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Latin service of the Romish Church was abandoned, and a liturgy, formed on the ancient model, adopted in its room. The whole population flocked to the parish churches in which the reformed service was used until the end of Elizabeth's reign,* the prelates and clergy, retaining their positions, and exercising their functions, appeared once more in the character of true successors and disciples of St. Patrick, and of the ancient Irish saints; so that the Reformation in

It will naturally be asked, “how then came it to pass that Romanism once more spread over Ireland, and effected a lodgment once more and so extensively among the people ?" The answer is, partly by the infatuated councils of our English rulers, and partly through the unceasing intrigues of the Jesuits. By the acts of the English parliament everything Irish was discouraged and condemned, and new customs and manners were sought to be violently imposed on a people strongly attached to and prejudiced in favour of their old habits. Promotion in the church was limited to such as could speak the English language, unless, after four proclamations in the next market town, such could not be had. --See Act Henry VIII. chap. 15. The act of uniformity (2 Elizabeth, chap. 15) provided, that as the great mass of the clergy could not use the English tongue, they should celebrate the common prayer in Latin, thus depriving the Irish of the only means of instruction likely to benefit them—viz., public service in their native tongue, which was banished from their public worship and replaced by the English language, which they neither knew nor liked, and by the Latin, which, of course, they did not understand. Ignorance and prejudice were the natural consequences of these extraordinary enactments. In the next generation the people became the easy prey of those swarms of monks and Jesuits who were sent over by the pope, and who at once inflamed the passions of the people, already excited against English misrule by the indignities heaped on their country, and instilled into their minds afresh the pernicious errors of the Church of Rome. By these means the mass of the population sunk gradually back into the religious slavery from which they had been so lately delivered, and thus left poor Ireland what she is to-day, the unhappy victim of priestcraft and superstition.

Ireland, so often disparaged as if it were the commencement of a new Church, was, in fact, nothing more than a return of the whole population, lay and clerical, to the primitive doctrines and ancient independence of the old Church of the country, founded nearly 1500 years before*—that Church which had been organized by St. Patrick, and had continued independent of Rome for 700 years after his death, but which had been subjugated at the Council of Cashel, 1172, A.D., and remained in worse than Egyptian bondage for 300 years. This ancient Church which was thus emancipated by its own children, these primitive and apostolic doctrines which were thus restored, are no other than the present national Church of Ireland, by law established, and the Scriptural docrines which it teaches and upholds.

That church is often called, “THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND," but erroneously. True, it holds the same doctrines, and uses the same liturgy, but that no more renders it the same church, than the circumstance of two buildings being on the same plan, and furnished alike, makes them the same house. True, the Churches of England and Ireland are united like two fair sisters in bonds of love, but all this does not, and cannot, make the church in this island any more the Church of England, than it can make the church in the sister island to be the Church of Ireland. No, the Protestant Episcopal Church in

See Carte, Leland, Berington, and Phelan, for proof that the entire population embraced the reformed faith in the reign of Elizabeth.

this loved isle, is THE CHURCH OF IRELAND ; its ancient and venerable church ; it is no offset from the Church of England; it is no daughter to the Church of Rome ; it is the same which was planted here in apostolic days, and built up in the faith by good St. Patrick, and the venerable saints of Ireland; it is the same which spent a night of weeping under Romish darkness, and came forth once more to light and liberty at the Reformation, and has continued the same ever since, notwithstanding many “heavy blows and great discouragements," lifting up a faithful testimony for God, and preaching to perishing sinners the only way to eternal life, through Jesus Christ our Lord.

We can trace up the succession of our bishops to the most ancient times, * and this is what the Italian Church in this country cannot do, for when the Irish Bishops, at the time of the Reformation, renounced the errors and authority of Rome, they retained their sees and offices, and having themselves nobly protested against Romish rule and novelty, transmitted them to their PROTESTANT successors, whereas the present Romish Bishops in this island derive their orders from a foreign prelate, and there is not one of them who can trace up his succession, as we can, to St. Patrick, and the primitive bishops of the Irish Church. Philip O'Sullivan, a well known Romanist, who wrote, A.D. 1621, acknowledges that at that time there were but four bishops

In the Appendix will be found the list of the Primates of Armagh, from St. Patrick, down to the present Archbishop, Lord Johu George Beresford, D.D.



belonging to the Romish Church in Ireland, and two of these lived in foreign lands.* These bishops were totally unconnected with the national church of the country, as were also those foreign bishops appointed afterwards by the Pope to Irish Sees, and sent over here from Spain and other countries, to disturb the kingdom, and intrude into its religious con

It is from these strangers and aliens, that the Romish Bishops derive their orders, and, therefore, those who follow them are but dissenters and schismatics from the true Catholic Church of Ireland.

The Roman Catholic church in Ireland is but a branch of the Italian heresy, and has no claims whatsoever upon the affections or support of the Irish people. It is, as we have seen, a modern introduction, brought in by fraud and force, and supported by avarice and oppression, whilst its doctrines and discipline are not only different from those of the ancient church presided over by St. Patrick, but in direct opposition to the teaching of the Apostles, and the declarations of the Word of God.

On the other hand, the Protestant church, which traces its undeniable descent through St. Patrick, is the true and ancient church of the country, prior to the Italian in point of time, independent of it as regards authority, and distinct from it as regards doctrine. It is not only ancient, but SCRIPTURAL, adhering to the glorious doctrines taught by the early Irish saints, and derived by them from the Sacred Scriptures. It has, therefore, a high and

O'Sullivan's Compendium of Catholic History.

holy claim upon the attachment of all true Irishmen, who love their country, respect antiquity, and value the truth of God.

PROTESTANT Fellow-Catholics, how highly should we prize the privilege of belonging to such a time-honoured and God-honouring church; how deeply should you revere the memory of those faithful servants of the Lord, who in the days of old proclaimed the pure gospel of Christ throughout our native land; how thankfully should you acknowledge that providential care which has so long watched over the church of your fathers, making it the glory of the earth in its earlier years, preserving a faithful few even in its darkest days, and at length releasing it from the bondage in which it had been held, and blessing it with the distinguishing honour of being again a faithful witness for his truth.

It is your privilege to have before you,

“ the old faith and the good way;" see, then, that ye “walk therein, and ye shall find rest unto your souls.” Your connexion with the pure and primitive church of Ireland will only rise in judgment to condemn you, unless you are found new creatures in Christ Jesus, walking “worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called.”

ROMAN Catholic Fellow-COUNTRYMENPonder deeply the statements that have been laid before you ; "prove all things, hold fast that which is good.” Do you love your country? Do you remember with pride her ancient glory? reverence the memory of your own St. Patrick, and the ancient Irish saints? Would you wish to see

Do you

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