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greatest objection that occurs to me is the inconsiderable amount of them. Chineroth was given to Naphtali, and from it both this plain and lake may have derived their names, for Genashur and Gennesaret are only different forms of Chineroth or Cineroth-in Maccabees it is written Genasor, and also Nasor; and what more likely than that this city was on this plain, and gave name to it, and the lake also. I am aware that many entertain the idea that the predecessor of the city of Tiberias was Chineroth, and it may have been so, but I think not. We
We may examine this point on the ground, and for the present rest on the suggestion that Chineroth stood at the head of the pretty plain to which it gave name.
Tell Hûm being Capernaum, and Khan Minyeh Chineroth, what do you make of this Tabiga ?
It was the grand manufacturing suburb of Capernaum, and hence the fountains took name from the city. Here were the mills, not only for it, but for all the neighborhood, as is now the case. So also the potteries, tanneries, and other operations of this sort would be clustered around these great fountains, and the traces of the necessary buildings may be seen all around us. I even derive the name, Tabiga, from this business of tanning. Tabiga, or Tabaga, is nearly identical with Dabbaga, the Arabic name for tannery; and, no doubt, the tanneries of Capernaum were actually at these fountains, whatever may be true in regard to the name. And if a city should again arise in this vicinity, the tanneries belonging to it would certainly be located here, for the water is precisely the kind best adapted to that business.
As there is considerable marshy land about this Tabiga, may not this account for the prevalence of fevers at Capernaum? for here it was, of course, that Peter's wife's mother lay sick of a fever.1
Fevers of a very malignant type are still prevalent, particularly in summer and autumn, owing, no doubt, to the extreme heat acting upon these marshy plains, such as the Bătaiha, at the influx of the Jordan.
1 Matt. viii. 14.
It must have been in this neighborhood that our Lord was so pressed by the multitudes who flocked from all parts to hear him, that he was obliged to enter a ship, and have it thrust out a little from the shore, that from thence he might address them without interruption.
No doubt; and I was delighted to find small creeks or inlets between this and Tell Hûm, where the ship could ride in safety only a few feet from the shore, and where the multitudes, seated on both sides, and before the boat, could listen without distraction or fatigue. As if on purpose to furnish seats, the shore on both sides of these narrow inlets is piled up with smooth boulders of basalt. Somewhere hereabouts, also, Andrew and Peter were casting their nets into the sea, when our Lord, passing by, called them to follow him, and become fishers of men. And in one of these identical inlets, James, the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, were mending their nets, when they, being also called, immediately left the ship and their father Zebedee, and followed Jesus. Here, yes, right here, began that organization which has spread over the earth, and revolutionized the world. Viewed in this relation, is there a spot on earth that can rival this in interest?
1 Matt. iv. 18-22.
INDEX OF NAMES AND SUBJECTS FOR VOL. I.
EXPLANATION OF TERMS AND CONTRACTIONS USED.
Neb'a, large Fountain.
Scr. all., Scripture allusions to.
Tell, Mound, Hill.
Wady or W., Valley and Brook.
Abå, outer garment, scr. all. to, 500. l'Alma, village, described, 455; storm at,
Almond-tree, scr. all. to, 495–496.
Alphabet, Phænician, 262.
'Aly es Sughîr, ruling family of Belad
Amka, village, Emek, 472.
'Ammariyeh, ancient ruins, 476.
l'Ammatür, village, 120.
described, 477 ; history of, 477–479; Amulets, 216.
cave and tombs at, 245; ruins at, 249. Herodotus, 521.
Aqueduct of Acre, from Kabery, 471;
Tasy to Sidon, ancient, 211; from
Tabiga to Gennesaret, 539.
a well, 90, at ancient rites, 455; flee-
ing over the Owely, 122; tents of, 94,
Arbors, covered with gourd vines, 97.
of bulrushes (Moses'), 337.
'Arrāby, vill., 516.
'Arreimeh, tell of, 539.
Asher, territory of, 290; boundaries of,
Ashmunazar, sarcophagus of, 199-201.
Atmosphere, transparency of, 17.
Avenger of blood, 447-449.
Burikiyeh, brook, ruined Roman bridge
Burket Ram, Phiala, lake, 367.
Bussa, vill., ruins near it, 475.
Bustard, hunting of, 311.
Butter, Arab., 393; churning of, scr.
Cabul, vill, and district, 281, 511.
Cactus, extraordinary growth of, 308.
Cæsarea Philippi, see Banias.
glades of, 343; fountain of Jordan at, Cane, Babeer, 401.
Cedars of Lebanon, 292–297 ; grove of,
376; scr. all. to, 376; description and trees, 296; appearance of, cones of, 297.
Cendevia, Lake, 486.
Chalcedony, geodes of, 437.
Chamber over gate, 31.
Chariots, not found now in Syria, 19;
Charms, medical, 218.
Children, desire for, 177.
virons, 41; Berothai and Berothah, Christ's missionary instructions, 533-
duct, 47 ; pine groves of, 63. Clean and unclean animals, 287–288.
Climate of Syria, variable, 129.
Coneys described, 459.
Contentious woman, 453.
Coracinus, fish, 536, 544.
from Dead Sea, 336; scr. all., 336–337. rate of yield, 116–117.
Crows, in the Hûleh, 396–397; deprc-
dations of, 397.
Dahr June, 109.
Daleels, guides to hidden treasure, 196.
the reem not the unicorn, 386–387. Damúr River, Tamyras, 81; source, 81;
INDEX TO SUBJECTS.
Dan, 201, 320, 383.
Ehden, vill., 292.
El Behjeh, palace, 471.
Eleutherus, River, Nahr el Kebir, 245.
Elijah at Sarepta, 232 ; chamber of, at
cal precepts concerning, 286,287. El Mughar, En Hazor, vill., 515.
Em el 'Amed, ruins, temple at, 468.
En Hazor, ruin, 515.
Eusebius, description of the cathedral of
Banias, described by, 344.
Evil Eye, 219.
Family compacts, Oriental, 446–447.
Farmer life in Galilee, 532.
Fevers prevalent about Capernaum, 547.
Figs, early, 538.
Fig-tree cursed by our Lord, 538 ; bar-
sculptures at, 57–59; inscriptions at, Finjan and zarf, coffee-cup and holder,
ecdote of, from Burckhardt, 530.
Fortune-tellers, 219; anecdotes of, 220-
Fountains anciently defended, 209.
“fly as clouds to their windows,” 415- Fukhrah, temple of, 361.
416; varieties, scr, all. to, 415-418. Fukhr ed Din, 121 ; cave of, 121; death
Funerals, Oriental, described, 141-142;
Bedawîn, 150; mourning at, '149.
Gabera, ruins of, 512.
Galilee, reflections on entering it, 508.
all. to, 256-257 ; eagles " where the Gate of city, 29; scr. all. to, 30–32;
names of, 32.
Gazelles, scr, all. to, 251-252.
tion of earthquake at Safed and Tibe- Gennesaret, plain of, described by Jose-
phus, 535-536 ; lake, shore of, "541.
utensils for, 181–182 ; washing of Ghawaraneh, Arabs of the Hûleh, 389;
encampment of, 392.