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child of thine, and shall be concealed from those in a surprising manner, preserved, and obtain a who watch to destroy him, and when he is brought prosperous condition, almost from the very midst up, in a surprising way he shall deliver the Hebrew of their calamities: those I mean whose dangers nation from the distress they are under from the arise by the appointment of God; and indeed Egyptians. His memory shall be famous while the such a Providence was exercised in the case of world lasts; and this not only among the Hebrews, this child as showed the power of God. but foreigners also; all which shall be the effect of Thermuthis, the king's daughter, was now dimy favour to thee, and to thy posterity. He shall verting herself by the banks of the river; and seealso have such a brother, that he shall himself ob- ing a cradle borne along by the current, she sent tain my priesthood. and his posterity shall have it some that could swim, and bid them to bring the after him to the end of the world."
cradle to her. When those that were sent on When the Vision had informed him of these this errand came to her with the cradle, and she things, Amram awaked, and told it to Jochebed, saw the little child, she was greatly in love with his wife: and now the fear increased upon them, it, on account of its largeness and beauty, for God on account of the prediction in Amram's dream, had taken such great care in the formation of for they were under concern, not only for the child, Moses, that he caused him to be thought wortlıy but on account of the great happiness that was to of bringing up and providing for by all those that come to him also. However,* the mother's labour had taken the most fatal resolutions, on account was such as afforded a confirmation to what was of their dread of his nativity, for the destruction foretold by God; for it was not known to those of the rest of the Hebrew nation. Thermutlis who watched her by the easiness of her pains, bid them bring her a woman that might suckle and because the throes of her delivery did not fall the child, yet would not the child admit of her upon her with violence; and now they nourished breast, but turned away from it, and did the like the child at home privately for three months. But to many other women. Now Miriam was by after that time, Amram fearing he should be dis- when this happened; not to appear to be there covered, and by falling under the king's displea- on purpose, but only as staying to see the child ; sure, both he and his child should perish, and so and she said, “ It is in vain that thou, O queen, he should make the promise of God of none effect, callest for these women for the nourishment of he determined rather to trust the safety and care the child, who are by noway of kin to it: but if of the child to God, than to depend on his own thou wilt order one of the Hebrew women to be concealment of him, which he looked upon as a brought, perhaps it may admit the breast of one thing uncertain, and whereby both the child, so pri- of his own nation. Now, since she seemed to vately to be nourished, and himself, should be in speak well
, Thermuthis bid her procure such a imminent danger; but he believed that God would one; so when she had such authority given her, some way for certain procure the safety of the she came back, and brought the mother, who was child, in order to secure the truth of his own predic- known to nobody there; and now the child gladly tions. When they had thus determined, they made admitted the breast, and seemed to adhere closely an ark of bulrushes, after the manner of a cradle, to it; and so it was that at the queen's desire the and of a bigness sufficient for an infant to be laid nursing of the child was entirely intrusted to the in, without being too much straitened. They then mother. daubed it over with slime, which would naturally Hereupon it was that Thermuthis imposed this keep out the water from entering between the bul- name, Mouses, upon him, from what had happened rushes, and put the infant into it, and setting it when he was put into the river, for the Egyptians afloat upon the river, they left its preservation to call water by the name of Mo, and such as are God; so the river received the child, and carried saved out of it by the name of Uses; so, by puthim along; but Miriam, the child's sister, passed ting these two words together, they imposed this along upon the bank over against him, as her mo- name upon him; and he was, by the confession of ther had bid her, to see whither the ark would be all, according to God's prediction, as well for his carried: where God demonstrated that human greatness of mind, as for his contempt of diffiwisdom was nothing, but that the Supreme Being culties, the best of all the Hebrews. ` Abraham is able to do whatsoever he pleases; that those, was his ancestor of the seventh generation, for who, in order to their own security, condemn Moses was the son of Amram, who was the son others to destruction, and use great endeavours of Caath: whose father, Levi, was the son of about it, fail of their purpose; but that others are, Jacob, who was the son of Isaac, who was the
son of Abraham. Now Moses's understanding * An. 1616.
became far superior to his age, and when he was
OF THE WAR WHICH MOSES MADE WITH THE ETHIOPIANS
taught, he discovered greater quickness of appre- Thermuthis prevented him, and snatched the hension than was usual in youth, and his action child away; and the king was not hasty to slay at that time promised greater, when he should him, God himself, whose providence protected come to the age of a man. God also gave him Moses, inclining the king to spare him: he was that tallness, when he was but three years* old, therefore educated with great care; so the Heas was wonderful
, and every one that saw him brews depended on him, and were of good hopes was greatly surprised at the beauty of his counte- that great things would be done by him. The nance. Nay, it happened frequently, that those Egyptians, indeed, were suspicious of what would that met him, as he was carried along the road, follow his education ; yet because, if Moses had were obliged to turn again upon seeing the child; been slain, there was no one, either akin or that they left what they were about, and stood adopted, that had any oracle of his side, for prestill a great while to look on him ; for the beauty tending to the crown of Egypt, and likely to be of the child was so remarkable on many accounts, of greater advantage to them, they abstained that it detained the spectators, and made them from killing him. stay longer to look upon him. Thermuthis, therefore, perceiving him to be so
CHAP. X. remarkable a child, adopted him for her son, having no child of her own; and when one time she had carried Moses to her father, she showed him Moses, therefore, when he was born, and to him, and said, “ she thought to make him her brought up in the foregoing manner, and came to father's successor, if it should please God she the age of maturity, made his virtue manifest to should have no legitimate child of her own;" and the Egyptians, and showed that he was born for said to him, “I have brought up a child who is the bringing them down, and raising the Israelof a divine form and of a generous mind; and as ites: and the occasion he laid hold of was this: I have received him from the bounty of the river, the Ethiopians, who are next neighbours to the in a wonderful manner, I thought proper to adopt Egyptians, made an incursion into their country, him for my son, and the heir of thy kingdom.” which they seized upon, and carried off the effects And when she had said this, she put the infant of the Egyptians, who, in their rage, fought into her father's hands; so he took him, and against them, and revenged the affronts they had pressed him to his breast; and on his daughter's received; but being overcome in battle, some of account, in a pleasant way, put the diadem upon them were slain, and the rest ran away in a his head. But Moses threw it down to the ground, shameful manner, and by that means saved them." and in a puerile mood he wreathed it round, and selves. Hereupon the Ethiopians followed after trod upon it with his feet, which seemed to bring them in the pursuit, and thinking it would be a along with it an evil presage concerning the king- mark of cowardice if they did not subdue all dom of Egypt. But when the sacred scribe saw Egypt, they went on to subdue the rest with great this, (he was the same person that foretold that vehemence; and when they had tasted the sweets. his nativity would bring the dominion of that of the country, they never left off the prosecution kingdom low,) he made a violent attempt to kill of the war, and as the nearest parts had not courhim; and crying out in a frightful manner, he said, age enough at first to fight with them, they pro“ This, O king! this child is he of whom God fore- ceeded as far as Memphis, and the sea itself, told, that if we kill him we shall be in no danger; while not one of the cities was able to oppose he himself affords an attestation to the prediction them. The Egyptians, under this sad oppression, of the same thing, by his trampling upon thy betook themselves to their oracles and prophecies; government, and treading upon thy diadem. and when God had given them his counsel
, to Take him, therefore, out of the way, and de- make use of Moses, the Hebrew, and take his asliver the Egyptians from the fear they are in sistance, the king commanded his daughter to proabout him, and deprive the Hebrews of the hope duce him, that he might be the general of their they have of being encouraged by him.” But army ;t upon which, when she had made him swear he would do him no harm, she delivered s in danger of being reduced to slavery and complete him to the king, and supposed his assistance destruction; and at length they retired to Saba, a would be of great advantage to them. She also royal city of Ethiopia, which Cambyses afterward reproached the priest, who, although he had be- named Meroe, after the name of ħis own sister. fore admonished the Egyptians to kill him, was The place was to be besieged with very great diffinot ashamed now to own their want of his help. culty, since it was both encompassed by the Nile,
* An. 1609.
daughter, because out of her affection for him, they delivered + This history of Moses, as general of the Egyptians against the city up to him.” See the fragments of Irenæus, ap. edit. the Ethiopians, is wholly omitted in our Bibles; but is thus Grab. page 472. Nor, perhaps, did St. Stephen refer to any cited by Irenæus, from Josephus, and that soon after his own thing else, when he said of Moses, before he was sent by God age: “ Josephus said that when Moses was nourished in the to the Israelites, that he was not only learned in all the wis. king's palace, he was appointed general of the army against the dom of the Egyptians, but was also mighty in words and in Ethiopians, and conquered them, when he married that king's deeds. Acts vii. 22.
Moses, at the persuasion both of Thermuthis and and the other rivers Astapus and Astaborus, making the king himself, cheerfully undertook this business: it a very difficult thing for such as attempted to pass and the sacred scribes of both nations were glad; over them; for the city was situate in a retired place, those of the Egyptians, that they should at once and was inhabited after the manner of an island, overcome their enemies by his valour, and that by being encompassed with a strong wall, and having the same piece of management Moses would be the rivers to guard them from their enemies; and slain ; but those of the Hebrews, that they should having great ramparts between the wall and the escape from the Egyptians, because Moses was to rivers, insomuch, that when the waters come with be their general.
the greatest violence, it can never be drowned, which Moses took and led his army before their enemies ramparts make it next to impossible, for even such were apprized of his attacking them; for he did not as have passed over the rivers, to take the city. march by the river, but by land, where he gave a However, while Moses was uneasy at the army's wonderful demonstration of his sagacity: for when lying idle, (for the enemy durst not come to a batthe ground was difficult to be passed over, because tle,) this accident happened: Tharbis, the daughter of the multitude of serpents, which it produces in of the king of the Ethiopians, happened to see vast numbers, and indeed is singular in some of Moses, as he led the army near to the walls, and those productions which other countries do not fought with great courage; and admiring the subtilty breed, and yet such as are worse than others in of his undertakings, and believing him to be the power and mischief, and an unusual fierceness of author of the Egyptians' success, when they had sight, some of which ascend out of the ground un- before despaired of recovering their liberty, and to seen, and also fly into the air, and so come upon be the occasion of the great danger that the Ethiomen at unawares, and do them a mischief. Moses pians were in, when they had before boasted of their invented a wonderful stratagem to preserve the army great achievements, she fell deeply in love with him, safe, and without hurt; for he made baskets, like and, upon the prevalency of that passion, sent to unto arks of sedge, and filled them with ibes,* and him the most faithful of all her servants, to discourse carried them along with them, which animals are with him about their marriage. He hereupon acthe greatest enemies to serpents imaginable, for they cepted the offer, on condition she would procure the fly from them when they come near them, and as delivering up of the city, and gave her the assurance they fly, they are caught and devoured; but the ibes of an oath to take her to his wife; and that when are tame creatures, and only enemies to the serpen- he had once taken possession of the city, he would tine kind. Of these ibes, however, I say no more not break his oath to her. No sooner was the agreeat present, since the Greeks are not themselves un- ment made, but it took effect immediately; and when acquainted with this sort of bird. As soon, there- Moses had cut off the Ethiopians, he gave thanks to fore, as Moses was come to the land which was the God, and having consummated his marriage, led the breeder of these serpents, he let loose these ibes, and Egyptians back to their land. by their means repelled the serpentine kind, and used them for his assistants before the army came upon
CHAP. XI. that ground. When he had, therefore, proceeded thus on his journey, he came upon the Ethiopians before they expected him; and joining battle with Now the Egyptians, after they had been preserved them, he beat them, and deprived them of the hopes by Moses, entertained an hatred to him, and were they had of success against the Egyptians, and went very eager in effecting their designs against him, and on in overthrowing their cities, and indeed made a suspecting that he would take occasion, from his great slaughter of the Ethiopians. Now when the good success, to raise a sedition, and bring innovaEgyptian army had once tasted of this prosperous tions into Egypt, they told the king he ought to be success, by the means of Moses, they did not slacken slain. The king had also some intentions of the their diligence, insomuch that the Ethiopians were same nature, and this as well out of envy at his glo
* Pliny speaks of these birds called ibes, and says the Egyp- Strabo speaks of this island, Meroe, and these rivers, Astapus tians invoked them against the serpents. Hist. Nat. X. 28. and Astaborus, XVI. page 771, 786, XVII.
OF MOSES'S FLIGIT OUT OF EGYPT INTO MIDIAN.