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ed for what wicked actions he had been guilty of about Aris. tobulus and Alexander.
5. But it will be now worth while to put Euratus of Cos in opposition to this Spartan; for as he was one of Alexander's most intimate friends, and came to bím iu his travels at the same time that Eurycles came, so the king put the question to him, whether those things of which Alexander was accused were true? He assured him upon oath, that he had never heard any such things from the young men : yet did this testimony avail nothing for the clearing of those miserable creatures; for Herod was only disposed and most ready to hearken to what made against them; and every one was most agreeable to him, that would believe they were guilty, and shewed their indignation at them..
CHAP. XXVII. Herod, by Cæsar's direction, accuses his sons at Berytus. They
are not produced before the court, but yet are condemned : and in a little time they are sent to Sebaste, and strangled there.
§ 1. MOREOVER Salome exasperated Ilerod's cruelty against his sons; for Aristobulus was desirous to bring her, who was his mother-in-law, and his aunt, into the like dangers with themselves; so he sent to her, to take care of her own safety, and told Irer, that the king was prepariug to put her to death, on account of the accusation that was laid against her, as if when she formerly endeavoured to marry herself to Sylleus the Arabian, she had discovered the king's graud secrets to him, who was the king's enemy: and this it was that came as the last storm, and entirely sunk the young men when they were in great danger before. For Salome came running to the king, and informed him of what admonition had been given her; whereupon he could bear no longer, but commanded both the young men to be bound, and kept the one asunder from the other. He also sent Volumnius, the general of his army, to Cæsar immediately, as also his friend Olympus. with him, who carried the information in writiog along with them. Now as soon as these bad sailed to Rome, and delivered the king's letters to Cæsar, Cæsar was mightily troubled at the case of the young men; yet did not he think he ought to take the power from the father of condemning his sons; so he wrote back to him, and appointed him to have the power over his sons; but said withal, that * he would do well to make an examination into tbis matter
• of the plot laid against him, in a public court, and to take “ for his assessors his own kindred, and the governors of the “ province. And if those sons be found guilty, to put them “ to death; but if they appear to have thought of no more " than flying away from him, that he should moderate their " punishment.”
2. With these directions Herod complied, and came to Berytus, where Cæsar had ordered the court to be assembled, and got the judicature together. The presidents sat first, as Cæsar's letters had appointed, who were Saturninus, and Pedanius, and their lieutenants, that were with them, with whom was the procurator Volumpius also; next to them sat the king's kipsmep and friends, with Salome also, and Pheroras; after whom sat the principal men of all Syria, excepting Archelaus; for Herod had a suspicion of him, because he was Alexander's father-in-law. Yet did not he produce his sons in open court; and this was done very cunningly, for he knew well enough that had they but appeared only, they would certainly have been pitied; and if withal they had been suffered to speak, Alexander would easily have answered what they were accused of; but they were in custody at Platane, a village of the Sidonians.
3. So the king got up, and inveighed against his sops as if they were present; and as for that part of the accusation that they had plotted against him, he urged it but faintly, because he was destitute of proofs; but he insisted before the assessors on the reproaches, and jests, and injurious carriage, and ten thousand the like offences against liim, which were heavier than death itself; and when nobody contradicted him, he mored them to pity his case, as though he had been condemned himself now he had gained a bitter Victory against his sons. So he asked every one's sentence, which sentence was first of all given by Saturninus, and was this, that he condemned the young men, but not to death; for that it was not fit for him, who had three sons of his own now present, to give his vote for the destruction of the sons of another. The two lieutenants also gave the like yote ; some others there were also who followed their example; but Voluminius begau to vote on the more melancholy side, and all those that came after him condemned the young men to die, some out of, flattery, and some out of hatred to Herod; but none out of indignation at their crimes. And now all Syria and Judea l'as jo great expectation, and waited for the last act of this
tragedy; yet did nobody suppose that Herod would be so barbarous as to murder his children ; however, he carried them away to Tyre, aod thence sailed to Cæsarea, and deliberated with himself, what sort of death the young men should suffer.
4. Now there was a certain old soldier of the king's, whose name was Tero, who had a son that was very familiar with, and a friend to Alexander, and who himself particularly loved the young men. This soldier was in a manner distracted out of the excess of the indignation he had at what was doing; and at first he cried out aloud as he went about " That justice was trampled under foot; that truth was pe3-rished, and nature confounded ; and that the life of man i was full of iniquity," and everything else that passion could suggbe st to a man who spared not his own life; and at last he ventured to go to the king, and said, “ J'ruly, I think,
( most wicked wretches, against those that ought to be dear
est to thee; since thou hast frequently resolved that the& roras aud Salome should be put to death, and yet believest
them against thy sons; while these, by cutting off the suc
cession of thine owo sons, leave all wholly to Antipater, and sa thereby choose to have thee such a king as may be thosi roughly in their power. However, consider whether this si death of Antipater's brethren will not make him hated by 56 the soldiers ; for there is nobody but commiserates the 5 young men, and of the captains a great many shew their in“ dignation at it openly." Upon his saying this, he named those that had such indignation ; but the king ordered those men with Tero himself and his son, to be seized upon imme. diately.
5. At which time there was a certain barber, whose name was Trypho. This man leaped out from among the people in a kind of madness, and accused himself, and said, “ This " Tero endeavoured to persuade me also to cut thy throat " with my razor, when I trimmed thee, and promised that w Alexander should give me large presents for so doing," When Herod heard this, he examined Tero, with his son and the barber, by the torture; but as the others denied the accusation, he said nothing farther. Herod gave order that Tero should be racked, more severely; but his son, out of pity to his father, promised to discover the whole to the king, if he would grant (that his father should be no longer tortur.
ed ;] when he had agreed to this, he said, “that his father, at the persuasion of Alexander, had an intention to kill him.". Now some said this was forged, in order to free his father from his torments, and some said it was true.
6. And now Herod accused the captains, and Tero in an assembly of the people, and brought the people together in a body against them; and accordingly there were they put to death, together with [Trypho] the barber; they were killed by the pieces of wood, and the stones that were thrown at them. He also sent his sons to Sebaste, a city not far from Cæsarea, and ordered them to be there strangled; and as what he had ordered was executed immediately, so he commanded that their dead bodies should be brought to the fore tress Alexandrium, to be buried with Alexander their grandfather by the mother's side. And this was the end of Alexander and Aristobulus.
CHAP. XXVIII. How Antipater is hated of all men; and how the king espouses the sons of those who had been slain to his kindred; but ihat Antie pater made him change them for other women. Of Herod's mar. riages and children.
$ 1. But an intolerable hatred fell upon Antipater from the pation, though he had now an indisputable title to the succession; because they all knew that he was the person who contrived all the calumnies against his brethren. · However, he began to be in a terrible fear, as he saw the posterity of those that had been slain growing up; for Alexander had two sons by Glaphyra, Tigranes and Alexander; and Aristobulus had Herod, and Agrippa, and Aristobulus his sons, with Herodi. as and Mariamae his daughters, and all by Berenice, Salome's daughter; as for Glaphyra, Herod, as soon as he had killed Alexander, sent her back, together with her portion to Cappadocia. He married Berenice, Aristobulus' daughter, to Antipater's uncle by his mother, and it was Antipater, who, in order to reconcile her to him, when she had been at variance with him, contrived this match: he also got into Pherora's favour, and into the favour of Cæsar's friends by presents, and other ways of obsequiousness, and sent no small sums of money to Rome : Saturninus also, and his friends in Syria, were all well repleuished with the presents he made them; yet the more he gave, the more he was hated, at not making these presents out of generosity, but spending his money out of fear.
Accordingly it so fell out, that the receivers bore him no more good will than before, but that those to whom he gave nothing were his more bitter enemies. However, he bestowed his money every day more and more profusely, on observing that, contrary to his expectations, the king was taking care about the orphaos, and discovering at the same time his re. pentance for killing their fathers, by his commiseration of those that sprang from them.
2. Accordingly Herod got together his kindred and frieuds, and set before them the children, and with his eyes full of tears, said thus to them: “ It was an unlucky fate that “ took away from me these children's fathers, which children “ are recommended to me by that natural commiseration “ which their orphan condition requires; however, I will en. 66 deavour, though I have been a most unfortunate father, to " appear a better grandfather, and to leave these children 6 such curators after myself as are dearest to me. I there. 6 fore betroth thy daughter Pheroras to the elder of these “ brethren, the children of Alexander, that thou mayest be “ obliged to take care of them. I also betroth to thy son, An“ tipater, the daughter of Aristobiilus; be thou therefore a “ father to that orphan, and my son Herod [Philip] shall “ have her sister, whose grandfather, by the mother's side, 6* was high-priest. And let every one that loves me be of “ my sentiments in these dispositions, which none that hath “ an affection for me will abrogate. And I pray God that he 6 will join these children together in marriage, to the advan6 tage of my kingdom, and of my posterity, and may he look “ down with eyes more serene upon them, than he looked up“ on their fathers.”
3. While he spake these words, he wept, and joined the children's right hands together; after which he embraced them every one after an affectionate manner, and disinissed the assembly. Upon this, Antipater was in great disorder immediately, and lamented publicly at what was done; for he supposed that this dignity which was conferred on these orphans was for his own destruction, even in the father's lifetime, and that he should run another risk of losing the goverament, if Alexander's son should have both Archelaus sa king 7 and Pheroras a tetrarch to support them. He also considered how he was himself hated by the nation, and how they pitied these orphans; how great affection the Jews bare to those brethren of his when they were alive, and how glad