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fluence of the freshes or land floods being considerably diminished, they have seldom sufficient power to interrupt the regular course of the tides. In former times there was a passage from this ferry to Croule, by means of Croule causeway, which had been thrown up on the line of ground now occupied by Vermuyden's drains. The bank between these drains is now the high road from Althorpe to Hirst, and thence to Croule. By means of these drains, commonly called Double Rivers, Vermuyden brought down to this place the waters of the river Torn, the surface water which fell upon the Level all the way from Idle Stop, and the waters of the deep pools between Croule and Thorne, an error which proved fatal in a great measure to the success of his undertaking, and which has caused more money to be spent in works of drainage than the freehold of the land which they were intended to benefit is worth. This defect can now only be remedied by the aid and co-operation of the giant stream, whose mighty prowess surpasses in reality all the wonders with which fancy and fiction have invested the labours of the fabulous heroes of antiquity.
In the reign of Edward the First, Adam de Newmarsh married Elizabeth, daughter of Roger de Mowbray, and received for her marriage portion thirty* librates of land situated in Althorpe ; and in the reign of Edward the Fourth, this place was the residence of Sir John Neville. He married Elizabeth sole heir of Sir Robert Newmarsh, by whom he became Lord of the great manors of Womersly, Askrigg, and Scothorpe, in the county of York, and of Walton and others in the county of Nottingham. The family of Neville had possessions in this parish previous to this marriage, for we find a Sir John Neville, in the reign of Edward the Second, making donations of certain lands between Hirst and Althorpe, with a mill, to the Priory of Worksop, which was confirmed by Pope Alexander. In the year 1483 this worthy Knight built that beautiful Church which stands close to the bank of the Trent; and forms a most interesting feature in the landscape, especially when the capacious channel of the river rejoices in full-blown spring tides.
* Rot. Hundr.
Mowbray, no doubt, was the original founder of a place of worship here; for we find that, as early as the year1185, Galfridus, the presbyter of Althorpe,was to pay four shillings to the Hospital of St. John of the order of St. Augustin, which was the gift of Roger de Mowbray *; and also ten shillings for two bo. vates of land. On the west side of the steeple are sculptured the arms of Neville, quartered with those of Newmarsh and Mowbray.
The nare of this Church is lighted by three spacious windows in the pointed stile of Gothic architecture, d the roof is supported by light and elegant arches. The foundation has, however, unfortunately given way, which has caused the pillars to lean outwards, and very much injured the general effect of the appearance of this part of the fabric. It is in the chancel that the founder most displayed his munificence, and the architect his skill. The walls are of good ashlar stone, surmounted
* The following persons had also payments to make to the same Hospital. Thomas iiis. üijd. Hugo de Kinerdetere iis. John and Robert his brother xs. Galfridus Palmer iis. Henry Kerdewie ivs. vid. Robert Rusticus iis. Galfridus, the son of Wibaldi viis, for a mill xivs. vid.
by a battlement, above which the buttresses terminated in highly finished pinnacles. The windows corresponding in some degree with those in the nave, are full of fine gothic tracery, finished with the most beautiful stone corbals supporting the outward moulding.
On the north side of the chancel is a chapel separated only by one pillar of very beautiful proportions. A rich and highly finished screen divides the chancel from the nave, and though somewhat mutilated, still deserves the attention of every admirer of that beautiful and antient art, carving in wood.
In Pope Nicholas' Valuation, A. D. 1288, this rectory is valued at thirty pounds, and the entry in the Valor Ecclesiasticus of King Henry the Eighth is as follows:
Two chantries it appears had been founded, and some years ago there were richly carved seats and desks in the chapel before mentioned, where no doubt the priests who served these chantries officiated.
When Messingham Church was rebuilt by the present venerable Archdeacon of Stow, these desks which were lying at the north side, and going fast to decay from damp and neglect, were obtained, and being completely repaired, now form the reading pews for the minister and clerk in that beautiful church.
In Althorpe Church are the following sepulchral memorials. In the north aisle.
SAMUEL DUNN, ESQ.
AGED 70 YEARS.
In the chancel against the wall under the east window.
LATE OF KEADBY, GENT.
HERE LYETH THE
FOR SUCH A WIFE NO MORTAL COULD FORBEAR
TO FETCH A SIGH OR DROP A SILENT TEAR;
Within the communion rails.
REV. JOHN HARRISON,
AGED 76 YEARS,
HERE LIES THE
BODY OF THE
AGED 46 YEARS.
MRS. SUSANNAH YOUNG,
MRS. SUSANNAH MARIE PARKE.