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solicit his attention to the works of Greenhill's associate in the Stepney Lectures, the Rev. Jeremiah Burroughs. The style of his Discourses, most of which were Expository, is more homely, from his apparently aiming at a less cultivated class of hearers, than that of most of his compeers; and he has moreover a larger mass of merely temporary and local allusions, intermingled with matter of general, or rather of universal interest, but for originality and richness of thought, for felicity of illustration, and for a tact of educing the most striking practical applications of Scripture, we consider him absolutely unrivalled. We have the testimony of Flavel that few men in England were ever more blessed in their labors, though he died at the age of forty-three, of a broken heart in view of the troubles and distractions of the church in the times in which he lived. His works, together with the choicer Treatises of Thomas Goodwin, and Caryl on Job, after being submitted to a judicious modernizing revisal, we yet hope to see reproduced for the benefit of the living generation of Christian men and ministers. They will serve at least as a perpetual fountain from which to transfuse the quickening streams of practical inference into the more predominantly critical commentaries demanded by the exigency of our times. - But to return to Greenhill. His exposition of the Prophecy of Ezekiel was delivered in Lectures in the city of London, and originally printed, a volume at a time, as a few chapters were concluded, till five small quarto volumes completed the Exposi. tion. These were ever after held in the highest repute, but they gradually became scarce, and so difficult did it at length become to obtain a perfect set, that one has been known to have been sold at the enormous price of from seven to ten pounds sterling. The last volume became particularly rare, from its having been, as is supposed, destroyed in the calamitous fire of London, in 1666. The whole is reprinted in the present edition complete.
The style of the work is in a great measure that of the age. It is characterised by the Editor as abrupt, not always chaste, often imperfect, and full of singularities; yet searching, bold, striking, and effective. His method of exposition is to go as fully into the literal meaning of his author as the critical furniture of his day would allow, and after settling the import of the Hebrew terms, which are copiously interspersed through his pages, to lay out the beginning of his strength, upon the pertinent and spirit-searching observations which he would point to the inmost hearts of his readers. It would doubtless be too much to expect of any commentator of that age a lucid and satisfactory exegesis of the dark things of Ezekiel's prophecy. Indeed the obscurities of that book continue still to defy the eradating sagacity of Christian, as it has ever done, of Jewish, critics; yet the Lectures of Greenhill are full of edification, and to use one of his quaint allusions, if the reader finds the strong meat of the literal sense too strong for his spiritual digestion, he can betake himself to the milk of the observations.
11.- A Grammar of the Idioms of the Greek Language of the
New Testament. By Dr. George Benedict Winer, Professor of Theology in the University at Leipsic. Translated by J. H. Agnew and 0. G. Evbeke. Philadelphia :
Herman Hooker, 1840. pp. 469. Some months since we announced the proposed Translation of Winer's Grammar, etc., by Professors Agnew and Ebbeke. The work now appears, with the unqualified recommendation of Professors Stuart, McLelland, Hodge, Sears, Nevin, Mayer and Schmucker, prefixed. It is an octavo volume, and as far as we are able to judge, from a cursory examination, is sufficiently well executed. , .
Any one acquainted with the obstacles in the way of translating the German into smooth and correct English, and who will cast his eye over the pages of this book, and observe the almost numberless references and quotations which it contains, will at once perceive that the Translators have performed a work of great labor and difficulty. We trust it will be found, (on a more thorough examination than we are able at present to give it,) to have been accomplished in a manner at once worthy of their character as accurate scholars, and satisfactory to the numerous students of the New Testament to whom the laborious investigations and extensive researches of Dr. Winer are thus rendered available.
Among those who have had access to this work in the German, and who are qualified to judge, we have heard but one opinion expressed of its superlative excellence. Prof. Stuart says, “There is nothing like it. It is beyond all ques. tion, a nonpareil of its kind.” Dr. Hodge remarks, that it “ is not properly a Grammar," but a “Grammatical Commentary on the New Testament ;-a work of the highest authority and usefulness.”
The following remarks of the Translators, which we copy from their preface, contain a candid and satisfactory notice of the author and his work.
“Dr. Winer commenced his labors in this department some twenty-five years ago, and soon after published a small Grammar, translated in 1825, by Professors Stuart and Robinson. At the time of the original publication he was Professor Extraordinary at Leipsic, his native city. In 1823 he became Ordinary Professor of Theology in the University of Erlangen, Bavaria, and on the death of Tittmann, in 1832, he was recalled to Leipsic to supply his place, where he remains at present attracting crowds to his Lectures. He is the giant of the Theological faculty at Leipsic, as Hermann is in the Classical.
The volume now offered to the American scholar is the fourth and last edition (1836) of Winer's Grammar of the New Testament Idioms, and may be regarded as almost perfect in its line. *** An examination of its pages will prove that it surpasses any thing published in the English language in the department of New Testament philology, and that it will be an invaluable auxiliary to the Theological student. The general classical scholar also will find it full of interest, both in its numerous references to ancient authors, and in its copious illustrations of grammatical principles in their application to the Greek language of classical writers. There is a constant comparison, on all points, of the mosvrh diálemtos with the language of the New Testament in its syntactic rules."
12.-An Address delivered in South Hadley, Mass., July 24th,
1839, at the Second Anniversary of the Mount Holyoke Female Seminary. By Rufus Anderson, D. D. Þublished by request of the Trustees, pp. 24. Boston: Perkins and Marvin, 1839.
This is a valuable pamphlet. The author has not attempted a discussion of the principles which ought to control the arrangements and methods of female education. He has rather chosen to look calmly on the swelling and movement of the public mind on this subject, and endeavored from the history of that movement for the last thirty years and from its present aspects to form some reasonable anticipations of what the future may be. No man is better fitted than Dr. Anderson to contemplate such a subject with close and dispassionate scrutiny, or to educe from shifting and uncertain appearances, probable surmises of far remote results. While the past and the present offer little that can satisfy, in this respect, the desires of the judicious friends of that sex, he sees the future full of hope. We join in his hope, and are cheered by his assurance.
We fully sympathise with the noble doctrine, ably set forth in this address, that the field of every man and of every woman's labor is the world. But we would guard against perversion and abuse of the doctrine. Our labors are thus widely and eternally operative, because, under the wise government of God, we are parts of a vast system, in which every moral act in any the humblest soul is felt to the remotest boundary as surely as the falling of a drop into the ocean moves the whole mighty mass of waters. We are not so by our own choice. Our own volition cannot make us more or less so. A power mightier than we entering through our multiplied relations into our feeble acts gives them this wider, this infinite diffusion. The same power, by the same means thwarts and disappoints our largest and wisest schemes. They who have toiled for immortality were laid in their graves, and forgotten in a day, and now no trace of them and of their great works can be found. Systems laboriously piled up to work the world's weal or woe have shrunken and withered as in a night. While the poor and despised, working solitary and apart, and knowing nothing of the spirit that was in him, has achieved a labor that lives in the daily life of men, or put the first hand to an impulse whose waves are yet circling the globe. We would not discourage any man from acting on this lofty view of universal good. But because that good is not easily measured by our conceptions of it, and a false conception may lead to fanaticism, we would have men remember that God makes our acts long and broad, not we—that our sphere is narrow, and we must look well to its narrow interests, for little as they may be, the world cannot well get on without them. While he looks widely around to refresh him, and gain strength, he must again and ever stoop to his hourly toil.
A true education for the world, in our view of the arrangement of Providence, is that which prepares every one to work for good, humbly and quietly and obscurely if need be, but contentedly to work somewhat, in the faith that Providence, out of the fragments we furnish, will make a harmonious whole. As in doing this work from our complex nature, we must, and rightfully and innocently may, act from many principles, so in education, must these principles.be appealed to, that they may act strongly in future life. The sphere of woman is eminently laborious, and always domestic. Let her be trained for home, and her influence shall go out through all the world.
We cannot leave this discourse without bestowing our most hearty commendation on the chaste and transparent style in which it is written. Though the doctrine is deep, the expresa sion is always clear. It is exact, business-like, and forcible. Such a production from such a man, ought to do much to check the prurience of fine writing that is unhappily too prevalent among us.
13.- On the Relation between the Holy Scriptures, and some
parts of Geological Science. By John Pye Smith, D. D., F. G. S., Divinity Tutor in the Protestant Dissenting College at Homerton. London: Jackson & Walford.
1839. 8vo. pp. 439. The distinguished author of the “Scripture Testimony to the Messiah” here appears in a new field. The recent demonstrations made by the science of Geology, have created, it is well known, no little alarm among good men lest its allegations and conclusions should invalidate the testimony of revelation. We cannot doubt that the discussions, by Professors Hitchcock, Stuart and Pond, in the previous Volumes of the Repository, and from which Dr. Smith draws very largely in the volume before us, have done much to remove the fear of any ill-omened antagonism between the records written by the pen of Moses on 'goat-skins and sheep-skins,' and those inscribed by the finger of God on tables of stone,' dug out of the bowels of the earth. Still it may be admitted that something further was wanted to present the argument in all its strength; to give in a full, yet perspicuous form, as little encumbered as possible by scientific technicalities, the reasons which have led geologists, while professing a reverential regard for Scripture, to assign to our globe such a vastly higher antiquity than the letter of the Mosaic narrative seems to ascribe to it. This work we are happy to say is most ably achieved in the volume before us. The great desideratum so extensively felt is here most happily supplied. Such a view of the whole subject is exhibited as could be exhibited by no one who did not combine in himself, in very unwonted measure, the knowledge of philology and of physics. Without professing to be in the strictest sense of the terms a practical geologist, with which his literary avocations are clearly incompatible, he yet shews himself completely master of geology as a science, and appears to be as familiarly conversant with rocks, strata, drifts, conglomerates, detritus, solled pebbles, bowlders, and all the technics of the science, as if he had never labored at all in the field of criticism and theology. He has evidently explored the whole region of research, as far as its recorded results have enabled him, and he appears
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