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as supposing that God would permit him to be made emperor. But God proved opposite to his designation : for while Tiberius was thus contriving matters, and as soon as it was at all day, he bid Euodus to call in that child which should be there ready. So he went out, and found Caius before the door; for Tiberius was not yet come, but staid waiting for his breakfast ; for Euodus knew nothing of what his lord in. tended; so he said to Cajus, “Thy father calls thee," and then brought him in. As soon as Tiberius saw Caius, and not 'before, he reflected on the power of God, and how the ability of bestowing the government on whom he would was entirely taken from him ; and thence he was not able to establish what he had intended. So he greatly lamented, that his power of establishing what he had before contrived was taken from him, and that his grandson Tiberius was not only to lose the Roman empire hy his fatality, but his own safety also, because his preservation would now depend upon such as would be more potent than himself, who would think it a thing not to be borne, that a kinsman should live with them, and so his relation would not be able to protect him ; but he would be feared and hated by him that had the supreme authority, partly on account of his being next to the empire, and partly on account of his perpetually contriving to get the government, both in order to preserve himself, and to be at the head of affairs also. Now Tiberius had been very much given to astrology,* and the calculation of nativities, and had spent his life in the esteem of what predictions had proved true, more than those whose profession it was. Accordingly, when he once saw Galba coming into him, he said to his most intimate friends, that "there came in a man that would one day hare the dignity of the Roman empire." So that this Tiberius was more addicted to all such sorts of diviners than any others of the Roman emperors, because he had found them to have told him truth in his own affairs. And indeed he was now in great distress upon this accident that had befallen him, and was very much grieved at the destruction of his son's son, which he foresaw, and complained of himself, that he should have made use of such a method of divination beforehand, while it was in his power to have died without grief by this knowledge of futurity ; whereas he was now tormented by his foreknowledge of the
* This is a known thing among the Roman historians and poets, that Tiberius was greatly given to astrology and divination.
misfortune of such as were dearest to him, and must die under that torment. Now, although he were disordered at this unexpected revolution of the government to those for whom he did not intend it, he spake thus to Caius, though unwillingly, and against his own inclination : "O child! although Tiberius be nearer related to me than thou art, I, by my own determination, and the conspiring suffrage of the gods, do give, and put into thy hand, the Roman empire: and I desire thee never to be unmindful, when thou comest to it, either of my kindness to thee, who set thee in so high a dignity, or of thy relation to Tiberius. But as thou knowest that I am, together with, and after the gods, the procurer of so great a happiness to thee, so I desire that thou wilt make me a return for my readiness to assist thee, and wilt take care of Tiberius, because of his near relation to thee. Be. sides which thou art to know, that while Tiberius is alive, he will be a security to thee, both as to empire, and as to thy own preservation ; but if he die, that will be but a prelude to thy own misfortunes; for to be alone, under the weight of such vast affairs, is very dangerous ; nor will the gods suffer those actions, which are unjustly done, contrary to that law which directs men to act otherwise, to go off unpunished.” This was the speech which Tiberius made, which did not persuade Caius to act accordingly, although he promised so to do; but, when he was settled in the government, he took off this Tiberius as was predicted by the other Tiberius; as he was also himself in no long time afterward slain by a secret plot laid against him.
10. So when Tiberius had at this time appointed Caius to be his successor, he outlived but a few days, and thendied, after he had held the government twenty-two years, five months, and three days; now Caius was the fourth em. peror. But when the Romans understood that Tiberius was dead, they rejoiced at the good news, but had not courage to believe it: not because they were unwilling it should be true, for they would have given large sums of money that it might be so; but because they were afraid, that if they had showed their joy when the news proved false, their joy should be openly known, and they should be accused for it, and be thereby undone. For this Tiberius had brought a vast number of miseries on the best families of the Romans, since he was easily inflamed with passion in all cases, and was of such a temper as rendered his anger irrevocable ti!!
he had executed the same, although he had taken an hatred against men without reason; for he was by nature fierce in all the sentences he gave, and made death the penalty for the lightest offences; insomuch, that when the Romans heard the rumour about his death gladly, they were restrained from the enjoyment of that pleasure by the dread of such miseries as they foresaw would follow, if their hopes prored ill grounded. Now Marsyas, Agrippa's freed-man, as soon as he heard of Tiberius's death, came running to tell Agrippa the news; and finding him going out to the bath, he gave him a nod, and said in the Hebrew tongue, “The lion * is dead :" who understanding his meaning, and being overjoyed at the news, “ Nay," said he, “ but all sorts of thanks and happiness attend thee for this news of thine ; only wish that what thou sayest may prove true.” Now the eenturion, who was sent to keep Agrippa, when he saw with what haste Marsyas came, and what joy Agrippa had from what he said, he had a suspicion that his words implied some great innovation of affairs, and he asked them about what was said. They at first diverted the discourse ; but upon his farther pressing; Agrippa, without more ado, told him, for he was already become his friend; so he joined with him in that pleasure which this news occasioned, because it would be fortunate to Agrippa, and made him a supper. But as they were feasting, and the cups went about, there came one who said, “ that Tiberius was still alive, and would return to the city in a few days." At which news the centurion was very much troubled, because he had done what might cost him his life, to have treated so joyfully a prisoner, and this upon the news of the death of Caesar; so he thrust Agrippa from the couch whereon he lav, and said, “ Dost Nou think to cheat me by a lie, about the emperor, without punishment ? And shalt not thou pay for this thy maii. cious report, at the price of thine head ?” When he had so said, he ordered Agrippa to be bound again, (for he had loosed him before) and kept a severer guard over him than formerly, and in this evil condition was Agrippa, that night; but the next day the rumour increased in the city, and con
* This name of a lion is often given to tyrants, especially by the Jews, such as Agrippa, and probably his freed-man Marsyas, in effect were, Ezek. xix. 1-9. Esth. siy. 13. 2 Tim. iv. 17. They are also sometimes compared to, or represented by wild beasts, of which ihe lion is the principal. Dan. vii. 3-0. Apoc. xiii. 1, ..
firmed the news that Tiberius was certainly dead ; insomuch, that men durst now openly and freely talk about it ; nay, some offered sacrifices on that account. Several letters also came from Caius, one of thein to the senate, which informed them of the death of Tiberius, and of his own entrance upon the government; another to Piso, the governor of the city, which told him the same thing. He also gave order that Agrippa should be removed out of the camp, and go to that house where he lived before he was put in prison ; soo that he was now out of fear as to his own affairs, for although he were still in custody, yet was it now with ease. to his own affairs. Now as soon as Caius was come to Rome, and had brought Tiberius's dead body with him, and had made a sumptuous funeral for him, according to the laws of his country, he was much disposed to set Agrippa at liberty that very day, but Antonia hindered him ; not out of any ill-will to the prisoner, but out of regard to decency in Cajus, lest he should make men believe that he received the death of Tiberius with pleasure, when he loosed one whom he had bound, immediately. However, there did not many days pass ere he sent for him to his house, and had him shaved, and made him change his raiment, after which he put a diadem about his head, and appointed him to be king of the tetrarchy of Philip. He also gave him the tetrarchy of Lysanias,* and changed his iron chain for a go?t-1 en one of equal weight. He also sent Marullus to be procitrator of Judea.
11. Now, in the second year of the reign of Caius Caesar, Agrippa desired leave to be given him to sail home, and settle the affairs of his government, and he promised to return again when he had put the rest in order, as it ought to be put. So, upon the emperor's permission, he came into his own country, and appeared to them all unexpectedly as a king, and thereby demonstrated to the men that saw him the power of fortune, when they coinpared his former poverty with his present happy affluence ; so soine called him an happy man, and others could not well believe that things were so much changed with him for the better.
* Although Caius now promised to give Agrippa the tetrarchy of Lysanias, yet was it not actually conferred upon himn till the reign of Claudius, as we learn, Antig. B. xix. ch. v. ! 10
CHAP. VII. How Herod the tetrarch was banished. 8 1. But Herodias, Agrippa's sister, who now lived as wife to that Herod who was now tetrarch of Galilee and Perea, took this authority of her brother in an envious manner, particularly when she saw that he had a greater dignity bestowed on him than her husband had; since, when he ran away, it was because he was in a way of dignity and of great good fortune. She was, therefore, grieved, and much displeased at so great a mutation of his affairs, and chiefly when she saw him marching among the multitude with the usual ensigns of royal authority, she was not able to conceal how miserable she was, by reason of the envy she had towards him; but she excited her husband, and desired him that he would sail to Rome to court honours equal to his: for she said, that “ she could not bear to live any longer, while Agrippa, the son of that Aristobulus who was condemned to die by his father, one that came to her husband in such extreme poverty that the necessaries of life were forced to be entirely supplied him day by day; and when he fled away from his creditors by sea, he now returned a king ; while he was himself the son of a king, and while the near relation he bare to royal authority called upon him to gain the like dignity, he gat still, and was contented with a privater life. But then, Herod, although thou wast formerly not concerned to be in a lower condition than thy father, from whom thou wast derived, had been ; yet do thou now seek after the dignity which thy kinsman hath attained to i and do not thou bear this contempt, that a man who admired thy riches, should be in greater honour than thyself, nor suffer his poverty to show itself able to purcbase greater things than our abundance, nor do thou esteem it other than a shameful thing to be inferior to one who, the other day, lived upon thy charity. But let us go to Rome, and let us spare no pains nor expenses, either of silver or gold, since they cannot be kept for any better use, than for the obtaining of a kingdom."
2. But for Herod, he opposed her request at this time, out of the love of ease, and having a suspicion of the trouble he should have at Rome; so he tried to instruct her better. But the more she gav him draw back, the more