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ADRIATIC, its shores plundered by the Ge-; ÆMILIANUS, consul of Rome, 244, 249, 259, noese fleet, 1351.
276. ADRYMETTUM, council of, 1283.
Æneas, in Italy, B.c. 1182 (doubtful, C.) ADULIS (now ARKEEKO), a port on the Red Æneid. See VIRGIL.
Sea, where Ptolemy Euergetes erected ÆOLIAN migration, B.C. 1123. a statue, B.C. 225.
Æolis, added to the kingdom of PergaADVENTUS, consul of Rome, 218.
mus, B.C, 263, ADVERTISEMENTS, duty on, repealed, July Æolus, k. of Phthiotis, B.C. 1383 (1380 C.) 21, 1853,
ÆQui, war with Rome, B.C. 464-besiege ÆAces, reinstated in Samos, B.C. 494, the consul Minucius in his camp, 458ÆBOTAS, Olympic victor, B.C. 756.
again attack Rome, and are totally routÆDESIUS, pupil of lamblichus, succeeds ed, 446-part of their dominions taken
him in the chair of philosophy, 329– by the Romans, 426-lose Bolæ, 414visited by Julian, and d. 355.
annexed to Rome, 303. Ædui, resist Cæsar, B.c. 52.
ROPUS, k. of Macedon, B.C. 602. ÆGÆ.
See PHILIP II., of Macedon. ÆROPUS, guardian of Orestes, son of ArÆGEUS, k. of Athens, B.C. 1283 (1284 H.) chelaus, B.C. 399. ÆGIALEUS, k. of Sicyon, B.C. 2089 (1813 C.) Æsc, k. of Kent, 488—512. ÆGIDIUS, resists Ricimer, in Gaul, 461 - Æschines, Olympic victor, B.C. 760.
k. of the Franks, 462—defeats the Visi- Æschines, the orator, b. B.C. 389-present goths, near Orleans, 463-d. 464.
at the battle of Tamynæ, 350-leaves Ægina, war with Athens, B.C. 491-taken Athens, 330d. 314.
by the Athenians, 455-asylum of De- ÆSCHYLUS, Athenian archon, B.c. 777. mosthenes, 324.
Æschylus, the tragic poet, b. B.C. 525— ÆGISTHEUS, k. of Mycenæ, B.c. 1183. excels Chærilus and Pratinas, 499—0bÆGOSPOTAMUS, battle of, B.C. 405.
tains the prize, 484 — “Persæ,” 472 -ÆGYDRUS, k. of Sicyon, B.C. 1891.
“Oresteia," 458--d. 456--a bronze statue ÆLIA CAPITOLINA, built, 131.
erected to him, 337. ÆLIAN, the sophist, fl. 222.
ÆSIMIDES, Athenian archon, B.c. 742. ÆLIANUS, consul of Rome, 187.
Æsop, the fabulist, lived, B.C. (619, 571, or ÆLIANUS, Cn. Papirius, consul of Rome, 564). See PHÆDRUS. 184.
Ætius, consul of Rome, 432, 437, 446, 454 ÆLIANUS, L. Roscius, consul of Rome, 223. --supports John Primicerius, 423-emÆLIANUS, Tacticus, fl. 97.
ploys a body of Huns, 424-enters into Ælius SPARTIANUS (supposed to be the the service of Valentinian III., 425–
same as Æl. Lampridius and Vulcatius relieves Arles, 426-deceives Bonifacius, Gallicanus), writes his Augustan His- 427-defeats Clodion, 428—his duplicity tory, 297.
is discovered by Bonifacius-repulses ÆLIUS VERUS, adopted by Hadrian, 135— the Germans in Gaal, 430—is defeated
receives the title of Cæsar, 136-d. Jan. by Bonifacius, takes refuge among the 1, 138.
Huns, and regains his power, 432-deÆLLA lands in the south of Britain, 477 feats the Burgundians, 435—again, 436
-king of Sussex, 490-takes Andreads- --employs an auxiliary force of Huns, ceaster, 491–first Bretwalda, 506.
437- Merobaudes writes his panegyric, ÆLLA, or ELLA, k. of Deira, 560—588. 443—the Britons apply to him for asÆMILIANUS, Qu. Fabius Max., consul of sistance, 446-allies with the Visigoths
Rome, goes to Spain against Viriathus, against Attila, and defeats him, at ChaB.C. 145.
lons, 451–murdered by Valentinian III., ÆMILIANUS, Pub. Corn. Scipio Africanus 454.
(son of Paulus Æmilius) conducts the Ærius, Eccles., instructs Eunomius in his war in Spain, B.c. 151--as consul, takes doctrines, 353. the command in Africa, 147—destroys ÆTOLIA, subdued by Antipater, B.C. 322— Carthage, 146--sent to conduct the war invaded by Philip V., 218. See GREECE. in Spain, 144-ambassador to Egypt, 143 ÆTOLIANS, seize the mountain-passes to
-consul II., proceeds to Spain, 134-re- Delphi, B.c. 290—league together against duces Numantia, 133-d. 129.
Lysimachus, 284-war with the AchæÆMILIANUS, Niger's gen., defeated by Se- ans, 241--attacked by Demetrius II., 239 verus, 194,
-Ariston, prætor, 221-defeat the Achæ ÆMILIANUS, Fulv., consul of Rome, 206. ans at Caphyæ, 220-alliance with Rome, EMILIANUS, Valerian's gen., saluted em- 211-assisted by a Roman fleet, 208-de
peror by his army, and killed, 253. feated by Antiochus, at Panium, 1984ÆMILIANUS, rebels in Egypt against Galli- assist Flaminius at Cynoscephalæ, 197– enus, 262--- put to death, 263.
alliance with Antiochus, 193--L. Scipio grants them a truce of six months, 1901 tempts on Spain, 917-A1 Hakem em--they give up Ambracia and Cephalo- ploys agents to purchase or copy MSS., nia, and pay tribute, 189.
962 – war for the recovery of Fez, 972— AFER, Domitius, ii., 45—superintends the 974. See Fez and MOROCCO, public aqueducts, 49-d. 59.
The Greek emperors invite the SaraAFFGHANS. See ATTOCK.
cens of Africa to oppose Otho, 982-Bona AFRANIUS, Burrus, prætorian præfect, 51 taken by the Pisans, 1035—conquests of --d. 62.
the Almoravides, 1067—their power in. AFRANIUS, L. consul of Rome, B.C. 60— creased by Yusef Ben Taxfin, 1070—he supports Pompey in Spain, 49.
assists the Mohammedans of Spain, 1086 AFRICA, Battus arrives, B.c.640. See CYRE- ---conquers them, 1091-El Mehedi begins
NE.-Territories of Carthage extended, the power of the Almohades, 1121-de550. See CARTHAGE.- Expedition of Aga- feat of Taxfin by Abdelmumen, 1144thocles, 310-unsuccessful, 307 — the Ro- Roger of Sicily attacks the coast, 1146_ mans land, 256-withdraw, 255-ravage conquests of Abdelmumen, 1151-Roger the maritime districts, 253 - Ptolemy takes Tunis, Bona, and other towns, 1152 Euergetes extends his empire, 225. See - Tunis taken by Abdelmumen, 1158 EGYPT and ADULIS. – P. Corn. Scipio he passes into Spain, 1160-his son, Yuseeks an alliance with Syphax, 206 zef Jakub, k. of the Almohades, 1163 lands with his army, 204-close of the flight of Mohammad Abdallah, k. to second Punic War, 201—P. Corn. Scipio Africa, 1212—the Merines rise in power, Æmilianus arrives, 147-terminates the 1238-crusade of Louis IX., of France, third Punic War, 146. Seo ROME. - 1270—the Genoese take Tripoli, 1355— Afrira laid waste by locusts, 125-re- Muhamad, k. of Granada, retires into duced to obedience by Pompey, 82—— Africa, 1359-leaves, 1361. Cæsar defeats Cato and Juba, 46.
The coasts explored by the Portuguese Rebellion of Tacfarinas, A.D. 17—24- beyond Cape Bojador, 1433—Bartholofirst bishop in Africa, at Alexandria, 70% mew Diaz reaches the southern extremthe Gordians proclaimed, 238-revolt of ity, 1486. See CAPE OF GOOD HOPE.Sabinianus, 240–Donatist heresy, 313– Vasco de Gama passes it, 1497-Pedro 318. See Donatists.-Tyranny of Ro- Alvarez Cabral visits the eastern coast, mans, 336-revolt of Firmus, 372-of 1500—conquests of Ferdinand of Spain Gildo, 397-398—Heraclian rebels, 413— on the northern coast, 1510—the Dutch Bonifacius invites the Vandals, 428- settle at the Cape of Good Hope, 1650 they land, 429--Bonifacius repents, fails the French possess themselves of Algiers, in his efforts against them, and returns 1830. See ALGIERS. to Italy, 431–the greater part of Africa AFRICAN corsairs infest Italy, 813. is assigned to Genseric, 435-Genseric AFRICANUS, consul of Rome, 236. appoints Arian bishops, 437-takes Car- AFRICANUS, Iulus Antonius, consul of thage, Oct. 19, 439-Genseric d., 477- Rome, B.C, 10. Hunneric, k., 477-484—Gundamund, 484- | AFRICANUs, Pub. Corn. Scipio, takes the 496–Thorismund, 496-523—Hilderic, 523 command in Spain, 211--takes Carthago -grants religious freedom ; deposed by Nova, 210-advances into the interior, Gelimer, 531-Belisarius lands, 533– 209 —- reaches Gades, 207 --- negotiates sends Gelimer to Constantinople, and re- with Syphax, 206—consul, and proceeds stores the Roman province; Solomon de- to Sicily, 205—lands in Africa, 204-defeats the Moors,534-a mutiny quelled by feats Hannibal, at Zama, 202- peace, Belisarius, 536-peace restored by Solo- return and triumph, 201—consul II., unmon, 540-the Moors renew the war, and popular at Rome, 194 -- assists his he is slain, 543-Heraclius and Nicetas brother, Lucius, in Greece, 190-accused proceed from Africa to depose Phocas, 610. of peculation, retires in disgust to Li
Gregory, prætorian prefect, assumes turnum, 188-d. 183. the purple, 646-defeated and slain by AFRICANUS, P. Corn. Scipio Æmilianus. Abdallah, the Saracen, 647-Akbah, or See ÆMILIANUS. Okbah, begins his conquests, 665—de- AFRICANUS, T. Sextius, consul of Rome feats the exarch Gregory, and penetrates 112. into Mauritania, 667—Cairoan founded, AGAMEMNON, k. of Mycenæ, B.C. 1201 670—Invasion of Hassan, 693-Carthage (1200 C.) finally taken, and destroyed, 698—Musa AGAMESTOR, Athenian archon, B.C. 795. completes the conquest, 707-Christian- AGAPETUS, consul of Rome, 517. ity supplanted in Africa by the Moham- AGAPETUS, bp. of Rome, 535-his mission medan faith, 749-invaded by Boniface, to C.P., 536. marquis of Tuscany, 828 – piratical at-| AGAPETUS II., pope, 946–956.
AGAPIUS, claims the bishopric of Bostra, | Agis, Agidan k. of Lacedæmon, B.C. 1059 394.
--1028. AGAPIUS, the disciple of Proclus, fl. 511. Agis II., Proclidan k. of Lacedæmon, B.C. AGATHARCIDES, of Cnidus, hist. . B.c. 113. 427-398 — defeated by Nicius, at TanaAGATHARCUS, Olympic victor, B.c. 536. gra, 420—invades Attica, but retires, 425 AGATHIAS, begins his History, 553—writes -d. 398.
1.v., 559-concludes, 562—the five ex- Agis III., Proclidan k. of Lacedæmon, tant books written, 582.
B.C. 338-defeated and slain, by AntiAGATHO, pope, 678-682—orders the resto- pater, 331. ration of Wilfrid to York, 678.
AGIS IV., Proclidan k. of Lacedæmon, enAGATHOCLES, Athenian archon, B.C. 357. deavours to revive the laws of Lycurgus, AGATHOCLES, obtains absolute power at B.C. 244-assists the Achæans, 241-is
Syracuse, B.C. 317-defeated at Himera, killed, 240.
AGLABITES, dynasty, founded at Cairoan
AGNADELLO, battle of; the Venetians deAGAUNUM, monastery, founded by Sigis- feated by the French, May 14, 1509.
mund, 515-endowed by him, 522. See AGNES, daughter of Wm., duke of Poitiers, ST. MAURICE.
marries Henry III., emperor of GerAGDE, council of, 506.
1043-regent during the minority AGELAS, k. of Corinth, B.c. 996..
of her son, 1056-.calls a council at siAGELAS, k. of Corinth, B.C. 889.
enna, to elect a pope, 1058—nominates AGELIUS, pastor of the Novatian church Cadalo, bp.of Parma, as anti-pope,1061at C.P.-d. 384.
retires to Rome, and is pardoned by pope AGEMON, k. of Corinth, B.C. 799.
Alexander II., 1062. AGESICLES, Proclidan k. of Lacedæmon, AGNES SOREL. See SOREL. B.C. 598-560.
AGNES, daughter of Louis VII., of France AGESILAUS, Agidan k. of Lacedæmon, married to Alexius, son of the empero. B.C. 927-883.
B.C. 398–361 — commands the Grecian AGNEW, Mr., murdered by the Sikhs, at
1803. invades Arcadia, 370—assists the Egyp- AGRARIAN law, introduced at Rome by Sp. tians against Persia, and d. 361.
Cassius, B.c. 486 --causes violent contests, AGESIPOLIS I., Agidan k. of Lacedæmon, 482 - violated by Licinius Stolo, 357.
B.C. 394–380 - invades Argolis, 390 See ROME. takes Mantinea, 386 - d. in the third AGRICOLA, Cn. Julius, Roman governor of campaign against Olynthus, 380.
Britain, 78-his successful campaign in AGESIPOLIS II., Agidan k. of Lacedæmon, Caledonia, 80--totally defeats the CaleB.C. 371.
donians, builds the wall between the AGESIPOLIS III., last of the Agidæ, killed Forth and Clyde; his fleet sails round the
by Lycurgus, k. of Lacedæmon, B.C. 219. north of Scotland, 84 -- recalled, 85 AGETRUDA, mother of Lambert, defends d. Aug. 23, 93. Spoleto against Arnulf, 896.
AGRICOLA, consul of Rome, 421. AGHRIM, battle of: the Irish and French AGRICOLA, son of Severian, preaches Peladefeated by Ginkel, July 22, 1691.
gianism in Britain, 429. AGILA, k. of the Visigoths, 549–554. AGRICOLA, Calpurnius, sent to Britain to AGILBERT, bp. of Dorcic, 650 — of Paris, repel an incursion of the Brigantes, 162. 660.
AGRICOLA, L. Virius, consul of Rome, 230. AGILULPH, duke of Turin, becomes k. of AGRICULTURAL distress, committee on, ap
Lombardy, 591 — renounces Arianism, pointed Feb. 8, 1836-sits four months; 602-gives the valley of Bobium to Co- makes no report. lumbanus, 612-d. 615.
AGRICULTURAL produce advances in price, AGINCOURT, battle of, Oct. 25, 1415.
AGRICULTURAL and Commercial bank of AGRIPPINA, daughter of Germanicus, is Ireland stops payment, 1836.
married to Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus, AGRICULTURE, the Athenians instructed 28---to Claudius, 49-prevails on him to in, 3.C. 1383 (1384 H.).
adopt Nero as his successor; founds CoAGRICULTURE, Board of, established, on the lonia Agrippina, 50-poisons Claudius,
motion of Sir John Sinclair, May 31, 1793. Oct. 13, 54 — courts Britannicus, 55— AGRICULTURE, professorship of, establish- murdered by Nero's order, Mar. 20, 59.
ed by Wm. Pulteney, at Edinburgh, | AGRIPPINA. See COLOGNE. Apr. 14, 1790.
AGRIPPINUS, bp. of Alexandria, 168. AGRIGENTINES, revolt against the Sara- AGUERO and the insurgent Cubans defeat cens in Sicily, 938.
the Spanish troops, July 4, 1851-their AGRIGENTUM, founded, B.C. 582-Phalaris rebellion suppressed, Sept. 1.
put to death, 549- Theron rules, 488—AGUESSEAU, D', chancellor of France, d. the republic restored, 472-conquered by 1751. Syracuse, 446—taken by the Carthagi- AGYRRHius, replaces Thrasybulus, B.c. 389. nians, 406—by the Romans, 262—the re- AHAB, k. of Israel, B.C. 919-slain, 896. public subverted by Rome, 210.
AHALA, C. Servilius, consul of Rome, B.C. AGRIPPA, Menenius Lanatus, consul of 478. Rome, B.C. 503.
AKALA, Q. Servilius, consul of Rome B.C. AGRIPPÁ the Younger, tetrarch of Judæa,
342. 44-prevails on Claudius to reverse the AHALA, C. Servilius Struct., murders Sp. orders of Cassius Longinus, 45—receives Mælius, B.C. 439-exiled, 438--consul, additional territory from Claudius, 48- 427-military tribune III., 402. Trachonitis, Abilene, and other districts AHALA, Q. Servilius, consul' of Rome, B.C. placed under his jurisdiction, 53.
365, 362. AGRIPPA, Herod, k. of Judæa, 37-receives AHASUERUS. See ARTAXERXES, B.C. 462.
the dominions of Herod Antipas, 39—Ahaz, k. of Judah, B.c. 741--726.
AHAZIAH, k. of Judah, B.C. 886.
Rome, B.c. 192. AGRIPPA, Dec. Haterius, consul of Rome, AHENOBARBUS, Cn. Domitius, consul, B.C. 22.
162. AGRIPPA, Marcus Vipsanius, consul of AHENOBARBUS, Cn. Domitius, consul, B.C.
Rome, B.C. 37, 28, 27- crosses the Rhine, 122-defeats the Arverni, 121. to secure the frontier of Gaul, 37—defeats AHENOBARBUS, Cn. Domitius, consul, B.C. Sextus Pompeius, and receives a naval 96. crown,36—Ædile, restores the public edi- AHENOBARBUS, Cn. Domitins, marries fices and fountains of Rome, 33-assists Agrippina, daughter of Germanicus, 28 at the battle of Actium, 31--aids Octa- -consul, 32. vius in regulating the state and adorning AHENOBARBUS, L. Domitius, consul of the city, 28-builds the Pantheon, 25– Rome, B.c. 94. appointed prefect of the city, and marries AHENOBARBUS, L. Domitius, consul of Julia, daughter of Augustus, 21-his Rome, B.c. 54. son, Caius Cæsar, b. 20—subdues the AHENOBARBUS, L. Domitius, consul of Cantabri, 19-tribune for life, 18--birth Rome, B.c. 16. of bis son, Lucius; his two sons are AHIMA AZ, Jewish high priest, B.C. 990. adopted by Augustus; visits Syria, 17 AHMED, Mohammedan k. of Saragossa, - and Jerusalem, 16-goes to put down a slain by Alfonso VII., k. of Castile, 1109. disturbance in Bosporus, 14-returns to AHMED, the Turk, establishes the office Rome, 13—d. Mar. 22, 12.
of Emir al Omra, at Bagdad, 944. AGRIPPÁ, M. Asinius, consul of Rome, 25. AHMED Ben Gehaf betrays Valencia to the AGRIPPA, math., observes a conjunction Almoravides, 1092-burnt alive, 1094.
of the moon with the Pleiades, Nov. 29, AHMEDNUGGUR, captured by Sir Arthur 7 p.m., 92.
Wellesley, Aug. 12, 1803. AGRIPPA, M., adopted by Augustus, 4-Aidan, bp. of Lindisfarne or Holy Island, murdered by Tiberius, 14.
635d. 650. AGRIPPA, Cornelius, b. 1486; d. 1535. AIGUES MORTES, interview AGRIPPINA, daughter of M. Vip. Agrippa, and Francis I. at, 1538.
and wife of Germanicns, brings the ashes AIGUILLON, duc d', tried by the parliament of her husband to Rome, 20-Sejanus of Paris, 1770. plots against her and her sons, 26--ba- AIKIN, Arthur, d. 1854. nished, 30-put to death, Sept. 17, 33. AIKIN, Dr. John, d. 1822.
AILESBURY, earl of, d. 1856.
ALAEDDIN II., last of the Seljukian sulAILLY, Peter d', abp. of Cambray, and tans, 1297.
chancellor of the university of Paris, A LAFTAS, k. of Badajos, repels Alfonso urges, at the Council of Constance, the VI., of Castile, from Toledo, 1081. reforms recommended by the university, ALAHMAN. See MUHAMAD and Yuser. 1414-d. 1425.
ALALIA, founded, in Cyrnos (Corsica), by Almoin, the monk-historian of France, d. the Phocæans, B.c. 564. 1008.
AL Amin, caliph, 809 — dethroned by his Aimon, the Pacific, count of Savoy, 1329. brother, Al Mamun, 813. See ARABIA, AINSWORTH, W. H., b. 1805.
caliphs of. AIRE, taken by the allies, Nov. 9, 1710. ALAMUNDARUS defeats Belisarius, 531. AISLABIE, chancellor of the exchequer, im- ALAN, son of Mathuedoi, regent of Bri
plicated in the South Sea fraud, resigns tanny, takes refuge in England, 913— his office, 1721.
returns, 931-is established in Britanny Aix, the first Roman colony in Gaul (Aqua by Athelstan, 937.
Sextiæ), founded by C. Sextius Calvius, ALAND, the Isles of, taken by the czar B.C. 122-defeat of the Teutones, 102-- Peter, 1714—conquered again by Russia, treaty between Aragon and France, 1291 1809–occupied by the allied fleets, 1854. -massacre of royalists, 1791.
ALANI, invade Parthia, 75—enter Spain, Aix, the Isle of, taken, Sept. 23, 1757. through Gaul, and establish a kingdom AIX-LA-CHAPELLE, enriched with mosaics for themselves, 409-attacked by Wal
and marbles from Ravenna, 784-Char- lia, 417-overcome by the Vandals, 419. lemagne makes it his capital, 795– ALARCOS, battle of, July 19, 1195. council of, 809—diet of, 831-plundered ALARIC, leader of the Visigoths, 382—asby the Danes, 851 - council of, 862 - sists Theodosius against Eugenius, 393— Henry, son of Conrad II., crowned, 1028 plunders Thessaly, 395-takes Athens, --diet of, 1099–Frederic II., crowned, 396--overcome by Stilicho, retires into 1215—William, count of Holland, 1247 -- Epirus, 397—master-general of Eastern Richard, earl of Cornwall, 1257--Rudolf Illyricum, and k. of the Visigoths 398 of Habsburg, 1276--Adolphus of Nas- -enters Italy, 400-advances, 402-desau, June 24, 1292—Albert of Austria, feated at Pollentia and Verona, and 1298--Sigismund, 1414 - Albert II., of leaves Italy, 403-returns and besieges Austria, 1438 — peace between France Rome, 408-receives a large ransom, and and Spain, May 2, 1668—negotiations withdraws, takes Ostia, forms the second commenced, 1747–cessation of hostili- siege of Rome, and again spares the city ties proclaimed, Aug. 10; peace con- 409—after a third siege, takes Rome, cluded, Oct. 7, 1748 – congress, Sept. 9 Aug. 24, and marches to the south of to Nov. 22, 1818.
Italy, where he dies, at Consentia, AJNADIN, battle of; Heraclius defeated
410. by the Saracens, 633.
ALARIC II., k. of the Visigoths, 485—-conAjo, duke of Beneventum, slain in battle tracted to Theudegotha, daughter of Theagainst the Sclavonians, 642.
odoric, 495 - legislates for his peopie, AKBAH, or Okbah, sent to conquer Africa, and employs Anianus to adapt the The
665-defeats the exarch, Gregory, and odosian code to his purpose; war with penetrates into Mauritania, 667–founds Clovis; Theodoric mediates, 506 deCairoan, 670.
feated and slain, at Vouglé, near Poitiers, AKBAR KHAN, joins the Afghan insurgents, 507.
Nov. 25, 1841 – invites Sir Wm. M'- ALAVA, taken from Sancho VII., of NaNaghten to an interview, and assassi- varre, by Alfonso VIII., of Castile, 1200. nates him, Dec. 25—massacres the Bri- ALBA, on the lake Fucinus, the prison or tish in their retreat, Jan. 1842-restores Syphax, B.0. 204-of Perseus, 168-and
Lady Sale and other captives, Sept. 21. of Bituitus, k. of the Arverni, 121. AKENSIDE, Mark, b. 1721-d. 1770.
ALBA. See ALVA. AKERMAN, taken by Potemkin, 1789-treaty ALBAIDA, battle of'; Musa defeated, 852.
between Russia and Turkey, 1827. ALBAN, Mount, held by the Senones, B.C. ALABAMA, twenty-first State of the Ame
360. rican Union, 1819.
ALBANI, cardinal. See CLEMENT XI., pope. ALACHIS, duke of Trent and Brescia, rebels ALBANIA, near the Caspian Sea, winter
against Cunibert, and falls in battle, 690. quarters of Heraclius, 623. ALAEDDIN, sultan of Iconium, 1222-gives Albania, in Epirus, invaded by Robert
a settlement for 400 families of Oghusian Guiscard, 1081-1084 - conqnered by Tartars in Asia Minor, 1231-poisoned Amurath I., 1387 — independent under by his son, 1236.
Scanderbeg, 1443. See SCANDERBEG.