Crisis and Reform in China

Front Cover
Nova Publishers, 1997 - 159 pages
Contains essays on China's reforms in the wider context of transition, the role of energy in sustaining growth, military modernization, population dynamics and economic implications, social development and the environment, and village elections. Includes three regional case studies on the impact of township, village, and private enterprise growth on state enterprise reform. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

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Page 69 - The total fertility rate is the average number of children that would be born per woman if she experiences no mortality and were subject to a given set of age-specific fertility throughout her lifetime.
Page 108 - From these conferences, a consensus has emerged, inter alia, that economic development, social development and environmental protection are interde-pendent and mutually reinforcing components of sustainable development, which is the framework of our efforts to achieve a higher quality of life for all people.
Page 49 - China's defense R&D base is deficient in many high-tech areas, including microelectronics, computers, avionics, sensors and seekers, electronic warfare, and advanced materials. Bitzinger and Gill, "Gearing Up for High-Tech Warfare?" p. 17. Specifically, Operation Desert Storm confirmed the obsolescence of the Maoist notion of People's War. Those US capabilities that most stunned the Chinese leadership included precision guided munitions, stealth technology, the high volume of aircraft sorties,...
Page 84 - In some areas by 1990, for instance Anhui province, there was no evidence of the use of sex-selective abortion, but there was a major shortage of girls due to excess female infant mortality and selective neglect of girls above infancy. In contrast, some provinces, for example Liaoning, displayed very little infanticide but rapid adoption of sex-selective abortion. During 1983-1990, at least 1.5 million sex-selective abortions of female fetuses were carried out on the China mainland, the numbers escalating...
Page 67 - Chief, China Branch, Bureau of Census, Department of Commerce. 'The interpretations and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author alone, and do not represent the policy of the United States Government or the US Bureau of the Census.
Page 28 - Industry Energy Use and Structural Change: A Case Study of the People's Republic of China," Energy Economics, 15(2):131-136; Warren Palmer, 1992, "Electric Power Shortages and the Chinese Economy,
Page 68 - PRC population has been swelled both by ^classification of rural townships and counties as urban towns and cities, and by net rural-to-urban migration. Population movement has increased in China during the late 1980s and early 1990s. Much of the movement is work-related. The PRC still places restrictions on permanent migration from rural to urban places, so an increasing proportion of the movement is circular or seasonal migration, and short-term as well as long-term temporary migration. Data on...
Page 53 - China's weapons programs will likely place an increased emphasis on acquiring capabilities designed to strengthen the credibility of Beijing's military options against the island, and to deter the US from deploying aircraft carriers in an effort to counter such options.
Page 51 - ... (2) conflict over territorial seas and islands, (3) surprise air attacks, (4) defense against deliberately limited attacks into Chinese territory, and (5) punitive counterattacks launched by China into enemy territory to "oppose invasion, protect sovereignty, or to uphold justice and dispel threats.
Page 59 - Gearing Up for High-Tech Warfare?" p. 15. Also, a GAO Report on the Chinese military issued in 1995 stated that, when adjusted for inflation, the defense budget only increased 4% in real terms. See US General Accounting Office Report to Congressional Committees, National Security: Impact of China's Military Modernization in the Pacific Region, Washington, DC, GAO, 1995, p. 16. 31 Shambaugh, "China's Military: Real or Paper Tiger?

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