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Ethelbert, 606--of Ina, 692—of Alfred, AxJOU—-continued.
286–of Edward the Confessor, 1065. on these lands for a pension, 1166-they ANGOLA, settled by the Portuguese to are taken from king Johu by Philip Ausupply Brazil with slaves, 1578.
gustus, 1205. ANGORA. See ANCYRA.
Charles, count of Anjou, brother of ANGOULEME, Occupied by the Saracens, 731. Louis IX., treats with pope Innocent IV. ANGOULEME, Isabella, daughter of the duke for the crown of Sicily, 1253 - again
of, married to king John of England, with Urban IV., 1262 --- concludes the 1200.
treaty, 1263–senator of Rome, 1264ANGOULEME, Francis, count of, affianced to crowned at Rome by Clement IV., 1265
Claude, daughter of Louis XII., 1506- --defeats Manfred at Benevento, Feb. married, 1514-he becomes king, 1515. 26, and is acknowledged as king, 1266. See FRANCIS I., king of France.
See CHARLES I., k, of Sicily. ANGOULEME, duke of, son of Francis I., the Anjou reconquered by Edward III.,
emperor Charles V. offers Milan to him, but relinquished by him in the treaty of 1536.
Bretigni,1360-given by Charles V., king ANGOULEME, Louis Antony, duke d’, born of France to his brother Louis, with the
1765, marries his cousin Maria Theresa, title of duke of Anjou ; he is invested June 10, 1799–endeavours to raise the by pope Clement VII. with all the doFrench departments in favour of the minions of Joanna, queen of Naples, in Bourbons, but fails, April 11, 1815-leads Italy and Provence, 1381-he attacks a French army into Spain, and over- Charles, k. of Naples, 1382—the plague
throws the constitution, 1823d. 1844. destroys a great part of his army, 1383 ANGOULEME, duchess d'. See MARIA THE- -he dies at Bari, 1384. RESA, daughter of Louis XVI.
His son Louis receives the same grant ANGRIA, the East Indian pirate, taken from Urban VI., 1386-resisted in Naples
prisoner, and his stronghold on the Ma- by Margaret, mother of Ladislas, 1387labar coast destroyed by Adm. Watson abandoned by Urban, 1388_crowned at and Col. Clive, Feb. 11, 1756.
Avignon by Clement VII., 1389--opposed Angus, the earl of, captured by the Percies by the rival pope, Boniface IX., 1390_ at Homedon Hill, 1402.
gains possession of Naples, 1395--is viAxGUs, Archibald Douglas, earl of, marries gorously attacked by Ladislas, 1398
Margaret, sister of Henry VIII., and deserted by all, returns to Provence, 1399 dowager queen of Scotland, 1514.
-revives his pretensions to the throne, ANHALT DESSAU, Maurice, prince of, Pris- 1409_his fleet defeated by the Genoese,
sian general, obliges the Austrians to 1410-goes back to Provence, 1411. retire from Berlin, 1757,
His son, Louis III., is encouraged by ANHOLT, defended by a British garrison pope Martin V. to claim the throne, 1420
of 150 men, against 4000 Danes, 1811. -defeated by Braccio, 1421-returns to ANIANUS, bp. of Antioc 359.
come, 1422—is adopted by Joanna as ANIANUS employed to adapt the Theodosian her heir, 1423-d. 1434. code for Alaric II., 506.
His brother, Regnier (Renatus or ANICETUS, bp. of Rome, 150–162.
René), now of Anjon, is declared k. ot ANICIUS PROBUS, consul of Rome, 406. Naples by the will of Joanna, 1435 ANIMAL MAGNETISM, introduced by Mes- being a prisoner in the hands of the duke mer, 1779.
of Burgundy, he sends his wife Isabella, Anvon, Fulk, Count of, seizes Maine, and and his son Louis, to claim the suc
quarrels with Henry I. of England, 1111 cession; they are opposed by Alfonso of -is supported by Louis VI. of France, Aragon, 1436-he regains his liberty, 1112-a reconciliation effected by the and arrives at Naples, 1438_expelled by marriage of Henry's eldest son William Alfonso and returns to Provence, 1442– to Fulk's daughter Matilda, 1119_death marriage of his daughter Margaret to of William ; his widow returns to her Henry VI. of England, contracted, 1444 father, 1121—her brother, Geoffrey Plan- -solemnized, A pr. 22, 1445. See HENRY tagenet, marries Henry's daughter Ma- VI., king, and MAP.GARET, Queen, of Engtilda, widow of the emperor Henry V., land. Regnier is invited by Francesco 1127-Fulk joins the crusaders and be- Sforza to claim Naples, 1453-returns to comes king of Jerusalem, 1131-is killed France, 1454-his son, John, renews the by a fell from his horse, 1142.
war in Naples, 1459 — withdraws to the Death of Geoffrey; his son Henry (af- Isle of ischia, 1463-returns to France, terwards Henry II. of England) inherits 1464 -- the throne of Aragon offered to Anjou and Maine, 1156—prevails on his Regnier by the Catalonians, 1466 – he brother Geoffrey to renounce all claim sends his son, John, with a French aux
Hungary, betrothed to Ferdinand of iliary force, 1468—who dies at Barcelona, Austria, 1506-—-their marriage, 1521Dec. 16, 1470— Regnier is expelled from unites Hungary and Bohemia to Austria, Anjou by Louis XI., 1474-his daughter 1526. Margaret is restored to him, 1475-2. ANNA MARIA MAURICIA. See ANNE OF 1480—when she resigns all claim on his AUSTRIA. states to Louis XI., and receives a pen- ANNA, SANTA, defeats the Spanish invasion sion from him—the duchy given to Fred- of Mexico, 1829-elected president, 1833. eric, the expelled king of Naples, 1501- ANNALES ECCLESIASTICI. See BARONIUS. and held by him tili his death, 1504. Annan, battle of, Edward Balliol is defeat
Henry, duke of, younger brother of ed by Sir Archibald Douglas, 1332. Charles IX. of France, defeats the Hu- ANNAPOLIS, the name given by Colonel guenots at Jarnac, March 13, and at Nicholson to the French settlement of Moncontour, Oct. 3, 1569---delusive ne- Port Royal in Acadia, after its capture, gotiations for a marriage between him 1710. and Elizabeth, queen of England, 1571 | ANNATS, or first-fruits, paid to the pope, -is obliged to raise the siege of La abolished by the Council of Basle, 1435 Rochelle, June 25-elected king of Po- prohibited by the English parliament, land, 1573 – becomes king of France,
1532. May 30, 1574. See HENRY III., king of! ANNE of Savoy, widow of the Greek empeFrance.
ror Andronicus III. Palæologus, regent His brother Francis, duke d'Alen- for her son, John V., 1341-opposed by çon, is created duke of Anjou, and in- John Cantacuzene, 1343-assisted by the vited by the ten southern provinces of Servians, who are defeated by the Turks, the Netherlands, to be their gov., 1578 1344—concludes a treaty, by which he -he visits queen Elizabeth and makes shares the throne, Feb. 8, 1347-he breaks her proposals of marriage, 1580-fallaci- the treaty, 1353. See JOHN V. Palæ ous negotiations between them; he is ologus. nominated by the Seven United Pro- | Anne, sister of Wenceslas of Germany vinces to be sovereign of the Nether- and Bohemia, married to Richard II., k. lands, 1581--finally dismissed by Eliza- of England, Jan. 14, 1382 – protects beth; he is received as sovereign at Wickliffe, intercedes for John of Ghent, Antwerp, but acquires no real power, 1386—for the citizens of London, 13921582---fails in an attempt on Antwerp, dies at Shene, June 7, 1394. and retires into France, 1583-—d. 1584. ANNE NEVILLE, daughter of the earl of
Philip, duke of, second son of the dau- Warwick, married to Edward, son of phin, and grandson of Louis XIV., re- Henry VI., 1470 --- to Richard, duke of ceives the dominions of Spain by bequest Gloucester, 1473—queen, 1483—d. 1485. of Charles II., 1700, See Philip V., k. of ANNE, queen of Henry VIII. See BOLEYN, Spain.
Anne, and CLEVES, Anne of. ANKARSTROM, assassinates Gustavus III. of ANNE, daughter of Frederic II., k. of ከ- nSweden, March 6, 1792.
mark, married to James VI., k. of ScotANLAF, totally defeated by Athelstan and land, 1589—q. of Great Britain, 1603--
Edmund at Brunanburh, 937-is chosen visited by her brother Christian IV. of king by the Northumbrian Danes, 941 Denmark, 1607-she intercedes in vain -d. 942.
for Sir Walter Raleigh, 1618-dies at ANLAF, son of Sihtric, governs Northum- Hampton Court, March 3, 1619.
berland, 942—defeated by Edmund, 943. ANNE, daughter of James, duke of York ANLAF CWIPAN lands in the north of Eng-| (afterwards James II.), and Anne Hyde, land, 949.
born 1665—married to prince George of Anna, king of East Anglia, 635——enlarges Denmark, July 28, 1683-abandons her
and endows the monastery of Fursey, at father, Nov. 26, 1688-at variance with Cnobersburg, 639--falls in battle against her sister, queen Mary, 1692—reconciled Penda, 654.
with king William, March 5, 1695. ANNA, daughter of Romanus II., and sister Queen of Great Britain, Mar. 8, 1702
of the Greek emperors Basil II. and Con- in her first speech to parliament recomstantine XI., married to Wolodomir, mends the Union of England and Scotgrand-duke of Russia, 988.
land, Mar. 11-crowned, Apr. 23--war ANNA COMNENA, writes the history of her declared against France and Spain, May 4
father's reign, 1099—detected in a con- --Cadiz unsuccessfully attacked, Aug. spiracy against her brother, is pardoned, 15--the Spanish galleons captured or de1118.
stroyed at Vigo, Oct. 12-commissioners ANNA, daughter of Ladislas VI., k. ofl appointed to treat for the Union, 22
Marlborough, commander-in-chief of the English and Dutch armies, is successtul in Flanders, Aug. to Oct.---storms the citadel of Liege, Oct. 23.
Disputes in parliament respecting the public accounts, Feb. 4, 1703—-violent debates in the Scottish parliament regarding the Hanoverian succession, May 6-Marlborough captures Bonn, May 14— Huy, Aug. 27-Limburg, Sept. 27—the k. of Portugal joins the alliance against France and Spain, 1703.
The fund termed Queen Anne's bounty instituted, Feb. 7, 1704 – Marlborough takes Donawert, July 2, and gains the battle of Blenheim, Aug. 2 (0.s. 13 N.s.) --Gibraltar captured, July 22---besieged in vain by the French and Spaniards, Oct. 22—the English and Dutch forces in Spain are ill-supported, and cannot make head against the duke of Berwick, 1704.
The queen is attached through the dnke of Marlborough to the Whig party, 1705 — visits Cambridge, and confers knighthood on Isaac Newton, Apr. 10– the siege of Gibraltar raised, Mar. 10– the earl of Peterborough reduces Catalonia and Valencia for Charles III.-Marlborough forces the French lines at Tirlemont, July 18--he visits the emperor at Vienna, concerts a plan for the operationis of the next year, and returns to England in Dec.—the Tories and Jacobites alarm the queen for the safety of the church.
Meeting of the commissioners to treat for the Union with Scotland, Ap. 10, 1706 -Marlborough gains the victory of Ramillies, May 12, 0.s.- the allies are successful in Spain, and enter Madrid, June 24, but it is recovered by Philip V., Aug. 5 - Louis proposes to treat for peace, but his offers are rejected, Oct. 21 -Mrs. Masham begins to obtain the queen's favour.
The allies, under the earl of Galway, are totally defeated at Almanza, Ap. 14, 1707—the earl of Peterborough soon after withdraws from Spain--the Union with Scotland takes effect, May 1-Marlborough, unable to gain any advantage in the Netherlands from the cautious generalship of Vendôme, puts his army into winter quarters, Oct. 8-the first United parliament assembles, Oct. 23-the mismanagement of the late campaign inquired into, Nov. 19-a clerk in secretary Harley's office detected in betraying secrets of state to the French government, Dec. 31.
Harley dismissed, Jan. 1708—the pretender attempts to land in Scotland, but
is driven back by Sir George Byng, Mar.-Marlborough defeats the French at Oudenarde, July 11--destroys their lines between Ypres and the Lys, July 15, and lays Artois and Picardy under contribution - Lisle besieged by the allies, Aug. 11 – the town surrenders, Oct. 23, and the citadel, Dec. 9 — the whole of Flanders recovered by the allies, Dec.
Louis XIV. again makes proposals for peace, Feb. 28, 1709—the negotiations are broken off, June 9-Marlborough and Prince Eugene collect their forces at Lisle, June 18-take Tournay, July 30 -gain the battle of Malplaquet, Sept. 11, and capture Mons, Oct. 21-Dr. Sacheverell preaches a sermon at St. Paul's, Nov.5, for which he is impeached by the House of Commons, Dec. 15 the Whig ministry become unpopular, and are undermined at court by Mrs. Masham and Harley, the ex-secretarythe Copyright Act passed.
Overtures for peace by Louis XIV.again rejected, Jan. 2, 1710--Sacheverell's trial commences, Feb. 27-he is condemned, March 25, to silence for three years, and his sermon burnt by the hangman, Mar. 27--the conferences of Gertruydenburg commence, Mar, 11---broken off, July 20 -Marlborough and prince Eugene are successful in Flanders--the Whig ministry dismissed, Aug. 8-Marlborough retains his command-the allies are defeated in Spain, Dec.
The duchess of Marlborough supplanted at court by Mrs. Masham, Jan. 18, 1711 - the late ministers formally accused of mismanagement, June 4-the South Sea Company established, under a royal commission, June 27-Marlborough drives the French from the lines of Arleux, Aug. 5, and captures Bonichain, Sept. 13-negotiations for peace privately entered into, and the preliminaries settled in London, Oct. 6~-Marl. borough returns to England, is accused of peculation, and dismissed from all his offices, Dec.-twelve new peers created for a political purpose, Dec. 31.
The duke of Ormond appointed captaingeneral of the British army, in place or Marlborough, Jan. 1, 1712-conferences for peace opened at Utrecht, Jan. 29-the House of Lords disapprove the proposed terms, Feb. 16, Mar. 4-the duke of Ormond is ordered not to undertake hostilities, May 10—on the complaint of the Dutch, the order is countermanded, May 28-hé besieges and captures Quesnoy, June 8, July 4-he separates his forces
ANNE, sister of Sigismund Augustus, forfrom the allies, Jnly 10-a cessation of mer k., is married to Stephen Bathori, arms with France proclaimed, July 17- k. of Poland, 1576. prince Eugene is defeated at Denain, Anne of Austria (Anna Maria Mauricia), July 24, and Quesnoy and other towns daughter of Philip III., of Spain, and recaptured by the French-the Dutch Margaret, archduchess of Austria, b. agree to terms of peace, but the emperor 1601-marries Louis XIII., of France, (Charles VI.) continues the war-stamp 1615-regent for her son, Louis XIV.; duty first imposed on newspapers, 1712. makes cardinal Mazarin her minister,
The treaty of Utrecht signed, Mar. 1643-her regency ends, 1651-d. Jan. 30, 1713-rivalry of Harley (now earl of 20, 1666. Oxford) and Bolingbroke; the latter pre- | ANNE, second daughter of Iwan V., 6. 1693 judices the queen against the elector of -empress of Russia, 1730—her favou. Hanover (afterwards George I.) for not rite, Ernest John Biren, rules in Rusagreeing to the treaty of Utrecht-the sia, 1732—she interferes in the election opening of the parliament is deferred in of a king in Poland, 1733-joins Austria consequence of the queen's illness, Dec. in war against Turkey, 1736–Oczakow 1-she recovers, and opens the parlia- taken-she makes Biren duke of Courment, Mar. 2, 1714—the electoral prince land, 1737-Orsova taken-the fortificaof Hanover summoned to parliament, tions of Oczakow demolished, and the as duke of Cambridge, April 12–by the place abandoned, 1738 — Choczim and death of the electress Sophia, her son, Jassy taken-she concludes a treaty of the elector, becomes heir to the throne peace with Turkey, at Belgrade, 1739– under the Act of Settlement, June 3- compels prince Galitzin to marry a girl altercations of the ministers, and dis- of low birth, builds them a palace of missal of Oxford, July 27-illness of the ice, and celebrates the wedding with queen, 29— she makes the duke of
many strange ceremonies-d. Oct. 28, Shrewsbury lord treasurer, 30 - d. at bequeathing the empire to her great neKensington, Aug. 1, 1714.
phew, Iwan VI., and appoints Biren ANNE, sister of Philip, duke of Burgundy, guardian and regent, 1740.
married to the duke of Bedford, 1423— ANNE, grand-daughter of Iwan V., and d. 1432.
mother of the czar, Iwan VI., regent, ANNE HYDE, daughter of lord chancellor Nov. 28-forms an alliance, first with
Clarendon, married to James, duke of the k. of Prussia, and then with the York, Sept. 3, 1660---mother of queen queen of Hungary, 1740-her son is deMary II., 1662—of queen Anne, 1664- posed and she is imprisoned, 1741--d. d. Mar. 31, 1671.
1746. Anne, princess royal, daughter of George ANNE DUBOURG, a magistrate and council
II., ö. 1709_married to William Charles lor, the first Protestant martyr in France, Henry, prince of Orange, Mar. 15, 1734 Dec. 23, 1559. --leaves England for Holland, Apr. 22, ANNEAU, battle of; the German allies of regent for her son, William V., 1751— Henry of Navarre repulsed by the duke d. Jan. 12, 1759.
of Guise, Nov. 24, 1587. ANNE, daughter of Louis XI. of France, ANNECY in Savoy, aitempted revolt at, 1830.
regent for her brother, Charles VIII., | ANNIANUS, consul of Rome, 314. 1483-assembles the States General at ANNIANUS, first bp. of Alexandria, 63-85. Tours, 1484—quarrels with the duke of ANNIANUS, the chronologist, fl., 412. Orleans, and makes war on the duke of ANNIBALDESCHI, the, claim to be senators Britanny, 1486-rejects the offered me- of Rome, 1280. diation of Henry VII., of England, 1487 ANNICERRIS, phil. of the Cyrenaïc school, --defeat of the Bretons ; death of their fl. B.C. 315. duke, and captivity of the duke of Or- Annius Rufus, Roman gov. of Jndea, 13. leans, 1488. See BEAUJEU.
ANNUAL parliaments, a motion for, negaANNE of Britanny, daughter of the de- tived in the Liouse of Commons by 145
ceased duke, is sought in marriage by to 113, Jan. 24, 1745. many, 1488, 1489—betrothed to Maxi- ANNUAL Register, suggested to Dodsley milian, k. of the Romans, 1490—com- by Edmund Burke, 1759. pelled to marry Charles VIII., of France, ANSELM, abp. of Milan, joins the first cruand annex her lands to his, 1401–on his sade, 1100 —- escapes to Constantinople, death, she marries Louis XII., 1498 and dies there, 1101. d. Jan. 9, 1514.
ANSELM, a native of Aosta, and abbot of ANNE, daughter of the emperor Maximi- Bec, appointed abp. of Canterbury, 1093
lian, married to Philip II., of Spain, 1570. -expelled from England by William 11., 1097 — takes a prominent part in the ployed by Justinian to build the new council of Bari, 1098-reinstated at Can- church of St. Sophia, 532. terbury by Henry 1., 1100_disputes the ANTHIMUS, bp. of CP., 535-deposed by a right of investiture with Henry, 1102– council held at, 536. goes to Rome, 1103-d. 1109.
ANTHOLOGIA, collected by Meleager, B.c. 95 ANSGAR, a monk of Corvey, preaches --a second by Philippus of Thessalonica,
Christianity in the North, 826-in Swe- about A.D. 100-others by Diogenianus, den, 830—abp. of Hamburg, 834-returns about 120-Strato, about 130--and Agato Śweden and converts k. Olof, 853– thias, hist., about 560. See ANTIPATER. d. 865.
ANTHROPOMORPHITE HERESY, propagated Anson, George, 6. 1697—sails for the South
by Audæus, 341. Seas, Sept. 18, 1740-returns, having Antias, Valerius, the hist., fl. B.c. 110. sailed round the globe, and made many ANTICLES, Athenian archon, B.C. 326 H., rich prizes, June 14; the treasure brought 325 C. home by him, amounting to £1,250,000, ANTICLES, Olympic victor, B.c. 748. is conveyed to the Tower in 32 waggons, ANTICLES, Olympic victor, B.o. 340. July 14, 1744-he and adm. Warren de- ANTI-CORN-LAW ASSOCIATION formed, Mar., feat the French off Cape Finisterre, May 1841-deputies meet in London, Feb. 8, -is made a peer, 1747-d. 1762.
1842—the League established, diffuses Anson, Sir William, d. 1847.
information by lectures, pamphlets, and ANSPACH and Bayreuth, purchased from monthly meetings in Covent Garden
the margrave by the k. of Prussia, 1791. theatre, Sept. 28, 1843--annual meeting, ANSPACH, margravine of (Lady Craven)- Jan. 22, 1845-bazaar in Covent Garden d. 1828.
theatre, May 4-great meeting at ManANSPRANDO, the guardian of Liutbert, k. chester, where more than £60,000 is sub
of Lombardy, 700—defeated in an at- scribed in four hours, Dec. 23-meets at tempt to expel Aribert, 702 — driven Manchester, and closes its operations, from the Lake of Como, is protected, July 2, 1846-revived on the appointwith his son, Liutprand, by the Bavari- ment of lord Derby's administration, ans, 703-assisted by them, defeats Ari- Mar. 4, 1852. bert-d. after a reign of seven months, ANTICRA’TES, Olympic victor, B.C. 600. 712.
ANTIDOTUS, Athenian archon, B.C. 451. ANSPRANDO, duke of Spoleto, succeeded by ANTIGENES, Athenian archon, B.c. 407. Lupo, 746.
“ ANTIGONE.' See SOPHOCLES. ANTAGORAS, the Rhodian poet, favoured ANTIGONIA, a defile between Epirus and by Antigonus Gonatas, B.C. 269.
Macedon, from which Flaminius drives ANTALCIDAS, the Lacedæmonian, drives Philip V., B.C. 198.
the Athenian fleet from Abydos, and ANTIGONUS, obtains a portion of Alexanreleases that of Nicolochus, B.C. 388- der's empire, B.C. 323-defeats Eumenes, makes peace with Artaxerxes, leaving and extends his dominions in Asia Minor, the Ionian cities at his mercy, and inain- 320—besieges Eumenes in Nora, 319taining the supremacy of Lacedæmon in establishes his authority in Asia Minor, Greece, 387.
318—defeated while pursuing Eumenes, ANTARADUS, the Mohammedans are re- 316—drives Seleucus from Babylon to pulsed from, 700.
Egypt, 315-declares war against CasANTEQUERA surrendered by the Moors to sander at Tyre, 314-Tyre surrenders, Ferdinand, regent of Castile, 1410.
313—his army, under his son Demetrius ANTEROS, bp, of Rome, 235.
Poliorcetes, defeated at Gaza, by PtoANTEUIL, M. d', and the French forces lemy and Seleucus, 312—Phoenicia given
nnder his cominand, surrender to Law- up to him, 311-fails in an attempt on rence and Clive, 1752.
Egypt, 306—-treacherously kills MithriANTHEMIUS, consul of Rome, 405–prefect dates Ctistes, of Pontus, 302—defeated
of the East, and minister of Theodosius and slain at the battle of Ipsus, 301. II., 408,
ANTIGONUS GOxatas, son of Demetrius ANTHEMIUS Flavius Procopius, consnl, 455 Poliorcetes, succeeds Sosthenes, k. of
-emperor of the West, 467 —his intend- Macedon, B.c. 277-expelled by Pyrrhus, ed religious toleration is prevented By 273—regains his throne, 272-patronizes Hilary; consul II., 468-hires Riothamar poets and philosophers, 269 – takes and a Breton force to defend Gaul, 470- Athens, 268-defeats Alexander of Epiquarrels with Ricimer, 471-killed, July rus, 266—d. 239. 11, 472.
ANTIGONUS Doson, k. of Macedon, supANTHEMIUS, consul of Rome, 515.
ports the Achæan league, B.C. 229-called ANTHEMIUS of Tralles, the architect, em- upon by them to oppose Cleomenes,