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ess, FAITH. No man can say, that Jesus is the Lord, BUT BY THE HOLY GHOST.” it is

The following representation of the subject, I take the liberty of giving to the public, principally because it is from an unexpected quarter. It is extracted from #"Catechism adopted by the Consistories of the REFORMED DUTCH CHURCHES in the town of Rhinebeck, for the use of their people, and published by their order."*

Q. «Why do men thus break and transgress the law of God?

A. “The reason is, the reigning aversion of their hearts to it, so that they are unable to keep it." # Q. “And does not this their inability release from oblic gation?”

A, “No, for it is of such a nature, as tends pot in the Jeast, to break or weaken our obligation.”

Q. Of what kind is it then."
A. "It is not of a natural, but of a moral kind."
Q. “What is naturul inability?".

A. “Natural inability consists in a defeot of racional faculties, bodily powers, or rational advantages."

Q. "What is moral inability?"

A. “Moral inability consists in a want of a proper disposition of heart to use our natural ability arighi.'

Q. "Can you illustrate the distinction by producing an instance?” * A. "Yes, the case of Joseph's brethren who hated him *0, that they could not speak peaceably lo him."

Not viewing this sufficient, the Catechists then subjoin the following Note.

"Thus we say of a man destitute of an honest principle, that he cannot refrain from cheating you if he has an opportunity; that some are such profane wretches, that they cannot open their mouths without an oath, and others are such liars, that they cannot speak the truth; that some are

* Then this Catechism was adopted by these Churches, the Rev. Dr. John B. Romeyn, now the Pastor of the Cedar-Streei Church, New York, was the stated ininister of the gospel in Rhinebeck, and was himself one of the committee appointed to revise and re-publish the original Catechism of John Sutcliffe, of Olney, England. The above note forma part of a work which the American publishers say, in their advertisment, is among the best Catechisms extant."

expressly said of those who believed on Christ in the days of bis humanity, that they were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, BUT OP GOD. It is also unequivocally declared that whosoever believeth that Jesus is the Christ IS BORN OP GOD. Faith then is the exercise of the new heart.

It is difficult to give a definition of faith that comprehends all its properties. In its most general character, it is reliance upon the testimony of God's word. It is receiving the truth in the love of it.. The apostle Paul uses the phrase, received not the love of the do revengeful, that they cannot forgive an injury; and others so easily provoked, that they cannot keep their temper, if you contradict them. So a carnal mind cannot be subject to God's law; for a man that hates Gud cannot serve him, cannot rejoice in seeing him glorified; cannot love his image; cannot see any comeliness in Christ, nor fall in with the gospel plan of salvation. The difference betweep moral inability, and that which is termed natural, is plain and self-evident. It is said of the mariners, that they rowed hard to bring the ship to land, but they could not, Jonah i, 13. Also of Joseph's brethren, that they could not speak peaceably to him. In the former case there was a nataral, in the latter, a moral inability. Thus the inability of Zeobe arius to speak, Luke ii, 22, was widely different from that mentioned in 1 Sam. XXV, 17.

“The importance of a proper attention to this distinction appears, when we observe that the former releases from obhgation, but the latter does not. It was no crime in Isaac, being old that he could not see, Gen. xxviii, 1; but the case seems very different with those who have eyes and see not, Jer. V, 21, or such as have eyes full of adultery, though it is expressly said of them, that they cannot cease from sinning, 1 Pet. ii, 14."

On this subject, the reader may also consult Watts' Ruin and Recovery. Works, vol. 6. p. 291-2, as also Walls' Liberty and Necessity.

He may turn to Charnock's Works, vol. 2. p. 187; and F.dwards on the Will, Part 1. Sect. 3d.

truth, as synonymous with the phrase, believ. ed not the truth. Faith, however, when viewed as that evangelical grace which is the condition of the New Covenant, possesses altogether a peculiar character. Though the elementary principles of every evangelical grace are involved in that love, which is the fulfilling of the law; yet every grace has a specific form. Faith, strictly speaking, is distinct from every other exercise of the renewed heart. It is not love, nor repentance, nor humility, nor submission, nor self-denial, nor hope. It is indeed the exercise of a heart that already loves God, and that is humbled on account of sin; but it is one which takes that view of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, which is taken by no other grace.

One of the best definitions of faith will be found in the Shorter Catechism of the As. sembly of Divines at Westminster. In answering the question, "What is faith in Jesus Christ?” they say, FAITH IN JESUS CHRIST IS A SAVING GRACE, WNEREBY WE RECEIVE AND REST UPON HIM ALONE FOR SALVATION, AS HE IS OFFERED TO US IN THE GOSPEL." r Faith in Jesus Christ is a complex act of the mind, and comprises several distinct things. One of its properties is a true knowledge of Christ's character. It is impossible to receive and rest upon" a Being whose character we do not know; and whose character we do not know to be worthy of confidence. I know whom I hare believedl,

says the Apostle. Faith views the Lord Jesus as He is. It discerns the Divine excelIcnce and majesty of His character. recognizes the child that was born in Bethlehem, as the Mighty God, the Everlasting Father. The proper divinity of the Savior's character is one of those plain principles of the Gospel that are essential to evangelical faith. to make an all-sufficient atonement for sin; to soften the obdurate heart; to aid the believer in his trials and sufferings; to defend him from the power and subtlety of his enemies; and to bring birn off conqueror at last would baffle the designs of all but Eternal Wisdom, and mock the power of all but an Almighty Arm. Faith views the Savior as truly divine. None other than the ETERNAL WORD MADE FLESH, can be the foundation of hope, for none other can be mighty to save. It is presumption to profess to know Christ, without acknowledging Him as the second of the three coequal persons in the Godhead.

As the believer discerns the Lord Jesus as He is, he also acknowledges Hiin as a real and proper man.

He views Hiin as He is represented by the Apostle, to be the one God and one Mediator between God and man, the MAN Christ Jesus.

It is expressly said that Cbrist took not on Him the nature of angels, but the seed of Abraham. The acknowledgment of Christ as man as well as God. can. not be separated from the truc knowledge of Him as He is revealed in the Bible. Thicre

He is represented, and there He must be viewed, as encircled with all the majesty of the self-existent God, and all the inilder glories of the man Christ Jesus.

The believer regards Christ in His whole mediatorial character. He sees the fulness, the perfection of His work, no less than the divine excellence of His person. He has respect to all the offices of Christ. He views Him as THE PROPHET, who came to publish the will of God, and declare the way of salvation. He views him as THE PRIEST, whom it became God to institute, and sinners to possess; as the One “whom God hath set forth to be a Propitiation, through faith in His blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, that God might be just, and the justifier of him that

believeth in Jesus." He views Him as “THE : KING in Zion, the Head over all things to

his Church, the Lord Jesus, the Lord that bought him." In Christ, the believer dis

covers all that can qualify Him to be a Sav! .jor, and all that can encourage guilty, mis*: erable man to trust in His grace. In Him,

he beholds one that is eminently all-sufficient; One who is able, willing, and faithful to save to the uttermost. He receives the record which God has given of His Son.

Sincere love to the character of Christ, is also essential to the nature of genuine faith. It is as impossible to receive and rest upon' a being whom we bate, as it is to “receive and rest upon" one that we do not know.

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