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“ thor of all these our miseries, Antipater's mother!" The king took a handle from this confession, and proceeded to inquire farther into the truth of the matter. So this woman discovered the friendship of Antipater's mother to Pheroras and Antipater's women, also their secret meetings, and that Pheroras and Antipater had drunk with them for a whole night together as they returned from the king, and would not suffer any body, either man servant or maid servant to be there; while one of the free women discovered the matter.

3. Upon this Herod tortured the maid-servants every one by themselves separately, who all unanimously agreed in the foregoing discoveries, and that accordingly by agreement they went away, Antipater to Ron:e, and Pheroras to Perea ; for that they oftentimes talked to one another thus : “ that af. « ter Herod had slain Alexander and Aristobulus he would * fall upon them and upon their wives, because, after he hai,

not spared Mariamne and her children, he wouli' spare no. 6 body; and that for this reason it was best to get as far off “ the wild beast as they were able.” And that Antipater of tentimes lamented his own case before his mother, aud said to her, that “ he had already grey hairs upon his head, and * that his father grew younger again every day, and that per “haps death would overtake him before he should begin to be ta king in earnest; and that in case Herod should die, which " yet nobody knew when it would be, the enjoyment of the s succession could certainly be but for a little time ; for that " these heads of Hydra, the sons of Alexander and Aristobu* lus were growing up: that he was deprived by his father 6 of the hopes of being succeeded by his children, for that * his successor after his death was not to be any one of his hown sons, but Hered the son of Mariampe: that in this it point Herod was plainly distracted, to think that his testa. * ment should therein take place ; for he would take care * that not one of his posterity should remain, because he was 5% of all fathers the greatest hater of his children. Yet does 3 he hate his brother still worse, whence it was that he awhile 38 ago gave himself an hundred talents that he should not have

any intercourse with Pheroras. And when Pheroras said, :56 wherein have we done bim any harm ? Antipater replied, $I wish he would but deprive us of all we have, and leave us 1 naked and alive only; but it is indeed impossible to escape *b* this wild beast, who is thus given to murder, who will not

permit us to love any person openly, although we be la

“ gether privately ; yet may we be so openly too, if we have 66 but the courage and the hands of men."

4. These things were said by the women upon the torture; as also that Pheroras resolved to fly with them to Perea. Now Herod. gave credit to all they said, ou account of the affair of the hundred talents; for he had had no discourse with any body about them, but only with Autipater. So be veuted his anger first of all against Antipater's mother, and took away from her all the ornaments which he had given her, which cost a great many talents, and cast her out of the palace a second time. He also took care of Pheroras' women after their tortures, as being now reconciled to them; but he was in great consternation himself, and inflamed upon every sus. picion, and had many innocent persons led to the torture out of his fear, lest he should leave any guilty person untortured.

5. And now it was that he betook himself to exanine Antipater of Samaria, who was the steward of [his son) Antipater; and, upon torturing him he learned, that Antipater had sent for a potion of deadly poison for him out of Egypt, by Antiphilus a companion of his; that Theudio, the uncle of Antipater, had it from him, and delivered it to Pheroras; for that Aptipater had charged him to take his father off while he was at Rome, and so free him from the suspicion of doing it himself: that Pheroras also committeri this potion to his wife. Then did the king send for her, and bid her briog to him what she had received immediately. So she came out of her house, as if she would bring it with her, but threw herself down from the top of the house, in order to prevent any examination and torture from the king. IIowever, it came to pass, as it seems by the providence of God, when he intended to bring Antipater to punishment, that she fell not upon her head, but upon other parts of her body, and escaped. The king, when she was brought to him, took care of her, (for slie was at first quite senseless upon fier fall,) and asked her why she had thrown herself down ? and gave her his oath, that if she would speak the real truth, he would excuse her from purtishment; but that if she concealed any thing, he would have her body torn to pieces by torments, and leave no part of it to be buried.

6. Upon this the woman paused a little, and then said, * Why do I spare to speak of these grand secrets, pow Phero

ras is dead, that would only tend to save Antipater who is * all our destruction, Hear then, O king, and be thou and

“ God himself, who cannot be deceived, witnesses to the truth “ of what I am going to say. When tliou didst sit weeping by “ Pheroras as he was dying, then it was that he called me to 6 him, and said, “ My dear wife, I have been greatly mistaken

as to the disposition of my brother towards me, and have “ hated him that is so affectionate to me, and have contrived “ to kill him who is in euch disorder for me before I am dead. 6. As for myself, I receive the recompense of my impiety; but “ do thou bring what poison was left with us by Antipater, ancl “ which thou keepest in order to destroy hini, and consume it " immediately in the fire in my sigut, that I might not be lia“ble to the avenger in the invisible world”. This I brought as he bid me, aud emptied the greatest part of it into the fire but reserved a little of it for my own use against uncertain futurity, and out of my fear of thee. . .

7. When she had said this, she brought the box, which had a small quantity of this potion in it: but the king let her alone, and transferred the tortures to Antiphilus' mother and brother; who both confessed that Antiphilus brought the box out of Egypt, and that they had received the potion from a brother of his, who was a physician at Alexandria. Then did the ghosts of Alexander and Aristobulus go round all the palace, and became the inquisitors and discoverers of wbat could not otherwise have been found out, and brought such as were the freest from suspicion to be examined; whereby it was discovered, that Mariamne, the high-priest's daughter was conscious of this plot, and her very brothers, when they were tortured, declared it so to be. Whereupon the king aveuged this insolent attempt of the mother upon her son, and blotted Herod, whom he had by her, out of his testament, who had been before named therein as successor to Antipater.

CHAP. XXXI. Antipater is convicted by Bathyllus; but he still returns from Rome

without knowing it. Herod brings him to his trial. $ 1. AFTER these things were over, Bathyllus came under examination, in order to convict Antipater, who proved the concluding attestation to Antipater's designs; for indeed he was no other than his freedman. This man came and brought another deadly potion, the poison of asps, and the juices of other serpents, that if the first potion did not do the business, Pheroras aud his wife might be armed with this also to destroy the king. He brought also an addition to Antipateros

insolent attempt against his father, which was the letters which he wrote against his brethren, Archelaus and Philip, which were the king's sons, and educated at Roine, being yet youths, but of generous dispositions. Antipater set himself to get rid of these as soon as he could, that they might not be prejudi. cial to his hopes, and to that end he forged letters against them in the name of his friends at Rome. Some of these he corrupted by bribes to write how they grossly reproached their father, and did openly bewail Alexander and Aristobulus, and were ineasy at their being recalled; for their father bad already sent for them, which was the very thing that troubled Antipater.

2. Nay, indeed, wliile Antipater was in Judea, and before he was upon his journey to Rome, he gave money to have the like letters sent against him from Rome, and then came to his father, who as yet had no suspicion of him, and apologized for his brethren, and alleged on their behalf, that some of the things contained in those letters were false, and others of them were only youthful errors. Yet at the same time that he expended a great deal of his money, by making presents to such as wrote against his brethren did he aim to bring his accounts into confusion, by buying costly garments, and carpets, of various contextures, with silver and gold cups, and a great many more curious things, that'so, among the very great expenses laid out upon such furniture, he might conceal the money he had used in hiring men [to write the letters]; for he brought in an account of his expenses, amounting to two hundred talents, his main pretence for which was the law-suit he had been in with Sylleus. So while all his rogueries, even those of a lesser sort also, were covered by -his greater villany, while all the examination by torture proclaimed his attempt to murder his father, and the letters proclaimed his second attempt to murder his brethren ; yet did no one of those that came to Rome inform him of his misfortunes in Judea, although seven months had intervened between his conviction and his return, so great was the batrer) which they all bore to him. And perhaps they were the ghosts of those brethren of his that had been murdered, that stopped the mouths of those that intended to have told him. He then wrote from Rome, and informed This friends] that he would soon come to them, and how he was dismissed with ho. nour by Cæsar.

3. Now the kiog being desirous to get this plotter against .. him into his hands, and being also afraid lest he should some way come to the knowledge how his affairs stood, and be upon his guard, he dissenibled his anger in his epistle to him, as in other points, he wrote kindly to him, and desired him to make haste, because, if he came quickly, he would then lay aside the complaints he had agaiost his mother; for Antipater was not ignorant that his mother had been expelled out of the palace. However, he had before received a letter, which contained an account of the death of Pheroras, at

Tarentum, and made great lamentations at it, for which some commended him, as being for his own uncle; though probably this confusion arose on account of his having there. by failed in his plot on his father's life, and his tears were more for the loss of him that was to have been subservient therein, than for fan uncle] Pheroras : moreover, a sort of fear came upon him as to his designs, lest the poison should have been discovered. However, when he was in Cicilia, he received the forementioned epistle from his father, and made great haste accordingly. But when he had sailed to Calendris a suspicion came into his mind relating to his mother's misfortunes; as if his soul forboded some mischief to itself. Those therefore of his friends which were the most considerate, advised him not rashly to go to his father, till he had learned what were the occasions why his mother had been ejected, becouse they were afraid that he might be involved in the calumnies that had been cast upon his mother : but those that were less considerate, and had more regard to their own desires of seeing their native country, than to Antipater's safety, persuaded him to make haste home, and not, by delaying lis journey, afford his father ground for an ill suspicion, and give an handle to those that raised stories against him; for that, in case any thing had been moved to his disadvantage, it was owing to his absence, which durst not have been done had he heen present. And they said, it was absurd to deprive himself of certain happiness, for the sake of an uncertain suspicion, and not rallier to return to his father, and take the royal authority upon him, which was in a state of fluctuation on his account on ly. Antipater complied with this last advice, for Provi.

* This Tarentum las coins still extant, as Reland informs us hero in his note

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