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continued in her widowhood, and refused all other matches, although Augustus had enjoined her to be married to some body else: yet did she all along preserve her reputation free from reproach. She had been also the greatest benefactress to Tiberius, when there was a very dangerous plot laid against him by Sejanus, a man who had been her husband's friend, and who had the greatest authority, because he was general of the army, and when many members of the senate, and many of the freed-men joined with him, and the soldiery were corrupted, and the plot was come to a great height. Now Sejanus had certainly gained his point, had not Antonia's boldness been more wisely conducted than Sejapus's malice; for, when she had discovered his designs against Tiberius, she wrote him an exact account of the whole, and gave the letter to Pallas, the most faithful of her servants, and sent him to Capreae, to Tiberius, who, when he understood it, slew Sejanus and his confederates; so that Tiberius, who had her in great esteem before, now looked upon her with still greater respect, and depended upon her in all things. So, when Tiberius was desired by this Antonia to examine Eutychus, he answered, “ If indeed Eutychus hath "falsely accused Agrippa in what he hath said of him, he hath had sufficient punishment by what I have done to him already; but if, upon examination, the accusation appears to be true, let Agrippa have a care, lest, out of desire of punishing his freed-map, he do not rather bring a punishment upon himself.” Now when Antonia told Agrippa of this, he was still much more pressing that the matter might be examined into; so Antonia, upon Agrippa's lying hard at her continually to beg this favour, took the following opportunity: as Tiberius once lay at his ease upon his sedan, and was carried about, and Caius her grandson, and Agrippa, were before him after dinner, she walked by the sedan, and desired him $ 17. Can. B. xvii. Grot. in Luc. i. 36. & Respons ad Consult. Cassand. p. 44. and Cotelet in Constitut. B. vi. 0 17. And note, that Tertullian owns this law, against second marriages of tlie clergy, had been once at least executed in his time, and heavily complains elsew bere, that the breach thereof had not been always punished by the catholics, as it ought to have been. Jerom, speaking of the ill reputation of marrying twice, says, that no such person could be hosen into the clergy in his days; which Augustine testifies also; and for Epiphanius, rather earlier, he is clear and fuil to the same purpose, and says, that law obtained over the whole catholic church in his days; as the places in the forecited authors informs us.

to call Eutychus, and have him examined; to which he replied, “ O Antonia, the gods are my witnesses, that I am induced to do what I am going to do, not by my own inclination, but because I am forced to it by thy prayers.” When he had said this, he ordered Marco, who succeeded Sejanus, to bring Eutychus to him; accordingly, without any delay, he was brought. Then Tiberius asked him what he had to say against a man who had given him his liberty. Upon which he said, “O my lord, this Caius, and Agrippa with him, were once riding in a chariot when I sat at their feet, and, among many other discourses that passed, Agrippa said to Caius, o that the day would once come, when this old fellow would die, and name thee for the governor of the habitable earth! for then this Tiberius, his grandson, would be no hindrance, but would be taken off by thee, and that earth would be happy, and I happy also." Now Tiberius took these to be truly Agrippa's words, and bearing a grudge withall at Agrippa, because, when he had commanded him to pay his respects to Tiberius, his grandson, and the son of Drusus, Agrippa had not paid him that respect, but disobeyed his commands, and transferred all their regard to Caius; he said to Marco, " Bind this man.” But Marco not distinctly knowing which of them it was whom he bid him bind, and not expecting that he would have any such thing done to Agrippa, he forebore, and came to ask more distinctly what it was that he said. But when Caesar had gone round the hippodrome, he found Agrippa standing : “ For certain,” said hé, “ Marco, this is the man I meant to have bound.” And when he still asked, “Which of these is to be bound," he said " Agrippa." Upon which Agrippa betook himself to make supplication for himself, putting him in mind of his son with whom he was brought up, and of Tiberius (his grand. son) whom he had educated, but all to no purpose ; for they led him about bound, even in his purple garments. It was also very hot weather, and they had but little wine to their meal, so that he was very thirsty: he was also in a sort of agony, and took this treatment of him heinously; as he, therefore, saw one of Caius's slaves, whose name was Thaumastus, carrying some water in a vessel, he desired that he would let him drink ; so the servant gave him some water to drink, and he drank heartily, and said, “O thou boy, this service of thine to me will be for thy advantage; for, if I once get clear of these my bonds, I will soon procure thee

thy freedom of Caius, who has not been wanting to minister to me now I am in bonds, in the same manner as when I was in my former state and dignity.” Nor did he deceive him in what he promised him, but made him amends for what he had now done; for, when afterward Agrippa was come to the kingdom, he took particular care of Thaumastus, and got him his liberty from Caius, and made him the steward over his own estate ; and when he died, he left him to Agrippa, his son, and to Berenice, his daughter, to minister to them in the same capacity. The man also grew old in that honourable post, and therein died. But all this happened a good while later.

. 7. Now Agrippa stood in his bonds before the royal palace, and leaned on a certain tree for grief, with many others who were in bonds also; and as a certain bird sat upon the tree on which Agrippa leaned, (the Romans call this bird bubo) an owl,] one of those that were bound, a German by nation, saw him, and asked a soldier what that man in purple was ; and when he was informed that his name was Agrippa, and that he was by nation a Jew, and one of the principal men of that nation, he asked leave of the soldier to whom he was bound,* to let him come nearer to him to speak with him, for that he had a mind to inquire of him about some things relating to his country; which liberty, when he had obtained, and as he stood near him, he said thus to him by an interpreter, that “This sudden change of thy condition, O young man, is grievous to thee, as bringing on thee a manifold and very great adversity; nor wilt thou believe me, when I foretell how thou wilt get clear of this misery which thou art now under, and how divine Providence will provide for thee. Know, therefore, (and I appeal to my own country gods, as well as to the gods of this place, who have awarded these bonds to us,) that all I am going to say about thy concern shall neither be said for favour nor bribery, nor out of an endeavour to make thee cheerful without cause ; for such predictions, when they come to fail, make the grief at last, and in earnest, more bitter than if the party bad never heard of any such thing. However, though I run the hazard of my own self, I think it fit to declare to thee the prediction of the gods. It cannot be that thou shouldst

* Dr. Hudson bere takes notice, out of Seneca, Epistle v. that this was the custom of Tiberius, to couple the prisoner, and the sol. dier that guarded him, together in the same chain.

long continue in these bonds, but thou wilt soon be delivered from them, and wilt be promoted to the highest dignity and power, and thou wilt be envied by all those who now pity thy hard fortune ; and thou wilt be happy till thy death, and wilt leave that thine happiness to the children whom thou shalt have. But do thou remember, when thou seest this bird again, that thou wilt then live but five days longer. This event will be brought to pass by that God who hath sent this bird hither to be a sign unto thee. And I cannot but think it unjust to conceal from thee what I foreknow concerning thee, that, by thy knowing beforehand what happiness is coming upon thee, thou mayest not regard thy present misfortunes. But, when this happiness shall actually befall thee, do not forget what misery I am in myself, but endeavour to deliver me.” So, when the German had said this, he made Agrippa laugh at him, as much as he afterwards appeared worthy of admiration. But now Antonia took Agrippa's misfortune to heart; however, to speak to Tiberius on his behalf she took to be a very difficult thing, and indeed quite impracticable, as to any hope of success; yet did she procure of Marco, that the soldiers that kept him should be of a gentle nature, and that the centurion who was over them, and was to diet with him, should be of the game disposition, and that he might have leave to bathe himself every day, and that his freed-men and friends might come to him, and that other things that tended to ease him might be indulged him. So his friend Silas came in to him, and two of his freed-men, Marsyas and Stechus, brought him such sorts of food as he was fond of, and indeed took great care of him: they also brought hiin garments, under pretence of selling them, and, when night came on, they laid them under him; and the soldiers assisted them, as Marco had given them order to do beforehand. And this was Agrippa's condition for six months time, and in this case was his affairs.

8. But for Tiberius, upon his return to Capreae, he fell sick. At first his distemper was but gentle ; but, as that distemper increased upon him, he had small or no hopes of recovery. Hereupon he bid Euodus, who was that freed-man whom he most of all respected, to bring the children * to him ; for that he wanted to talk to them before he died.

* Tiberius his own grandson, and Caius his brother, Drusus's grandson.

Now he had at present no sons of his own alive ; for Drusus, who was his only son, was dead; but, Drusus's son Tiberius was still living, whose additional name was Gemellus : there was also living Caius, the son of Germanicus, who was the son * of his brother (Drusus.] He was now grown up, and had had a liberal education, and was well improved by it, and was in esteem and favour with the people on account of the excellent character of his father Germanicus, who had attained the highest honour among the multitude by the firmness of his virtuous behaviour, by the easiness and agreeableness of his conversing with the multitude, and because the dignity he was in did not hinder his familiarity with them all, as if they were his equals ; by which behaviour he was not only greatlyesteemed by the people and the senate, but by every one of those nations that were subject to the Romans ; some of which were affected, when they came to him, with the gracefulness of their reception by him, and others were affected in the same manner by the report of the others that had been with him: and upon his death there was a lamentation made by all men; not such a one as was to be made in way of flattery to their rulers, while they did but counterfeit sorrow, but such as was real; while, every body grieved at his death as if they had lost one that was near to them. And truly such had been his easy conversation with men, that it turned greatly to the advantage of his son among all; and, among others, the soldiery were so peculiarly affected to him, that they reckoned it an eligible thing, if need were, to die themselves, if he might but attain to the government.

3. But when Tiberius had given order to Euodus to bring the children to him the next day in the morning, he prayed to his country gods to show him a manifest signal, which of those children should come to the government; being very desirous to leave it to his son's son, but still depending upon what God should foreshow concerning them, more than upon his own opinion and inclination; so he made this to be. the omen, that the government should be left to him who should come to him first the next day. When he had thus resolved within himself, he sent to his grandson's tutor, and ordered him to bring the child to him early in the morning,

* So [ correct Josephus's copy, which ca'ls Germanicus his brother, who was bis brother's sun.

Vel. 1.

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