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Acting Professor of English Literature in Boston University. Boston: D. C. Heath & Co.
A Scotch critic has said concerning Wordsworth, that poetry was not his recreation or pastime but the serious business of his life. His great masterpiece appears here in comely dress. In it he tells in purest language "of the
ways in which his childhood walked and of what first led him to the love of rivers, woods, and hills, and how the love of nature led him up to the love of man." The preface contains a worthy characterization of the great poet, and the historical, geographical and explanatory notes following, furnish such aid to the student in his study as he will not be likely to find elsewbere.
Britons and Muscovites, or Traits of two Empires, by Curtis Guild, (Published by Lee & Shephard, Boston) is a very readable book of travels in England and Russia. It is the third volume of travels from the same pen. The author sees well and tells well what he sees. He avoids the stock descriptions of the guide-books and tells us in a very entertaining way of country and city, of people and their customs, of hotels and railroads, of abbeys and monasteries, of art galleries and museums, of rulers and peasants, of prisoners and exiles. Teachers on the look-out for books for older pupils should make note of this one.
Elements of English : A Preparation for the Study of English Literature. By M. W. Smith, A. M. Published by Van Antwerp, Bragg & Co, Cincinnati and New York.
This book is an out-growth of the author's work as a teacher of English Literature in the Hughes High School, Cincinnati. It is a preparatory or elementary course, designed to fit the pupil for profitable advanced study of English. After a brief history of the language, the subjects of derivation, prosody, the selection, use and arrangem?t of words in the sentence, rhetorical figures, and criticism are so treated as to enlarge the pupils vocabulary and give him accuracy and variety of expression, with some knowledge of the composite character of the language and the elements of criticism. In plan and purpose, the work occupies a field comparatively new, and one well worth cultivating.
The Teacher's Blue Book, published by Joseph Boyd, Dayton, Ohio, is an Ohio School Directory for 1887-8, and it is wonderfully complete, containing the names and addresses of 10,000 teachers and school officers, with salaries and other information. The annual publication of such a volume is an important service to all concerned in the educational interests of the State.
The Fifth number of McGuffey's Allernate Readers has just come from the press of Van Antwerp, Bragg & Co., Cincinnati. The variety and excellence of the selections impresses one at once. The list of authors contains nearly 100 names. Its proper use as a reader would become an excellent study in literature. Carefully written graphical sketches of the authors constitute a valuable feature. The McGuffey readers, as a whole, are unsurpassed, if not unrivalled, in the character of their selections, and the high reputation of the series seems fully sustained by this addition to it.
Hygienic Physiology, with Special Reference to Alcoholic Drinks and Narcotics. Published by A. S. Barnes & Co., New York and Chicago.
This is a revision of Steele’s Fourteen Weeks in Human Physiology. The
subject is treated in a direct and simple style. The description of each organ or set of organs, is followed with directions for its care and its treatment in disease. The effects of alcohol and narcotics are well and clearly stated. It is well adapted to meet the present demand.
The Child's Health Primer and Hygiene for Young People, from the same publishers, are designed for primary and intermediate classes, with special reference to the effects of alcohol and narcotics. The recent action of the Ohio Legislature gives fresh interest to these subjects.
Chips from a Teacher's Workshop, by L. R. Klemm, is mainly a collection of articles contributed by the author, from time to time, to various education. al journals. One is impressed as he reads with what seems like a superabounding egotism. The author, half apologetically, says he gives himself in this book-his mode of thinking, his manner of teaching-and the reader can scarcely avoid the feeling that he has marred his work by what at least has the appearance of an obtrusive personality. Barring this, the book is worth reading. It is thought-provoking and abounds in excellent suggestion. Published by Lee & Sheppard, Boston.
A Kiss for a Blow : A Collection of Stories for Children, inculcating the Principles of Peace. By Henry C. Wright. Boston: Lee & Shephard.
The author of this handsome little volume is a lover of children. Out of the fullness of his own child-heart and from long association with children, he has written what cannot fail to interest and benefit young readers. Most of the stories are simple narratives of fact, ocurring under the author's own observation. Primary teachers who want stories for their children will find good store of them here.
Dr. Hinsdale's Old Northwest, noticed at length in our last issue, has made its appearance. It is an elegant large octavo volume, printed in large clear type on heavy paper, substantially bound in cloth, with gilt top. The exterior is highly creditable to the publisher, Townsend Mac Coun, New York, as the contents are to the author.
Practical Lessons in the Use of English, for Grammar Schools. By Mary F. Hyde, Teacher of Composition in State Normal School, Albany, N. Y. Pablished by D. C. Heath & Co., Boston.
The purpose of this book is to lead the learner to see for himself, by directing his attention to the use of language as the expression of thought. By the study of selections from best writers and by practical composition exercises, he observes and uses correct forms of speech and at the same time forms a taste for good literature. Punctuation, capitalization, letter-writing and business forms receive a fair shape of attention. The use of the book, according to the author's plan, could scarcely fail to produce excellent results.
Ginn & Co., Boston, have just added to their College Series of Greek authors, a very beautiful edition of Book V. of Thucydides, edited, on the basis of Classen's edition, by Harold North Fowler, Instructor in Harvard. The text is in large open type, with copious notes accompanying, followed by a critical appendix.
Frst Steps with American and British Authors, by Albert F. Blaisdell, author of the "Study of English Classics," &c., is designed to direct the young student in the methodical study of the writings of standard authors, rather than the study of the history of English literature; hence, particular directions and simple details and helps are given. The study of one selection in detail is given as a model, with suggestive notes and questions. There is also an outline course of study and syllabus which teachers, as well as students, will find suggestive and helpful. (Lee & Sheppard, Boston.)
The Flower People, by Mrs. Horace Mann, is a new illustrated edition of a very popular book for young people, filled with thoughts pure and fragrant as the flowers. (Lee & Sheppard, Boston.)
The Seven Little Sisters who Live on the Round Ball that Floats in the Air. By Jane Andrews. With a memorial of the author by Louisa Parsons Hopkins, Supervisor in Boston Public Schools. Published by Lee & Sheppard, Boston.
The author, a teacher of children, to show her own pupils the manner of life of different peoples of the earth, selects seven little girls of different nationalities, aud, in fascinating story, tells of the home life and manners and customs of each. Another book for the primary teacher's table, if not already there.
Payson's Elements of Practical Arithmetic, (Lee & Sheppard, Boston), approaches an ideal we have often had in mind. The more difficult and less practical subjects are omitted entirely, and the essential topics are treated in a simple business way, with copious and carefully prepared exercises for class drill, both oral and written. It provides an excellent and sufficient common school training in Arithmetic.
The Grammar School Reader, (Inter-State Publishing Company, Boston and Chicago), is an illustrated quarto volume filled with stories by various authors, designed to furnish entertaining reading matter, supplementary to the regular school reader.
History and Science Reader, for Grammar and High Schools, (same publishers), illustrated quarto, contains coutinued articles under titles, "Vagua Charta Stories,” “Little Biographies," "Health and Strength Papers, etc., designed for supplementary reuding.
Sea-side and Way-side is the first of a series of Nature Readers for little people, by Julia McNair Wright, published by D. C. Heath & Co., Boston. It tells in simple words of crabs, wasps, bees, spiders, shell-fish, etc. entertaining and useful book for young readers.
McGuffey's Alternate Spelliny book, by Wm. B. Watkins, (Published by Van Antwerp, Bragg & Co., Cincinnati, contains root words and words in every-day use, with frequent lessons in grouped objects, synonyms, and dictation exercises. It serves well the double purpose of speller and language lessons.
Grube's Method of Teaching Arithmetic Explained and Illustrated. Also the improvements upon the method made by the Friends of Grube in Germany. By Levi Seeley, A. M., Ph. D. New York and Chicago : E. L. Kellogg & Co.
This exposition of the Grube method includes the work of the first four years, and will be found an almost indispensable aid to primary teachers, whether the method is followed strictly or not.
Sir Philip Magnus's Monograph, “ Education in Bavaria,” repub
" lished by the Industrial Education Association, of New York, gives a remarkably clear and interesting account of the organization of public education in that interesting country. We propose a summary, showing in outline the essential features of the paper and of the Bavarian school system. At the base of the system, lie the elementary schools.
These are essentially volks schulen, people's schools in the best sense, because they are attended by the great majority of children of the country, without respect to the social position of their parents. The elementary school age is from six to thirteen; and attendance is so severely compulsory that no child can leave the schools until he has reached the maximum age, except under circumstances that will soon be described. The population of Bavaria is 5,250,000, and about 634,000 children, or two in fifteen, attend the elementary schools. Munich, with a population of 230,000, keeps an average of 25,000 children in such schools, or about two to nineteen. In the capital, a larger number of children, relatively, are educated in private schools, or leave the primary schools at an earlier age to attend some higher school. Comparative educational statistics are more or less misleading, but it
may be of some service to say that in 1885-86, according to Conimissioner Dawson's Report, Ohio had a population of 3,348,000, with a registration of 775,000 in her public schools, and an average attendance of 518,000; and that the city of Cieveland, the same year, had a population of about 230,000, and a school registration of 30,000, with an average attendince of 23,600. The Ohio statistics show the whole number of youth, of all ages, in public schools; the Bavarian statistics do not even show the total number in schools between six and thirteen, as will soon appear.
The child who enters industrial life at thirteen has not passed the limit of compulsory education; he is required to attend what is called a Continuation School, where the instruction consists of the same subjects as are taught in the primary school, further continued, in addition to elementary science, book-keeping, and what may be called industrial drawing. These evening schools are by no means technical, except as regards the instruction in drawing, which is made to have some reference to the future occupation of the pupil. The children who leave the primary school at thirteen must attend these schools three years, and they may attend them five years. They are taught the evenings of week days and Sundays. In 1884 there were, in all Bavaria, 273 Continuation Schools, with 1,223 teachers; and in the city of Munich the yearly average attendance of pupils was about 3,200. Those children, then, who take the minimum state education in Bavaria, leave the schools at sixteen or eighteen years of age.
Many of the children who are candidates for a higher education than that now described leave the elementary schools at ten to go to the Real Schulen. German is taught in these schools; also one other modern language, but not Latin, science, mathematics, and drawing. Workshop instruction is not given. The aim of these schools is thus stated:
“ They are distinctly higher elementary schools, giving that kind of general instruction which will be most useful to those who will enter manufacturing or commercial life at the age of sixteen, or who may be preparing for a course of technical instruction with a view to some higher post in industrial works."
A page and more of the monograph is devoted to a very interesting description of the apparatus for illustrative teaching in these schools, methods of instruction, etc. Perhaps it is needless to remark that here, as elsewhere, the Germans furnish such material with an abundance that beggars American schools in comparison. The child enters at ten, and leaves at fourteen or sixteen, according as the course is four or six years. In all Bavaria, there are forty-six such schools, thirty-four with