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liberty and generosity, has received this Eastern refugee into her bofom, who not only a man of ingenuity, and great information as to Oriental matters, but has, I apprehend, the honour of being descended from a family, of which one wore the crown of the Christian kingdom of Jerusalem fome centuries ago, and others have suffered hardships on account of their attachment to the faith of Jesus':

Befides thefe fources of information, I have consulted a variety of books, as I had opportunity, fome printed fince my firft Observations; and others of an older date, but which I had had no opportunity of consulting at that time. It may not be disagreeable to fet down a catalogue of them here, in the order in which the travels were undertaken, or nearly fo.

! So Moses “ when he was come to years, refused to « be called the son of Pharaoh's daughter, esteeming the " reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures of « Ægypt, for he had respect unto the recompence of re

ward." Heb. xi.


Itinerarium Benjaminis, in seculo 12mo, Ludg. Bat. 1633. Itinerarium Sym. Simeonis, (an. 1322,) e cod. MS. in

Bibliotheca Coll. Corp. Christi, Cantab. affervato.

Cantab. 1778. Voy. de Pietro della Vallé, (an. 1614, &c,) 8 tom, a

Rouen, 1745. Voy. into the Levant, by Henry Blunt, Lond. 1650. Doubdan, Voy, de la Terre-Sainte, Paris, 1661, 4to. The present State of the Jews, more particularly those in

Barbary, by L. Addison, Lond. 1675. Relation of a Voyage into Mauritania, by the Sieur Ro.

land Frejus, trans. from the French, Lond. 1671. Account of the Religion and Manners of the Mahometans,

by Jof. Pitts, 4th ed. Lond. 1738. Voy. de l'Arabie Heureuse, (1708, 1709, 1710,) Amst.

1716. Journey to Mequinez, under Com. Stewart, in 1721, by

Windus, Lond. 1725. Travels in several Parts of Turkey, Ægypt, and the Holy

Land, by James Haynes, Lond. 1774. Dr. Richard Chandler's Travels in Asia Minor, Oxford, 1775. 4to.

his Travels in Greece, Oxford, 1776, 4to. Niebuhr, Descript. de l'Arabie, Amft. & Utrecht, 1774, 4to.

Voy. en Arabie & en d'autres Pays circonvoisins, tome 11e Amft. & Utr. 1776; tome zde, 1780, 4to. Irwin's Voy. up the Red-Sea, &c, 2d ed. 1780. Major Rooke's Travels to the Coast of Arabia Felix,

2d ed. Lond. 1784. Memoirs of the Baron de Tott, translated into English, 2 vol. Lond. 1785.

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Besides fome few others, which are seldom, if ever, cited. To which might be added, Tales, translated from the Persian of Inatulla of Delhi, 2 vol. London, 1768.

It is not to be expected, that these two volumes I am now publishing should strike the Reader as sensibly as the two first: the charms of novelty must be much abated; though not

quite loft.



They relate, in general, to the same topics as the preceding, and are placed under the like chapters, though I have numbered the Observations so as to make one series only, for the sake of brevity in quoting them.

But though these Observations are placed under the same general heads, my Reader will find they are not merely the same as before, only farther amplified, confirmed, or corrected; they are most of them quite new, if I do not miscalculate, and may not only be read, I would hope, with some pleasure, but some considerable degree of information, as to matters not before at all touched

upon. In collecting these remarks, I have, from time to time, met with several things in books of travels, which seemed very much to illus



trate certain passages of the Classics, which
were either passed over in silence, or very un-
happily explained by modern commentators
of the West, and those of great reputation,
and acknowledged learning. Several of these
I set down in papers apart, and designed to
have placed them as an Appendix, at the end
of the second of these volumes ; but as the
Observations on the Scriptures took up
room than I expected, I have selected a part
only as a Specimen, to show how agreeable it
would be, for those that write notes on the
Classics, to make use of this mode of illus-
trating them, as I have done with regard to
the sacred writings. This Specimen I would
place at the close of this Preface, by which
means the two volumes will be of much the
same size.

What I have said of the Classics, may be
applied also to Josephus and St. Jerome.

paper relating to Hector's meeting with Achilles was drawn up, on the particular recommendation of that Suffolk Clergyman I was speaking of. Indeed the notes on that passage in Pope's Homer demonstrate, of what consequence the mode of explaining the Clas

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fics I am now recommending would be, om many occasions.

I will only add, that I would hope I have not made too free with the indulgence of the Public, in venturing these two additional voJuimes to the press ; nor in adding this little Specimen of Observations on the Clasics.

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