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CHINEROTH-TABIGA.

547

greatest objection that occurs to me is the inconsiderable amount of them. Chineroth was given to Naphtali, and from it both this plain and lake may have derived their names, for Genashur and Gennesaret are only different forms of Chineroth or Cineroth-in Maccabees it is written Genasor, and also Nasor; and what more likely than that this city was on this plain, and gave name to it, and the lake also. I am aware that many entertain the idea that the predecessor of the city of Tiberias was Chineroth, and it may have been so, but I think not. We

We may examine this point on the ground, and for the present rest on the suggestion that Chineroth stood at the head of the pretty plain to which it gave name.

Tell Hûm being Capernaum, and Khan Minyeh Chineroth, what do you make of this Tabiga ?

It was the grand manufacturing suburb of Capernaum, and hence the fountains took name from the city. Here were the mills, not only for it, but for all the neighborhood, as is now the case. So also the potteries, tanneries, and other operations of this sort would be clustered around these great fountains, and the traces of the necessary buildings may be seen all around us. I even derive the name, Tabiga, from this business of tanning. Tabiga, or Tabaga, is nearly identical with Dabbaga, the Arabic name for tannery; and, no doubt, the tanneries of Capernaum were actually at these fountains, whatever may be true in regard to the name. And if a city should again arise in this vicinity, the tanneries belonging to it would certainly be located here, for the water is precisely the kind best adapted to that business.

As there is considerable marshy land about this Tabiga, may not this account for the prevalence of fevers at Capernaum? for here it was, of course, that Peter's wife's mother lay sick of a fever.1

Fevers of a very malignant type are still prevalent, particularly in summer and autumn, owing, no doubt, to the extreme heat acting upon these marshy plains, such as the Bătaiha, at the influx of the Jordan.

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1 Matt. viii. 14.

It must have been in this neighborhood that our Lord was so pressed by the multitudes who flocked from all parts to hear him, that he was obliged to enter a ship, and have it thrust out a little from the shore, that from thence he might address them without interruption.

No doubt; and I was delighted to find small creeks or inlets between this and Tell Hûm, where the ship could ride in safety only a few feet from the shore, and where the multitudes, seated on both sides, and before the boat, could listen without distraction or fatigue. As if on purpose to furnish seats, the shore on both sides of these narrow inlets is piled up with smooth boulders of basalt. Somewhere hereabouts, also, Andrew and Peter were casting their nets into the sea, when our Lord, passing by, called them to follow him, and become fishers of men. And in one of these identical inlets, James, the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, were mending their nets, when they, being also called, immediately left the ship and their father Zebedee, and followed Jesus. Here, yes, right here, began that organization which has spread over the earth, and revolutionized the world. Viewed in this relation, is there a spot on earth that can rival this in interest?

1 Matt. iv. 18-22.

INDEX OF NAMES AND SUBJECTS FOR VOL. I.

EXPLANATION OF TERMS AND CONTRACTIONS USED.
'Ain, Hebrew En, Fountain.

Merj, Plain,
Beit, Hebrew Beth, House.

Nahr, River.
Deir, Convent.

Neb'a, large Fountain.
Jebel, Mountain.

Neby, Prophet
Jisr, Bridge.

Scr. all., Scripture allusions to.
Khan, Caravansary.

Tell, Mound, Hill.
Kul'aet, Castle.

Vill., Village.
Mazar, Shrine.

Wady or W., Valley and Brook.

Abå, outer garment, scr. all. to, 500. l'Alma, village, described, 455; storm at,
'Abd el Kader el Mughraby, magician 444.
of Cairo, 228-231.

Almond-tree, scr. all. to, 495–496.
Abel Beth Maacah, 324.

Alphabet, Phænician, 262.
Abraham, battle with Chedorlaomer, Altars, horns of, 102.
321 ; oak of, 375.

'Aly es Sughîr, ruling family of Belad
Absalom, caught in an oak, 374.

Beshara, 312.
Abu el Aswad, river, Roman bridge at, Amalekites, 241.
251; plain of, 249.

Amka, village, Emek, 472.
Acacia-trees, 194.

'Ammariyeh, ancient ruins, 476.
Achabari, cliff, 423.

l'Ammatür, village, 120.
Acre, city, ancient Accho and Ptolemais, Amorites, 241.

described, 477 ; history of, 477–479; Amulets, 216.
vaults of houses not surdabs, 478; Ancient ruins, disappearance of, 158–
fortifications, 479; surroundings, 480;

159.
plain of, beautiful landscape, 497. Anklets, 185.
'Adlůn, village, ancient Ornithon, 236 ; Ants, scr. all. to, 520; anecdotes of, from

cave and tombs at, 245; ruins at, 249. Herodotus, 521.
Adonis, river, Nahr Ibrahim, source of, Aphcah, temple at, 361.
361.

Aqueduct of Acre, from Kabery, 471;
'Ainata, village, Beth Anath of Naph- of Beirût, ancient, 47; from Neb'à
tali, 315.

Tasy to Sidon, ancient, 211; from
'Ain el Jin, 424.

Tabiga to Gennesaret, 539.
'Ain el Kunterah, camp-ground, 210. Arabs, family compacts of, 446-447 ; at
'Ain el Mudowerah, 535.

a well, 90, at ancient rites, 455; flee-
'Ain es Sultan, at Baalbek, 254.

ing over the Owely, 122; tents of, 94,
'Ain et Tiny, 537; nature of the fount- 251.
ain, 544.

Arbors, covered with gourd vines, 97.
Ain Fit, Nusairiyeh village, 242. Ard el Kheit, description of, 398-401.
'Ain Hazur, En #azor, 515.

Argela, 163.
'Ain Hershah, temples, Greek inscrip-Ark, Noah's, pitched with bitumen, 336;
tions at, 350.

of bulrushes (Moses'), 337.
'Ain Jür, 'ancient Chalcis, 254; remit- Arkites, 243.
tent fountain, 410.

'Arrāby, vill., 516.
'Akabiyeh, brook, 209.

'Arreimeh, tell of, 539.
'Akkar, plain of, 245.

Arvadites, 243.
Alexander, coin of, 195.

Asher, territory of, 290; boundaries of,
Alexandroschene, 'Scanderuna, ruins, 483-485.
467.

Ashmunazar, sarcophagus of, 199-201.
Algerines at Kudes, 404.

Astrologers, 215.
'Alia, ancient ruin, 462.

Atmosphere, transparency of, 17.

at, 209.

Avenger of blood, 447-449.

Burikiyeh, brook, ruined Roman bridge
Axe at root of the tree, 527.

Burket Ram, Phiala, lake, 367.
Baal and Ashtaroth, 201.

Bussa, vill., ruins near it, 475.
Baal-Sidon, temple of, 203.

Bustard, hunting of, 311.
Baalbek, Baalgad, Heliopolis, temples Bustra, ruined temples at, 349.
at, 354-361.

Butter, Arab., 393; churning of, scr.
Babeer cane, 401.

all., 393.
Babúk, fountain, 260.
Bad roads, 89.

Cabul, vill, and district, 281, 511.
Balaam and his ass, 63.

Cactus, extraordinary growth of, 308.
Banana, 160.

Cæsarea Philippi, see Banias.
Banias, Panium, Cæsarea Philippi, oak Canaanites, 240.

glades of, 343; fountain of Jordan at, Cane, Babeer, 401.
344; Greek inscriptions at, 344 ; vis- Capernaum, Tell Húm, site of, discussed,
ited by Christ, 344; statue of Christ, 542-548; ruins of synagogue, 540 ;
344; miracles at, 345-347 ; cave of, nature of shore at, 548; reflections at,
described by Josephus, 347; history 541-542.
of, 348; scene of transtiguration near Carmel, convent of, 493.
it, 349.

Cedars of Lebanon, 292–297 ; grove of,
Banias Castle, ascent to, 376; gate of, 295; situation of, 295; size and age of

376; scr. all. to, 376; description and trees, 296; appearance of, cones of, 297.
history of, 376-378.

Cendevia, Lake, 486.
Battlements of houses, 48.

Chalcedony, geodes of, 437.
Bay of Acre, 487.

Chamber over gate, 31.
Bee-hives on the Hûleh, 389.

Chariots, not found now in Syria, 19;
Beer en Nukkar, guard-house at, 315. causes of their disappearance, 19.
Beerieh, vill., Beer (?), 425.

Charms, 216–217.
Bees in the rocks, 460.

Charms, medical, 218.
Behemoth, scr. all., 384–388.

Children, desire for, 177.
Beirút, Berytus, topography of, 40; en-Chittim, Cyprus, 18.

virons, 41; Berothai and Berothah, Christ's missionary instructions, 533-
42; origin of name, 42; breakwater 535.
before its quay, 43 ; ancient celebrity Churning of Arabs, 393.
of, 43; gladiatorial shows at, by Ti-Cisterns, water of,' 443; dangerous ad-
tus, 44; destroyed by earthquake, 44; venture in a cistern, 442.
history of, 45; legends, 45 ; recent Cities of Syria and Palestine, popula-
growth of, 46; ancient remains, aque- tion of, 247.

duct, 47 ; pine groves of, 63. Clean and unclean animals, 287–288.
Beit Jenn, vill., 321.

Climate of Syria, variable, 129.
Belad Beshara, scenery of, 314-315. Coffee-cups, Arab., 164.
Belus, river, Nahr Na'aman, 486. Coins, ancient, at Sidon, 195.
Benat Yacobe, Jacob's daughters, 372. Colonies of Sidon, 128.
Besherrah, town, 292.

Coneys described, 459.
Beth M'aacah, province, 326.

Contentious woman, 453.
Beth Rehob, city of, 326.

Coracinus, fish, 536, 544.
Betrothals, Oriental, 452-453. Cosa, Hosa, ruins at, 443.
Bible, composed in country, not city, 507. Costumes, Oriental, male, 165-167; fc-
Bint Jebail, vill., 315.

male, 170-172.
Bisry, vill., vale, and temple, 121, 361. Crater, volcanic, 434.
Bitumen, wells near Hasbeiya. 335 ; Crops, continuous succession of, 328 ;

from Dead Sea, 336; scr. all., 336–337. rate of yield, 116–117.
Blát, cliffs of, 255.

Crows, in the Hûleh, 396–397; deprc-
Blát, temple of, 443.

dations of, 397.
Blåta, fountain, buffaloes in, 394. Custom-house officers, 64.
Blood, eating of, scr. all. to, 136-137. Cyprus seen from Lebanon, 18.
Blood revenge, 447-449.
Bostrenus, River, Owely, 121.

Dahr June, 109.
Bracelets, 185.

Daleels, guides to hidden treasure, 196.
Buffalo, Behemoth, described, 384-387; Damún, vill., 511.

the reem not the unicorn, 386–387. Damúr River, Tamyras, 81; source, 81;
Buk'ah, Cælo Syria, plain of, 254–255, broken bridge, foods, 82 ; landslide

353-364.

on, 83,

INDEX TO SUBJECTS.

551

non, 81.

ren, 539.

Dan, 201, 320, 383.

Ehden, vill., 292.
Danites, conquer Laish, worship idols, El Báany, vill, and ruins, 512.
323.

El Behjeh, palace, 471.
Dates, 67.

Eleutherus, River, Nahr el Kebir, 245.
Deborah, fountain of, 424.

Elijah at Sarepta, 232 ; chamber of, at
Defilement, ceremonial, 284-288; Bibli- Shunem, 235.

cal precepts concerning, 286,287. El Mughar, En Hazor, vill., 515.
Deir 'Asheir, vill., temples at, 350, 353. El Muzrah, 471.
Deir el Asad, vill., 512.

Em el 'Amed, ruins, temple at, 468.
Deir el Kamar, capital of Mount Leba- Em el 'Awamid, ancient oil-presses at,

298, 306.
Deir el Kāsy, 472.

Enchanters, 214.
Deir el Külah, 47, 361.

En Hazor, ruin, 515.
Deir Hanna, castle and vill., 516. Euroclydon, wind, 132.
Deir Mukhullis, convent, 115.

Eusebius, description of the cathedral of
Deir Zahrany, vill., ancient road near, Tyre by, 282, 283; statue of Christ at
205.

Banias, described by, 344.
Deluge, 69.

Evil Eye, 219.
Demoniacal possession, 212–231. Exorcism, 224.
Deputations more and more honorable,
313.

Falconry, 309-311.
Derdara, fountain in Ijon, 320; cas- Falcons, varieties of, 309-310.
cades of, 338.

Family compacts, Oriental, 446–447.
Dervishes, feats of, 227.

Farmer life in Galilee, 532.
Desertion of Phænician coast, reason of, Father, Oriental idiomatic use of the
249–250.

word, 475.
Devout language common in the East, Feet, bare, washing of, 174.
100.

Fevers prevalent about Capernaum, 547.
Difneh, Daphne, 388.

Figs, early, 538.
Diviners, 214.

Fig-tree cursed by our Lord, 538 ; bar-
Dog River, Lycus, Nahr el Kelb, ancient

sculptures at, 57–59; inscriptions at, Finjan and zarf, coffee-cup and holder,
59; aqueduct, caves of, 60-61; sources Arab., 164.
of, 61; natural. bridge, 62; scenery Fire in corn, scr. all. to, 529-530 ; an-
of, 60.

ecdote of, from Burckhardt, 530.
Dogs of shepherds, 301.

Fortune-tellers, 219; anecdotes of, 220-
Donkey fallen, scr. all. to, 89.
Door-posts, writing upon, 140; scr. all. Fossils on Lebanon, 69.
to, 140-141.

Fountains anciently defended, 209.
Dor, ancient city, Tantura, 201. Fountains, list of great, in Syria, 405–
Douseh, Moslem saint riding over pros- 406; tepid, 406 ; intermittent and re-
trate people, 227–228.

mittent, 407-411.
Dove-cotes, 415.

Frontlets, 93.
Doves, 68; in clefts of the rocks, 415; Fruits of Palestine, 161.

“fly as clouds to their windows,” 415- Fukhrah, temple of, 361.

416; varieties, scr, all. to, 415-418. Fukhr ed Din, 121 ; cave of, 121; death
Drinking and eating, idiomatic use of of, 121.
the words, 496.

Funerals, Oriental, described, 141-142;
Druses, origin of, 249; number and dis- expensive, 149; customs of, among
tribution of, 246.

Bedawîn, 150; mourning at, '149.
Dubay Castle, 315.
Durb es Sin, vill., 203.

Gabera, ruins of, 512.

Galilee, reflections on entering it, 508.
Eagles in cliffs of the Litany, 256; scr. Garments, list of, Oriental, 167–169.

all. to, 256-257 ; eagles " where the Gate of city, 29; scr. all. to, 30–32;
carcass is,” 491.

names of, 32.
Ear-rings and ear-drops, 186.

Gazelles, scr, all. to, 251-252.
Earthquake, scr. all. to, 427; descrip-Gebile, town, 151.

tion of earthquake at Safed and Tibe- Gennesaret, plain of, described by Jose-
rias, 428-434.

phus, 535-536 ; lake, shore of, "541.
Eating, Oriental manner of, 181–183 ; Gether, land of, 386.

utensils for, 181–182 ; washing of Ghawaraneh, Arabs of the Hûleh, 389;
hands after, 183.

encampment of, 392.

221.

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