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Parables have all a natural basis, upon which they are constructed by the divine skill of Him who spoke as never man spake, and these mostly cluster about Nazareth, Gennesaret, and Capernaum.

The pictorial illustrations have been prepared with much care, and beautifully executed, and add greatly not only to the interest, but also to the real value of the work. Many of them are original, and others selected from the best ex: isting sources, and so corrected as to be more true to nature, and more appropriate to the book. In this department the author has been largely indebted to the pencil of his son, W.H. Thomson. The maps have been compiled and drawn with exclusive reference to the present work, and embody, it is believed, all the most valuable results of recent geographical explorations in the Holy Land.

Each volume is supplied with two copious and carefullyprepared indexes, one of texts, and the other of names and subjects ; and the attention of the reader is particularly directed to them, as they will greatly facilitate reference to those parts of the work where the various subjects treated of, and the Scripture passages illustrated, are to be found.

And now, with the cheerful hope and fervent prayer that our pleasant pilgrimage together through the earthly Canaan may hereafter be resumed and perpetuated in the heavenly, the author bids his courteous reader a cordial adieu.

A 2

LIST OF ENGRAVINGS IN VOL. I.

.......

53

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PAGE Map of Southern Syria and Palestine. View of Beirût ..............

........................ Frontispiece. Kharûb-tree .......................

................ 20 Pods of the Kharûb ..............

.................. 21 Sycamore-tree ................ Figs of the Sycamore ............ Moslems at Prayer..........................

26, Gate of a City ........................... Letter-writer......................... Barber's Shop Street, with loaded Camels......... Fountain at Beirût........ House with Roof and Battlements ............ Terrace with Vines...................

.............................. Sparrow ................... ................

....................... View of Dog River............

............

............... 55, Road over Pass at Dog River.............. Figure of Persian Warrior at Dog River..... Egyptian Figures at Dog River.. Natural Bridge over N. el Lebn........... Palm-trees........ Cluster of Dates........... Raven ................................................................................ Dove ........... Olive-branch .................. Aged Olive-tree surrounded by young ones ................................. Sarcophagi. View of Damûr (River).......................................................... 85, Arabs at a Well .................. Specimens of Tattooing............... The Tomb of Jonas ....................

94 Arbor covered with a Gourd .............

.... 97 Horned Ladies......................

... 101 Pewit.................................... .........................................

..... 104 Hedhood ......

. 105 Residence of Lady Hester Stanhope ........................................ 107, 108 Grave of Lady H. Stanhope ........... ........................................

..... 111 Bridge over the Owely....

............. Sidon from the North .................

................ 125, 126

........................

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PAGE

181

183

184

186

.............

Jackals ..

134 Mortar and Pestle ...

134 Syrian Sheep ........................

138 Women weeping at the Graves .............

.. 145 Tear Bottles....

147 Tombs of the Judges .....................................

152 Sidon with its Gardens...........

3. 156 The Banana-tree...............

160 Arab Pipes and the “ Jousy"............

.............

162 Argelehs .......

163 Finjan and Zarf.....

164 Syrian Gentleman in full Dress......

..... 166 Dress of Working Classes..

168 Dress of a Syrian or Egyptian Lady...............

..... 170 Head-dress..

................................... .... 171 Shoes, Boots, Kúbkobs

..... 173 Scamla or Arab Table................. Party at Dinner ....

. 182 Tusht and Ibriek... Washing Hands................ Necklace, Bracelets, Anklets .........

.. 185 Ear-drops, Necklace .............. Writing Materials...................

188 Lewan, Court, Fountain ........

................. 189, 190 Coins of Philip and Alexander.......

195 Sarcophagus (Phænician, at Sidon)....

199 Willy or Mazar ........ Plowing.......................

207 Amulets ...............

216 Charms ...........

........

.... Serpent Charmers ................

................. 223 The Dowseh .............. .........

.................... 225, 226 View of Sarafend (Sarepta).. tu (Warepta).............

............... 233, 234 House with an 'Allîyeh...........

...................

235 Coast of Tyre and Sidon .......

238 Tombs of ’Adlûn.......

244 Gazelles ..................

......................

252 Bridge over the Litany.................... Scene on the Litany ..............

255 Eagle and Nest ............................... ............................. 256 Tyre (from the East) .................... Ancient Stone in Wall at Tyre................. Broken Purpura...............

.... 269 Ras el ’Ain (great Fountain at Tyre)..... Ruins of ancient Aqueduct at Tyre.............

280 Tomb of Hiram....... ......................................................... 291 The Cedars of Lebanon...............

............... 293, 294 Cedar Cones......

297

204

217

237,

...................

264

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26

xiii

307

309

LIST OF ENGRAVINGS.

PAGE

Ancient Figures on Rock at Kanah ...............

298

Marâh, Sheep-fold..............

300

Ancient Oil Mills and Presses ......

Partridges...............

Falcon .......

................... 309

Falcon (small) ................................

310

Castle of Tibnîn .............

............................ 312

Upper ’Ard Hûleh ........................

..... 317, 318

Upper Jordan

333, 334

Cave at Banias..............

Temples at Baalbek....

Great Stone in the Quarry.

........... 356

Plan of Temples at Baalbek .

............................ 359

Kamûa Hermel............

............... 363, 364

Figures on the Kamûa

365, 366

View of Lake Phiala ........

.............. 369, 370

Syrian Oak ........................

374

Scorpion............................

378

Scorpion......................................

380

The Buffalo...........

385

Seid Yehuda..................

390

The Crow............................................................................... 396

The Jackdaw...

396

North End of Lake Hûleh (Hermon in the distance) .................. 399, 400

Babeer Cane ......

Jisr Benat Yacobe ......

................

402

Pelican........................

Fountain of Sabbatic River................

The Terebinth..................................

Pigeon-house................................ ....................................

The Turtle-dove...........

.... 416

The Ring-dove...........

.............. 418

Safed (Lake Tiberias in the distance)..................................... 421, 422

Conies ..........

............... 460

Ladder of Tyre ..........

............................. 465, 466

Em el 'Amed .......................

.................... 468

Hůmsîn (column)....................

................ 476

Acre (from the East) .....

............ 481, 482

Khaifa and Carmel .......

................................. 490

Eagles ...........................

491

Lock and Key, Oriental.................. ........................................

494

Almond-tree

... 495

Stork....................................

501

W allet ........................................... .................................... 532

Ruins at Capernaum.............

.... 543

..........

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....

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