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No. III. Genealogical Table of the Turanian Family of Lan

guages, Northern Division.

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DEAD
LIVING LANGUAGES.

LANGUAGES. BRANCHES. CLASSES.
Dialects of the Chapogires (Upper

Tunguska)
Orotongs (Lower

Western
Tunguska)
People of Nyertchinsk

Tungu-
Lamutes (Coast of

sic
O'hotsk):

Eastern
Mandshu (China)
Sharra-Mongols

(South of Gobi)
Khalkhas (North of

Eastern or Mon-
Gobi)

gols Proper
Sharaigol (Tibet and

Tangut)
Choshot (Kokonúr)
Dsungur
Olot or

Mongo-
Torgod

Kalmücks
Western Mon-

lic
Dürbet
Aimaks (i. e. tribes

gols
of Persia)
Sok pas (Tibet)
Buritas (Lake Baikal)

Northern Mongols
Uigurs
Komans
Chagatais
Usbeks

Chagataic, S. E.
Turkomans
People of Kasan
Kirgis .
Bashkirs
Nogais
Kumians
Karachais

Turkic, N., Turkic
Karakalpaks
Meshcheryäks
People of Siberia
Yakuts
People of Derbend

Aderbijan
Krimea

Turkic, W.
Anatolia

Rumelia
Yurazes
Tawgi

Northern
Yenisei

Samoy-
Ostiako-Samoyedes

edio

Eastern
Kamas
Hungarians
Voguls

Ugric
Ugro-Ostiakes
Tcheremissians
Mordvins

Bulgaric
Permians

Finnic
Sirianes

Permic

(Uralic)
Votiaks
Lapps
Finns

Chudic
66

Esths

Northern Division.
TORANIAN FAMILY.

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No. IV. Genealogical Table of the Turanian Family of

Languages, Southern Division.

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DEAD
LIVING LANGUAGES.

LANGUAGES.
Dialects of Siamese

Ahom
Laos
Khamti
Shan (Tenasserim)
Malay and Polynesian Islands. (See

Humboldt, Kavi Sprache.).
Tibetan
Horpa (N. W. Tibet, Bucharia)
Thochu-Sifan (N.E. Tibet, China)
Gyarung-Sifan (N.E. Tibet, China)
Manyak-Sifan (N.E. Tibet, China)
Takpa (West of Kwombo)
Kenaveri (Setlej basin)
Sarpa (West of Gandakéan basin)
Sunwar (Gandakéan basin)
Gurung (Gandakéan basin)
Magar (Gandakéan basin)
Newár (between Gandakéan and Koséan

basins).
Murmi (between Gandakéan and Koséan

basins)
Limbú (koséan basin)
Kiranti (Koséan basin)
Lepcha (Tishtéan basin)
Bhutanese (Manaséan basin)
Chepang (Nepal-Terai)
Burmese (Burmah and Arakan)
Dhimal (b tween Konki and Dhorla)
Kachari-Bodo (Migrat. 80° to 9330, and 25°

to 270)
Garo (900-91° E. long.; 250-26° N. lat.)..
Changlo (91°_920 E. long.)
Mikir (Nowgong)
Dophla (920 50°-97° N. lat.)
Miri (940_970 E. long.?)
Abor-Miri

Abor (970–999 E. long.)
.6

Sibsagor-Miri
Singpho (274–28° N. lat.)
Naga tribes (930—97° E. long.; 230 N. lat.

(Mithan) E. of Sibsagor,
Naga tribes (Namsang)

Naga tribes (Nowgong)
66

Naga tribes (Tengsa)
Naga tribes Tablung N. of Sibsagor)
Naga tribes Khaü, Jorhat)
Naga tribes (Angami, South)
Kuki (N. E. of Chittagong).
Khyeng (Shyu) (190—210

N. lat. Arakan)
Kami (Kuladan R. Arakan)
Kumi (Kuladan R. Arakan)
Shendus (220_23° and 93—949)
Mru (Arakan, Chittagong)
Sak (Nauf River, East)
Tunglhu (Tenasserim)
Ho (Kolehan
Sinhbhum Kol (Chyebossa)
Sontal (Chyebossa)
Bhumij (Chyebossa)
Mundala (Chota Nagpur)
Canarese
Tamil
Telugu
Malayalam
Gond
Brahvi
Tuluva.
Toduva
Uraon-kol

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INDEX.

ABD

ANG
ABDU-L-KADIR MALUK, MULLA, Akbar, his foundation of the so-
Shah of Badáún, his general his-

called Ilahi religion, 151.
tory of India, and other works, 151

works translated into Persian
note.

for him, 151.

not able to obtain a translation
Abhira, or Âbhîra, at the mouth of

of the Veda, 152.
the Indus, 204.

Albania, origin of the name, 242.
Abiria, the, of Ptolemy, 204.

Albanian language, origin of the,
Ablative, the, in Chinese, 119 note.

201.
Abraham, the language of, 278.

Albertus Magnus, on the humanizing
Abu Saleh, his translation from San-

influence of Christianity, quoted,
skrit into Arabic, 150.

129 note.
Abyssinian language, ancient and Alchemy, causes of the extinction of

modern, 281.
Academy, New, doctrines of the, Alexander the Great, influence of

the science, 19.
embraced in Rome, 107.

his expedition in giving the
Accusative, formation of the, in

Greeks a knowledge of other
Chinese, 118 note.

nations and languages, 93.
Achæmenian dynasty, inscriptions

- his difficulty in conversing with
of the, 210.

the Brahmans, 93.
Adelung, his Mithridates, 142.

Alexandria, influence of, on the
Adjectives, formation of, in Tibetan,

study of foreign languages,
113 note.

96.
in Chinese, 119 note.

critical study of ancient Greek
Ælius Stilo, Lucius, his lectures in
Rome, on Latin grammar, 109.

Algebra, translation of the famous
Affinity, indications of true, in the

Indian work on, into Arabic, 149.
animal and vegetable world, 26, Algoquins, the one case of the, 221

note.
Afghanistan, the language of, 210.

America, Central, rapid changes
Africa, South, dialects of, 64.
African language, an imaginary,

which take place in the lan-

guage of the savage tribes
223.
Âge, history of the French word, great number of languages
292.

spoken by the natives of, 62.
Agglutination in the Turanian fam - Hervas's reduction of them to
ily of languages, 291.

eleven families, 63.
Aglossoi, the, of the Greeks, 92. Amharic, or modern Abyssinian,
Agriculture of the Chaldeans, work 281.
on the, 279.

Anatomy, comparative science of,
· Pupic work of Mago on, 94 note. 27.
Ahirs, the, of Cutch, 204.

Anglo-Saxon, the most ancient epic
Akbar, the Emperor, his search after

in, 177.
the true religion, 151.

Angora, in Galatia, battle of, 808.

at, 97.

27.

of, 62.

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ANQ

BER
Anquetil Duperron, his translation Aryan, origin and gradual spreading

of the Persian translation of of the word Arya, 236.
the Upanishads into French, original seat of the Aryans, 238.
154.

the Aryan and Semitic the only
- his translation of the works of families of speech deserving
Zoroaster, 168, 206.

that title, 282.
Apollo, temple of, at Rome, 102.

genealogical table, 394, 395.
AR, the root, various ramifications Asia Minor, origin of the Turks of,
of, 252.

306.
Arabic, influence of, over the Turk- Asiatic Society, foundation of the,
ish language, 83.

at Calcutta, 158.
ascendency of, in Palestine and Asoka, King, bis rock inscriptions,
Syria, 281.

146.
original seat of Arabic, 281. Assyria, various forms of the name,
ancient Himyaritic inscriptions, 217.
281.

Astrology, causes of the extinction
earliest literary documents in of the science, 19.
Arabic, 281.

Astronomy, origin of the word, 16.
relation of Arabic to Hebrew, the Ptolemæan system, al-
281.

though wrong, important to
Aramaic division of Semitic lan science, 26.
guages, 276.

Auramazda, of the cuneiform in-
two dialects of, 276.

scriptions, 207. See Ormuzd.
Ariana, the, of Greek geographers, Auxentius on Ulfilas, 181–186 note.

240.
Ariaramnēs, father of Darius, origin

of the name, 211.
Aristotle on grammatical categories, BAber, his Indian empire, 299.
97, 126.

Babylonia, literature of, 278.
Armenia, origin of the name, 242. probability of the recovery of,
Arpinum, provincial Latin of, 67.

from the cuneiform inscripc
Article, the, original meaning of the tions, 278.
word, 98.

Barabas tribe, in the steppes be-
the Greek, restored by Zenodo tween the Irtish and the Ob, 304.

Barbarians, the, of the Greeks, 91.
Arya. See Aryan.

seemed to have possessed great-
Ârya-âvarta, India so called, 237.

er facility for acquiring lan.

guages than either Greeks or
Aryan, an Indo-European family of Romans, 94.
languages, 43, 80, 177.

the term Barbarian as used by
mode of tracing back the gram the Greeks and Romans, 127.
matical fragments

of the unfortunate influence of the
Aryan languages to original

term, 127.
independent words, 231-233. Bashkirs, race of the, in the Altaic
Aryan grammar, 234.

mountains, 303.
northern and southern divisions Basil, St., his denial that God had
of the, 211.

created the names of all things,
the original Aryan clan of 40 note.
Central Asia, 212.

Baziane tribe, in the Caucasus, 303.
- period when this clan broke up, Beaver, the, sagacity of, 24.
212.

Behar, Pâli once the popular dialect
formation of the locative in all

of, 146.
the Aryan languages, 219. Beowolf, the ancient English epic of,
Aryan civilization proved by 177.
the evidence of language, Berber, dialects of Northern Africa,
235.

origin of the, 282.

tus, 99.

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Berners, Juliana, on the expressions Bulgarian tribes and dialects, 319.

proper for certain things, 72. Buriates, dialects of the, new phaso
Berosus, his study and cultivation of grammatical life of the, 64.

of the Greek language, 94. Burmese language and literature, 63.
his history of Babylon, 95.

dialects, 63.
his knowledge of the cuneiform Burnouf, Eugène, his studies of
inscriptions, 95.

Zend, 168, 206.
Bible, number of obsolete words and and of cuneiform inscriptions,

senses in the English translation 168.

of 1611, 45.
Bibliandro, his work on language,

131 note.
Birúni, Abu Rihan al, 150.

CÆSAR, JULIUS, publication of his
his “ Tarikhu-l-Hind," 150.

work “De analogia," 110.
Bishop and sceptic derived from the invented the term oblitire, 110.
same root, 257.

Carneades forbidden by Cato to lec-
Boëthius, Song of, age of the, 196. ture at Rome, 109.
Bohemian, oldest specimens of, 201. Carthaginian language, closely allied
Bonaparte, Prince L., his collection to Hebrew, 280.
of English dialects, 70.

Case, history of the word, 111.
Booker's “Scripture and Prayer- Cases, forination of, in the Aryan

Book Glossary” referred to, 45. languages, 218.
Books, general destruction of, in Cassius, Dionysius, of Utica, his
China in 213, B. c. 227.

translation of the agricultural
Bopp, Francis, his great work, 166. work of Mago, 95 note.

results of his Comparative Castor and Pollux, worship of, in
Grammar," 234.

Italy, 102.
Botany, origin of the word, 15. Castren on the Mongolian dialects,

the Linnæan system, although 64.
imperfect, important to sci- Cat, origin of the word, 365.
ence, 26.

Catherine the Great of Russia, her
Brahman, the highest being, known “Comparative Dictionary,” 143.
through speech, 88.

Cato, his history of Rome in Latin,
Brahmans, their deification of lan-

104.
guage, 87.

his acquisition of the Greek
their early achievements in language in his old age, 106.
grammatical analysis, 88.

reasons for his opposition to
difficulties of Alexander in con everything Greek, 106.

versing with them, 93. Caucasus, tribes of the, 303.
Brâhmanas, the, on language, 87. Celtic language, substantive exist-
Brennus, 199.

ence of, 79.
Brown, Rev. Mr. on the dialects of Celtic, a branch of the Indo-Euro-
the Burmese, 63.

pean family of languages, 198.
Brutes, faculties of, 351.

Celts, their former political autono-
instinct and intellect, 353.

my, 198.
- language the difference between Chaldee, in what it consisted, 276.
man and brute, 354.

fragments in Ezra, 276.
the old name given to brutes, - language of the Targums, 277.
379.

literature o: Babylon and Nin-
Buddhism, date of its introduction eveh, 273.
into China, 147.

the modern Mendaites or Naso-
Bulgarian Kingdom on the Danube,

reans, 279.
319.

Changes, historical, affecting every
language and literature, 200.

variety of language, 44.
Bulgaric branch of the Finnic class - rapid changes in the languages
of languages, 319.

of savage tribes, 44.

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