence. As He made, so He upholds Iron a belief that his condition in and governs the world. The laws the world happens by chance.- of nature are but the uniform This seems to be the belief of ma- modes of his operation. On Him Dy, unmeaning or absurd as it is. all creatures and things are con

the phrase have any meaning, stantly dependent, for all their it must be, that events take place, properties, motions and circumwithout design and without a cause. stances. We accordingly read,

, But what is there, in such a belief, in the sacred pages, that · in God to reconcile a man to his condition? we live, and are moved, and have Upon this absurd supposition, there our being—that He fixes the is no reason why one's circum- bounds of our habitations?—that stances are what they are; and it not a sparrow falleth to the ground is altogether uncertain, whether without Him-that • He wounds any good, either to himself or oth- and heals, kills and makes alive ers, will ever result from the evils that He forms the light and crewhich he experiences. It may be ates darkness, makes peace and observed, in the next place, that creates evil—that • from Him contentment in one's condition, is cometh down every good and every not to be derived from a belief, perfect gist—that there is not that events take place by a natural evil in a city, and the Lord hath not necessity, and cannot, in the nat- done it and that of Him, and ure of things, be otherwise than through Him, and to Him, are all they are. Such a belief excludes things. The Providence of God the idea of design in the events of is universal; He “ worketh all life, and leaves no ground. to ex things after the counsel of his own pect, that they will issue in any will.” And a belief of this sublime desirable ends. Such a belief pay truth, furnishes ample ground of make a man silent and sullen un- contentment to every person in the der the ills of life ; but it can neve world, behis condition what it may. er make hiin contented and cheer- For, ful. The notion of a fatal neces- First. If Divine Providence is sity, as it cannot render that universal, and every person's conpleasant, which is painful in itself; dition in life, is ordered by God, So it furnishes no ground to believe, then no one has any reason to comthat what is disagreeable in itself plain of injustice, let his condition considered, may be desirable on be ever so distressing. “ Shall not the whole. To a child of sorrow,

the Judge of all the earth, do it would be difficult to say, whe- right?" Mankind are all sinners,

unmeaning chance, or blind and deserve evil at the hand of their fate, presents the most dark and Creator and Moral Governour. The

6 miseries of this life' are trifles



cheerless prospects

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