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the congregation, before he be lawfully called and sent to execute the same. And those we ought to judge lawfully called and sent, which be called and chosen to this work, by men who have public authority given unto them in the congregation to call and send ministers into the Lord's vineyard."
Now I request this Christian congregation which has already been shewn to be a true church of Christ, to turn their attention • to my young friend who appears to day in the presence of this
congregation, as its future minister; and I ask you, if he be not a minister of Christ, where shall we find one? He is "law· fully called and sent to this work, by men who have authority
to call and send” him, to perform all the offices of a Christian minister. I ask, if he be not a minister of Christ, where
shall we find one? Shall we go to the apostles and evan• gelists, to the discerners of spirits of the first age, that they
may furnish us with a genuine minister? They are gone : « their commission is executed, and they have entered upon the
enjoyment of their rest. Shall we go to the successors of the apostles ? Most gladly would we visit them at the extremity of the earth, did we but know where to find them. Church men indeed tell us, that the bishops of the English Church, are the very men upon whom the mantles of the apostles fell,
and in whom the power of discerning the spirits now dwells. • Roman Catholics assure us that this is a false assumption ;
and I own I give them full credit thus far: but they go on to: say, that the bishop of Rome is the only successor of St. Peter, and that to bis hands the keys are committed with indivisible authority. For this allegation there is evidently more substantial ground, than any which Protestant bishops can
assign for their pretensions. They have abandoned, equally (with dissenters, the communion of that Church which has the
strongest claim to an uninterrupted succession of ecclesiastical
power. As much as ourselves, the bishops of the established « Church of England are obnoxious to the charge of heresy (and schism. Must we then go to Rome to find a genuine
minister of the gospel of Christ? Let those go there who can digest the monstrous enormities of that mother of superstition, idolatry, and persecution. Let those go there who can bow their necks to the most galling yoke, and who with
preposterous humility can debase their understandings, to • receive the dictates of a proud priest, who presumptuously 6 vaunts himself to be the source of all legitimate authority, the successor of St Peter, and the vicar of Jesus Christ.
Shall we in searching for a genuine minister of Christ, go • to a modern presbytery? Does the power of calling men and
sending them to preach the word, and to minister the sacra. . ments, reside in such an assembly? Not a vestige of proof
is, in my apprehension, to be found in the sacred oracles, to support the claims which presbyterian ministers urge. Shall a Christian church then call a convocation of ministers of its own denomination, to appoint for it an overseer in the Lord ? Have Congregationalists a power vested in them, which we look for in vain, in the presbyterian consistory, on the episcopal bench, and upon the papal throne? I have been an independent minister for several years, but I declare I was
never conscious of possessing such a power, and the con'sciousness of many of my brethren resembles, as I am well
assured, my own. Independent ministers are called to preach • the word, and to minister the ordinances of the Christian re
ligion, by congregations, such as have been shewn to be true • churches of Christ. They look upon themselves, as having
power to perform these offices, because they are called to 'them,“ by men that have authority” so to do. These are the 'members of the churches, who judge themselves to be in
structed and edified by the humble exertions of such untitled
men. These churches elect for themselves ministers; they • set apart a day for public ordination; they invite a number
of the neighbouring ministers to assist them by their counsels and their prayers; and God is pleased to smile upon their conduct, by rendering the feeble efforts of such agents, subservient to the love of truth, and the practice of virtue.
You, my Christian brethren, are pursuing the same course. "You have an indefeasible right to choose for yourselves a ' minister; and you have exercised this right: you now bring
forth the minister of your choice, and with the assistance of • the pastors of neighbouring churches, you appoint my young • friend, in the presence of God, to take the spiritual oversight • of you: you ordain him to be your pastor, and solemnly
declare that you will “ obey” him, as one that hath “ the rule ' over you;" that you will “ submit yourselves to him," as one "" that watches for your souls," and " must give account.” • Here then is a church of Christ, and my worthy young friend " is a minister of Christ. To what a state should we indeed
be reduced, if the power of appointing ministers were vested • in any other hands, than those of the members of the church. · The Church of Rome has apostatized : the Church of
England imposes terms of communion to wbich we cannot submit: the Presbytery may become heretical and tyrannical, and abuse the power with which it has been invested : associations of congregational ministers may depart from the truth and simplicity of the gospel. What then is a society of
Christians to do? Are they to remain destitute of a pastor, • or to make application to sources which they disapprove
Far from it. Let them assemble together; let them implore wisdom and fidelity from above; let them look for a man in I whom the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the Lord
resides, and let them place hin over them in the Lord: and • though there be no other church upon earth, this is one: ' here Christ is present: here God dwells; and here His Spirit
will pour down abundant supplies of heavenly grace, and of life-giving power. I shall conclude with a request, that none of
my hearers will suspect me of ill will towards the ' members of the established church, either of the clergy or
laity. Of the latter, many are distinguished by their piety, ' their zeal, and their benevolence: of the former, numbers are justly intitled to the praise of whatever can be conferred of ornament or usefulness, by talents most exalted, religion inost
evangelical, or learning most profound. I trust we shall meet ' in heaven: I wish them. God speed in the prosecution of their ' important labours; but while I live on earth, I must belong
to that church, in which conscience and freedom reige su
preme, upsbackled by the fetters of human device.' - Discourses delivered at the Ordination of the Rev. John Yockney to the Pastoral Office, at Lower-street, Islington, Nov. 1815. 8vo. 2s. 6d. Conder.
Wemust now takeour leave of Dr. Mant. The Sermon preached for the benefit of the National Schools, would supply us with fresh matter of remark, but, as it is not now printed for the first time, we shall decline entering upon the subject. Earnestly as we deprecate the strong delusions' which these Sermons uphold,—and we must pity the intellectual darkness as well as bigotry in which they originate ;-hard as it is to believe that the man is sincere who declares that " no Divine * promise has been given' which applies to the attendants upon what he deems an irregularly ordained ministry; still, we cannot deny ourselves the pleasure of hoping that Dr. Mant has the cause of Christianity at heart. We say this frankly and deliberately, recollecting that even Pascal believed in transubstantiation, and Fenelon bowed to the supremacy of the Pope. The solemn injunctions which are pressed upon the candidates for the ministerial office in the conclusion of the seventh Sermon, are worthy of a mind more enlightened with respect to the genius of the religion of Jesus Christ, and lead us to put as candid a construction as possible even upon these statements which must in themselves be considered as highly atrocious.
We claim the indulgence of our readers while we assume for once, in concluding this article, the free language of counsel, to two classes of evangelical Dissenters.
To those Dissenting Ministers whose language on the subject of Episcopal claims and religious liberty, would favour too much the notion that they are actuated by political feelings, we
earnestly recommend the consideration, that religious liberty is but a means, a negative though a most essential means of promoting the triumphs of the Gospel. Political liberty is indeed the greatest earthly blessing of which man can deprive his fellow; and all systems which trench upon this dearest right, tend to degrade and to demoralize mankind.
The great Apostle, unwilling to countenance for a moment the assumption of arbitrary power, intimidated the unjust centurion, by telling him that he was a Roman, and the chief captain, that he was freeborn, and at the bar of Festus himself his language was: “I appeal “ unto Cesar.” We would not plead for a tone of conduct below the independent dignity of that greatest of Christians. But still, religion is not a political thing, and the ends we have in view as Dissenters, are not political. Every thing, how important soever, that can be considered only as belonging to the order of means, is but subordinate to that which is contemplated as the end. It is by that end that our feelings should be characterized, and the positive means of accomplishing it should evidently occupy our chief interest. And if there are men who, in the midst of error and mistake as to the means, are really employed in reference to the same end, and in spite of every disadvantage, successfully employed, it becomes us to fix our attention on those points of their character which are estimable rather than on those which provoke repugnance. Let then the essential unity of the Church of Christ be ever borne in mind, as a first principle, in all our discussions of subordinate principles.
On the other hand, how shall we address ourselves to those Dissenting Ministers, who, not in consequence of greater spirituality of mind, not in consequence of a superior portion of Christian zeal, not in consequence of a heartoverflowing with goodwill towards all men, but under the influence of a worldly spirit, of a servile deference to polite opinion, or of that intellectual indolence which shrinks from the stir of controversy, would, in times like the present, compromise and compliment away the principles for which we are contending? What shall we say to those who, captivated by the intimacy of some one or two truly estimable men within the pale of the Establishment, or disgusted, it may be, at the conduct of some two or three within their own communion, fold their arms in peaceful neutrality, and dream that the Millenium has begun? And should the neighbouring town or village be the station of some more zealous labourer, who finding himself witbstood in every plan of usefulness by some beneficed son of Belial, inveighs in the bitterness of indignant grief against that system which necessarily, by the very nature of its patronage, throws, in a thousand instances, such moral power into the hands of so much wickedness,--that man shall in courtesy to the Church that denounces him as a schismatic, be termed a bigot by his fellowdissentients, although a heart glowing with philanthropy and kindness, and a mind intent upon spiritual realities, constitute his genuine character. The man is not a bigot; but he cannot view with speculative indifference an Establishment which even now, in the light of the present day, is planting its moral Upas trees in the heart of the kingdom, and says of the meJancholy waste, “ The soil is mine. He cannot suffer private friendships to interfere with his estimate of a system, the operation of which, after every deduction on the ground of beneficial exceptions, leaves so preponderating an aggregate of evil as its genuine result. He is not a bigot; but can he endure without some indigoant emotions, that his purest wishes for the welfare of his country, should be stigmatized as seditious, and that his calumniators should be ministers of the Gospel ; that principles the very reverse of those to which England owes all her freedom and social bappiness, principles recognised by provisions and fostered by the spirit of the Constitution, should be denounced as anti social and un-Christian? He is not a bigot, but can he feel perfect complacency towards men, who, whatever be their garb and profession, are found among the abettors of war, the apologists for intolerance, the betrayers of the best interests of society? No: but he is perhaps in danger of retreating too much into his own feelings under the discouragements induced by this view of the features of the times, and of suffering melancholy to mingle unduly with the hopes whịch the Divine promises lead him to entertain respecting the future. He will not be weary of well-doing,” but bis thoughts will be more and more occupied with the fond anticipation of that world where man will no longer usurp the prerogative of his Maker, and sin, the root of all physical and all moral evil, shall not be known.
Art. II. Memoirs of the Marchioness De Larochejaquelein. With a
Map of the Theatre of War in La Vendée. Translated from the
readers, a wish that every memorable war could have had a sensible and accomplished woman involved in its transactions, and acquainted with its chiefs in the council and the field, and then prompted, by motives little mingled with vanity, to relate its course of events, and describe its leaders, in a written and permanent memorial.
Such a production, coming after the generals had written their memoirs, and the historians had elaborated their narrations, would have been an invaluable ad