Page images
PDF
EPUB

INTRODUCTORY.
I. The Public Seals or Coats of Arms of the several United States.-Engraved copies, and
tions of the same. Character and design of the several Appendices

to the History

of the United States. III. Geography of the United States.

Pages, 97–110.

PART I.

VOYAGES AND DISCOVERIES.

CHAPTER I.

VOYAGES, CONQUESTS, AND DISCOVERIES, IN THE SOUTHERN PORTIONS

OF NORTH AMERICA.

DIVISIONS. I. DISCOVERY OP AMERICA BY COLUMBUS. Other claims to the Discovery.-Ice-

landic Claim.-Superior merit of the claims of Columbus.-Long a prevalent error respect-

ing the Discovery.-Extent of the discovorios of Columbus.-The West Indies.-Yucatan.

Discovery of the Pacific.-II. JUAN PONCE DE LEON. Tradition of the Fountain of Life.

Discovery of Florida by De Leon.-III. DE AYLlon. Discovery of Carolina.--Hospitality

of the Natives, and Perfidy of the Spaniards.-IV. CONQUEST OF MEXICO. Yucatan ex-

plored.--Discovery of Mexico.-Invasion by Cortez.--Final conquest of the Country.-

Magellan --First circumnavigation of the Globe.-V. PAMPHILIO DE NARVAEZ. His inva-

sion of Florida.-VI. FERDINAND DE SOTO. His landing in Florida. -Wanderings of the

Spaniards.-Battles with the Natives.-Death of De Soto.-Fate of his Companions.

Pages, 111-125

CHAPTER II.

NORTHERN AND EASTERN COASTS OF NORTH AMERICA.

DIVISIONS. I. JOHX AND SEBASTIAN Cabot. Their first voyage to America and discovery of

Labrador and Newfoundland.-Second voyage of Sebastian.-His subsequent Voyages.

II. GASPAR CORTEREAL. His voyages.--III. VERRAZANI. Explores the coast from Wil-

mington, N. C. to Newfoundland.-Names the country New France.-IV. JAMES CARTIEB.

His voyages to America. - Explores the St. Lawrence.-V. ROBERVAL Appointed Viceroy

of New France.-Senda Cartier on his third voyage.--The two voyages of Roberval.-VI.

VOYAGES OF RIBAULT, LAUDONNIERE, AND MELENDEZ.-Founding of St. Augustine.-VII.

GILBERT, RALEIGA, AND GRENVILLE Amidas and Barlow.--Attempted settlements at

Roanoke.-VIII. MARQUIS DE LA ROCIE. Attempts to form a Settlement.-IX. BAR-

THOLOMEW GosxOLD. Attempted settlement at Martha's Vineyard.-Martin Pring.--X.

DE MONTS. Extensive grant to him.-Founding of Port Royal.-Champlain sent to New

France.--Founding of Quebec.—XI. NORTH AND SOUTH VIRGINIA. Plymouth and Lon-

don Companies.-Attempted settlement at Kennebec.--Settlement of Jamestown...-

Pages, 125–138.

APPENDIX TO THE PERIOD OF VOYAGES AND DISCOVERIES.

Importance of examining English History in connection with our own.-Henry the Seventh.

English claims to American territory.—Cabot--- Early relations of England with America.--

Character of Henry the Seventh.-State of England at this Period.--Political policy of Henry

and its Effects.--Feudal System.--Power of the Barons.-The Clergy, Religious Sanctuaries,

&c.-Morals, Criminal Statistics, &c.--Attempts to regulate Commerce, Agriculture, Manufac-

tures, &c.-Usury --Monopolies.-Army and Navy of England. - Population - Judicial Tri-

bunala.--Arbitrary Powers of the Tudor Princes. --Liberties of the People.-Mode of Living.

Buildings. - Domestic Economy, &c.-Indebtedness of America to Europe. — The AFRICAN

SLAVE TRADE. History of the origin of the English branch of it. The REFORMATION. Luther.

Zuinglius.-Spread of Protestantism.-The Reformation in England, as connected with English

Literature.-Connection of Henry the Eighth with the Reformation. The Reforination com-

pleted under Edward the Sixth. - Intolerance of the Reformers.--Papacy reestablished under

Queen Mary.---Persecution of the Reformers. -Supremacy of the Royal Prerogative at this period.

Elizabeth.-- Protestantism restored.-Growing opposition to Episcopacy.-The Scottish Clergy,

The Two Parties among the Reformers.-The PURITAN Party. Its Character.--Political aspect of

the controversy –The Puritans in Parliament. -The Brownists.- Treatment of the Puritans un.

der Elizabeth.--Under James the First.-Emigration of the Puritans.-The Puritans in Holland.

Political principles of the Puritans.--The Compact entered into by them at Plymouth.-In-

dehtedness of England to the Puritang.-Their Intolerance.-Object in Emigrating: --The

makers.-Conclusion.

Pages, 188-161.

PART II.

EARLY SETTLEMENTS AND COLONIAL HISTORY.

CHAPTER I.

COLONIAL HISTORY OF VIRGINIA.

DIVISIONS.-I. VIRGIXIA UNDER THE FIRST CHARTER Government.--Dissensions.-Character

of the Emigrants.-The Natives. -Sufferings of the Colony.--Conspiracy.---Governnent of

Smith.-Smith taken Prisoner by the Indians.--His life saved by Pocahontas.-Condition

of the Colony - Exploration of the Country by Smith.-II. VIRGIN LA UNDER THE SECOND

CHAKTER. Changes in the Goveruinent.-Shipwreck of Emigrants.-Smith's Administra.

tion.--His Return to England. --The " Starving Time."-Lord Delaware.--Sir Thomas Dale.

Sir Thomas Gates.-IIL VIRGINIA UNDER THE THIRD CHARTER Changes in the Govern-

ment.--Pocahontas.- Argall's Expeditions.-Sir Thomas Dale's Administration.--Argall's.

Yeardley's.-IIouse of Burgesses. --Slavery.-Transportation of Pemales to Virginia.

Written Constitutiun.- Indian Conspiracy and Massacre. -Dissolution of the London

Company.-Royal Government.-IV. VIRGINIA FROM THE DISSOLUTION OF THE LONDON

COMPANY TO THE COMMENCEMENT OF THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.- The new Govern-

ment of the Colony.-Administration of Harvey.-0f Berkeley.--Second Indian Massacre

and War.-Virginia during the Civil War in England. -During the Commonwealth. After

the Restoration

of Charles II.--Commercial Restrictions.-Liberties of the People Abridged.

Indian War.- Bacon's Rebellion.-Cruelty of Berkeley -Proprietary Government.
Royal Government Restored.

Pages, 161-178

CHAPTER II.

COLONIAL HISTORY OF MASSACHUSETTS.

SECTION I. MASSACHUSETTS, FROM ITS EARLIEST HISTORY, TO THE UNION OF THE NEW ENGLAND

COLONIES IN 1613.-1. Early History. Exploration of the Country.-Smith's attempts to
establish a Colony:-The Plymouth Company, and the Council of Plymouth.-Charter of
the Latter--11. Plymouth Company. The Puritans.--Emigration to America. -Sufferings.
Samoset.-Massasoit.-Canonicus.-Weston's Colony.-The London partners of the Puri-
tans.-III. Massachusetts Bay Colony. Attempted Settlement at Cape Ann.--Settlement
of Salom.-Government --Changes in 1634.-Roger Williams.---Peters and Vane.-Einigra-
tion to the Connecticut.- Mrs. Hutchinson-Pequod War.-Attempts in England to pre-
vent Emigration.-Education.-IV. Union of the Neo England Colonies. Causes that led

to it. -Terms of the Confederacy. V. Early Laws and Customs.
SECTION II. MASSACHUSETTS FROM THE UNION OP THE NEW ENGLAND COLONIES TO THE CLOSE

OF KING WILLIAM'S WAR IN 1697.-I. Erents from the Union to King Philip's War –
Massachusetts during the Civil War in England.—During the Commonwealth.-Enrly
History of Maine. -Perseration of Quakers. -Restrictions upon Commerce.-Royal Com-
missioners.--11. King Philip's War. Causes of the War.-Attack upon Swanzey.---The
Narragansetts.--Events at Tiverton.-Brookfield.-Deerfield.-Hadley.--Bloody Brook.-
Springfield.--Hatfield.- Attack upon the Narragansett Fortress.-Death of Philip.-III.
Controversies and Royal Tyranny. Andros.-IV. Massachusetts during King Williain's
War. Causes of the War.-Inroads of French and Indians.-Expedition against Canada.

New Charter, and Royal Government.--Salem Witchcraft.-Concluding Events of the War.

BECTION III. MASSACHUSETTS FROM THE CLOSE OF KING WILLLAN'S WAR, TO THE COMMENCE-

MENT OF THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR {x 1754.-1. Massachusetts during Queen Anne's

War. Causes of the War.-Indian Attack on Deerfield.-Conquest of Acadia: -Attempted

Conquest of Canada. - Treaty of Utrecht.--II. King George's War. Causes that led to

it.-Expedition against, and Conquest of Louisburg.-Treaty of Aix La Chapelle.

Pages, 178–205.

CHAPTER III.

COLONIAL HISTORY OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.
History of New Hampshire intimately connected with that of Massachusetts.-Grant to

Gorges and Mason.-First Settlements.-Union with Massachusetts.-Separation.-First Legis.

latare.-Union.-Separation.--Union again.--Masonian Controversy.-Final Separation from

Massachusetts -- Indian Wars.

Pages, 205-208.

CHAPTER IV.

COLONIAL HISTORY OF CONNECTICUT.

DIVISIONE.-I. Early Settlements.-Windsor, Hartford, Wethersfield, and Baybrook.-II. Po-

quod War. Alliance of the Pequods and Narragansetts.-Destruction of the Pequod Fort,
and Dispersion of the Tribe.-III. New Haven Colony. Settlement of New Haven. -Go-
vernment.-IV. Connecticut under her oron Constitution. The Connecticut Towns with-
drawn from the Jurisdiction of Massachusetts.-The Constitution adopted by Them.-Par.
chase of Baybrook.-V, Connecticut under the Royal Charler. Liberality of the Charter.
Connecticut during King Philip's War.-Andros in Connecticut.-Events during King WI-
Ham's War.-Fletcher's Visit to Hartford.-Yale College. -Laws, Manners, Custoins, &c.

Pages, 209-21

COLONIAL HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY.

Early Settlements.--Constitution of the Colony.--Difficulties with the Proprietors, and the

Duke of York.-Division of the Province --Government.--Conflicting Claims of the Proprietors.

New Jersey under the Royal Government.

Pages, 236--240.

CHAPTER VIII.

COLONIAL HISTORY OF MARYLAND.

Early Exploration of the Country --Settlements.—Lord Baltimore.-

His Charter.-

Settle-

nent of St. Mary's.--Difficulties with Clayborne.-IAws.-Indian War.-Insurrection.-Religi.

ous Toleration. -Dissensions, and Civil War.-A Royal Government in Maryland.-Restoration

of the Proprietor.

Pages, 240--245.

CHAPTER IX.

COLONIAL HISTORY OF PENNSYLVANIA.

Settlements of the Swedes.--Grant to Wm. Penn.-His Regulations for the Government of

the Colony.-" The Territories." --Indian Treaty.--Founding of Philadelphia.-A “ Charter of

Liberties."—Withdrawal of Delaware.-Death of Penn, and subsequent History of the Colony.

Pages, 245–250.

CHAPTER X.

COLONIAL HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA.

Raleigh's attempted Settlements.-Grant to Sir Robert leath.—To Clarendon and Others.

Albemarle Colony.-Clarendon Colony.-Locke's Constitution. Dissensions.-Sothel.- Arch-

dale.-French and German Emigrants.-Indian Tribes. War with the Tuscaroras.-Separa.

tion of the two Carolinas.

Pages, 250-255

CHAPTER XI.

COLONIAL HISTORY OF SOUTH CAROLINA.

Charter of Clarendon.-Cartaret County Colony.-Pounding of Charleston.--Indian War.-Port

Royal.- French Hugenots. -Colleton's Administration.-Sothel's.-Ludwell's.--Archdale.-Ex-

pedition against St. Augustine.--Indian War.--Religious Dissensions.--Spanish Invasion --

War with the Yamassees --Domestic Revolution.-Royal Government. Pages, 255--261

CHAPTER XII.

COLONIAL HISTORY OF GEORGIA.

Oglethorpe.---First Charter of Georgia. -Settlement of Savannah. - Indian Treaty.-Regula-

dons of tho Trustees.- Preparations for War with the Spaniards.-Wesley.--Whitefield.-Ex.
pedition against St. Augustine.-Spanish Invasion. -Changes in the Government.--Slavery

Pages, 261-268

CHAPTER XIII.

THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.

DIVISIONS.—I. CAUSES OF THE WAR, AND EVENTS op 1754. English Claims to the Country.

French Claims.--The Ohio Company.-Washington's EmbassyJumonville. -Fort Ne-

cessity.-Albany Convention, and Plan of the Union.--II. 1756 : Expeditions of Monckton,

Braddock, Shirley and Johnson. Reduction of Nova Scotia.-Braddock's Defoat.--Failure

of the Expedition against Niagara.--Expedition against Crown Point.-- Defeat of Dieskau.

III. 17567 Delays; Loss of Oswego; Indian Incursions. Plan of the Campaign.-Aber.

crombie and Lord Loudon.-Montcalm reduces Oswego.-Armstrong's Expedition.-IV.

1757: Designs against Louisburg, and Loss of Fort Wm. Henry. Plan of the Campaign.

Montoalm reduces Fort Wm. Henry.-Y. 1768: Reduction of Louisburg ; Abercrombie's

Defeat ; The Taking of Forts Frontenac and Du Quesne. The Pitt Ministry.-Siege and

Conquest of Louisburg - Abercrombie's Repulse at Ticonderoga. ---Expedition against Fort

Frontenac.-Against Fort Du Quesne.-VI. 1769 to 1763 : Ticonderoga and Crown Point

Abandoned; Niagara Taken ; Conquest of Quebec ; Of all Canada; War with the Chero-

kees; Peace of 1763.

Pages, 266-285

APPENDIX TO THE COLONIAL HISTORY.

Design of the Appendix.-JAXES I. 1603-1625.-Political Aspect of Religious Controversios

At this Period.-The Puritans.-Policy of James.--His Character. -American Colonization.

Virginia Charters.-Popular Liberty.-The Plymouth Company.--CHARLES I. 1625-1649. Ilis

Character.-Controversies with Parliament.--His Arbitrary Measures.-Hampden.--Ecclesias-

tical Policy of Charles.-Commotions in Scotland.-Stratford.-Civil War.-Execution of the

King.-Relations of England with her American Colonies during this Reign.-THE COMMON-

WLALTI. 1649-1660. The Character of Religious Parties.-Supremacy of the Independents.

Oliver Cromwell.-War with Holland. ---Overthrow of the Long Parliament.-- Barebone's Par-

liament. --Cromwell installed as Lord Protector.--"ar with Spain.-Cromwell's Administra.

tion and Detth.-Richard Cromwell.-Restoration of Monarchy.-Relations with the American

Colonies during the Commonwealth.-CHARLES II. 1660-1685. Character of Charles II. -

Change in the Sentiments and Feelings of the Nation.-War with Holland.-Treaty of Breda.

Another War.-Treaty of Nimeguen.--Domestic Administration of Charles.-Whigs and To

ries. The various Navigation Acts.—Bold Stand of Massachusetts in Defence of her Liberties.

Rhode Island and Connecticut.-Controversy with the Royal Commissioners.-With the King.

Subversion of the Dutch Power in America. -Pennsylvania.-Origin, Practices, and Principles

of the Quakers.--Quaker Colonization in America. JANES II. 1683-1688. General Character

of his Reign.-Monmouth's Rebellion.-Landing of William in England, and Flight of James

Relations of James with the American Colonies. --WILLIAM AND MART. 1688–1702. Character

of the Revolution of 1688.-Rebellion in Scotland.-War with France.-Treaty of Ryswick.

Policy of WHliam towards the Colonies.-Colonial Relations during His Reign.--ANNE 1702-

1714. War of the Spanish Succession.-Treaty of Utrecht.-The Slave Trade.--GEORGE I.

1714-1727. Rebellion in Scotland.-GEORGE II. 1727-1760. Walpole. -War with Spain.

War of the Austrian Succession.- Treaty of Aix la Chapelle.-The “Seven Years War."

Conclusina. Eduration; Manners; Morals; Religion, &c., in the American Colonies

Pages, 285–335

Island. - Formidable Warlike Preparations of England.- Declaration of Independence.—Battle

of Long Island.-Or White Plains.--Capture of Fort Washington.-Retreat of the Americans

through New Jersey.-Capture of General Lee.-Battle of Trenton.-Situation of the Armies

at the Close of the Year.

Pages, 365--366

CHAPTER IV.

EVENTS DURING THE YEAR 1777.

Battle of Princeton.-Other Successes of Washington.-Congress.-French Assistance.-Ia-

fayette.-- British Expedition up the Hudson.--Tryon's Expedition to Danbury.-Sag Harbor.

Movements of the Armies in New Jersey.-Capture of General Prescott.-Battle of Brandy-

wine.-Wayne surprised.-Battle of Germantown.-Burgoyne's Expedition.-Battle of Ben-

nington.-Siege of Fort Schuyler.- Battles of Stillwater and Saratoga.—Burgoyne's Surren-

der.-Forts Mereer and Miffin, on the Delaware.-Valley Forge.--Articles of Confederation.

Pages, 366-880.

CHAPTER V.

EVENTS DURING THE YEAR 1778.

Conciliatory Measures of the British Government.-Treaty with France.-Count D'Estaing.

Battle of Monmouth.--The Hostile Armies in Rhode Island. -The French and English Fleets.

Expeditions of Grey and Ferguson.-Attack on Wyoming.-On Cherry Valley.--Loss of Savan.

nah.-Result of the Campaign.

Pages, 380-385

CHAPTER VI.

EVENTS DURING THE YEAR 1779.

The War at the South.-Defeat of the Tories under Col. Boyd. - Defeat of General Ash.

Battle of Stono Ferry.-Tryon's Expedition against Connecticut.---Capture of Stony Point.

Paulus Hook. -Penobscot.-Sullivan's Expedition against the Six Nations.-Siege of Savannah.

Spain Involved in the War.–Paul Jones.-Result of the Campaign.

Pages, 385-391.

CHAPTER VII.

EVENTS DURING THE YEAR 1780.

Slege of Charleston.-Americans surprised at Monk's Corner.-Surrender of Charleston.

Other Successes of the British.-Sumpter and Marion.-Battle of Sanders' Creek. -Defeat of

Sumpter.–Battle of King's Mountain. -Other Successes of the Americans.-Knyphausen's

Expedition into New Jersey.--Admiral de Ternay.-Treachery of- Arnold.-Fate of Andre. -

Holland involved in the War.

Pages, 391-397.

CHAPTER VIII.

EVENTS DURING THE YEAR 1781.

Revolt of the Pennsylvania Troops.—Robert Morris.- Arnold's Depredations in Virginia.- Bat-

tle of the Cowpens.-Cornwallis's Pursuit of Morgan---Defeat of a Body of Loyalists. -- Battle

of Guilford Court House.-Of Hobkirk's Hill.--Assault of Ninety Six.-Fate of Colonel Hayne.

Battle of Eutaw Springs.-Close of the Campaign at the South. -Arnold's Expedition to Con-

necticut.-Siege of Yorktown.--Surrender of Cornwallis.

Pages, 397-407.

CHAPTER IX.

CLOSE OF THE WAR, AND ADOPTION OF THE CONSTITUTION.

Changes in the Policy of the British Government.--Peace concluded with England. -Dis.

banding of the American Army.-Retirement of Washington to Private Life.--Condition of the

Country --National Convention. -Adoption of the Present Constitution.-Washington elected

First President.

Pages, 407-411.

APPENDIX TO THE REVOLUTION.

The Struggle between England and her Colonies-how viewed by European Nations, gene-

rally.--By the People of England, &c.-Effects produced in London by Intelligence of the

Battle of Lexington.-Discontents in the English Army.-Whigs and Tories:-Duke of Grafton.

Marquis of Rockingham.- Violent Debates in Parliament.--Lord Mansficld.- Mr. Fox.- German

Auxiliaries.---Dukes of Richmond and Cumberland.-Perseverance of the Ministry.-- American

Privateers.--Opening of Parliament in Oct., 1776.-King's Speech.- Ministerial Address.-Pro.

test of the Peers.--Motion of Lord Cavendish.--War Expenses.---Lord Chatham's Motion.

Arrogance of the Court Party - Opening of Parliament, Nov., 1777.-King's Speech.--Ministe-

rial Addresses.-Earl of Chatham's Remarks.-Intelligence of the Defeat of Burgogne.- New

Measures for supplying the Army.--Mr. Fox.-Conciliatory Measures of Lord North.-Ameri.

can Treaty with France.- Divisions among the Whig Opposition.- Last Public Appearance of

the Earl of Chatham.--Commencement of War between France and England. -War in the

West Indies.--In the East Indies.- War with Spain. - With Holland. -Armed Neutrality of the

Northern Powers.--Siege of Gibraltar.--Surrender of Cornwallis.-Attack on Gibraltar.-Arti.

eles of Pee.--Remarks on the Character of the War.

Pages, 411--482

« PreviousContinue »