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between Heckdyke and Amcoats, i. e. along the whole extent of Epworth Manor; and therefore those persons who keep the Ferries at Butterwick and Althorpe pay an acknowledgement to the Lord. In the reign of James the First, the Ferry and the Ferry-house were sold to John Terry, citizen and goldsmith *, of London, with all the liberties, advantages, dues, customs, and profits, being parcel of the Manor of Epworth, to have and to hold the same, as they were held by any of the Kings and Queens of England, in free and common soccage, and not in capite nor by knight's service, on condition of paying at Michaelmas and Lady-day, by equal proportions, the sum of four pounds ten shillingst. Three boats are here kept constantly afloat, one for passengers exclusively, another for passengers and their horses, and a third for carriages and droves of cattle. In fine weather, during the neap tides, the passage is made in a few minutes ; during spring tides and heavy freshes it is much more tedious, and when the river is encumbered with ice, some. times dangerous.
The village of West Kinnard Ferry extends along the bank of the river almost a mile in length. It appears somewhat remarkable that all the old houses have been constructed with the ground floors so much below the surface that they are liable to be flooded by an occasional high spring tide, or whenever the spring tides have to contend with freshes, when an ascent of two or three steps would have effectually kept them dry; but before bricks were made in the neighbourhood, which is only of late years, materials for building walls must have been extremely scarce.
It appears from the Valor Ecclesiasticus, temp. Henry the Eighth, that there was a Chapel in this town, no vestige of which remains. The site of it is, however, well known, and is still called the Chapel Garth. At the in
* The occupation of a goldsmith at this period was particularly lucrative, and much connected with that of a money-broker. King James had probably had some dealings with Terry, similar to those which he had with the famous George Heriot, so well described by Sir Walter Scott, in the Fortunes of Nigel.
+ This is a writ of the Privy Seal. Hanaper Office.
closure it was awarded to the Lord of the Manor as a piece of waste land and of whom it is now rented as a garden. The entry is as follows.
This place had formerly the privilege of a market and an annual fair ; for, in the valuation of issues and profits of the Manor of Epworth, taken during the usurpation of Cromwell, “ The tolls, tollages, profits, commodities, dues, and duties, of two fairs yearly kept, namely, one at Belton, on the 15th of September, commonly called Holy-rood Day ; and another at Kinnald Ferry, upon the 10th day of August, are valued to be worth, per annum, one pound.”
On what day of the week the market was held I have not been able to discover ; but a petition from the inhabitants to Lord Carteret, lessee under the Crown of the Manor of Epworth, dated 1690, states that, “antiently the Lords of the Manor had a weekly market held in the town of Kinnard Ferry, as appears by the antient records of the Tower of London ; that the said market had for many years been discontinued for reasons unknown to the petitioners ; that in the rebellious times some Epworth men got a grant from Cromwell to hold a market there, notwithstanding they had no warrant or legal title to hold the same*.”
The latter part of this petition cannot be true, as we find from the inquisitiones ad quod damnum, that the market at Epworth was held under the authority of the Lord as early as the time of Richard the Second. It appears to me extremely probable that, when the castle was standing, the market, for the sake of security, was held under the protection of its walls; but after it had been dismantled, and when the Mowbrays had fixed their resi
* From the original document, in the possession of R. P. Johnson, Esq.
dence at Epworth, they wished to have the convenience of a market in that town, for which purpose the writ was issued. When this new market was established at Epworth, the more antient one at Kinnard Ferry became gradually less and less frequented, until at last it was discontinued altogether.
This place has of late years been called the town and port of Ferry, on account of the number of vessels, keels, and sea-sloops which trade froin hence to Hull, Gainsbrough, and the West of Yorkshire. These vessels carry the produce of the neighbourhood, fruit, carrots, onions, potatoes, and corn to Doncaster, Leeds, Wakefield, and Huddersfield, and Gainsbrough ; and also the coarse hempen goods which are manufactured principally in West Ferry and Epworth; and return laden with coals, lime, manure, &c. &c. There is little doubt now, that if the experiment were tried of re-establishing the antient market in this town, it would, to use the words of the petition before alluded to, “in a few years become a very great market,” or at least one where considerable business might be done in the corn trade, to the great convenience both of growers and purchasers. Formerly a packet sailed once a week to Hull; it was two days in making the voyage down, and one tide in returning, sometimes two. On the voyage down, the pas. sengers stopt all night at, Burton-Stather. The steam packets now accomplish the voyage in about four hours. Once a fortnight a person may embark at Ferry at half-past nine, get to Hull about two, stay there until near four, and return to Ferry again the same day by seven o'clock in the afternoon.
It appears from the Parish Registers that the family of Pindar was settled here as early as the year 1670, when John Pindar, Esq. married a widow of the name of Ann Bollome, of Owston. He was an attorney, and had considerable practice, and was frequently employed by the Isle Commoners during their litigations with the Participants. His first residence was at West Ferry, now made use of as a farm-house ; and the last descendant of the family, a person remarkable for the oddity of his manners, used to say to his tenant, “now Saul, this house is original * Pindar.” Afterwards a
family * This epithet of original" is frequently made use of in the Isle to designate any thing highly
family mansion was built at Owston, the site of which is now marked by trees planted for that purpose. This house was inhabited by some of the family until it was pulled down by the individual just mentioned, as the means most congenial to his method of proceeding to eject an old aunt out of possession, to whom he bore a mortal antipathy. With this person the family of Pindar, in the male line, became extinct, and he left the property by will to the Honourable Mr. Lygon, now Earl Beauchamp.
PEDIGREE OF PINDAR.
1 Mary, by whom he=John Pindar, Esq.=2 Mrs. Ann Bollome
had two children, burn 1628, died
Robert Pindar,Elizabeth Stanhope, Elizabeth died 1726 daughter of Darcy
Stanhope, Esq. of
High Melwood 1
1 John Pindar= Isabella Elizabeth • Thomas Thomas Peter, died died 1770
He beareth gules between
a chevron, three lions heads erased argent, languid and crowned.
Thomas Pindar, who died s.p. Rev. Robert=Catherine Barnet
and left the property to Earl Pindar
Ann=Rev. Joseph Pearson
Catherine, still living.
In the summer of 1832, the village of West Ferry was very severely visited by the Asiatic cholera. During the month of April a man died of
esteemed. It has arisen probably from its being applied to the old inhabitants, to distinguish them from the Dutch settlers. So even now we have it perpetually used when a man gets a little joyous over his cups,—"you are my original friend;" i. e. as was meant by those who first used the expression,“ you are not one of these scamping Dutchmen, but one of the original or aboriginal inhabitants of the country.”