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of polemical controversy. This very remarkable and solemn warning is given to all time. Those exegetes who add to the text will be punished, as set forth in the seven plagues. He " that heareth” is put for an exegete or commentator.

19. Και εάν τις αφέλη από των λόγων του βιβλίου της προφητείας ταύτης, αφελεί ο Θεός το μέρος αυτού από του ξύλου της ζωής και εκ της πόλεως της αγίας, των γεγραμμένων εν τω βιβλίω τούτω. .

19. And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from these things which are written in this book.

Those who take away from the text will be deprived of the heavenly rewards described in the Book. The honest exegete, who reverently strives to bring out the meaning of the Book, may go astray, and yet incur no penalty. He may take confidence from other passages : "Blessed is he that readeth and heareth the words of this prophecy (R. i. 3) ; where åvaywooKwv points to exegesis. (See also R. xxii. 7, notes.) “ And he that heareth, let him say, Come.” (R. xxii. 17, where see notes.)

20. Λέγει ο μαρτυρών ταύτα, Ναι, έρχομαι ταχύ. 'Αμήν, έρχου, κύριε Ιησού.

20. He that giveth testimony of these things saith, Surely I come quickly. Amen. Come Lord Jesus.

There is running through this Book a note of expectation, of something coming. “For the time is at hand” (R. i. 3). It may be supposed that this is a reflection of the parousial ideas prevalent in the time of St. John. There could be no such thought in the minds of those who had read and understood this Book. They would know that “the second coming” lay at least a thousand years beyond the fall of Rome.

If we bear in mind the genesis of the Book in the mysterious hour, long foretold, when the Roman eagles were gathered to the destruction of Jerusalem, if we bear in mind the peculiar position of the Hebrew Nazarene Church, the Church of the Elect, in relation to the Old Law and the New Kingdom, if we bear in mind the prophecy of Daniel and the emotion which passing events had excited in the minds of the Nazarenes, we can understand the meaning of this expectancy. In the description of the fall of Jerusalem (Chap. X.) an angel swears "by

him that liveth for ever and ever . . . that time shall be no more” (i.e., that there shall be no further delay), that when "the seventh angel . . . shall begin to sound the trumpet, the mystery of God shall be finished, as He has declared by His servants the prophets” (R. x. 6,7). And when the seventh angel sounded the trumpet, there were great voices in heaven saying, “The kingdom of this world is become our Lord's and his Christ's, and he shall reign for ever and ever. Amen." (R. xi. 15.) The transference of the kingdom of this world from the Israelites and the Old Law to Jesus Christ and the Gentiles is apparently in view in these last words, “I come quickly."

But side by side with these reflections there runs another train of thought, not conflicting with them, which leads to an eschatological conclusion. If we consider that this Book has been a mystery to the Church and the world from the end of the first till the end of the nineteenth century: if we consider that when the mystery was unveiled in our own time, it was found that the predictions of the Book had been fulfilled down to its last lines: it is reasonable to conclude that its last lines may have a special appeal to the twentieth century. “Behold I come quickly” is the warning addressed to the close of the Philadelphian age of the Church, in which we live (R. iii. 11). It occurs three times in the epilogue of this Book; it may be a trumpet-call to the twentieth century.

21. Η χάρις του κυρίου Ιησου Χριστού, μετά πάντων των αγίων, Αμήν. 21. The grace of our Lord, Jesus Christ, be with you all. Amen. (S. omits XplotoŮ, Trávtov, and Amen.)

The final blessing of S. John is somewhat in the epistolatory style of the Apostles. See Rom. xvi. 24; 1 Cor. xv. 23. Bụt he calls down the blessing of Jesus Christ on “all the saints," where áyiwy refers to "the camp of the saints," as last seen, at R. xx. 8, surrounded by the forces of Satan.

INDEX

ABADDON, 238

Amethyst, 386 Abercius, 218

'AvaywwoKW, 126, 399 Abomination, the, 114, 253; “abomi Ananus, 260 nations," 325, 389

Ancients, 105, 189, 193, 198, 199, 201 ; Abraham, rock of, 208

dramatic use, 201, 220; explain, *ABvoros, 232 f., 238, 256, 362, 363, 374 221, 263, 294, 348 Accusation, 335, 337

Andreas, 43, 89, 96, 120 Accuser, the, 272

Angels" of Church, 100; of Apoca“Add to," 398

lypse, 123, 124, 323, 385, 392, 393, Adiabene, Queen, 63

397; meaning, 138; loxupós, 195, 'Adikelv, 205, 216

245, 335, 344, 381; numbers, 199; Adoration (see λατρεύείν) Προσκυνείν : trumpet, 224; dramatic use, 201;

the ancients, 193, 201; angels, 220; four, 215, 240; another, 216, 224; the Synagogue, 173; devils, idols, adore, 220; seven, 224; of pit, 238 ; 243; Temple, 250, 263; dragon and rebel, 269; dragons, 271; thrown Beast, 281, 289, 298 ; God, 296, down, 272; Aying, 296; of fire, 394; all nations, 307, 348; fellow 225, 303 ; plagues, 308; of waters, servant, 351, 393; not, 364 ; angel, 315; having key, 362; twelve, 382; 393

measure, 385; standing in sun, 356 Adultery, 159

Anger, nations, 264; dragon, 276 Ælia, 57

'Avoiçai, 195, 196, 198, 202 Afflict, 314

Antichrist : by S. John, 18 f.; Poly"Ayloi, 49, 91, 198, 224, 225, 264, 283, carp, 24; S. Irenæus, 26, 84; Hip

285, 314, 326, 344, 346, 350, 370, 400 politus, 28; medieval, 45, 46, 252 Agrippina, 61

Antimontanists, 25, 27, 30, 40 Air, 233, 321

Antioch, 23, 81 Alaric, 78, 316, 332, 333

Antipas, 150 f. Alani, 78, 80, 331, 358

Antoninus Pius, 72, 84 Albigenses, 44

Apameia, 185 Alcazar, 45

Apocalypse : Name of book, 85; Alexander, 47

meaning, 123; papyrus MS, 13, Alexandria, 7, 88

119; length, 119;

written in Greek, Alityrus, 49

13, 120; object, 12, 87; chapters, Alive, 136, 165, 359

43. 113, 120; copies, 120; text, 121; Allard, 71

original copies, 14, 15; written at Allegorisers, 29, 40, 43

Patmos, 13, 130; destination, 14, Alleluia, 347, 348, 349

103 ; addressed to servants and Almighty, 130, 192, 306, 314; God, angels, 12, 13, 123, 392; Christian 319, 349, 387

dogmas, 83; difficulties and danAlogi, 27, 107, 156

gers, 14, 81, 109, 124; concealed, Alpha, 130, 380

15, 22; seen, 58; understood at Altar of sacrifice, 208; golden, 224, Rome and Jerusalem, 15; publi

239; horns of, 239; Temple, 250; cation, 23; mistaken, 23, 26, 31, 95; angel of, 314

rejection in the East, 40; reinAmbrose, S., 42

stated, 41; Antichrist, 254; a pro“Amen,” 39, 128, 129, 178, 201, 221, phecy, 392, 394 263, 348, 399, 400

Apollo, 286 America, 174

Apollonius, 7, 25

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Battle, 236, 237; in heaven, 271;

kings of earth, 319, 331; Satan's

last, 368
Bear, 279
Bear, to, 140, 141
Beast, the: Number, 15, 291 ; name,

15; Irenæus, 26; in Greek, 39; dis.
covered, 45; explained by gema-
tria, 90, 92 f.; ofabyss, 256, 328; kills
witnesses, 256; from the sea, 278 ff.;
adored, 283; image of, 289, 299,
364; kingdom, 316; mouth, 318;
supports scarlet woman, 325, 327 ;
hariolation, 328; will reappear,
328; goes to destruction, 329;
helped by ten kings, 333; at Arma-
gedon, 357; cast into hell, 359; tor-

mented, 271
Beast from earth. See the False

Prophet
Beasts, 340
Beatus, 43
Bed of sickness, 159
Bede, Venerable, 8, 43
Beginning, 130; creation, 178; and

end, 380, 396
Beheaded, 364

Behind," 98, 132, 133
Behold, 128, 147, 173, 177, 183, 378, 379,

Apollyon, 238, 279
Apostasy, 73. 76, 212
Apostles: preachers, 2; writings, 120;
*meaning of word, 100, 138; ser-
vants, 123; false, 140; names, 152;
labours, 219: martyrs, 273; holy,

344, 348; Twelve, 383
Aramaic, 120
Arethas, 43, 89
Arians, 81, 106, 150, 339
Arise, 250
Ark, the, 265, 310
Armagedon, 79, 112, 320, 331, 334, 352;

date, 357, 361
Armenia, 9, 41, 94
Armies of heaven, 354; opposed to

God, 357
Armoricans, 80, 331, 358
“Art and Wast," 313
Artabanus, 94, 284
Arts, 345
Ascend, 370
Ascension, the, 259, 270
Asia : Proconsular, 127; map, 102;

the Gospel, 109; Apocalypse, 133
Asiarchs, 29, 287, 289
* As it were (us), 132, 187, 197, 205,

212, 223, 227, 229, 236, 237, 241, 275,

306, 312, 318, 320, 344, 353
Athanasius, 30, 41
Atheists, 62, 63
Attila, 79, 243, 313, 316, 332, 333, 358
Augurs, 319
Augustine, S., “ad Parthos," 8; on

the Apocalypse, 42; Civitas Dei,

82; on seven, 116; Gog, 370
Augustus, 48
Aurelian, 75, 148
Aurelius, M., 70, 72, 311
Authorship, 26, 27, 30 ff., 88, 117, 118,

123, 125, 127, 130, 133, 155, 192, 249,

267, 269, 393
Aya Solouk, 145

395
Benary, 92
Benediction, 193, 200, 221
Berengaud, 43
Beryl, 386
Bewail, 129, 338
Bibles: Greek, 40; S. Jerome, 42;

Haydock's, 121; Coyne's, 121;
opinions, 280; copied, 364; Douay,

121, 332, 370, 396
Βιβλίον, 133
Bind, 362
Birds, unclean, 335, 356, 359
Bishops, 104, 110, 146, 152, 155
Bisutun, 94
Bithynia, 68

Bitter,'' 230, 249
Black Death, 44, 161
Blasphemy, 91, 146, 281, 282, 290, 307,

315, 316, 323; names of, 278, 325
Blessed, 126; are the dead, etc., 300;

is he, 320, 367; called to the inar-
riage, 350; keeps the word, 392;

wash their robes, 396
" Blind," 180
Blood, cleansing, 128, 222; conquer-

ing, 272; of the Lamb, 273; wine-

press, 304; sea of, 227, 312; dead, 312
Blood of martyrs, 208, 210, 396
Bloodshed, 226, 227, 255, 314; rivers,

312; to drink, 314; of prophets
and saints, 346; of servants, 347;
on garnient, 353

Babylon, 91, 211, 278; great, 297, 298,

322 ; symbolism, 326; "the great,
fallen, 335; hold of devils, etc.,
335; mighty, 339; thrown down,

344; a tetragon, 385
Balaam, 143, 152
Balac, 152
Banishment, S. John's, 11; Roman,

13; Dionysius', 73
Baptism, 104, 217, 291
Barcochebas, 56
Barley, 205
Barry, Dr., 83
Basaviselv, 235, 258, 268, 299, 338, 339,

341, 371
Basil, 30, 41
Dasora, 8, 318

Boanerges, 2

Chalcedony, 386
Bodies, 256

Chalons, battle, 358
Bodleian, 369

Chapman, Dom., 67, 315
Bondsman, 213, 290, 357

Chapters, 44, III, I20, 239
Book, open, 116, 245 ; devoured, 249; Chariots, 216, 237, 340

sealed, 114, 194 f.; title, 245; books “Charity (first)," 141, 157
opened, 373; a prophecy, 392, 394, Chase. Bishop, 86
398, 399

Chastisement, 182
Book of life, 169; of the Lamb, 283, Cherubims, 191
328, 373, 375, 389, 399

Children, 160; child-birth, 268; of
Bossuet on prophecies, 3, 45

Israel, 152
Bottomless-pit. See "ABvoros

Chiliasm, 23, 30
“ Bound,” 240

Chenix, 205
Bow, 94, 202

Chorus, the, 116, 198, 202, 221, 263,
Brandscheid, Dr. F., 121, 372

306, 347, 348
Brass, 135, 155, 340

Christ, 123, 125, 128, 130; His king-
Breastplates, 237, 241

dom, 263; power, 272; reign, 364;
Breons, 358

priests, 367; our Lord, 400. See
Brethren, 209, 351, 394

Jesus
Bride, pagan, 345; groom, 345; pre- Christianity, Gentile, 23; spread, 47

pared, 378, 381; says “Come," 398 | Christians: Name, 23; Hebrew, 4;
Brimstone, 241, 242, 299, 371

a sect, 49; Judæan, 8; in pagan eyes,
Brother, 130

51, 63, 65, 68; under persecution,
“Burning,” 135, 229, 230, 332, 338;

86, 87; position, 63 f.; suffer with
of Rome, 50, 343

Rome, 154 ; early views, 366
Burgundians, 78, 80, 331, 358

Chronology, 17
Burial, 71; Jewish, 49, 257, 261, 357 Chrysolite, 134, 386
Butler, Alban, 8,71

Chrysoprasus, 386
Butler, Dom., 75

Chrysostom, S., 41
Buy, to, 181, 339

Church, the: Seven ages, 96 f., 100;

revelation of, 103, 127, 133; all, 160;
Cæsar worship, 10, 12, 47 f., 68, 277, letters, 108, 138, 397; in Asia, ior;
281, 283, 286, 289, 291, 368, 381

109, 127; pride and luxury, 72, 75,
Cæsars : title, 29; line, 93, 329; Cæsar. 153, 158, 166; Western, 25, 160;
ism, 363

sufferings, 147, 213; a woman, 267
Caius, 23, 27

ff.; triumphant, 382, 387; foun:
Calés, Rev. J., S.J., 286

ders, 383
Calf, 191

Church buildings, 21, 75, 105
Caligula, 48

Cicero, 327
“Called,” 331

Cinnamon, 340
Camp of saints, 82, 370

Cities, Gentile, 323
Candlesticks, 58, 97 f., 133, 134; sym City, Beloved, 82, 370; Holy, 251,

bolism, 138 f.; removed, 142; re. 378, 382, 383, 385, 399; great, 256,
stored, 146; “Two," 254; taken 322, 339. 341, 343; dominion over
to Carthage, 333

kings, 334; fell, 262; made in o
Canisius, B. P., 166

parts, 322; mighty, 339; wall 386;
Canticles, 198; new, 294; of Moses, gates, 387, 396; outside, 305
306; the Lamb, 306

Civil War, 58
Carthage, Councils of, 42

Clarmontane Codex, 42
Cassiodorus, 43, 121, 220

Claudius Cæsar, 41, 48, 49, 89, 124
“ Cast" into sickness, 159; into hell, Clemens Romanus, 22; Epistle, 66 f.,
375

71
Catacombs, 49, 71, 142, 146

Clement of Alexandria : “ Who is the
Celibacy, 176

rich man ?" 15, 88; period, 27:
Cemeteries, 49, 74

reputation, 88; on Nicolaus, 143;
Censers, 224

baptism, 217
Ceolfrid, 121

Cletus, Pope, 23
Cerinthus, 18; exegete, 23; author, Clothed, 189, 219; with a cloud, 245;

27, 30; heretic, 141 ; millenniuni, sackcloth, 252; the sun, 267; clean
361, 365

linen, 308; in purple, 325, 341; fine
Cestius, 12

linen, 350, 353
Chain, 362

| Cloud, 129, 245, 259, 301, 302

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