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Notes and Corrections

INDEX

475

477

.

ILLUSTRATIONS.

PAGE

14

.

1. PORTRAIT OF POPE-Frontispiece.
2. POPE'S TOWER, MAPLEDURHAM-Title-page.
3. PORTRAIT OF MRS. POPE

11 4. POPE'S HOUSE AT BINFIELD 5. POPE (WHEN YOUNG) FIRST SEES DRYDEN AT WILL'S COFFEE-HOUSE

to face 22 6. POPE AND SIR JOSHUA REYNOLDS IN AN AUCTION ROOM 23 7. PORTRAIT OF WYCHERLEY

31 8. PORTRAIT OF WALSH

34 9. PORTRAIT OF TONSON

47 10. PORTRAIT OF DENNIS, BY HOGARTH

51 11. MAPLEDURHAM HOUSE

64 12. PORTRAIT OF ADDISON

91 13. BUSHY PARK

132 14. PORTRAIT OF LADY MARY WORTLEY MONTAGU

134 15. POPE AND MARY LEPELL

to face 135 16. FAC-SIMILE OF POPE'S HANDWRITING

161 17. PORTRAIT OF ATTERBURY

162 18. POPE'S VILLA

167 19. Pope's SKETCH OF HIS GROTTO

175 20. CHAPEL, STANTON HARCOURT

185 21. DAWLEY, THE SEAT OF LORD BOLINGBROKE

227 22. PORTRAIT OF ELIJAH FENTON

233

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PAGE 23. CROWD OF AUTHORS BESIEGING THE PUBLISHERS TO PREVENT THE PUBLICATION OF THE DUNCIAD

to face 264 24. PORTRAIT OF DR. T. WARTON

299 25. PORTRAIT OF ARBUTHNOT

310 26. VIEW IN BATH

369 27. POPE AT LORD COBHAM'S, AT STOWE .

to face 376 28. POPE ON THE THAMES, AT TWICKENHAM

to face 381 29. POPE SURROUNDED BY HIS FRIENDS, A SHORT TIME BEFORE HIS DEATH

to face 388 30. PORTRAIT OF LORD LYTTELTON

402 31. MONUMENT TO POPE IN TWICKENHAM CHURCH

404 32. FAC-SIMILE OF THE ONLY FULL-LENGTH PORTRAIT OF POPE 407 33. BUST OF POPE BY ROUBILIAC

417 34. PLAN OF Pope's GARDEN

446

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LIFE OF POP E.

CHAPTER I.

[1688—1708.]

POPE'S BIRTH, FAMILY, AND EDUCATION. HIS EARLY FRIENDS, SIR WILLIAM

TRUMBULL, WYCHERLEY, WALSH, AND HENRY CROMWELL.

The death of Dryden, on the 1st of May, 1700, left the poetical throne of England vacant, with no prospect of an immediate or adequate successor.

His dominion had often been disputed, and was assailed to the last; but as every year strengthened his claims, and as the latter portion of his life was the most rich and glorious of his literary career, his adversaries ultimately withdrew or became powerless, and his supremacy was firmly established. The magnificent funeral of the poet, though a gaudy and ill-conducted pageant, had a moral that penetrated through the folds of ceremony-it was & public recognition of merits which every effort of envy, faction, and caprice, had been employed to thwart and contemn. And posterity has amply ratified this acknowledgment of the services of the great national poet. Dryden inherited the faults and vices of his age, and he wanted the higher sensibilities, the purity of taste, and lofty moral feeling that dignify the poet's art. But even when sinning with his contemporaries he soared far above them, and his English nature at length overcame his French tastes and the fashion of the Court. His sympathies had a wider and nobler range ; his conceptions were clear and masculine ; and no one approached him in command of the stores of our language-whether

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