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may God be with you! May sermons, letters, and writings God unite and help you ! May may serve as indisputable proofs, his approbation be infinitely that, to the last, he continued to more in your esteem than mine, avow, in the most open and posor than that of the whole world! itive manner, bis unshaken be-My son, may the God of thy lief in Christ, and his most sin. father be thy God! He who has cere and fervent attachment to been so often my hope, my re- the system of the Bible. A few fuge, and my confidence when I extracts from his writings will stood on the brink of an abyss, sufficiently illustrate this point : where I could not move one step “ Klopstock's Messiah," says forward ;--He who, in answer he, in a letter to a friend, « is to my prayer, has helped me my favourite. Though I canwhen every prospect of help not equally approve or relish evhad vanished ;--that God who ery part of this excellent poem, has safely conducted me, not yet it is the only book which I merely through flowery paths, can read repeatedly in connection but likewise across precipices with the Bible : the Bible, I say, and burning sands ;-May this which you seemingly forgot to God be thy God, thy refuge, thy mention; for in whatever point comfort, as he has been mine! of view I may consider myself

, Let the world laugh me to scorn, as a clergyman, as a Christian, I rejoice in the God of my sal or as a man, my Bible is ever to vation ! Let Ignorance and Infi- me a most dear and precious delity mock, I enjoy that which book, which I can never suffithe world cannot enjoy ;-I re- ciently study, for it is full of unceive that which infidelity, will searchable riches. Read, I benever receive! I say with St. seech you, my friend, this sacPaul, “ Is he the God of the red volume, as if you had never Jews only, the God of Abraham, read it before. Read it without Isaac, and Jacob only ?” By no a commentary. Leave alone means ! Assuredly, he is my the obscure passages, just as God also. I say with Luther, you leave the clouds in the sky, "If I have the faith of Abraham, or the mist on a mountain. En I am Abraham !”

joy that which is clear as the Mr. Lavater was exceedingly light; and the thickest mists grieved at the vain objections of will appear to you venerable. late so commonly made against The first book of Moses, the the inspiration of the Scriptures; History of Elijah and Elisha, and especially against the per- the first chapters of Daniel, the son, the character, and the work Four Gospels, and the Acts of of our blessed Lord. Some of the Apostles, are more especialthe modern anti-Christian wri-| ly my delight,---more valuable ters took great pains to draw than all the treasures of the him over to their party ; but all whole globe !" their united endeavours proved

In another letter, dated Nor. in vain, he stood firm like a rock ; neither flattering promis

Klopstock is, among the Geres, nor frowning threatenings the English. His most celebrated

man poets, what Milton is among could move him; and all his work is entitled, “ The Messiah."

24, 1794, he thus declares some the talents of his mind, and exof his religious principles to a erted all the powers of his elofriend, in contradiction to a re- quence to assuage the fury of an port, that he had adopted the unruly passion--to advise the modern rational system of di-mildest and most conciliatory vinity :" I assure you, in the measures on the part of the most solemn manner, that I en-government and to exhort the tertain, to this very moment, the people, in the most impressive fullest conviction that the Bible language, to the strictest obsercontains a true record of the re. vance of due respect and obedivelations of God. More espe- ence towards their lawful macially, I believe in the supreme gistrates, divinity of Jesus of Nazareth. When the total subversion of Him I regard with daily renewed the Swiss constitution took satisfaction, and joy, as the im- place, in the year 1798 ; and mediate object of our religious soon afterwards that free and worship :-Him I revere as the happy country, which, for cenutmost perfection which human turies, had enjoyed the blessings nature can exhibit, and as the of peace, was involved in all the express image of the Godhead. dreadful calamities of war, I believe, with increasing in- Mr. Lavater's character shone tuitive knowledge, that no man forth with peculiar lustre.can come unto the Father, but without attaching himself to by and through him. I believe, any party whatever, his constant that, thro' his person and medi- aim appeared to be to lessen, as ation only, the human race can much as possible, the sum of be conducted to its proper desti- human misery at this awful penation, restored to its original Tiod ;-to promote, by all the dignity, and attain to the com- means in his power, mutual unpiete purpose of eternal love. It ion, concord, and peace ;-to is he on whom I am daily more prevent still greater mischief ; and more constrained to place - to instruct and comfort his an entire dependence. As a people from the word of God; mortal man, as a helpless sinner, -to impress their minds with as a philosopher, I stand in need the necessity of genuine repenof him. The more I examine tance, of a firm and unshaken all the different systems of phi- belief in the gracious promises losophy, the more I am led to of the gospel, of fervent and unadore Jesús Christ as my Lord remitting prayer, and of a due and my God. Christ, or. des. improvement of their present pair, is my only alternative.-affictions. His incarnation,

his sufferings, On the morning of the 18th death, and resurrection,-his of May, he was torn from the close affinity to mankind, serve arms of his afflicted wife, and to dispel all my darkness, to carried, by an armed force, to supply all my defects.”

Basil ; where he was detained When, in the year 1795, the as a prisoner, in the house of first revolutionary movements the Prefeci. In this distressing appeared in the canton of Zu- situation he manifested the most rich, Mr. Lavater employed all manly and Christian character.


His enemies accused him of ha- this painful dispensation. His ving betrayed the interests of wound seemed to heal sooner his country to the Russian gov-than was at first expected ; and, ernment, for the sum of 1001. ; some months afterwards, he had but providentially, at the very the satisfaction to appear once time of his trial,, a letter from more before his congregation, Petersburgh arrived, which be- to whom he was attached in the ing opened by the Prefect, de- most affectionate manner. He monstrated, in the clearest man- chose for his text, Psalm lxxi, ner, that the sum in question | 7, 8, “ I am as a wonder unta was merely the price of some many; but thou art my strong paintings, which the Empress refuge. Let my mouth be filled had purchased-of Mr. Lavater ; with thy praise, and with thg his enemies were thus con- honour, all the day.” strained to set him at liberty. Towards the close of his disWhen he returned to Zurich, course, he made the following after a banishment of three application to hiinself:- God months, he was received, as it has led me in the most gracious were, in triumph, not only by manner ; his hand has been ve his friends, but by his fellow- ry conspicuous in all the events citizens in general.

of my life. O God! where Soon afterwards, however, a should I begin, were I to tell all far greater calamity befel him, the great and good things thou which ultimately proved fatal: hast done for me! I had hardly

On the 26th of Sept. 1799, entered upon my earthly course, Zurich was retaken. At this when my life was despaired of ; crisis, Mr. Lavater was hu- but thou didst preserve it. Thou manely relieving some poor didst admit me by baptism to neighbouring widows from the the privileges of the church of importunities of the soldiery, Christ; thou didst early im. whom he accommodated in his plant in my heart a love of that own house with meat and drink, which is good, and an abhor. when one of these ungrateful rence of evil. Never was I wretches discharged his gun atdestitute of salutary instruco his benefactor. The ball enter- tion, encouragement, and ex; ed his body a little below his ample. All the pleasant, and heart, and went out on the right all the unpleasant, circumstanside. The blood rushed out from ces of my life, have had one each aperture. His wife, child-common end, to lead me to a ren, friends, and neighbours sur conviction of my entire depenrounded him,terrified, lamenting, dence on God; to confirm my weeping, and loudly exclaiming faith in Christ, to render his against the perpetrator of this gospel of growing importance atrocious deed ; but he was re- to me, and to fill me with an ho. signed ; freely forgave his cruelly awe for every thing that ,reenemy; and in the midst of exlates to Jesus. Whether I re. cruciating pains, adored the gard friends or enemies, a good chastening hand of his Heaven- report or bad report, comforts ly Father, whose unchangeable or afflictions, enjoyments or prilove he acknowledged even in /vations--I cannot but créry.

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where discern the wise over-rul sus ;" but this much I can say, ing hand of my heavenly Fa-I bear the monuments of his ther.-Three or four times he divine compassion and long-sufwonderfully preserved me in fering upon this my breast.” most imminent danger; and Mr. Lavater continued to when I direct my thoughts only preach about two months longer; to the last event, which so long but was then obliged entirely to detained me from this sacred desist. His active spirit, how place, I cannot but regard my ever could not be unemployed ; self as a monument of the spar. but in the midst of the greatest ing mercy of God. O! thou bodily pains, he continued to adorable Preserver of my life,write and prepare works for the how near hast thou brought me press ; for instance, the Histoto the very brink of the grave ! ry of his Deportation, in two oC. But one step further, and I could tavo volumes ; a most excellent no longer have praised thee Prayer Book ; and a small volamong my fellow-mortals.-ume of letters, supposed to have Thouart my hope.It is no vain been written by the Apostle St. boast, but a profitable truth, Paul before and after his converwhich may be usefully applied, sion. At the same time he that though naturally I am one wrote several thousand " Fareof the most tímid beings, yet well Lines," to be distributed my God has, by his parental among his friends after his guidance, filled me with unsha- death. He also took the most Ken confidence. He has so con active part in establishing a befirmed this by innumerable in- nevolent society for the relief of stances of his admirable conde- his numerous countrymen who scension to my most particular had lost their all by the calamiwants and my boldest petitions, ties of war. especially during the present ve- No words can express how ry remarkable year, that I can greatly Mr. Lavater suffered not but repeat these words, Thou during the last six months of art my hope. My reason must his life. Not only his wounds fail me, if my confidence should. left a very painful sensation, but -My heart and my spirit must a most vidlent cough, swimentirely be changed, and I be- ming in his head, and a soreness come another being, before I of his body, occasioned by long could renounce my hope in God. confinement to his bed, proved I never suffered so much as in so many additional afflictions. the course of this year ; but my Here religion alone supported confidence in God was never so him ; and here it was that his strongly confirmed. Othou Christian patience, resignation, most worthy of confidence, fortitude, and hope of a blessed whose very marks of kindness 1 immortality shone forth in the bear upon my breast, could I brightest lustre. Even in the but encourage all who are weak, darkest moments he was not seen and fill their drooping spirits with desponding, nor casting away new confidence! I cannot say, his confidence ; but his secret in the sense of St. Paul, “ I bear sighs ascended to a throne of about the dying of the Lord Je-l grace ; his Bible was the sweet companion of his restless nights then suffered himself to be rewhen he often broke out in loud moved, addressing his sister hallelujahs, and by his cheerful- thus : May Jesus Christ, ness revived the drooping spirits whose consolations are inexhauof his distressed family. He stible, be with thee and with was very thankful for the least thy spirit to redeem it !" On comfort administered to him, Christmas eve he said to his and never ceased most fervently wife and daughter,--- My dears, to pray for his murderer. He do you know what burdens me once said to a friend," I do most at present ? My inability not wish to know him who woun- to meditate upon the greatest ot ded me with the fatal ball ; but all the wonders of grace,the this I wish to let him know, that incarnation of Christ,”_Yet I forgive him with all my heart; even whilst slumbering, this for, believe me, I owe very great mystery of godliness so much to these wounds, and to enraptured his soul, that he my present severe pains.” He composed a verse in this state, tenderly sympathized with all with which he awoke, but fellow-sufferers upon a bed of could only recollect a part of sickness ;-and hearing of a pi- it :ous woman, who, for sixteen years, continued under the af- “ Jesus from Heav'n descends, and flicting hand of God, he addres- brings ed some lines of consolation to

“ Complete redemption on his

wings; her.-Only a week before his

“Unmingled grace his right hand dissolution, when informed that bears; his sister-in-law was at the point Life, at his glance, eternal of death, his love was so fervent, springs, that nothing could restrain him

“And ev'ry trace of mis’ry disfrom seeing her. Being brought

appears." in a chair to her house, he sat Only two days before his death down at her bed-side, and thus he dictatedathanksgiving-hymn, addressed her :-" Here we sit to be read to his congregation. together --both dying ; but love It became now exceedingly diffinever dies, nor the gratitude cult for him to speak ; but his which I owe to you, my dear | last expressions were prayers sister. May God reward you and blessings pronounced upon for all the kindness you have his family, and after a most seshewn me !" After fainting vere struggle, in which he nevaway for some moments, he ertheless remained sensible, and continued," O! what joy stedfastly looking up to the must there be in Heaven, when Lord, he was delivered from the they see another weary tra. body of sin, and triumphantly enveller approaching the shore ! tered the realms of endless bliss! Rejoicing, they exclaim, “ Ano. His mortal remains were comther is coming, who has safelyes- mitted to the grave amidst a caped the storms of yonder mor- vast concourse of people of all tal life he is just here-He ex- ranks and descriptions, and claims, The land ! the land!”- amidst the tears and lamentaExhausted, and in agony, he / tions not only of his family and

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