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cess,

THE EDUCATION

OF MARIE DE MÉDICIS.

Minerva herself presides at the education of the young prinshe teaches her to write, Apollo inspires her with a taste for the fine arts, while Mercury, the god of eloquence, is ready to bestow one of his gifts upon the infant to whom the Graces are offering a crown of flowers. We have thought proper to give an engraving of the picture as it was originally painted by Rubens, without muffling the Graces in the drapery, with which they have been since covered.

Although many events in the reign of Louis XIII have shown Marie de Médicis in an unfavorable light, we must not consider Rubens's manner of expressing himself, as flattery, for it is well known, that independently of her elegance and her wit, the queen is still remembered as having had a taste for the fine arts.

This picture has been engraved by N. Loir.

Height, 12 feet 9 inches; breadth, 7 feet 9 inches.

[graphic][subsumed][subsumed]

HENRI IV

PROJETTE D'ÉPOUSER MARIE DE MÉDICIS.

Après la mort de la duchesse de Beaufort, on crut pouvoir témoigner à Henri IV la nécessité où il était de se marier, afin de donner à la France un héritier légitime.

Sully raconte dans ses Mémoires l'indécision dans laquelle était le roi pour se remarier, et la crainte qu'il avait de ne pas mieux rencontrer la seconde fois que la première. Dans une conversation avec son ministre, passant en revue les différentes princesses de l'Europe, le roi dit : « Le duc de Florence a aussi une nièce que l'on dit être assez belle; mais étant une des moindres maisons de la chrétienté qui portent le titre de prince, n'y ayant pas plus de soixante ou quatre-vingts ans, que ses devanciers n'étaient qu'au rang des plus illustres bourgeois de leur ville, et de la même race que la reine-mère Catherine, qui a tant fait de mal à la France, et encore plus à moi en particulier, j'appréhende cette alliance, de crainte d'y rencontrer les mêmes malheurs, pour moi, pour les miens et pour

l'état.

«

: Rubens présente en effet le roi encore indécis, et ayant quelque peine à se rendre aux conseils de la France; mais il est entraîné par la vue du portrait que lui présentent l'Amour et l'Hymen, et il cède aux charmes de la princesse, que Jupiter et Junon protégent toujours depuis sa naissance. Les deux amours qui sont sur le devant s'emparent du casque et du bouclier du brave Henri, et indiquent ainsi la longue paix dont son mariage fera jouir la France.

Ce tableau a été gravé par Jean Audran.
Haut., 12 pieds; larg., 7 pieds 4 pouces.

HENRI IV

PROJECTING HIS ESPOUSAL OF MARIE DE MÉDICIS.

After the death of the dutchess de Beaufort, it was thought proper that Henri IV should be apprized of the necessity there was in regard to his marrying again, for the purpose of giving France a legitimate heir.

Sully touches in his Memoirs upon the king's indecision, relative to another marriage, and the fear he felt of not being more happily matched the second time, than he had been the first. In a conversation with his minister, when passing in review the different princesses of Europe, the king said: « The duke of Florence has also a niece, who is reported to be tolerably handsome; but their house is one of the smallest in christendom, which bears a princely title, their predecessors, sixty or eighty years since, were merely among the most illustrious citizens of Florence, and being of the same race with the queen-mother Catherine, who injured France so much, and myself in particular, I dread the alliance, lest similar evils should fall upon me and upon mine, and upon the state. »

Rubens represents the king as still undecided, as still feeling a reluctance, in yielding to the counsels of France; but he is softened by the portrait, which Love and Hymen are presenting him, and he yields at last to the charms of a princess, whom Jupiter and Juno have protected from her birth. The two cupids, in front of the picture, seize the shield and helmet of the brave Henri, and imply that his marriage will be followed by a long peace in France.

This picture has been engraved by Jean Audran.
Height, 12 feet 9 inches; breadth, 7 feet 9 inches.

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