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THE

TABLE OF CHAPTERS.

THE PREFACE.

CHAP. I.

The design of this book, and what matters it treats of P. 1 CHAP. II.

That in the times of Jesus Christ our blessed Saviour, the Jews had among them a common explication of the Scriptures of the Old Testament, grounded on the tradition of their fathers, which was in many things approved by Christ and his Apostles

9

CHAP. III.

That the Jews had certain traditional maxims and rules for the understanding of the holy Scripture 25

CHAP. IV.

That Jesus Christ and his Apostles proved divers points of the Christian doctrine by this common traditional exposition received among the Jews, which they could not have done, (at least, not so well,) had there been, in those texts which they alleged, such a literal sense only as we can find without the help of such an exposition 42

CHAP. V.

Of the authority of the apocryphal books of the Old Tes

tament

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CHAP. VI.

That the works which go under the name of Philo the Jew are truly his; and that he writ them a long while before the time of Christ's preaching the Gospel; and that it does not appear in any of his works that he had ever heard of Christ, or of the Christian religion

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CHAP. VII.

Of the authority and antiquity of the Chaldee paraphrases

67

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CHAP. VIII.

That the authors of the apocryphal books did acknowledge a Plurality, and a Trinity in the Divine nature - 79

CHAP. IX.

That the Jews had good grounds to acknowledge some kind of Plurality in the Divine nature

93

CHAP. X.

That the Jews did acknowledge the foundations of the belief of a Trinity in the Divine nature; and that they had the notion of it 111

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CHAP. XI.

That this notion of a Trinity in the Divine nature has continued among the Jews since the time of our Lord Jesus Christ - 127

CHAP. XII.

That the Jews had a distinct notion of the Word as of a Person, and of a Divine Person too 146

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CHAP. XIII.

That all the appearances of God, or of the Angel of the Lord, which are spoken of in the books of Moses, have been referred to the Word by the Jews before Christ's incarnation

- 161

CHAP. XIV.

That all the appearances of God, or of the Angel of the Lord, which are spoken of in Moses's time, have been referred to the Word of God by the ancient Jewish Church - 172

CHAP. XV.

That all the appearances of God, or of the Angel of the Lord, which are spoken of in the books of the Old Testament after Moses's time, have been referred to the Word of God by the Jews before Christ's incarnation

187

CHAP. XVI.

That the ancient Jews did often use the notion of the Aóyos, or the Word, in speaking of the Messias 203

CHAP. XVII.

That the Jews did acknowledge that the Messias was to be the Son of God

213

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CHAP. XVIII.

That the Messias was represented in the Old Testament as being Jehovah that should come, and that the ancient synagogue did believe him to be such

223

CHAP. XIX.

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That the New Testament does exactly follow the notions which the ancient Jews had of the Trinity, and of the Divinity of the Messias - 235

CHAP. XX.

That both the Apostles and the first Christians, speaking of the Messias, did exactly follow the notions of the ancient Jews, as the Jews themselves did acknowledge

251

CHAP. XXI.

That we find in the Jewish authors after the time of Jesus Christ, the same notions upon which Jesus Christ and his Apostles grounded their discourses to the Jews 262

CHAP. XXII.

An answer to some exceptions taken from certain expressions used in the Gospels 272

CHAP. XXIII.

That neither Philo, nor the Chaldee paraphrasts, nor the Christians, have borrowed from the Platonic philosophers their notions about the Trinity; but that Plato hath more probably borrowed his notions from the books of Moses and the Prophets, which he was acquainted with

283

CHAP. XXIV.

An answer to some objections of the modern Jews, and of the Unitarians

293

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CHAP. XXV.

An answer to an objection against the notions of the ancient Jews compared with those of the modern $05 CHAP. XXVI.

That the Jews have laid aside the old explications of their forefathers, the better to defend themselves in their disputes with the Christians

- 314

CHAP. XXVII.

That the Unitarians in opposing the doctrines of the Trinity, and our Lord's Divinity, do go much further than the modern Jews, and that they are not fit persons to convert the Jews

332 A Dissertation concerning the Angel who is called the Redeemer, Gen. xlviii. 349

THE

JUDGMENT

OF THE

ANCIENT JEWISH CHURCH

AGAINST THE

UNITARIANS, &c.

CHAP. I.

The design of this book, and what matters it treats of.

IF the doctrines of the ever blessed Trinity, and of the promised Messias being very God, had been altogether unknown to the Jews before Jesus Christ began to preach the Gospel, it would be a great prejudice against the Christian religion. But the contrary being once satisfactorily made out, will go a great way towards proving those doctrines among Christians. The Socinians are so sensible of this, that they give their cause for lost if this be admitted: and therefore they have used their utmost endeavours to weaken, or at least to bring under suspicion, the arguments by which this may be proved.

It is now about sixty years ago since one of that sect writ a Latin tract about the meaning of the word Ayos in the Chaldee paraphrases, in answer to Wechner, who had proved that St. John used

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