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3.-Jahn's Biblical Archæology, translated from the Latin, with
additions and corrections, by Thomas C. Upham, Professor of Moral and Intellectual Philosophy, and of the Hebrew Language, in Bowdoin College. Fourth edition. Andover: Gould, Newman and Saxton, 1839, pp. 573. Three large editions of this work have been sold since 1823. The third edition was out of the market about two years since. The respected author, for many years Professor of Oriental Languages at Vienna, (born in 1750, died in 1816) was one of the most sober writers which Germany has produced. His learning, though not equal to that of some of his contemporaries, and of many men now living, was extensive and exact. Prof. Upham's version of the Archæology is one of the best specimens of a clear, simple and dignified translation which has yet been made from German authors. No work of the size will be more useful for Sabbath School teachers.
4.-Gulielmi Geseniï Thesaurus Philologicus Criticus Lingua
Hebrææ et Chaldæc Veteris Testamenti. Tomi Secundi
Fasciculus Primus. Lipsiæ, 1839, pp. 278, qto. This is the third number of the great Hebrew Thesaurus of Gesenius. The first part was published in 1829, the second in 1835. The fourth part is promised to be ready at the Easter Fair, in 1840. The work is now carried to the close of the letter Mem. The remainder will probably be completed in three parts. The last portion will contain some additions, particularly in relation to the first number, also four indexes, namely, a grammatical and analytical index, a Latin index, an index of helps, both of books and MSS., and an index of illustrated passages of the Scriptures. The whole work, when completed, will be an invaluable present to the Christian and the Oriental scholar. Each preceding part bears evidence of the industry, accuracy, and sound judgment of the author. Recourse is every where had, for the purposes of proof and illustration, to the most recent travellers, and Oriental investigation, to the labors of Rosselini, and to the other students of Egyptian antiquities, to the author's own Phænician pursuits and to the results of the studies in the Indo-Germanic languages.
5.-Die Heilige Schrift des alten und Neuen Testaments:
Uebersetzt von Dr. W. M. L. De Wette. Dritte verbesserte
The first edition of this translation was brought out in the year 1809-14, by the joint labors of De Wette and Augusti. The second edition, printed in 1831, was the work of De Wette alone, he having re-translated the portions which had been rendered by Augusti. The translation of Isaiah, however, was the excellent one of Gesenius, with a few slight alterations. The third edition, which is just completed, has been subjected to a fresh revision, and comes out in a very portable and handsome style. The notes, not very copious, are now printed at the end of the volumes respectively. They are almost invariably of a critical character, and are confined to the most difficult texts. The second volume includes a translation of the ten apocryphal books. Though we have no sympathy with many of the theological opinions of De Wette, yet his philological labors we very highly esteem. His translation of the Bible is the fruit of a long life of ardent and judicious study of the Bible. No German, perhaps, equals him in power to appreciate the beauties of the poetical parts of the Scriptures. He is perfectly ready to acknowledge the great merit of Luther's version, its astonishing influence on the German language, the modes and habits of thinking among the people, etc., while he maintains that many passages are not rendered correctly by Luther, and many others are susceptible of much improvement. A perfectly accurate translation of documents, so ancient as those of the Hebrew Scriptures, is not the work of one age or of one man: 6.-The Last Days of the Saviour, or, History of the Lord's Pas
sion, from the German of Otshausen. Mörs Christi, Vita
Mündi. Boston: James Munroe & Co., 1839, pp. 248. The Treatise, of which a translation is here given, is taken from the Commentary on the New Testament, by Prof. Hermann Olshausen of the University of Konigsberg, in Prussia. The original work is one of the most beautiful specimens of Commentary which has appeared from the orthodox Commentators of Germany. The author has a heart to feel, as well as a pen to delineate, in relation to the most stupendous and affecting event in the world's history. The version (we suppose by Mr. Osgood of Nashua, N. H.,) is remarkably idiomatic and fresh. SECOND SERIES, NO. III. VOL. I
7.-Xenophon's Memorabilia of Socrates, with English Notes
by Alpheus S. Packard, Prof. of the Greek and Latin Languages and Literature, Bowdoin College. Andover: Gould, Newman & Saxton, 1839, pp. 264.
Prof. Packard merits the gratitude of the literary and of the theological community for the rich presents which he is, from time to time, furnishing. The complete works of President Appleton was an invaluable offering to all who speak the English tongue. The Memorabilia of Xenophon is one of the precious treasures of the Greek Classics. It is here presented in an attractive and useful form, in a large and clear Greek type, accompanied with pertinent and somewhat copious English notes. The text is substantially that published by Weigelius at Leipsic, in 1819, under the superintendence of Prof. G. H. Schæfer. The editions of Weiske, Bornemann and Dindorf have been diligently compared. We have no doubt that many of our institutions will follow the example of Bowdoin and Union Colleges, in adopting this edition of the Memorabilia of Xenophon as one of their text books.
8.-Lectures on the Epistle of Paul to the Romans, by Thomas
Chalmers, D. D., and L LD. Glasgow, vol. I. 1837, pp. 450, vol. II. 1838, pp. 428, vol. IIŤ. 1839.
These Lectures of Dr. Chalmers, are plain and practical, designed for the mass of common readers of the Bible. They are the record of his Sabbath preparations for many years. They were delivered, as it would seem, when he was minister of the Tron Church in Glasgow. Though not fin. ished and elaborate performances, yet they may be read with much pleasure and advantage. The genius of the great theologian will break out occasionally, in spite, as it were, of himself. Dr. Chalmers cannot cover up his idiosyncrasies. No man's intellectual framework is more strongly marked. No one adheres more tenaciously to his peculiarities of style and manner. We have been exceedingly interested to see how such a man, surrounded by the terrors of Scotch orthodoxy, would get over the locos vexatissimos of Rom. V., vii., and ix. Had we space, we would enrich our pages with his comments on two or three passages.
9.--An Exposition of the Second Epistle of Peter. By the
Rev. Thomas Adams, Rector of St. Gregory's, London,
noster Row, London, 1839, roy. 8vo. pp. 899. This is a remarkable work ;-remarkable for the richness, originality, and force of intellect it displays, remarkable also from the fact of its having remained so long a hidden treasure, seldom found on the shelves of libraries or on the pages of catalogues. But it carries within itself its license to live, and it is now by the labors and enterprize of Editor and Publishers put beyond the reach of a second oblivion. As far as Mr. Sherman may desire any reward beyond what he enjoys in the thought of having conferred a lasting favor upon every class of theologians and philo-Biblists, he may doubtless promise himself a kind of secondary immortality, an appended perpetuity, to his own name in connection with that which he has thus happily lifted out of a long and undeserved obscurity.
Every lover of Scripture, expounded almost in the very spirit of its authors, is familiar with the worth of Leighton's golden comment on the First Epistle of Peter. In the exposition of Adams on the Second, we have a monument of equal, though differing talent, eloquence, unction, and all the other attributes of a head and heart of the rarest endowments. Of the author little is known, except that he was an Episcopalian in discipline, though a Puritan in faith and spirit, and that after laboring for forty years in Bedfordshire, he removed to London, where he continued preaching and publishing for several years longer, closing and crowning all his works with this masterly Exposition of Peter, in 1633. Though distinguished by the quaintness which was the fashion of the times, it is a surprising specimen of mental wealth and ministerial diligence, exhibiting as many thoughts in as few words as are to be found in the English, or perhaps any other language. Even Sallust himself is not more distinguished for the epigrammatic pith of his sentences. His acquaintance with Scripture is extensive and minute, and the felicity with which he brings one truth to illustrate another is scarcely to be paralleled. His quaint and punning style no doubt diminishes at this day somewhat the effect of his general excellence as an expositor, but the reader cannot but be penetrated with the conviction, which must have rested on the minds of his hearers, not only of his abilities and diligence, but of the immense labor he must have bestowed to bring all his resources
to bear on this book. The consequence must have been a fixed attention and deep impression of the importance of a correct understanding of the sacred oracles. But as all our remarks will fail to convey an adequate notion of the work, we insert the following as a slight specimen of the author's style :-“The creatures are constrained to minister to the wicked desires of sinful men. The sun was fain to lend his light to those pagan monsters, while they committed their most execrable rapes and murders. The moon waits on the thief, while he acts his robbery. The stars hide not their aspects from atheistical astrologers. The winds, with prosperous gales, fill the sails of pirates. On the lands of oppressors the clouds let fall their fructifying burdens. Víands make fat the epicure; and wine is ready for the unnatural thirst of the drunkard. Herbs and minerals are medicinal to the unholiest bodies. Jewels and precious stones shine on the proud. Birds are compelled to part with their feathers to stuff the bed of uncleanness. They are all forced to serve them that do not serve God. This is the bondage under which they groan, and from which they labor to be delivered, longing for the time when all these things shall be dissolved."
10.-An Exposition of the Prophet Ezekiel, with useful obser
vations thereupon. Delivered in several Lectures in London, by William Greenhill, M. A., Rector of Stepney, and Chaplain to the Dukes of York and Gloucester, and the Lady Henrietta Maria, A. D., 1650. Revised and corrected by James Sherman, Minister of Surrey Chapel. London: Samuel Holdsworth, 1839. roy. 8vo. pp. 859.
Daniel Appleton, New York, Mr. Sherman, the industrious Editor of Adams, abovementioned, has laid the religious world under a fresh obligation by the reprint of this valuable relic of Puritan talent, learning and unction. It is got up in the same beautiful style of typography with the former, and destined to take its place on the same shelf. We cheerfully accord to the Editor not only the meed of our gratitude for the service performed, but of our cordial respect for the liberality of spirit which has allowed him to see sufficient merit in the works of one of the little handful of Independents in the Westminster Assembly, to engage his efforts to rescue them from oblivion. We have no doubt that equal treasures remain yet to be dug out of the same mine, and if we could flatter ourselves that these remarks would ever reach the eye of Mr, S., we would earnestly