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this disorder in the little hamlet of Gunthorpe: he was a debauched character, and had been drunk the day before. About the same time several deaths took place at West Butterwick, in this parish, from the same disora der, all very decided cases. Nothing more was heard of this formidable invader until the 10th of June, when the weather being wet and cold, the disorder again made its appearance in the house of one Joseph Waite, a labouring man, who, though he had made no previous application for relief, was found to be in a very destitute condition. Sarah Waite, Joseph Waite, and Hannah Waite, were all buried between June the 11th and 15th : the mother very soon after lay.in, was safely delivered, and recovered, escaping the disorder altogether. She was a great opium eater. A man of the name of Keightly was the next victim, a very bad case : he was buried on the 15th of June, at midnight; and as he had helped to carry some of the other corpses, it was with great difficulty that any one could be prevailed upon to carry him, or even to lend a horse and cart for that purpose Three other victims were added to the number in the next three days. All these cases began very early in the morning, and when medical aid was sent for, the chance of re. covery was gone.
The inhabitants now began to be very much alarmed, and refused to
go into the fields to work, lest they should be taken ill sud. denly, and die before they could get home. The Church was opened for divine service occasionally in the evening, and was very numerously attended. The public houses were entirely deserted.
On the 18th of June an old man fell down in the street, and died in a few hours. When this happened one dwelling was entirely depopulated. Every possible precaution having been taken to stop the progress of the disorder, the next ten days passed without another fatal case, and I began to hope that the worst was over ; but on the third of July two more persons died of the disorder. A profligate female pauper, who had been removed from London, endeavoured to cause a riot when one of these corpses was to be buried, under the pretence that the person was about to be interred alive. “I have," said she, "felt the corpse under the armpits, and she is warm," “If you have done so," replied the author of this work, who had
arrived on the spot in order to quell the disturbance, “ go into your chamber, and pray for the forgiveness of your sins, for your time in this world is short.” This unfortunate woman was taken ill a few hours after, died, and was buried the day after. On the 8th and 9th of July, three more fatal cases occurred, and four more between that date and the 28th of the same month. After that time, there was only one single case more, which was on the 9th of September.
It was asserted by several people, that, at the beginning of this visitation, the first of flood, as it is termed, i. e. when the tide begins to flow up towards Gainsbrough, it was accompanied by a very nauseous smell. I cannot substantiate the truth of this assertion by my own personal observation ; but I am quite certain, that the ravages of the disorder were confined to the river side, and that no case occurred at a greater distance than two hundred yards. It has been frequently observed that, at the commencement of this disorder, all the people attacked will die under any medical treatment whatever ; and that, towards the close of its career, they will recover under any treatment. The preceding narrative does not, however, warrant any such conclusion : for wherever the symptoms were decided, it seems to have been attended with results as fatal at the close as at the commencement. No healthy person was attacked. The deaths amounted to one in fifty of the whole population. The number of burials during the year was increased exactly in proportion to the number of persons who died from this disorder : the average number of funerals in the parish of Owston, in other years being forty, and in this year seventy-three.
When the the cholera had been raging here some time, the next place visited was Gainsbrough ; after that it attacked the villages on the other side of the river in succession. East Ferry, exactly opposite to West Ferry, though quite free in the month of June and July, was visited very severely in August. A few cases also occurred about that time at East Butterwick and Burringham.
“BY Milwood Park side,” says Leland,“ stodde the ryghte fair Monasterie of the Carthusians*,” founded about the nineteenth year of the reign of Richard the Second, by Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Nottingham, and Earl Marshal of England, and Lord of the Manor of Epworth. It was commended to the care of the blessed Virgin Mary, St. John the Evangelist, and St. Edward the King and Confessor: and was denominated the Priory in the Wood, “or the House of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin or Mother of God.”
* The Carthusians were a celebrated order of monks, instituted by Bruno of Cologne, in Germany, A. D. 1080, and was planted in Britain by Henry the Second about a century afterwards. They had nine monasteries in England, of which this at Low Melwood was one. The most remarkable was that dedicated to Jesus of Bethlehem, at Shene, upon the Thames, Surrey, founded by
We learn from the Royal licence for the foundation of this house that the original endowment consisted of a hundred acres of land round the house, the Manors of Newbold-super-Avon, Melbroke, Wappenbury, Sharnford, Coppeston, and Walton, all in the county of Warwick. The noble founder also obtained the Royal licence to enable the Abbot and Convent of St. Nicholas, at Angiers, to make over to this Priory their cell of monks at Kirkby, in Warwickshire. Many other bequests of land were afterwards added in different parts of the Isle ; and a further bequest of land, adjoining the lands round the house, was made by John Duke of Norfolk after the death of his widow; which reversionary interest she gave up to the Prior on the payment of one penny, so that, at the valuation taken in the reign of Henry the Eighth, the items of its possessions stood thus.
Henry the Fifth, in 1414, and that in London, near West Smithfield, founded by that celebrated warrior, Sir Walter Manny, created Knight of the Garter by Henry the Third. The House in West Smithfield was dissolved in the twenty-ninth of Henry the Eighth, who bestowed it on Sir Thomas Audley, by whose sole daughter and heiress it came to Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk; from whom it was purchased in 1611 for thirteen thousand pounds, by Thomas Sutton, who converted it into a rich hospital for eighteen decayed gentlemen, a head master and a second master for a free school, and forty-four boys to be maintained at school for eight years, with forty pounds then to bind them apprentices; and twenty pounds a year for eight years for twenty-nine scholars sent to the universities. The governors are sixteen, the revenues five thousand three hundred and ninety-one pounds per annum. This is the present Charter House. See Hearne's Dom. Carthusiana.
The rule of the Carthusians was very strict. They were never allowed to eat flesh. They fasted eight months in the year; and in Lent, Advent, and on Fridays, eat no white meats, as eggs, milk, butter, cheese. They dined in their cells alone, which was brought them by a lay-brother, without speaking. Women were not only excluded their inclosures, but even their Church; and therefore their Church was generally within their house. They were usually permitted to walk about in private roads once a week, but never to eat out of doors or to drink any thing but water. Only superiors, or others when they addressed themselves to superiors, were allowed to speak, except on certain days after noon. Except at the times appointed they never stirred out of their cells, which were so many small houses, with four little houses for all necessary purposes, and a little garden. They worked in their gardens, or at some handicraft or art, being furnished with proper tools and with books. They always wore a plaited hair shirt, and out of modesty, slept in a kind of half dress, on straw beds laid on boards; went to bed at five, or six, or seven o'clock, rose again at ten to their double matins, returned to rest towards three, and rose again at five or six in the morning. Their dress consisted of a long loose black gown, similar to the surplice of modern times, but in it were no sleeves. On their heads they wore a hood, which closely encircled the face and fastened under the chin.
This order was held in very high estimation by the writers of the Romish Church. Cardinal Bona stiles them “The great miracles of the world—men living in the flesh as out of the fleshthe angels of the earth representing John the Baptist in the wilderness-the principal ornaments of the Church-eagles soaring up to heaven, &c.”
Domus Carthusien'in Insula de Axholme, in Com' Lincoln'*
Valor' omnium dominiorum, maneriorum, terrarum,
et tenementorum, &c. per ann. Summ'omnium deductionum
d. 290 14 7 52 19 5
Et valet ultra
237 15 23
Comput' ministrorum Dom’ Regis, temp’ Henri' VIII.
(Abstract of Roll 30th Hen. VIII, Augmentation Office .)
Axholme infra Insulam, nuper Prioratus, Com' Lin'
£ d. Axholme, &c. reddit assis' cum reddit ad volunt
4 2 7 Axholme, &c. reddit ad volunt et per copiam
vent', per copeam de Edw' Com' Derb' et diversis
13 12 0
Crowle, Borneham, Owston, Gunthorpe, Epworthe,
firma terrarum, prat' pasc' pastur' et tenementorum 49 5 4 Com. Notts. Misterton, firma mol' ventriť
1 0 0
Com' * Madox's Formulare Anglicanum. + The manner in which the Commissioners were required to set forth the ecclesiastical property was as follows. First, a return of all the fixed property, such as manors, lands, tenements, or rents :