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And to foft music lent her idle ear;
The which with pleasure so did her enthral,
That for aught else she had but little care,
For wealth, or fame, or honour feminal,
Or gentle love, sole king of pleasures natural.
XLVII. Als by her side, in richest robes array'd, An eunuch fate, of visage pale and dead, Unseemly paramour for royal maid ! Yet him the courted oft and honoured, And oft would by her place in princely * fted, Though from the dregs of earth he springen were, And oft with regal crowns she deck'd his head,
And oft, to footh her vaiy and foolish ear,
She bade him the great names of mighty + Kesars bear.
Thereto: herself a pompous title bare,
For she was vain of her great auncestry,
But vainer still of that prodigious store
Of arts and learning, which ihe vaunts to lie
In the rich archives of her treasury.
These she to strangers oftentimes would new,
With grave demean and folemn vanity,
Then proudly claim as to her inerit due,
The venerable praise and title of Vertù.
Vertù she was I yclept, and held her court
With outward News of pomp and majesty,
To which natheless few others did resort,
But men of base and vulgar industry.
Or * Seat or place. + Emperors. I called or named.
Or such perdy as of them cozen'd bé,
Mimes, fidlers, pipers, eunuchs squeaking fine,
Painters' and builders, fons' of masonry,
Who well could measure with the rule and line
And all the orders five right craftily define.
But other skill of cunning architect,
How to contrive the house for dwelling best,
With self-sufficient scorn they wont neglect,
As corresponding with their purpose leaft;
And herein be they copied of the rest,
Who aye pretending love of science fair,
And generous purpose to adorn the breast
With liberal arts, to Vertù's court repair,
Yet nought but tunes and names, and coins away do bear.
For long, to visit her once-honour'd feat
The studious fons of learning have forbore :
Who whilom thither ran with pilgrim feet
Her venerable reliques to adore
And load their bosom with the sacred store,
Whereof the world large treasure yet enjoys.
But * fithence she declin'd from wisdom's lore,
They left her to display her pompous toys
To virtuosi vain, and wonder-gaping boys.
Forthy to her a numerous train doth † long
Of ushers in her court well practised,
Who aye about the monied stranger throng,
Offering with shews of courteous I bountihed
Hiina * Since.
+ Belong. I Good-nature or civility.
Him through the rich apartments all to lead,
And hew him all the wonders of her state,
Whose names and price they wisely can areed,
And tell. of coins of old and modern date,
And pictures false and true right well discriminate.
Als are they named after him, whose tongue
Shook the dictator in his curule chair,
And thundering through the Roman senate, rung
His bold Philippicks in Antonius' ear;
Which when the Fairy heard, he fighd full dear,
And, casting round his quick discerning eye,
At every + deal he dropt a manly tear,
As he the stately buildings mote defcry, Baths, theatres, and fanes, in mouldering fragments lie.
LIV. And, oh! imperial city! then he faid, How art thou tumbled from thine Alpine throne ! Whereon, like Jove on high Olympus' head, Thou fittedst erst unequal”d and alone, And madelt through the world thy greatness known : While from the western isles, to Indus' shore, Froon leven-mouth'd Nilus, to the frozen Don,
Thy dradded bolts the strong-pounc'd eagle bore, And taught the nations round thy fafces to adore.
LV. And * Relate or declare. These under fort of antiquaries, who go about with ftrangers to Thew them the antiquities, &c. of Rome, are called Ciceroni.
† At every turn, every now and then.
LV. And doth among thy reliques nought remain, No little portion of that haughty spright, Which made thee whilom scorn soft Pleasure's chain, And in free Virtue place thy chief delight, Whereby through ages shone thy glory bright? And is there nought remaining to confound Those who, regardless of thy woeful plight,
With idle wonder view thy ruins round,
And without thought survey thy memorable wound?
Arise, thou genuine Cicero, and declare
That all these mighty ruins scatter'd wide
The fepulchres of Roman virtue were,
And trophies vaft of luxury and pride,
Those fell diseases whereof Rome erít dy’d.
And do you then with vile mechanic thought
Your course, ye fons of Fairy, hither guide,
be taught, Which liberty's fair lond to shame and thraldom brought?
Let Rome those vassal arts now meanly boast,
Which to her vanquish'd thralls Me era resign'd;
Ye who enjoy that freedom she has lost,
That great prerogative of humap-kind,
Close to your hearts the precious jewel bind,
And learn the rich possession to maintain,
Learn virtue, justice, constancy of mind,
Not to be mov’d by fear or pleasure's train ;
Be these your arts, ye brave; these only are humane.
LVIII. As he thus fpake, th' enchaunter half asham'd Wist not what fitting answer to devise, Als was his caitive heart well-nigh inflam'd, By that same knight so virtuous, brave, and wise, That long he doubts him farther to entice. But he was harden'd and remorseless grown, Through practice old of villainy and vice;
So to his former wiles he turns him soon, As in another place hercafter Mall be shown.