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striction, that they do not hinder even the domestic part of their family from attending to the one thing needful, in order to prepare them. Persons of inferior stations, who have neither an income to afford splendid enter. tainments, nor servants to make the various dishes that compose them, certainly should not attempt to give them; for these cannot make a figure in this way

with. out being careful about many things, to the danger of their religious improvement. In a word, it should be the endeavour of people to entertain their friends in such a manner, that all may eat their bread with joy, and drink their wine with a merry heart, from a consciousness that God approves their work, and will not suffer the good things they so infinitely prefer to the enjoyment of sensual pleasures, to be taken from them.




From Luke, Chap. xi.

And it came to pass, that as he was praying in a certain place, when he ceased, one of his disciples said unto him, LORD, teach us to pray, as John also taught his disciples.

And he said unto them, When ye pray, say, Our Fa. ther which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, as in heaven so in earth.

Give us day by day our daily bread.
And forgive us our sins ; for we also forgive every

one that is indebted to us. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.

And he said unto them, Which of you shall have a friend, and shall go unto him at midnight, and say unto him, Friend, lend me three loaves;

For a friend of mine, in his journey, is come to me, and I have nothing to set before him :

And he from within shall answer, and say, Trouble me not;, the door is now shut, and


children with me in bed; I cannot rise and give thee.

I say unto you, Though he will not rise and give him because he is his friend; yet because of his ima portunity, he will rise and give him as many as he needeth.

And I say, unto you, Ask, and it shall be given you:. seek, and ye shall find : knock, and it shall be opened


unto you.

of you



every one that asketh, receiveth: and he that seeketh, findeth: and to him that knocketh, it shall be. opened. If a son shall ask bread of


that is a father, will he give him a stone? or if he ask a fish, will he for a fish give him a serpent? or if he shall ask an egg, will he offer him a scorpion ?

If ye then being evil know how to give good gifts unto your

children: how much more shall your hea.. venly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?

And as he spake, a certain Pharisee besought him to dine with him ; and he went in and sat down to meat.

And when the Pharisee saw it, he marvelled that he had not first washed before dinner.

And the Lord said unto him, Now do ye Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup and the platter : but your inward part is full of ravening and wickedness.



Ye fools, did not he that made that which is with. out, make that which is within also ?

But rather give alms of such things as you have; and. behold, all things are clean unto you.

But wo unto you, Pharisees ! for ye tithe mint, and rue, and all manner of herbs, and pass over judgment, and the love of God: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone...

Wo unto you, Pharisees ! for ye love the uppermoșt seats in the synagogues, and greetings in the markets.

Wo unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites : for ye are as graves which appear not, and the men that: walk over them, are not aware of them.

Then answered one of the lawyers, and said unto him, Master, thus saying, thou reproachest us also...

And he said, Wo unto you also, ye lawyers :, for ye lade men with burdens grievous to be borne, and ye yourselves touch not, the burdens with one of your fingers.

Wo unto you: for ye build the sepulchres of the prophets, and your fathers killed them.

Truly ye bear witness that ye allow the deeds of your; fathers : for they indeed killed them, and ye build their sepulchres.

Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will send them prophets and apostles, and some of them they shall slay and persecute :

That the blood of all the prophets, which was shed from the foundation of the world, may be required of this generation;

From the blood of Abel unto the blood of Zacharias, which perished between the altar and the temple; ve. rily I say unto you, it shall be required of this gene. ration.

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Wo unto you, lawyers ; for ye have taken away the key of knowledge: ye entered not in yourselves, and them that were entering in, ye hindered.

And as he said these things unto them, the Scribes and the Pharisees began to urge him vehemently, and to provoke him to speak of many things,

Laying wait for him, and seeking to catch something out of his mouth, that they might accuse him.

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ANNOTATIONS AND REFLECTIONS. When our Lord left Bethany, he continued his jour. ney, and divided his time, as usual, between the care of teaching his numerous disciples, and the exercises of private devotion. The disciples, who requested his in. struction concerning prayer, were not yet (it seems) acquainted with the form he had taught, when he deli. tered his Sermon on the Mount *, and this might be the case with numbers besides ; our LORD, therefore, graciously repeated it. It is needless to enter into a particular comment on this excellent Prayer again, as it has been so fully explained before ; but we may ob. serve, that our LORD's repetition of it proves, that he intended it for all his disciples; therefore every Chris. tian should make use of it. Having taught them how to pray, our LORD encouraged them to earnestness in Aeir devotions, by a familiar example, intimating, that God is more willing to help our necessities, than the nearest friend; and as ready to grant the assistance of his Holy Spirit to those who earnestly pray for it, as the tenderest father is to supply the wants of a beloved son.

Since our Lord has instructed us how to pray, and so earnestly enjoined us to practise the duty, we are in. excusable if we omit to offer up our daily petitions to

See Sect. xliv,


God: nay, we deprive ourselves of the highēst enjoyment the human soul is capable of, that of a spiritual intercourse with its CREATOR.

We have in this section an account of a private con. versation, which passed between our Lord and some of the Pharisees; and we may observe, that our LORD's part in it was entirely consistent with the public senti. ments he constantly expressed of that sect. In a former section we read what our LORD said concerning their frequent superstitious washings, which the persons he was now with seem not to have known. It appears, that the Pharisees required CHRIST to conform to this custom ; but, instead of complying, he gave them a severe reproof for their hypocrisy and rapaciousness, and commended inward piety, charity, and liberality of mind, in preference to ceremonial observances, as more conducive to the sanctification of their meats, by an. swering a purpose agreeable to the commandment of God, who would accept what was given in alms as dedi : cated to HIMSELF, and bestow a blessing accordingly.

One of the doctors, or interpreters of the law, being present, observed, that in mentioning the Scribes he had cast reproach on him and his brethren, to the disgrace of their holy profession. Our LORD, who could not, consistently with his character and office, palliate the matter,' repeated his rebuke, and denounced divine ven. geance against the interpreters of the law in particular, on account of their exacting a rigorous observance, not only of the ceremonial law, but of human traditions ; while they, in their lives, contradicted many of their own precepts. Destroying the Prophets and other righteous men was a national crime, for which God had threatened to send vengeance on the Jewish nation; but he deferred the execution of it till the measure of their


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