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MARIE DE MÉDICIS

ACCEPTING PEACE.

After her departure from Blois, the queen Marie de Médicis retired into the city of Angouleme, and from thence wrote to the king, assuring him of her submission. However troops were enrolled, on both sides, and they prepared for attack and defence; conferences were held in the mean time, and peace was soon settled between the king and the queen bis mother.

Near the queen is the archbishop de Toulouse, one of the duke d'Epernon's sons, known since as cardinal de la Vallette; Rubens has clothed him in the roman purple, although he was not a cardinal at that period. He holds back the arm of the princess and appears desirous of preventing her from accepting the accommodation that is offered her by cardinal de la Rochefoucault. Rubens, by this, wishes to point out strongly, the part he took in the affairs of that princess, whom he advized to try the fortune of war, that justice might be rendered her.

This picture, one of the finest it the collection, is most beautifully coloured; it has been engraved by Loir.

Height, 12 feet 9 inches; breadth, 7 feet 9 inches.

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LA PAIX CONCLUE

ENTRE MARIE DE MÉDICIS ET LE ROI.

Pendant que la reine était à Angoulême, et tandis que le roi donnait des ordres pour lever des troupes, afin de forcer le duc d'Épernon à l'obéissance, on cherchait d'autres moyens pour éviter la guerre. Richelieu avait été rappelé de son évêché de Luçon, et il lui avait été permis de prendre place au conseil de la reine, dans l'espoir qu'il parviendrait à faire sentir à cette princesse la nécessité d'accepter un accommodement.

Il y parvint en effet, et le 30 avril le traité fut signé à Angoulême ; c'est là le sujet du tableau. Rubens y représente Mercure introduisant Marie de Médicis dans le temple de la Paix. L'Innocence s'empresse de l'y pousser, tandis que la Fraude, la Force, l'Envie, se réunissent en vain, et font d'inutiles efforts pour empêcher la reine de suivre ses bons desseins.

Sur le devant du tableau est la figure de la Paix, tenant en main le flambeau de la guerre, qu'elle veut éteindre sur un amas d'armures devenues inutiles.

Ce tableau a été gravé par Bernart Picard en 1703.
Haut., 12 pieds; larg., 7 pieds 4 pouces.

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During the residence of the queen at Angoulême, and whilst the king was occupied with raising troops, in order to reduce the duke d'Épernon to obedience, other means were tried for avoiding a war. Richelieu was recalled from his see of Luçon, and was allowed to sit at the councils of the queen, in the hope that he might succeed in persuading her of the necessity of coming to an understanding.

He accomplished this task, and on the 30 of april, the treaty was signed at Angoulême; this is the subject of the picture. Rubens represents Mercury introducing Marie de Médicis into the temple of Peace, Innocence is engaging her to enter, whilst Fraud, Violence and Envy are leagued in vain, to thwart the queen from following her good intentions.

In the foreground of the picture is the figure of Peace, holding in her hand the torch of war, which she is about to extinguish on a pile of arms now become useless.

This picture was engraved by Bernard Picart in 1703.

Height, 12 feet 9 inches; breadth, 7 feet 9 inches.

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