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32. Lamentations.] This beautiful poem bears upon it the internal evidence of its likeness to other effusions, from the pen of Jeremiah its reputed author.* The only other scriptural resemblance that we notice is the following—“ Thou hast made us as the offscouring and refuse in the midst of the people,” Lam. iii. 45.“ We are made as the filth of the world, and are the offscouring of all things unto this day,” i Cor. iv. 13. Compare also Lam. ï. 17 with Zech. i. 6.
33. Ezekiel.] The writer of this book lays claim repeatedly to supernatural communications from heaven_“ The hand of the Lord was upon me, and carried me out in the spirit of the Lord,” &c. Certain it is that Ezekiel holds a distinguished place in the traditions and estimation of the Jews; and is expressly named as one of their prophets by Josephus. He prophesied in Chaldea, at the time when Jeremiah prophesied in Jerusalem. There is a remarkable similarity between several of his images, and those in the Jer. xxxiii. 15.- Zech. vi. 12. • See
xxxiv. 1.-2 Kings xxv. 1, &c. Lam. i. 2.–Jer. xiii. 17. xxxvii. 1.
xxiv. 17. i. 12. 2 Chr. xxxvi. 10.
xlr. 3. xxxix. 1.
.-2 Kings xxy. 1. i. 16. ix. 1, 18. xli. 2. Xxv. 25. i. 20.
xlviii. 36. xlix. 1.-Amos i. 14.
V. 31. xlix. 7.-Obad. 8.
xiv. 13. xlix. 9. 5.
xxiii. 16. xlix. 14. 1.
XX. 7. xlix. 16. 4.
iii. 48, 49. ix. I, 18. xlix. 27.- Amos i. 4.
xiii. 17. 1. 8.-Rev. xviii. 4.
xiv. 17. li. 6. xviii. 4.
v. 31. li. 8. xiv. 8.
xxiii. 21. li. 14.--Amos vi. 8.
xxxi. 18. lii. 21.—2 Kings xv. 17.
Apocalypse.—“Open thy mouth, and eat that I
Moreover he said unto me, Son of man eat that thou findest ; eat this roll, and go speak unto the house of Israel.
So I opened my mouth, and he caused me to eat that roll. And he said unto me, Son of man, cause thy belly to eat, and fill thy bowels with this roll that I give thee. Then did I eat it; and it was in my
mouth as honey for sweetness,” Ezek. ii. 8; iii. 1-3. “ And I went unto the angel, and said unto him, give me the little book.
And he said unto me, Take it, and eat it up; and it shall make thy belly bitter, but it shall be in thy mouth sweet as honey," Rev. x. 9.-“ And the Lord said, Go through the midst of the city, and set a mark upon the foreheads of the men that sigh and that cry for all the abominations that be done in the midst thereof," Ezek. ix. 4. “ Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads," Rev. vii. 3.“ Thy riches, and thy fairs, thy merchandise, thy mariners, and thy pilots, thy calkers, and the occupiers of thy merchandise, and all thy men of war, that are in thee, and in all thy company which is in the midst of thee, shall fall into the midst of the seas in the day of thy ruin—and all shall lament over thee, saying, What city is like Tyrus, like the destroyed in the midst of the sea ?” Ezek. xxvii. 27– 32. See also Ezek. xxvi. 17. “And the kings of the earth shall lament for her, saying, Alas, alas, that great city Babylon, that mighty city. And the merchants of the earth shall mourn over her, and stand afar off, weeping and wailing, saying, Alas, alas, that great city,” &c. Rev.xviii. 9–16.—“Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog," Ezek. xxxviii. 2. “ And Satan shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog,” &c. Rev. xx. 7, 8.“ Behold, at the bank of the river were very many trees on the one side and on the other. These waters, being brought forth into the sea, the waters shall be healed,” Ezek. xlvii. 7, 8. See also Ezek. xlvii. 12. “ In the midst of either side of the river, was there the tree of life, which bare twelve manner of fruits; and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations," Rev. xxii. 2. The only other scriptural resemblance that we shall produce here is the following.-" Their silver and their gold shall not be able to deliver them in the day of the wrath of the Lord," Ezek. vii. 19. - Neither their silver nor their gold shall be able to deliver them in the day of the Lord's wrath,” Zeph. i. 18.*
34. Daniel.] The similarity between the prophecies of Daniel and those of the Apocalypse has been long remarked. “ Thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him," Dan. vii. 10. " And I heard the voice of many angels: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands,” Rev. v.11.-" The judgment was set and the books were opened,” Dan. vü. 10. “ And the books were opened; and the dead judged out of those things which were written in the books,” Rev. xx. 12.-" Then I lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a certain man clothed in linen, whose loins were girded with fine gold of Uphaz. His body also was like the beryl, and his face as the appearance of lightning, and his eyes as lamps of fire, and his feet like in colour to polished brass, and the voice of his words like the voice of a multitude," Dan. x. 5, 6. in the midst of the seven candlesticks one like unto the Son of man, clothed with a garment down to the foot, and girt about the paps with a golden girdle. His eyes were as a flame of fire; and his feet like unto fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace; and his voice was as the sound of many waters," Rev. i. 13-15. The illustrious testimony given by our Saviour to this prophet, fully countervails any discredit which the Jews have attempted to fasten upon him, by their distinction between prophetical and sacred books--a distinction rejected by Christian theologians. " For the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate," Dan. ix. 27. “When ye, therefore, shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place,” Matt. xxiv. 15. See also Mark xiii. 14, and Luke xxi. 20. The contemporaneous testimony given by Ezekiel, both to the existence of Daniel, and to the high rank which he held in the estimation of the Jews, we have in Ezek. xiv. 14, 20— and also in the irony of the address by the same prophet to the prince of Tyrus—“ Behold thou art wiser than Daniel ; there is no secret that they can hide from thee,” Ezek. xxviii. 3.
xi. 3.-2 Pet. iii. 4.
Hab. ii. 12.
Ezek. xxviii. 2.-Zech. ix. 2, &c. xxx. 13.
xiii. 2. xxxi. 6.- Dan. iv. 12. xxxiv. 4.-1 Pet v. 3. xxxiv. 23.-John x. 11. xxxiv. 31.
X. 11. xxxvi. 20.-Rom. ii. 24. xlvii. 1.-Zech. xiv. 8.
The name of Daniel, fixing on him the authorship of this book, occurs repeatedly throughout its chapters vi. 20; vii, 15; viii. 15, 27; ix. 2, 22; x. 2, 11; xii. 4, 5, 9. He is throughout represented as the subject of special communications from God. The following instance of a revelation like to the apocalyptic ones should be added to the former ones. " And I heard the man clothed in linen, which was upon
the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand unto heaven, and sware by him that liveth for ever, that it shall be for a time, times, and an half,” Dan. xii. 7. “ And the angel which I saw stand upon the sea and upon the earth, lifted up his hand to heaven; and sware by him that liveth for ever and ever, That there should be time no longer,” Rev. x. 5, 6.*
35. Hosea.] We now enter on the consideration of the “minor prophets,” whose works, amounting separately to twelve, were bound
in one volume ; and were altogether ranked as but one of their scriptural books by the Jews. The application to them of the epithet minor, respects the quantity, and not the authority, of their writ
2 Chr. xxxvi. 6. iv. 34.- Mic. iv. 7.
Luke i. 33. vi. 26.
i. 33. vii. 14.--Mic. iv. 7.
Dan. vii. 14.-Luke i. 33. vii. 27.
i. 33. xii. 2.-Matt. xxv. 46.
John v. 29. xii. 3.-Matt. xiii. 43.
1 Cor. xv, 40.