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First Session at Springfield-Lincoln Re-elected in 1810_Partisan Remodeling
of the Supreme Court Lincoln Declines Further Service in the Legislature-
His Position as a Statesman at the Close of this Period-Tribune of the People, 47
Mr. Lincoln's Law Studies--His Perseverance under Adverse Circumstances-
Licensed to Practice in 1836-His Progress in his Profession-His Qualities as
an Advocate A Romantic and Exciting Incident in his Practice-Reminiscence
of his Early Life-Secures an Acquittal in a Murder Case, in spite of a Strong
Popular Prejudice Against the Prisoner - Affecting Scene – Mr. Lincoln
Removes to Springfield in 1837-Devotes Himself to his Profession, Giving up
Political Life-His Marriage-Family of Mrs. Lincoln-Fortunate Domestic Relations-His Children and their Education-Denominational Tendencies Four Year's Retirement.....
Mr. Lincoln's Devotion to Henry Clay-Presidential Nominations of 1844--The
Campaign in Illinois-Mr. Lincoln makes an Active Canvass for Clay-John
Ca'houn the Leading Polk Elector-The Tariff Issue Thoroughly Discussed-
Mechod of Conducting the Canvass-Whigs of Illinois in a Hopeless Minority
Mr. Lincoln's Reputation as a Whig Champion--Renders Efficient Service in
Indiana-Mr. Clay's Defeat, and the Consequences-Mr. Lincoln a Candidate for
Congressman in 1846—President Polk's Administration Condition of the Coun.
try-Texas Annexation, the Mexican War, and the Tariff-Political Character
of the Springfield District-Lincoln Elected by an Unprecedented Majority-
His Personal Popularity Demonstrated......
The Thirtieth Congress-Its Political Character-The Democracy in a Minority
in the House—Robert C. Winthrop Elected Speaker--Distinguished Members in
both Houses Mr. Lincoln takes his Seat as a Member of the House, and Mr.
Douglas for the first time as a Member of the Senate, at the same Session-Mr.
Lincoln's Congressional Record that of a Clay and Webster Whig--The Mexi-
can War-Mr. Lincoln's Views on the Subject-Misrepresentations-Not an
Available Issue for Mr. Lincoln's Opponents--His Resolutions of Inquiry in
Regard to the Origin of the War--Mr. Richardson's Resolutions Indorsing
the Administration -- Mr. Richardson's Resolutions for an Immediate Dis-
continuance of the War--Are Voted Against by Mr. Lincoln-Resolutions
of Thanks to Gen. Taylor Mr. Henley's Amendmeut, and Mr. Ashmun's Addi-
tion thereto-Resolutions Adopted without Amendment-Mr. Lincoln's First
Speech in Congress, on the Mexican War-Mr. Lincoln on Internal Improve-
ments-A Characteristic Campaign Speech-Mr. Lincoln on the Nomination of
Gen. Taylor; the Veto Power; National Issues ; President and People ; Wil-
mot Proviso ; Platforms; Democratic Sympathy for Clay; Military Heroes and
Exploits ; Cass a Progressive; Extra Pay; the Whigs and the Mexican War;
Democratic Divisions-Close of the Session-Mr. Lincoln on the Stump-Gen.
Taylor's Election- Second Session of the Thirtieth Congress-Slavery in the
District of Columbia-The Public Lands-Mr. Lincoln as a Congressman-He
Retires to Private life.
CHAPTER I X.
Mr. Lincoln in Retirement for Five Years--Gen. Taylor's Administration-The
Slavery Agitation of 1850—The Compromise of Clay and Fillmore. The “ Final
Settlement" of 1852-How, and by Whom it was Disturbed-Violation of the
Most Positive Pledges-The Kansas-Nebraska Bill-Douglas, the Agitator-
Popular Indignation and Excitement-Mr. Lincoln Takes part in the Canvass
of 1854-Great Political Changes—The Anti-Nebraska Organization--Springfield
Resolutions of 1854—Results of the Election--A Majority of Congressmen and
of the Legislature Anti-Nebraska-Election of United States Senator to Suc.
ceed Gen. Shields--Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Trumbull-A Magnanimous Sacrifice
Mr. Trumbull Elected...
The Republican Party Organized—Their Platform Adopted at Bloomington-The
Canvass of 1856-Mr. Lincoln Sustains Fremont and Dayton-His Active Labors
on the Stump-Col. Bissell Elected Governor of Illinois-Mr. Buchanan Inau-
gurated–His Kansas Policy-Mr. Douglas Committed to it in June, 1857-John
Calhoun bis Special Friend-The Springfield Speech of Douglas-Mr. Lincoln's
The Lecompton Strugglo-The Policy of Douglas Changed-H. Breaks with the
Administration and Loses Caste at the South-Republican Sympathies-Douglas
Falters, but Opposes tho English Bill Passage of that MeasureDemocratic
State Convention of Illinois-Douglas Indorsed, and Efforts for his Re-election
Commenced.The Democratic Bolt-Meeting of the Republican State Conven-
tion in June-Mr. Lincoln Named as the First and Only Choice of the Republi-
cans for Senator-His Great Speech Before the Convention at Springfield-Doug-
las and Lincoln at Chicago Speeches at Bloomington and Springfield-Unfair
ness of the Apportionment Pointed Out by Mr. Lincoln-He Analyzes the
Douglas Programme--Seven Joint Debates—Douglas Produces a Bogus Plat-
form, and Propounds Interrogatories -- "Unfriendly Legislation "Lincoln
Fully Defines his Position on the Slavery Question-Result of the Canvass-The
People for Lincoln; the Apportionment for Douglas--Public Opinion............ 141
Mr. Lincoln in Ohio_His Speech at Columbus-Denial of the Negro Suffrage
Charge---Troubles of Douglas with his “Great Principle"--Territories not
States-Doctrines of the Fathers--His Cincinnati Speech" Shooting Over the
Line"-What the Republicans Mean to Do—Plain Questions to the Democracy-
l'he People Above Courts and Congress--Uniting the Opposition--Eastern Tour-
the Cooper Institute Speech-Mr. Bryant's Introduction-What the Fathers
Held-What will Satisfy the Southern Democracy-Counsels to the Republi-
cans-Mr. Liucoln Among the Children...
The Republican National Convention at Chicago-The Charleston Explosion-
“ Constitutional Union" Nominations-Distinguished Candidates Among the
Republicans The Platform-The Ballotings--Mr. Lincoln Nominated-Unpar-
alleled Enthusiasm--The Ticket Completed with the Name of Senator Hamlin-
Its Reception by the Country--Mr. Lincoln's Letter of Acceptance-Result of the
Canvass--His Journey to Washington--Speeches at Springfield and Indianopolis. 190
Commencement of President Lincoln's Administration-Retrospoct and Sum-
mary of Public Events-Fort Sumter...........
The Loyal Uprising--The Border Slave States—Summary of Event&Battle of
Extra Session of Congress-President Lincoln's Message--Rebel Affairs at Rich-
Military Reorganization-Resume of Events to the December Session of Con-
gress-Action in Regard to “ Contrabands" and Slavery...
The President's Message, December, 1861–Proceedings of Congress Emancipa-
tion-Confiscation-- Messages and Addresses of Mr. Lincoln............................
Military Events Inaction ou the Potomac-Western Campaign-Capture of New
Military Events in the East-The Peninsular Campaign................................... 335
CHAPT ER VIII.
Campaign of the Army of Virginia-Withdrawal of the Army of the Potomac
from the Peninsula--First Invasion of Maryland--McClellan Superseded......... 384
A New Era Inaugurated-Emancipation-Message of the President-Last Session
of the Thirty-seventh Congress....
Summary of Military Movements in the West-Army of the Potomac--General
Hooker Superseded.--Gen. Meade takes Command-Battle of Gettysburg........... 437
The Popular Voice in 1863-First Session of the Thirty-eighth Congress--Am-
nesty Proclamation--Message-Orders, Lettera, and Addresses— Popular Senti-
ment iu 1864-Appointment of Lieutenant General Grant---Opening of the
Military Campaigns of 1864-Conclusion......
A new Epoch of the War.Lieutenant-General Grant in the East.--Campaign
of the Army of the Potomac from the Rapidan to Petersburg.-The Wilder.
ness.--Spottsylvania Court House. The orth Anda.-Cold Ilarbor.--Across
the James.-Sheridan's Grand Raid.-Sigel and Hunter in the Shenandoah Val-
ley.The Army of the James.--Averill and Crook in South-western Virginia.-
Combined Armies before Petersburg.
The Campaign in Georgia.-From Chattanooga to Marietta.-Early Movements
of Sherman and Thomas.--Capture of Dalton.--Battle of Resacca.- Retreat of
Johnston.-Slight Engagements. Occupation of Kingston.--Destruction of
Rebel Works at Rome.--Advance to Cassville.-Battle near Dallae and Powder
Spring.-Occupation of Acworth and Big Shanty.--Attempts on Sherman's
line of Communications. ---Kepesaw Mountain.-Battle of Nickojack Creek.-
Pause at Marietta.--Louisiana and Arkansas.-Another Invasion of Kentucky.-
Movements of the Navy.........
Yr. Lincoln's Administration in issue before the People.--Disadvantages of the
Hour.--Opposition in Official Quarters, and on the Uniou side in Congress --The
“Radical " Muvement.--Recapitulation of the Administration Policy in regard
to Virginia and Missouri.-Mr. Lincoln's Method with the Insurrectionary
States.--Gen. Fremont's Military Administration in Missouri.--His Removal. —
Personality of the Missouri Feud.--How Mr. Lincoln Regarded it.--His Letter
to Gen, Schofield.-His Reply to the Demands of tho “ Radical " Committee.-
The Situation in Louisiana.-Military Governorship in Tenuessee.--State Re-or-
gavization in Arkansas.-Factious Opposition.—Uprisivg of the People for Mr.
Lincoln,The Baltimore Convention. The Nominations.-Responses of Mr.
Lincoln. Address of the Methodist General Conference.--The President's
Congress.- The Constitutional Amendment prohibiting Slavery.-Its Defeat in
the House.-Repeal of the Fugitive Slave Laws.-New Bureaus Established.
Other Important Legislation." Reconstruction."Opposition to the Presi.
dent's Policy.--The Davis Bill.-Disagreement of the two Houses thereon.-Its
Final Passage.-The President with holds his Signature.-His Proclamation on
the Subject. -The Wade-Davis Manifesto.-Letters of Mr. Lincoln in regard to
Matters in New Orleans and St. Louis.-President Lincoln's Speech at the Phil.
Adelphia Fair.-A Democratic National Conveution Called and Postponed.-
Clay, Thompson and other Couspirators in Canada.-The Greeiey Negotiations
with them.-Presideut Lincoln's Action in the Case.--North-western Couspi.
racy.-The Chicago Nominations and Platforın, 1864..
Military Operations before Petersburg and Richmond, from June to November,
1861.-Gen. Hunter's Campaign.-Movements in the Shenandoah Valley.-
Early's Invasion of Maryland. His Demonstration against Washington.--His
Retreat up the Valley, and Second Advance to the Potomac.-Burning of
Chambersburg -Successes of Gen. Averill.-Battle of Moorfield.-Gen. Sheri.
dan takes Command in the Valley.--Admiral Farragut before Mobile.-Brilliant
Naval Victories.-Movements of Sheridan.-Important Successes in the Val-
ley.--Thanksgiving Proclamation of President Lincoln......
Gen. Sherman's Campaign in Georgia.-From Marietta to Atlanta.- Passage of
the Chattahoochee.-Rousseau's Raid.-- Battles before Atlanta.--Heavy losses
of the Rebels after Hood Succeeds Johnston.---Cavalry expeditions under Stone
man and McCook.–Their Failure.- Operations around Atlanta.-Kilpatrick's
Raid. Sherman's Army on the Macon Railroad.--Battle of Jonesboro.-Cap-
ture of Atlanta.-Rebel Raids.-Hood's operations in Sherman's Rear.-Price's
Invasion of Missouri. General Results of the South-western Campaigns......... 604
The Presidential Canvass of 1864 concluded.--Spirit of the Opposition.--The
North-western Conspiracy.--The Issue Concerning the Habeas Corpus and Mili.
tary Arrests.Letters of Mr. Lincoln on these Subjects.-Efforts of the Rebel
Cabal in Canada to influence the Election. The State Elections of September
and October.---The Voice of the Soldiers.-The Presidential Vote.--The Presi-
dent's Gratitude to the Army and Navy.-Maryland a Free State.--Mr. Lincoln's
Speech to Marylanders.-Cipher Dispatches, and Schemes of the Canadian
Cabal.--Affairs in Tennessee.-The Canvass in New York.
Second Session of the Thirty-Eighth Congress.-President Lincoln's last Annual
Message.--Cabinet Changes.-Mr. Blair withdraws, and Gov. Dennison becomes
Postmaster-General.-Mr. Speed Succeeds Judge Bates, as Attorney-General.-
Death of Chief Justice Taney.--Mr. Chase his Successor.–Our Relations with
Canada.-The Reciprocity Treaty to Terminate.-Call for 300,000 more Sol-
diers.--Amendment of the Constitution Prohibiting Slavery, Concurred in by
the House.--Popular Rejoicing.--The Rebel Treatment of Union Prisoners.--
Retaliation Discussed in the Senate, but Repugnant to Public Sentiment.-The
Wharncliffe Correspondence.-Testimony of Goldwin Smith.-Peace Memorial
from Great Britain.-Correspondence Thereon.-Congratulatory Address of the
Workingmen of Great Britain.--Speech of Mr. Lincoln in Reply to the Swe-
dish Minister. Speech of Mr. Lincoln on the Death of Edward Everett. -Pulit-
ical affairs in Tennessee, Louisiana and Arkansas.-Abortive Peace Negotia-
tions.--Full Details of the Hampton Roads' Conference.-Rebel accounts of the
Same.--Affairs in Richmond.-Close of the Thirty-Eighth Congress.--Creation
of the Bureau of Freedmen, and other Legislation.......
Winter Campaigns of 1864-5.---Movement of Sherman from Atlanta to Savannah.
-Fort McAllister Carried by Assault.-Communication Opened with Admiral
Dahlgren's Fleet.–Savan vah Occupied by Sherman.-Movements of Hood and
Beauregard.-Campaign in Tennessee.-Battle of Franklin.--The Armies Before
Nashville.-Raid of Stoneman and Burbridge.--Battle of Nashville.Defeat
and Rout of Hood's Army.--Movements Against Wilmington.-Failure of the
First Attack on Fort Fisher.-Success of the Second Expedition.-Fort Fisher
Captured by Terry and Porter.-Movements of the Army Before Petersburg.--
Sherman's Campaign in the Carolinas.-Capture of Charleston and Wilming,
ton.-Advance of Schofield and Terry ou Goldsboro-Battles of Averysboro and
Bentonville.--Occupation of Goldsboro and Union of the Three Armies in North
Carolina.-Movements in Virginia.-Conference at City Poiut................ '725
Close of President Lincoln'e First Term.-Order to Gen. Grant in regard to Peace
Negotiations.—The Fourth of March.--Inauguration Ceremonies.--Mr. Lin.
coln's Second Ivaugural Address.-Contrasts.-Cabinet Changes.-Indisposi-
tion of the President.--His Speech at the National Hotel on Negro Soldiers in
the Rebel Arinies. He Vigits Gen. Grant's Headquarters.--The Military Situa-
tion.-Conference with his Chief Generals.-Movement of the Forces under
Meade and Sheridan.-Fighting near Dinwiddie Court House.-Sheridan's Vic-
tory at the Five Forks.--Attack of Wright and Parke on the Lines before Peters-
burg.--The Sixth Corps Carry the Enemy's Works.-Petersburg Evacuated.--
Pursuit of the Evemy.--Richmond Taken.--Dispatches of Mr. Lincoln.-The
Nation's Joy.-Lee's Army Closely Pressed.-Captures at Sailor's Creek.-Sur-
render of Lee.--Mr. Lincoln at Richmond.-His Visit to the City Point Hospi-
tal.-His Return to Washington.-Peace Rejoicing8.-Speeches of Mr. Liu-
coln.--Important Proclamatious.--Demand on Great Britain for Indemnity.--
Closing Military Movements.-Reduction of the Army.- r. Lincolu's Last
Meeting with His Cabinet.-Celebration at Fort Sumter... ... ... ... ... ...
Last Days of Mr. Lincoln.--His Assassination.--Attack on Mr. Seward.—Remains
of Mr. Lincoln lying in State.--Obsequies at Washington.-Removal of the
Remains to Springfield, Illinois.--Demonstrations along the route.-Obsequies
at Spriugfield.-The Great Crime, its authors and abettors.-The Assassin's
End.-The Conspiracy.-Complicity of Jefferson Davis.--How assassins were
trai..ed to their work. --Tribuies and Testimonials.--Mr. Lincoln as a Lawyer.-
Incidents and Reminiscences.---Additional Speeches.-Letter to Gov. Hahu, on
Negro Suffrage.-Letter to Mrs. Guruey... Letter to a Widow who had lost five
Sous in the War.-Letter to a Centenarian.-A Letter written in early life.-
A Speech made in 1839.-Letter to Mr. Choate, on the Pilgrim Fathers.--Letter
to Dr. Maclean, on receiving the Degree of LL.D.-Letter to Gov. Fletcher, of
Missouri, on the restoration of order.-A message to the Miners.-Speech at
Independevce Hall in 1861.--Concluding remarks......