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measures, both of them (are) alike abomination to the LORD ; they are very detestable to him, though men may think it a small mate

ter to use them : it is in vain to pretend to devotion, where there 11 is not common honesty. Even a child is known by his doings,

whether his work (be] pure, and whether (it be] right ; you may easily guess whether he will prove modest and honest, or lewd

and knavish ; therefore parents should restrain every thing that 12 looks bad in children, and encourage every thing promising. The

hearing ear, and the seeing eye, the Lord hath made even both of them ; this is true also of the faculties of the mind; therefore

we should not be proud of them, but use them for God's glory. 13 Love not sleep, lest thou come to poverty; open thine eyes, rise

carly to thy business, [and] thou shalt be satisfied with bread. 14 [It is) naught, [it is) naught, saith the buyer : but when he

is gone his way, then he boasteth. Thus men impose upon one

another, and act contrary to the golden rule of doing as they would 15 be done by. There is gold and a multitude of rubies : but the

lips of knowledge [are) a precious jewel, much more valuable. 16 Take his garment that is surety (for) a stranger : and take a

pledge of him for a strange woman; do not trust that man with

out good security, who is ready to be bound for a person, he knows 17 not who ; especially for a wicked strumpet. Bread of deceit [is]

sweet to a man ; but afterward his mouth shall be filled with gravel; as a hungry man who catching at a piece of bread, and

finds in his mouth a piece of the mill stone that ground it, so a man 18 will regret his unrighteous gains. [Every) purpose is establish

ed by counsel : and with good advice make war ; do nothing rashly, especially in war, where conduct is often better than cour

He that goeth about [as] a talebearer, revealeth secrets : therefore meddle not with him that flattereth with his lips ; be very careful of a man that comes to you as a talebearer, and pre

tends to know every one's secrets, for he will reveal yours likewise. 20 Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put

out in obscure darkness; he shall lose all his comfort and happi21 ne88. An inheritance (may be) gotten hastily at the beginning;

bụt the end thereof shall not be blessed ; it shall moulder array 22 or be embittered. Say not thou, when thou hast received an in

jury, I will recompense evil, I will avenge myself in proportion 10 the offence ; [but] wait on the Lord, and he shall save thee ; he

shall right thy present wrong, and defend thee from future ones. 23 Divers weights (are) an abomination unto the Lord ; and a 24 false balance (is) not good. Man's goings (are) of the LORD;

how can a man then understand his own way? Let us therefore 25 mind our duty, and leave events to God. [It is] a snare to the

man (who) devoureth (that which is] holy, afprofiriales 10 his own use what was consecrated to God ; and after vows to

make inquiry whether it was wise and right; that should have 26 been done firsf. A wise king scattereth the wicked, and bring

eth the wheel over them. This is an allusion to a king riding in his chariot, dispersing some sinners by his afipearance, and driving VOL. V.

19 age.

27 over and destroying others. The spirit of man [is] the candle of

the LORD, searching all the inward parts of the belly ; reason and conscience are like a lamp that God hath set up in us, and by which we are capable of searching our hearts ; therefore we ought to use it carefully; and God will examine whether we have worked

or played by this light, and accordingly will doom us to everlasting 28 light or darkness. Mercy and truth preserve the king; are his

strongest guards : and his throne is upholden by mercy ; it is

the best security of his government, engaging the favour of God, 29 and the affections of his people. The glory of young men [is] their

strength : and the beauty of old men [is] the grey head ; each has its beauty, glory, and use. Young men are fitted for dif

ficult labours, and to defend their country ; old men for counsel 30 and advice, and therefore should not be slighted. The blueness of

a wound cleanseth away evil: so [do] stripes the inward parts of the belly ; those strokes which make a man black and blue, even those which are as wounds going into the belly, purge out those corrupt affections which are in the heart. This intimates, that re. proof, however disagreeable at present, may be attended with hapny consequences. In this view, heavy afflictions from the hand of God may be extremely useful ; and it becomes us to receive re. proofs with thankfulness, and afflictions with all humble submission, and carefully improve them.



HE king's heart [is] in the hand of the LORD, (as) the

rivers of water : he turneth it whithersoever he will ; it is like rivulets of water, which a husbandman turns 10 which part

of his ground he pleaseth ; this is a reason why we should pray for 2 kings and all that are in authority. Every way of a man [is]

right in his own eyes ; but the Lord pondereth the hearts ; he

ofien sees cause to condemn what they approve, and will bring every 3 hart under a strict examination. To do justice and judgment [is]

more acceptable to the Lord than sacrifice, or any other external

observances. A maxim of great importance, especially to the Jews, 4 who were prone to trust in their sacrifices and ceremonies. An

high look, and a proud heart, (and) the ploughing of the wicked, [is] sin, wiren he does not do it with a good intention ; or rather,

as in the margin, the light of the wicked, that is, all their worldly 5 pomp and glory, is an occasion of sin unto them. The thoughts of

the diligent, that is, the prudent and active, (tend) only to plenteousness ; but of every one that is] hasty, who acts rashly,

and undertakes more business than he can manage, only to want. 6 The getting of treasures by a lying tongue [is] a vanity tossed

to and fro of them that seek death ; it is a vapour dissipated by ī the wind ; the treasures are lost, and destruction follows. The

robbery of the wicked shall destroy them, or saw them usunder, intimating the dreadful agonies of their consciences ; because they

refuse to do judgment, will go on in a wicked course, and not make 8 restitution. The way of man [is] froward and strange ; that is,

the way of frocvard, perverse men is strange, hateful to God and good men : but (as for) the pure, his work [is] right; he approves himself to God, and acts worthily in his slation ; you know 9 where to find him and may safely trust him. (It is] better to dwell

in a corner of the house top, in a poor, silent manner, exposed to all the injuries of the weather, than with a brawling woman in a wide house, a house of society. A perverse wife spoils all the pleasure that a man would find in his friends and relatione, for she generally sets

herself against them; and there can be no more evident proof of 10 folly and perverseness than this. The soul of the wicked desir

eth evil : his neighbour findeth no favour in his eyes ; he is of such a malignant temper that he seems to have outgrown all sense

of humanity, and spares neither friends nor foes if they stand in il the way of his evil designs. When the scorner is punished, the

simple is made wise : and when the wise is instructed, he 12 receiveth knowledge, without any such methods of severity. The

righteous (man] wisely considereth the house of the wicked : (but God) overthroweth the wicked for (their) wickedness; wise and good men consider the designs of Providence in the pros

perity of the wicked and the destruction that often comes upon 13 them. Whoso stoppeth his ears at the cry of the poor, he also

shall cry himself, but shall not be heard ; an awful passage that 14 should never be forgotten. A gift in secret pacifieth anger : and

a reward in the bosom strong wrath, and it is prudent where it 15 can be honestly bestowed. [It is) joy to the just to do judgment,

to do it themselves and see it done by others : but destruetion 16 [shall be) to the workers of iniquity. The man that wandereth

out of the way of understanding shall remain in the congregation of the dead ; there his wanderings end, there he shall take up

his lodging, and be punished in hell with the sinners of the old world. 17 He that loveth pleasure, that is, sports and diversions, (shall

be) a poor man : he that loveth wine and oil, the luxuries and 18 delicacies of life, shall not be rich. The wicked (shall be] a ran.

som for the righteous, and the transgressor for the upright ; they shall suffer that punishment which was intended for the

righteous ; and are sometimes instruments of delivering good men 19 contrary to their desire. (It is) better to dwell in the wilderness

quietly, though removed from human converse, than with a con20 tentious and an angry woman. [There is) treasure to be desired

and oil in the dwelling of the wise ; a person in the lower circumstances of life may with prudent forecast have something decent and

handsome to entertain his friends with ; but a foolish man spendeth 21 it up, wastes it upon himself, or in extravagance with others. Hethat

followeth after righteousness and mercy findeth life, righteousness and honour; a comfortable and happy life, and honcur among

good men and from God; the true and most satisfactory way to en22 joy life is to be really religio:18. A wise [mari) scaleth the city of the mighty, and casteth down the strength of the confidence

thereof; wisdom and conduct are often better than strength. 23 Whoso keepeth his mouth and his tongue, is weary and cautious 24 in talking, keepeth his soul from troubles. Proud (and) haugh

ty scorner [is] his name, who dealeth in proud wrath, that is his 25 proper name, and there cannot be a more odious one. The desire

of the slothful killeth him ; for his hands refuse to labour : an admirable observation ; while men have not the resolution to apply to business, they are tormented with their own wants, with reflec

tions on the necessity of diligence, and their own guilt in neglecting 26 it. He coveteth greedily all the day long: this is an exceeding

beautiful repetition ; he desires a desire all the day long ; he desires and desires, and there it rests ; he will do nothing to secure the thing he desires ; and therefore he often wants necessaries : but the righteous giveth and spareth not ; an honest diligent man

not only supports himself, but has wherewith 10 supply and relieve 27 others. The sacrifice of the wicked [is] abomination : how

much more, (when) he bringeth it with a wicked mind? This is not designed to discourage prayer in the wicked; the meaning is, that a man who goes on in a course of wickedness, and yet keeps up the external forms of religion, is offensive to God, especially when

he makes use of religion as a mask to deceive others, or thinks to 28 compensate with the Almighty for his sins by his sacrifices. A false

witness shall perish : but the man that heareth speaketh cons

stantly ; the man that heareth and considereth, speaks with judge 29 ment and success, as he is always believed. A wicked man harden

eth his face, endeavours to conquer the shame of having done amies : but (as for] the upright, he directeth his way ; examines his ac

tions, and endeavours to live so that he may not blame himself. 30 [There is) no wisdom, no natural sagacity, nor understanding,

no improvement of parts, or human policies, nor counsel, that is,

confederacies and combinations, against the Lord, that shall take 31 place to overturn the counsels and designs of God. The horse [is]

prepared against the day of battle : but safety (is) of the LORD; no military preparations will do, unless he gives success. This is a powerful motive to prayer, especially in time of war, lo commit all our national interests and concerns to him, and to go forth in his strength.


? A ) ;

[and] loving favour rather than silver and gold; without the 'respect and kindness of a mari's neighbours and friends his

riches will not made him comfortable ; let us be thankful if we 2 have a good reputation and do nothing to forfeit it. The rich and

poor meet together: the Lord [is] the maker of them all ; with regard to happiness they are much upon the same footing ; God hath fixed their respective circumstances, and at death they shall

all certainly meet together and be upon a level ; let the rich there. 3 fore be humble, and the poor contented. A prudent (man) fore

seeth the evil and hideth himself; he makes provision against it : but the simple pass on and are punished ; they never think

of it till they fall into it ; this is applicatle both to worldly and re4 ligious concerns. By humility (and) the fear of the LORD (are) 5 riches, honour, and life. Thorns (and) snares, continual per

plexity and veration, (are] in the way of the froward : he that doch keep his soul, that watches over his actions and words, and is

of a friendly obliging disposition, shall be far from them. 6 Train up a child in the way he should go : and when he is old,

he will not depart from it ; this is generally though not univere

sally true, and a great motive it is to a prudent and pious educa7 tion of children. The rich ruleth over the poor, and the borrow

er [is] servant to the lender : this should be a motive to diligence 8 and frugality that we may not be dependent upon others. He that

soweth iniquity shall reap vanity, that is, mortification and dis

appointmeni : and the rod of his anger, the power with which 9 he injures others, shall fail. He that hath a bountiful eye, who

sees and compassionates the misery of others, shall be blessed ; for 10 he giveth of his bread to the poor. Cast out the scorner, him

who disdains advice and counsel, and is obstinately bent on his own

way, and contention shall go out; yea, strife and reproach shall 11 cease. He that loveth pureness of heart, an upright man, who

delivers his mind in acceptable language, [for] the grace of his 12 lips, the king (shall be] his friend. The eyes of the LORD

preserve knowledge, God graciously watches over those who make his law their rule and religion their care ; and he overthroweth

the words of the transgressor ; he cuts short the power of the 13 wicked, so that they do not whal ihey intend. The slothful (man)

saith, [There) is a lion without, I shall be slain in the streets ;

a very unlikely thing to meet a lion in the streets; it shews the 14 folly of slothful people's excuses. The mouth of strange women

[is] a deep pit; their society is a gulf of destruction : he that is

abhorred of the LORD, who is given up to his wicked lusts, shall 15 fall therein. Foolishness [is] bound in the heart of a child ;

[but) the rod of correction shall drive it far from him ; in many 16 cases this is the only method. He that oppresseth the poor to

increase his (riches, and) he that giveth to the rich, (shall) sure

ly (come) to want; Providence ofien delivers unjust men into 17 the hands of oppressors, who serve them as they served others. Bow

down thine ear, and hear the words of the wise, and apply thine

heart unto my knowledge, the wise lessons which I teach thee. 18 For (it is) a pleasant thing if thou keep them within thee ; they

shall withal be fitted in thy lips ; they will be thy delight and 19 ornament ; and enable thee to speak firoperly and usefully. That

thy trust may be in the LORD, I have made known to thee

this day, even to thee ; I have acquainted thee with these things, 20 that thou mayest therefore be encouraged 10 trust only in God. Have

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